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First Battle Of Acentejo
The FIRST BATTLE OF ACENTEJO took place on the island of Tenerife between the Guanches
Guanches
and an alliance of Spaniards
Spaniards
, other Europeans, and associated natives (mostly from other islands), on May 31, 1494, during the Spanish conquest of this island. It resulted in a victory for the Guanches
Guanches
of Tenerife. The Spaniards
Spaniards
were under the command of the Adelantado
Adelantado
("military governor") Alonso Fernández de Lugo , who had sold his properties in order to finance his conquest of Tenerife
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Cannon
A CANNON (plural: cannon or cannons) is any piece of artillery that uses gunpowder or other usually explosive-based propellants to launch a projectile, which may or may not be explosive. Cannon
Cannon
vary in caliber , range, mobility, rate of fire, angle of fire, and firepower; different forms of cannon combine and balance these attributes in varying degrees, depending on their intended use on the battlefield . The word cannon is derived from several languages, in which the original definition can usually be translated as tube, cane, or reed. In the modern era, the term cannon has fallen into decline, replaced by "guns" or "artillery" if not a more specific term such as "gun ", "mortar " or "howitzer ", except for in the field of aerial warfare , where it is often used as shorthand for autocannon
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Gran Canaria
GRAN CANARIA (Spanish pronunciation: ; originally meaning "Great of Dogs") is the second most populous island of the Canary Islands
Canary Islands
, an African archipelago which is part of Spain
Spain
, with a population of 847,830 (in 2015) that constitutes approximately 40% of the population of the archipelago. Located in the Atlantic Ocean
Atlantic Ocean
about 150 kilometres (93 mi) off the northwestern coast of Africa
Africa
and about 1,350 km (840 mi) from Europe
Europe
. With an area of 1,560 km2 (602 sq. mi) and an altitude of 1,956 m (6,417 ft) at the Pico de las Nieves , Gran Canaria is the third largest island of the archipelago in both area and altitude. Gran Canaria
Gran Canaria
was populated by the Canarii , who may have arrived as early as 500 BC. The Canarii called the island TAMARáN or Land of the Brave
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Blunderbuss
The BLUNDERBUSS is a muzzle-loading firearm with a short, large caliber barrel , which is flared at the muzzle and frequently throughout the entire bore, and used with shot and other projectiles of relevant quantity and/or caliber. The blunderbuss could be considered to be an early form of shotgun , which was often adapted to military and defensive use. It was effective at short ranges, but lacked accuracy for targets at long range. A blunderbuss in handgun form was called a DRAGON, and it is from this that the term dragoon evolved. CONTENTS * 1 Etymology * 2 Construction * 3 Use * 4 See also * 5 References ETYMOLOGY A flintlock blunderbuss, built for Tippu Sultan
Tippu Sultan
in Seringapatam , 1793–1794. Tippu Sultan
Tippu Sultan
used many Western craftsmen, and this gun reflects the most up-to-date technologies of the time
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San Cristóbal De La Laguna
SAN CRISTóBAL DE LA LAGUNA (commonly known as LA LAGUNA, Spanish pronunciation: ) is a city and municipality in the northern part of the island of Tenerife
Tenerife
in the Province of Santa Cruz de Tenerife
Province of Santa Cruz de Tenerife
, on the Canary Islands
Canary Islands
(Spain). The city is the third-most populous city of the archipelago and the second-most populous city of the island. La Laguna's historical center was declared a World Heritage Site
World Heritage Site
by UNESCO
UNESCO
in 1999. In 2003 the municipality started an ambitious Urban Plan to renew this area, that was carried out by the firm AUC S.L. (Arquitectura Urbanismo y Cooperación). The city was the ancient capital of the Canary Islands
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Tegueste
TEGUESTE is a town and a municipality of the northeastern part of the island of Tenerife in the Santa Cruz de Tenerife province, on the Canary Islands , Spain. It is completely surrounded by the municipality of San Cristóbal de La Laguna . The town Tegueste is located 4 km northwest of San Cristóbal de La Laguna and 11 km northwest of the island capital Santa Cruz de Tenerife . Tegueste became independent from San Cristóbal de La Laguna in the 17th century
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Icod De Los Vinos
ICOD DE LOS VINOS is a municipality in the province of Santa Cruz de Tenerife
Tenerife
on the island of Tenerife
Tenerife
, in the Canary Islands
Canary Islands
( Spain
Spain
), located in the northwest part of the island. Inhabitants of Icod are known in Spanish as "icodenses". Icod has an area of 95.90 km², is situated at an altitude of 235 metres above sea level, and has a population of 23,092 as of 2013
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Mural
A MURAL is any piece of artwork painted or applied directly on a wall, ceiling or other permanent surface. A distinguishing characteristic of mural painting is that the architectural elements of the given space are harmoniously incorporated into the picture. Some wall paintings are painted on large canvases, which are then attached to the wall (e.g., with marouflage ). Whether these works can be accurately called "murals" is a subject of some controversy in the art world, but the technique has been in common use since the late 19th century
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Guanche Language
The GUANCHE LANGUAGE, also known as AMAZIGH, is an extinct Berber language that was spoken by the Guanches of the Canary Islands
