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Fitzroy
FITZROY or FITZROY is an Anglo-Norman name originally meaning "son of the king" (a corruption of the French fils du roi). In several cases, this surname was used by an illegitimate son (or daughter) of a king and is still borne by their descendants
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Matilda FitzRoy, Abbess Of Montvilliers
MAUD, ABBESS OF MONTIVILLIERS was a natural daughter of Henry I of England by an unknown mistress . She is not to be confused with Isabel, another illegitimate daughter of Henry I by his mistress Isabel de Beaumont (c. 1102 – c. 1172), herself a sister of Robert de Beaumont, 2nd Earl of Leicester . Maud (or Mathilda) was a half-sister of the Empress Matilda , who agreed to work with her. She may have valued her company and advice. Matilda became the abbess of the Abbey Church of Notre-Dame, Montivilliers , and for that reason is best known as Maud of Montivilliers. REFERENCES * ^ A B Geoffrey H
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Matilda FitzRoy, Countess Of Perche
MATILDA (died 25 November 1120), Countess of Perche, was among several members of the English royal family who died in the wreck of White Ship . CONTENTS * 1 Life * 2 The White Ship * 3 Family * 4 Notes * 5 References LIFEMatilda, or Maud, was an illegitimate daughter of King Henry I of England by a mistress identified only as Edith. Nothing is known of her mother's family. Her father was the youngest son of William the Conqueror and his wife Matilda of Flanders . During the High Middle Ages illegitimate children were not always acknowledged by their fathers (and so many remained unknown) but Henry I recognised at least 20 of his 'natural' children, including Maud. She was identified as his daughter by Orderic Vitalis, who added: the king built up power by greatly augmenting his estates and wealth in England. Her father gave her lands in Wiltshire as her dowry. In 1103 Matilda married Rotrou III, Count of Perche as his second wife
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Anglo-Norman Language
ANGLO-NORMAN, also known as ANGLO-NORMAN FRENCH, is a variety of the Norman language that was used in England and, to a lesser extent, elsewhere in the British Isles
British Isles
during the Anglo-Norman period. When William the Conqueror led the Norman conquest of England
Norman conquest of England
in 1066, he, his nobles, and many of his followers from Normandy
Normandy
, but also those from northern and western France, spoke a range of langues d\'oïl (northern varieties of Gallo-Romance ). One of these was Old Norman , also known as "Old Northern French". Other followers spoke varieties of the Picard language
Picard language
or western French. This amalgam developed into the unique insular dialect now known as Anglo-Norman French, which was commonly used for literary and eventually administrative purposes from the 12th until the 15th century
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Baron Southampton
BARON SOUTHAMPTON, of Southampton in the County of Southampton, is a title in the Peerage of Great Britain . It was created in 1780 for the soldier and politician Charles FitzRoy . He was the third son of Lord Augustus FitzRoy, second son of Charles FitzRoy, 2nd Duke of Grafton , while Prime Minister Augustus FitzRoy, 3rd Duke of Grafton was his elder brother. Lord Southampton was also the great-great-grandson (through an illegitimate line) of King Charles II by his mistress Barbara Palmer, 1st Duchess of Cleveland . The Southampton title had previously been created for Charles FitzRoy , eldest natural son of Charles II and the Duchess of Cleveland and the elder brother of Henry FitzRoy, 1st Duke of Grafton , but had become extinct in 1774 on the death of his son William FitzRoy, 3rd Duke of Cleveland and 2nd Duke of Southampton , six years before the creation of the barony of Southampton
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Richard FitzRoy
