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First Battle Of Acentejo
The First Battle of Acentejo
First Battle of Acentejo
took place on the island of Tenerife between the Guanches
Guanches
and an alliance of Spaniards, other Europeans, and associated natives (mostly from other islands), on May 31, 1494, during the Spanish conquest of this island. It resulted in a victory for the Guanches
Guanches
of Tenerife. The Spaniards
Spaniards
were under the command of the Adelantado
Adelantado
("military governor") Alonso Fernández de Lugo, who had sold his properties in order to finance his conquest of Tenerife
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Culture
Culture
Culture
(/ˈkʌltʃər/) is the social behavior and norms found in human societies. Culture
Culture
is considered a central concept in anthropology, encompassing the range of phenomena that are transmitted through social learning in human societies. Some aspects of human behavior, social practices such as culture, expressive forms such as art, music, dance, ritual, religion, and technologies such as tool usage, cooking, shelter, and clothing are said to be cultural universals, found in all human societies
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Tacoronte
Tacoronte is a city and municipality of Tenerife, Canary Islands, Spain. It is located in the north-east of the island. Mostly rural, the municipality stretches for 30 square kilometers from the volcanic peaks that rise in the center of the island to the Atlantic shore. The municipality seat, also called Tacoronte, lies about 16 km west of the capital, Santa Cruz de Tenerife. Old manorial houses and farms are situated here, as well as vineyards that produce the wine known as Tacoronte-Acentejo. The TF-5 motorway passes through the municipality. The Tenerife North Airport is 4 km to the east. Tacoronte is a toponym of Guanche origin, believed to be derived from Tagoror, meaning "place where the Council of Elders meets". Its territory constituted an ancient menceyato, as the Guanche kingdoms were known, ruled by the mencey Acaymo
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Autonomous Communities Of Spain
In Spain, an autonomous community (Spanish: comunidad autónoma, Basque: autonomia erkidegoa, Catalan: comunitat autònoma, Galician: comunidade autónoma)[a] is a first-level political and administrative division, created in accordance with the Spanish constitution of 1978, with the aim of guaranteeing limited autonomy of the nationalities and regions that make up Spain.[1][2][3] Spain
Spain
is not a federation, but a highly decentralized[4][5] unitary state.[1] While sovereignty is vested in the nation as a whole, represented in the central institutions of government, the nation has asymmetrically devolved power to the communities, which, in turn,
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Spanish Transition To Democracy
The Spanish transition to democracy
Spanish transition to democracy
(Spanish: Transición española a la democracia), known in Spain
Spain
as the Transition (Spanish: La Transición), or the Spanish transition (Spanish: Transición española) is a period of modern Spanish history, that started on 20 November 1975, the date of death of Francisco Franco, who had established a military dictatorship after the victory of the Nationalists in the Spanish Civil War. However, historians disagree on the exact date the transition completed:[1] some say it ended after the 1977 general election; while others place it later, when the 1978 Constitution was approved. Others suggest it ended with the failure of the 1981 coup d'êtat attempt
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Battle Of Santa Cruz De Tenerife (1797)
The Battle of Santa Cruz de Tenerife
Santa Cruz de Tenerife
was an amphibious assault by the Royal Navy
Royal Navy
on the Spanish port city of Santa Cruz de Tenerife
Santa Cruz de Tenerife
in the Canary Islands. Launched by Rear-Admiral
Rear-Admiral
Horatio Nelson on 22 July 1797, the assault was defeated, and on 25 July the remains of the landing party withdrew under a truce, having lost several hundred men. Nelson himself had been wounded in the arm, which was subsequently partially amputated: a stigma that he carried to his grave as a constant reminder of his failure.[1]Contents1 Background: Cape St. Vincent and Cádiz 2 Execution2.1 British plans3 The battle 4 Conclusion 5 Current celebration 6 See also 7 Notes, citations, and referencesBackground: Cape St
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Battle Of Santa Cruz De Tenerife (1657)
The Battle of Santa Cruz de Tenerife
Santa Cruz de Tenerife
was a military operation in the Anglo-Spanish War (1654–60)
Anglo-Spanish War (1654–60)
in which an English fleet under Admiral Robert Blake attacked a Spanish treasure fleet
Spanish treasure fleet
at Santa Cruz de Tenerife in the Spanish Canary Islands. Most of the Spanish merchantmen were scuttled and the remainder were burnt by the English, though the treasure, which had already been landed, was saved.Contents1 Background 2 Battle 3 Aftermath 4 Ships involved 5 See also 6 Notes 7 ReferencesBackground[edit]This section needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. (April 2017) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)England had decided to support France in its war in the Low Countries with the Spanish
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Kingdom Of The Canary Islands
