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Fitzroy
Fitzroy or FitzRoy is an Anglo-Norman name originally meaning "son of the king"
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Anglo-Norman Language
Anglo-Norman, also known as Anglo-Norman French, is a variety of the Norman language
Norman language
that was used in England and, to a lesser extent, elsewhere in the British Isles
British Isles
during the Anglo-Norman period.[2] When William the Conqueror
William the Conqueror
led the Norman conquest of England
Norman conquest of England
in 1066, he, his nobles, and many of his followers from Normandy, but also those from northern and western France, spoke a range of langues d'oïl (northern varieties of Gallo-Romance). One of these was Old Norman, also known as "Old Northern French". Other followers spoke varieties of the Picard language
Picard language
or western French. This amalgam developed into the unique insular dialect now known as Anglo-Norman French, which was commonly used for literary and eventually administrative purposes from the 12th until the 15th century
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John Of England
John (24 December 1166 – 19 October 1216), also known as John Lackland (Norman French: Johan sanz Terre),[1] was King of England from 6 April 1199 until his death in 1216. John lost the Duchy of Normandy
Normandy
to King Philip II of France, resulting in the collapse of most of the Angevin Empire
Angevin Empire
and contributing to the subsequent growth in power of the Capetian dynasty
Capetian dynasty
during the 13th century. The baronial revolt at the end of John's reign led to the sealing of the Magna Carta, a document sometimes considered an early step in the evolution of the constitution of the United Kingdom. John, the youngest of five sons of King Henry II of England
Henry II of England
and Duchess Eleanor of Aquitaine, was at first not expected to inherit significant lands
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Bastard (Law Of England And Wales)
A bastard (also historically called whoreson, although both of these terms have largely dropped from common usage) in the law of England and Wales is an illegitimate child, that is, one whose parents were not married at the time of his or her birth. Unlike in many other systems of law, there was previously no possibility of post factum legitimisation of a bastard. This situation was changed in 1926.Contents1 Etymology 2 Common law origin 3 Reform 4 In Medieval Wales 5 See also 6 Notes 7 References 8 External linksEtymology[edit] The word bastard is from the Old French "bastard," which in turn was from medieval Latin "bastardus." In the modern French bâtard, the circumflex (â) merely represents the loss of the 's' over time. According to some sources, "bastardus" may have come from the word "bastum," which means packsaddle,[1] the connection possibly being the idea that a bastard might be the child of a passing traveller (who would have a packsaddle)
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William FitzRoy, 3rd Duke Of Cleveland
William FitzRoy, 3rd Duke of Cleveland, 2nd Duke of Southampton (19 February 1698 – 18 May 1774) was an English nobleman, styled Earl of Chichester from birth until 1730. In 1730, he succeeded his father Charles as Duke of Cleveland and Chief Butler of England. In 1731, he married Lady Henrietta Finch, the daughter of Daniel Finch, 2nd Earl of Nottingham. She died in 1742, without having left him children. He thereafter lived a retired life, enjoying his sinecures of Receiver-General of the Profits of the Seals in the King's Bench and Common Pleas, and Comptroller of the Seal and Green Wax Offices. The dukedom became extinct upon his death; however, it was revived for his grand-nephew William Vane, 1st Duke of Cleveland. References[edit]Doyle, James William Edmund (1885). The Official Baronage of England, v. 1. London: Longmans, Green. p. 413
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Matilda FitzRoy, Countess Of Perche
Matilda (died 25 November 1120), Countess of Perche, was among several members of the English royal family who died in the wreck of White Ship.Contents1 Life 2 The White Ship 3 Family 4 Notes 5 ReferencesLife[edit] Matilda, or Maud, was an illegitimate daughter of King Henry I of England by a mistress identified only as Edith.[a][1] Nothing is known of her mother's family
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Matilda FitzRoy, Abbess Of Montvilliers
Maud, Abbess of Montivilliers was a natural daughter of Henry I of England by an unknown mistress.[1][2] She is not to be confused with Isabel, another illegitimate daughter of Henry I by his mistress Isabel de Beaumont[1][2] (c. 1102 – c. 1172), herself a sister of Robert de Beaumont, 2nd Earl of Leicester. Maud (or Mathilda) was a half-sister of the Empress Matilda, who agreed to work with her.[2] She may have valued her company and advice.[citation needed] Matilda became the abbess of the Abbey Church of Notre-Dame, Montivilliers, and for that reason is best known as Maud of Montivilliers. References[edit]^ a b Geoffrey H
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Richard FitzRoy
Richard FitzRoy (c. 1190 – June 1246) (alias Richard de Chilham and Richard de Dover[2]) was the illegitimate son of King John of England and was feudal baron of Chilham,[2] in Kent. His mother was Adela, his father's cousin and a daughter of Hamelin de Warenne by his wife Isabel de Warenne, 4th Countess of Surrey. He served in his father's army as a captain during the baronial revolt. In 1216 he was made constable of Wallingford Castle. The following year he took a prominent part in a naval battle off the Kent coast. He had scutage for Poitou in 1214. By right of his wife he became Lord of Chingford, Little Wyham and Great Wenden, all in Essex, and Lesnes, Kent, and Lutton, Northamptonshire.[3] However, in 1229 their manor of Chingford Earls was temporarily in the hands of a creditor, Robert de Winchester
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Adam FitzRoy