RICHARD FITZROY (c. 1190 – June 1246) (alias RICHARD DE CHILHAM and RICHARD DE DOVER ) was the illegitimate son of King John of England and was feudal baron of Chilham , in Kent . His mother was Adela, his father's cousin and a daughter of Hamelin de Warenne by his wife Isabel de Warenne, 4th Countess of Surrey . He served in his father's army as a captain during the baronial revolt. In 1216 he was made constable of Wallingford Castle . The following year he took a prominent part in a naval battle off the Kent coast . He had scutage for Poitou in 1214. By right of his wife he became Lord of Chingford , Little Wyham and Great Wenden, all in Essex , and Lesnes , Kent , and Lutton , Northamptonshire . However, in 1229 their manor of Chingford Earls was temporarily in the hands of a creditor, Robert de Winchester. In 1242 they leased the advowson of Chingford to William of York, Provost of Beverley
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John Of England
JOHN (24 December 1166 – 19 October 1216), also known as JOHN LACKLAND (Norman French : Johan sanz Terre), was King of England
King of England
from 6 April 1199 until his death in 1216. John lost the Duchy of Normandy to King Philip II of France
Philip II of France
, resulting in the collapse of most of the Angevin Empire
Angevin Empire
and contributing to the subsequent growth in power of the Capetian dynasty
Capetian dynasty
during the 13th century. The baronial revolt at the end of John's reign led to the sealing of Magna Carta , a document sometimes considered to be an early step in the evolution of the constitution of the United Kingdom . John, the youngest of five sons of King Henry II of England
Henry II of England
and Duchess Eleanor of Aquitaine
Eleanor of Aquitaine
, was at first not expected to inherit significant lands
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Henry FitzRoy, 1st Duke Of Richmond And Somerset
SOMERSET (/ˈsʌmərsɛt/ ( listen )) (or archaically , SOMERSETSHIRE) is a county in South West England
England
which borders Gloucestershire
Gloucestershire
and Bristol
Bristol
to the north, Wiltshire
Wiltshire
to the east, Dorset
Dorset
to the south-east and Devon
Devon
to the south-west. It is bounded to the north and west by the Severn Estuary
Severn Estuary
and the Bristol
Bristol
Channel , its coastline facing southeastern Wales
Wales
. Its traditional border with Gloucestershire
Gloucestershire
is the River Avon . Somerset's county town is Taunton
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Richard I Of England
RICHARD I (8 September 1157 – 6 April 1199) was King of England from 6 July 1189 until his death. He also ruled as Duke of Normandy
Duke of Normandy
, Aquitaine and Gascony
Gascony
, Lord of Cyprus
Cyprus
, Count of Poitiers , Anjou , Maine , and Nantes , and Overlord of Brittany
Brittany
at various times during the same period. He was the third of five sons of King Henry II of England and Duchess Eleanor of Aquitaine
Eleanor of Aquitaine
. He was known as RICHARD CœUR DE LION or RICHARD THE LIONHEART because of his reputation as a great military leader and warrior. He was also known in Occitan
Occitan
as OC E NO (Yes and No), because of his reputation for terseness. By the age of 16, Richard had taken command of his own army, putting down rebellions in Poitou
Poitou
against his father
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Philip Of Cognac
PHILIP OF COGNAC (early 1180s – after 1201) was an illegitimate son of Richard the Lionheart, King of England , by an unidentified mother. Philip had reached adulthood by the end of the 1190s. His father married him to his ward, Amelia, the heiress of Cognac, France , in Charente
Charente
. However, when she died without issue, Richard kept the castle, and handed it over to his seneschal , Robert of Thornham . The king was mortally wounded during the suppression of a revolt by Viscount Aimar V of Limoges in 1199, and died without legitimate heirs
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Edward II Of England
EDWARD II (25 April 1284 – 21 September 1327), also called EDWARD OF CAERNARFON, was King of England
King of England
from 1307 until he was deposed in January 1327. The fourth son of Edward I , Edward became the heir to the throne following the death of his older brother Alphonso . Beginning in 1300, Edward accompanied his father on campaigns to pacify Scotland , and in 1306 he was knighted in a grand ceremony at Westminster Abbey
Westminster Abbey
. Edward succeeded to the throne in 1307, following his father's death. In 1308, he married Isabella of France
Isabella of France