The Kingdom of the Canary Islands was founded in 1404, although it had always recognized another country as their overlord. Its purpose was probably entirely to conquer the Canaries, and to eventually be fully incorporated into the Crown of Castile when complete. First contact by Europeans[edit] Apart from earlier contact by Romans, one of the first known Europeans to have encountered the Canaries was the Genoan navigator Lancelotto Malocello. He arrived on the island of Lanzarote, (which was probably named after him), in 1312 and stayed for almost two decades until he was expelled during a revolt by the native Guanche under the leadership of their king Zonzamas. Conquest[edit] Main article: Conquest of the Canary Islands The conquest of the Canaries was started in 1402 by French-Norman explorer Jean de Béthencourt. He had set sail from France one year earlier with a small army
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Mural
A mural is any piece of artwork painted or applied directly on a wall, ceiling or other permanent surface. A distinguishing characteristic of mural painting is that the architectural elements of the given space are harmoniously incorporated into the picture. Some wall paintings are painted on large canvases, which are then attached to the wall (e.g., with marouflage)
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Gran Canaria
Gran Canaria
Gran Canaria
(Spanish pronunciation: [ɡɾaŋ kaˈnaɾja]; originally meaning "Great [Island] of Dogs") is the second most populous island of the Canary Islands, an African archipelago which is part of Spain, with a population of 847,830 (in 2015) that constitutes approximately 40% of the population of the archipelago. Located in the Atlantic Ocean
Atlantic Ocean
about 150 kilometres (93 mi) off the northwestern coast of Africa
Africa
and about 1,350 km (840 mi) from Europe.[2] With an area of 1,560 km2 (602 sq. mi)[3] and an altitude of 1,956 m (6,417 ft)[4] at the Pico de las Nieves, Gran Canaria is the third largest island of the archipelago in both area and altitude. Gran Canaria
Gran Canaria
was populated by the Canarii, who may have arrived as early as 500 BC. The Canarii called the island Tamarán or Land of the Brave
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Cannon
A cannon (plural: cannon or cannons) is a type of gun classified as artillery that launches a projectile using propellant. In the past, gunpowder was the primary propellant before the invention of smokeless powder in the 19th century. Cannon
Cannon
vary in caliber, range, mobility, rate of fire, angle of fire, and firepower; different forms of cannon combine and balance these attributes in varying degrees, depending on their intended use on the battlefield. The word cannon is derived from several languages, in which the original definition can usually be translated as tube, cane, or reed
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Blunderbuss
The blunderbuss is a firearm with a short, large caliber barrel, which is flared at the muzzle and frequently throughout the entire bore, and used with shot and other projectiles of relevant quantity and/or caliber. The blunderbuss is commonly considered to be an early predecessor of the modern shotgun, with similar military and defensive use.[2] It was effective only at short range, lacking accuracy at long range. A blunderbuss in handgun form was called a dragon, and it is from this that the term dragoon evolved.[3][4]Contents1 Etymology 2 Construction 3 Use 4 See also 5 ReferencesEtymology[edit]An English flintlock blunderbuss.The term "blunderbuss" is of Dutch origin, from the Dutch word donderbus, which is a combination of donder, meaning "thunder", and bus, meaning "Pipe" (Middle Dutch: busse, box, tube, from Late Latin, buxis, box,[2] from Ancient Greek
Ancient Greek
pyxίs (πυξίς), box: esp
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Guanche Language
The Guanche language, also known as Tamazight, is an extinct Berber language that was spoken by the Guanches
Guanches
of the Canary Islands
Canary Islands
until the 17th century or possibly later. It died out after the conquest of the Canary Islands
Canary Islands
as the Guanche ethnic group was assimilated into the dominant Spanish culture
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Icod De Los Vinos
Icod de los Vinos
Icod de los Vinos
is a municipality in the province of Santa Cruz de Tenerife
Tenerife
on the island of Tenerife, in the Canary Islands
Canary Islands
(Spain), located in the northwest part of the island
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Tegueste
Tegueste
Tegueste
is a town and a municipality of the northeastern part of the island of Tenerife
Tenerife
in the Santa Cruz de Tenerife
Tenerife
province, on the Canary Islands, Spain. It is completely surrounded by the municipality of San Cristóbal de La Laguna. The town Tegueste
Tegueste
is located 4 km northwest of San Cristóbal de La Laguna
San Cristóbal de La Laguna
and 11 km northwest of the island capital Santa Cruz de Tenerife
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San Cristóbal De La Laguna
San Cristóbal de La Laguna
San Cristóbal de La Laguna
(commonly known as La Laguna, Spanish pronunciation: [saŋ kɾisˈtoβal de la laˈɣuna]) is a city and municipality in the northern part of the island of Tenerife
Tenerife
in the Province of Santa Cruz de Tenerife, on the Canary Islands
Canary Islands
(Spain). The city is the third-most populous city of the archipelago and the second-most populous city of the island. La Laguna's historical center was declared a World Heritage Site
World Heritage Site
by UNESCO
UNESCO
in 1999. In 2003 the municipality started an ambitious Urban Plan to renew this area, that was carried out by the firm AUC S.L. (Arquitectura Urbanismo y Cooperación)
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