Adam FitzRoy was an illegitimate son of King Edward II of England. The identity of Adam's mother is not known. He accompanied his father in the Scottish campaigns of 1322, and died shortly afterwards on 18 September 1322. Adam is named as Ade filio domini Regis bastardo ("Adam, bastard son of the lord king") in Edward II's Wardrobe account of 1322. Between 6 June and 18 September that year, Adam was given a total of thirteen pounds and twenty-two pence to buy himself "equipment and other necessaries" (armatura et alia necessaria) to take part in Edward's Scottish campaign that autumn. This suggests he was somewhere in his teens, born between about 1305 and 1310. The money was paid in five installments, either to Adam directly or to his 'magister' (tutor) Hugh Chastilloun
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Baron Southampton
Baron Southampton, of Southampton in the County of Southampton,[1] is a title in the Peerage of Great Britain. It was created in 1780 for the soldier and politician Charles FitzRoy. He was the third son of Lord Augustus FitzRoy, second son of Charles FitzRoy, 2nd Duke of Grafton, while Prime Minister Augustus FitzRoy, 3rd Duke of Grafton was his elder brother. Lord Southampton was also the great-great-grandson (through an illegitimate line) of King Charles II by his mistress Barbara Palmer, 1st Duchess of Cleveland
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Henry Somerset, 12th Duke Of Beaufort
Henry John FitzRoy Somerset, 12th Duke of Beaufort (born 22 May 1952), also known as Bunter Beaufort, previously as Bunter Worcester[1] is an English peer and landowner, with estates in Gloucestershire and Wiltshire based on Badminton House.Contents1 Biography 2 Ancestry2.1 Arms3 Notes 4 External linksBiography[edit] Beaufort is the son of the 11th Duke of Beaufort and his wife Lady Caroline Jane Thynne (1928–1995), a daughter of the 6th Marquess of Bath. He and his family are descended in the male line from the House of Plantagenet, through a legitimated line. Beaufort was educated at Hawtreys, Eton College, and the Royal Agricultural College. He married environmentalist and former actress Tracy Louise Ward (a sister of Rachel Ward and a great-granddaughter of William Ward, 2nd Earl of Dudley) on 13 June 1987 at Cornwell, in Oxfordshire. The marriage has produced three children:(Henry) Robert FitzRoy Somerset,[2] Marquess of Worcester (b
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Edward II Of England
Edward II (25 April 1284 – 21 September 1327), also called Edward of Carnarvon, was King of England
King of England
from 1307 until he was deposed in January 1327. The fourth son of Edward I, Edward became the heir apparent to the throne following the death of his older brother Alphonso. Beginning in 1300, Edward accompanied his father on campaigns to pacify Scotland, and in 1306 he was knighted in a grand ceremony at Westminster Abbey. Edward succeeded to the throne in 1307, following his father's death. In 1308, he married Isabella of France, the daughter of the powerful King Philip IV, as part of a long-running effort to resolve the tensions between the English and French crowns. Edward had a close and controversial relationship with Piers Gaveston, who had joined his household in 1300. The precise nature of Edward and Gaveston's relationship is uncertain; they may have been friends, lovers or sworn brothers
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Henry Somerset, 9th Duke Of Beaufort
Captain Henry Adelbert Wellington FitzRoy Somerset, 9th Duke of Beaufort JP, DL (19 May 1847 – 24 November 1924), styled Earl of Glamorgan until 1853 and Marquess of Worcester between 1853 and 1899, was a British peer.Contents1 Background and education 2 Military service and public appointments 3 Family 4 Ancestry 5 References 6 External linksBackground and education[edit] Beaufort was the son of Henry Somerset, 8th Duke of Beaufort. He was educated at Eton College between 1860 and 1864. Military service and public appointments[edit] Beaufort became a cornet in 1865 in the Royal Horse Guards and was promoted to captain in 1869. He was aide-de-camp to Queen Victoria in 1899 and served as High Steward of Bristol in 1899. On 8 January 1900 he was appointed a Deputy Lieutenant of Brecknockshire. He was Hereditary Keeper of Raglan Castle. He gained the rank of honorary colonel in the service of the Royal Gloucestershire Hussars
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Philip Of Cognac
Philip of Cognac (early 1180s – after 1201) was an illegitimate son of Richard the Lionheart, King of England, by an unidentified mother. Philip had reached adulthood by the end of the 1190s. His father married him to his ward, Amelia, the heiress of Cognac, France, in Charente. However, when she died without issue, Richard kept the castle, and handed it over to his seneschal, Robert of Thornham.[1] The king was mortally wounded during the suppression of a revolt by Viscount Aimar V of Limoges in 1199, and died without legitimate heirs. The chronicler Roger of Howden claimed that later that same year,"Philip, illegitimate son of King Richard of England, to whom the aforesaid king his father had granted the castle and honour of Cognac, slew the previously mentioned Viscount of Limoges in vengeance for his father."[2]No other source corroborates this, or explicitly indicates that Aimar of Limoges's death was a violent one
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Richard I Of England
Richard I (8 September 1157 – 6 April 1199) was King of England
King of England
from 6 July 1189 until his death. He also ruled as Duke of Normandy, Aquitaine and Gascony, Lord of Cyprus, Count of Poitiers, Anjou, Maine, and Nantes, and was overlord of Brittany
Brittany
at various times during the same period. He was the third of five sons of King Henry II of England and Duchess Eleanor of Aquitaine
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Duke Of Beaufort
Duke of Beaufort, a title in the Peerage of England, was created by Charles II in 1682 for Henry Somerset, 3rd Marquess of Worcester, a descendant of Charles Somerset, 1st Earl of Worcester, legitimized son of Henry Beaufort, 3rd Duke of Somerset, a Lancastrian leader in the Wars of the Roses. The name Beaufort refers to a castle in Champagne, France
France
(now Montmorency-Beaufort). It is the only current dukedom to take its name from a place outside the British Isles. The Dukes of Beaufort
Dukes of Beaufort
descend in the male line from the House of Plantagenet through John of Gaunt
John of Gaunt
and Edward III. This statement was challenged after the analysis of the Y chromosomal DNA
DNA
of the remains of King Richard III
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