, the daughter of the powerful King Philip IV , as part of a long-running effort to resolve the tensions between the English and French crowns. Edward had a close and controversial relationship with Piers Gaveston , who had joined his household in 1300
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William FitzRoy, 3rd Duke Of Cleveland
WILLIAM FITZROY, 3RD DUKE OF CLEVELAND, 2ND DUKE OF SOUTHAMPTON (19 February 1698 – 18 May 1774) was an English nobleman, styled EARL OF CHICHESTER from birth until 1730. In 1730, he succeeded his father Charles as Duke of Cleveland and Chief Butler of England . In 1731, he married Lady Henrietta Finch, the daughter of Daniel Finch, 2nd Earl of Nottingham . She died in 1742, without having left him children. He thereafter lived a retired life, enjoying his sinecures of Receiver-General of the Profits of the Seals in the King's Bench and Common Pleas, and Comptroller of the Seal and Green Wax Offices. The dukedom became extinct upon his death; however, it was revived for his grand-nephew William Vane, 1st Duke of Cleveland . REFERENCES * Doyle, James William Edmund (1885). The Official Baronage of England, v. 1. London: Longmans, Green. p. 413. Retrieved 2009-03-22
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Matilda FitzRoy, Duchess Of Brittany
BRITTANY (/ˈbrɪtəni/ ; French: Bretagne ( listen ); Breton : Breizh, pronounced or ; Gallo : Bertaèyn, pronounced ) is a cultural region (see also Brittany (administrative region) ) in the northwest of France covering the western part of Armorica , as it was known during the period of Roman occupation. It became an independent kingdom and then a duchy before being united with the Kingdom of France in 1532 as a province governed as if it were a separate nation under the crown. Brittany has also been referred to as Less, Lesser or Little Britain (as opposed to Great Britain ). It is bordered by the English Channel to the north, the Celtic Sea and the Atlantic Ocean to the west, and the Bay of Biscay to the south. Its land area is 34,023 km² (13,136 sq mi)
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Bastard (law Of England And Wales)
A BASTARD (also historically called WHORESON, although both of these terms have largely dropped from common usage) in the law of England and Wales is an illegitimate child , that is, one whose parents were not married at the time of his or her birth. Unlike in many other systems of law, there was previously no possibility of post factum legitimisation of a bastard. This situation was changed in 1926
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Henry Somerset, 12th Duke Of Beaufort
HENRY JOHN FITZROY SOMERSET, 12TH DUKE OF BEAUFORT (born 22 May 1952), also known as BUNTER WORCESTER, is a British peer. CONTENTS * 1 Biography * 2 Ancestry * 2.1 Arms * 3 Notes * 4 External links BIOGRAPHYThe duke is the son of David Somerset, 11th Duke of Beaufort and Lady Caroline Jane Thynne. He and his family are descended in the male line from the House of Plantagenet , albeit through illegitimate line descendants. Beaufort was educated at Hawtreys , Eton College , and the Royal Agricultural College . He married environmentalist and former actress Tracy Louise Ward (a sister of Rachel Ward and a great-granddaughter of William Ward, 2nd Earl of Dudley ) on 13 June 1987 at Cornwell Manor , in Oxfordshire. The marriage has produced three children: * (Henry) Robert FitzRoy Somerset, Marquess of Worcester (b. 20 January 1989 – also known as Bobby Worcester) * Lady Isabella Elsa Somerset (b
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Duke Of Beaufort
DUKE OF BEAUFORT, a title in the Peerage of England , was created by Charles II in 1682 for Henry Somerset, 3rd Marquess of Worcester , a descendant of Charles Somerset, 1st Earl of Worcester , legitimized son of Henry Beaufort, 3rd Duke of Somerset , a Lancastrian leader in the Wars of the Roses
Wars of the Roses
. The name Beaufort refers to a castle in Champagne , France
France
(now Montmorency-Beaufort ). It is the only current dukedom to take its name from a place outside the British Isles. The Dukes of Beaufort descend in the male line from the House of Plantagenet through John of Gaunt
John of Gaunt
and Edward III . This statement was challenged after the analysis of the Y chromosomal DNA
DNA
of the remains of Richard III
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