Canary Islands
until the 17th century or possibly later. It died out after the conquest of the Canary Islands
Canary Islands
as the Guanche ethnic group was assimilated into the dominant Spanish culture . The Guanche language
Guanche language
is known today through sentences and individual words that were recorded by early geographers, as well as through several place-names and Guanche words that were retained in the Canary Islanders\' Spanish . CONTENTS * 1 Classification * 2 History * 3 Numerals * 4 References * 5 External links CLASSIFICATIONGuanche has been classified by modern linguists as a Berber language . Recognizable Berber words and numerous Berber grammatical inflections have been identified
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Spanish Language
The SPANISH LANGUAGE (/ˈspænɪʃ/ ( listen ); Español (help ·info )), also called the CASTILIAN LANGUAGE (/kæˈstɪliən/ ( listen ), castellano (help ·info )), is a Western Romance language that originated in the Castile region of Spain
Spain
and today has hundreds of millions of native speakers around the world. It is usually considered the world\'s second-most spoken native language , after Mandarin Chinese
Mandarin Chinese
. Spanish is a part of the Ibero-Romance group of languages , which evolved from several dialects of Vulgar Latin in Iberia after the collapse of the Western Roman Empire
Western Roman Empire
in the 5th century
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Autonomous Communities Of Spain
In Spain
Spain
, an AUTONOMOUS COMMUNITY (Spanish : comunidad autónoma, Basque : autonomia erkidegoa, Catalan : comunitat autònoma, Galician : comunidade autónoma) is a first-level political and administrative division , created in accordance with the Spanish constitution of 1978 , with the aim of guaranteeing limited autonomy of the nationalities and regions that make up Spain. Spain
Spain
is not a federation , but a highly decentralized unitary state . While sovereignty is vested in the nation as a whole, represented in the central institutions of government, the nation has asymmetrically devolved power to the communities, which, in turn, exercise their right to self-government within the limits set forth in the constitution and their autonomous statutes. Some scholars have referred to the resulting system as a federal system in all but name or a "federation without federalism"
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Spanish Transition To Democracy
The SPANISH TRANSITION TO DEMOCRACY (Spanish : Transición española a la democracia), or simply THE TRANSITION (Spanish : La Transición) refers to the restoration of democracy in Spain after the death of Francisco Franco in 1975. The transition began shortly after Franco's death on 20 November 1975, while its completion has been variously said to be marked by the Spanish Constitution of 1978 , the failure of an attempted coup on 23 February 1981, or the electoral victory of the Spanish Socialist Workers\' Party (PSOE) on 28 October 1982. Though faced with political and economic crises at the time, the transition to democracy was one of the factors that allowed Spain to join the European Economic Community and NATO
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Battle Of Santa Cruz De Tenerife (1657)
The BATTLE OF SANTA CRUZ DE TENERIFE was a military operation in the Anglo-Spanish War (1654–60)
Anglo-Spanish War (1654–60)
in which an English fleet under Admiral Robert Blake attacked a Spanish treasure fleet
Spanish treasure fleet
at Santa Cruz de Tenerife in the Spanish Canary Islands
Canary Islands
. Most of the Spanish merchantmen were scuttled and the remainder were burnt by the English, though the treasure, which had already been landed, was saved. CONTENTS * 1 Background * 2 Battle * 3 Aftermath * 4 Ships involved * 5 See also * 6 Notes * 7 References BACKGROUND This section NEEDS ADDITIONAL CITATIONS FOR VERIFICATION . Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources . Unsourced material may be challenged and removed
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Battle Of Santa Cruz De Tenerife (1797)
The BATTLE OF SANTA CRUZ DE TENERIFE was an amphibious assault by the Royal Navy
Royal Navy
on the Spanish port city of Santa Cruz de Tenerife
Santa Cruz de Tenerife
in the Canary Islands
Canary Islands
. Launched by Rear-Admiral
Rear-Admiral
Horatio Nelson on 22 July 1797, the assault was defeated, and on 25 July the remains of the landing party withdrew under a truce, having lost several hundred men. Nelson himself had been wounded in the arm, which was subsequently partially amputated: a stigma that he carried to his grave as a constant reminder of his failure. CONTENTS * 1 Background: Cape St. Vincent and Cádiz
Cádiz
* 2 Execution * 2.1 British plans * 3 The battle * 4 Conclusion * 5 Current celebration * 6 See also * 7 Notes, citations, and references BACKGROUND: CAPE ST
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Tacoronte
TACORONTE is a city and municipality of Tenerife
Tenerife
, Canary Islands
Canary Islands
, Spain. It is located in the north-east of the island. Mostly rural, the municipality stretches for 30 square kilometers from the volcanic peaks that rise in the center of the island to the Atlantic
Atlantic
shore. The municipality seat, also called TACORONTE, lies about 16 km west of the capital, Santa Cruz de Tenerife
Tenerife
. Old manorial houses and farms are situated here, as well as vineyards that produce the wine known as Tacoronte-Acentejo. The TF-5 motorway passes through the municipality. The Tenerife
Tenerife
North Airport is 4 km to the east. Tacoronte
Tacoronte
is a toponym of Guanche origin, believed to be derived from Tagoror, meaning "place where the Council of Elders meets"
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