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Final Solution
The Final Solution
Final Solution
or the Final Solution
Final Solution
to the Jewish Question was a Nazi plan for the genocide of Jews
Jews
during World War II
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Fall Of France
 France French colonial empire Belgium  United Kingdom  Canada  Netherlands  Luxembourg Poland CzechoslovakiaCommanders and leaders Walther von Brauchitsch Gerd von Rundstedt Fedor von Bock Wilhelm von Leeb Albert Kesselring Hugo Sperrle Heinz Guderian Umberto di Savoia Maurice Gamelin
Maurice Gamelin
(until 17 May) Alphonse Georges
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SS-Obergruppenführer
Obergruppenführer
Obergruppenführer
([ˈoːbɐɡʀʊpn̩fyːʀɐ], "senior group leader") was a Nazi Party
Nazi Party
paramilitary rank that was first created in 1932 as a rank of the Sturmabteilung
Sturmabteilung
(SA), and adopted by the Schutzstaffel
Schutzstaffel
(SS) one year later. Until April 1942, it was the highest commissioned SS rank, inferior only to Reichsführer-SS ( Heinrich Himmler
Heinrich Himmler
or RFSS, which was the internal SS-abbreviation for Himmler)[1] Translated as "senior group leader",[2] the rank of Obergruppenführer
Obergruppenführer
was senior to Gruppenführer.[3] A similarly named rank of Untergruppenführer existed in the SA from 1929 to 1930 and as a title until 1933
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Blockade Of Germany (1939–45)
The Blockade of Germany (1939–1945), also known as the Economic War, was carried out during World War II
World War II
by the United Kingdom and France in order to restrict the supplies of minerals, metals, food and textiles needed by Nazi Germany
Nazi Germany
- and later Fascist Italy - in order to sustain their war efforts. The economic war consisted mainly of a naval blockade which formed part of the wider Battle of the Atlantic, and included the preclusive buying of war materials from neutral countries to prevent their sale to the enemy.[1] There were four distinct phases of the blockade. The first period was from the beginning of European hostilities in September 1939 to the end of the "Phoney War," during which the Allies and Axis Powers
Axis Powers
both intercepted neutral merchant ships to seize deliveries en route to the enemy
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Palestine (region)
Palestine (Arabic: فلسطين‎ Filasṭīn, Falasṭīn, Filisṭīn; Greek: Παλαιστίνη, Palaistinē; Latin: Palaestina; Hebrew: פלשתינה‎ Palestina) is a geographic region in Western Asia. It is usually considered to include the Gaza Strip, the West Bank, Israel, and in some definitions, some parts of western Jordan. The name was used by ancient Greek writers, and it was later used for the Roman
Roman
province Syria
Syria
Palaestina, the Byzantine Palaestina Prima, and the Islamic provincial district of Jund Filastin
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Siberia
Coordinates: 60°0′N 105°0′E / 60.000°N 105.000°E / 60.000; 105.000SiberiaRussian: Сибирь (Sibir)Geographical region       Siberian Federal District        Geographic Russian Siberia        North AsiaCountry  Russia,  KazakhstanRegion North AsiaBorders on West: Ural Mountains North: Arctic
Arctic
Ocean East: Pacific
Pacific
Ocean South: Kazakhstan, Mongolia, ChinaParts West Siberian Plain Central Siberian Plateau others...Highest point Klyuchevskaya Sopka - elevation 4,649 m (15,253 ft)Area 13,100,000 km2 (5,057,938 sq mi)Population 36,000,000 (2017)Density 2.7/km2 (7/sq mi) Siberia
Siberia
(/saɪˈbɪəriə/; Russian: Сиби́рь, tr
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MS St. Louis
The MS St. Louis
MS St. Louis
was a German ocean liner. In 1939, it set off on a voyage in which its captain, Gustav Schröder, tried to find homes for over 900 Jewish refugees from Germany. Due to country's immigration policies based on domestic political realities, rather than humanitarian grounds they were denied entry to Cuba, the United States, and Canada. The refugees were finally accepted in various European countries, including Belgium, the Netherlands, the UK, and France. Historians have estimated that approximately a quarter of them died in death camps during World War II[2]. The event was the subject of a 1974 book, Voyage of the Damned, by Gordon Thomas and Max Morgan-Witts. It was adapted for a 1976 U.S. film of the same title and a 1994 opera titled St
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German Language
German (Deutsch [dɔʏtʃ] (listen)) is a West Germanic language that is mainly spoken in Central Europe. It is the most widely spoken and official or co-official language in Germany, Austria, Switzerland, South Tyrol
South Tyrol
in Italy, the German-speaking Community
German-speaking Community
of Belgium, and Liechtenstein. It is also one of the three official languages of Luxembourg
Luxembourg
and a co-official language in the Opole Voivodeship
Opole Voivodeship
in Poland. The languages which are most similar to German are the other members of the West Germanic language branch: Afrikaans, Dutch, English, the Frisian languages, Low German/Low Saxon, Luxembourgish, and Yiddish. There are also strong similarities in vocabulary with Danish, Norwegian and Swedish, although those belong to the North Germanic group
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Munich
Munich
Munich
(/ˈmjuːnɪk/ MEW-nik; German: München [ˈmʏnçn̩] (listen);[3] Austro-Bavarian: Minga [ˈmɪŋ(ː)ɐ] or more common Minna [ˈmɪna]; Latin: Monachium) is the capital and most populous city of Bavaria, the second most populous German federal state. With a population of around 1.5 million,[4] it is the third-largest city in Germany, after Berlin
Berlin
and Hamburg, as well as the 12th-largest city in the European Union
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Roundup (history)
A roundup (Polish: łapanka, [waˈpanka] (listen); French: rafle or attrapage; Dutch: razzia, Czech: lapanka, Russian: Облава, oblava) was a widespread German World War II
World War II
security and economic exploitation tactic used in occupied countries, especially in German-occupied Poland, whereby the SS, Wehrmacht
Wehrmacht
and German police took captive at random thousands of civilians on the streets of subjugated cities
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Romani People
The Romani (also spelled Romany /ˈroʊməni/, /ˈrɒ-/), colloquially known as Roma, are an Indo-Aryan ethnic group, traditionally itinerant, living mostly in Europe
Europe
and the Americas and originating from the northern Indian subcontinent,[57][58][59] from the Rajasthan, Haryana, and Punjab
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Natzweiler
Natzweiler-Struthof
Natzweiler-Struthof
was a German-run concentration camp located in the Vosges Mountains
Vosges Mountains
close to the Alsatian village of Natzwiller
Natzwiller
(German Natzweiler) in France, and the town of Schirmeck, about 50 km (31 m) south west of the city of Strasbourg. Natzweiler-Struthof was the only concentration camp established by the Nazis on French territory, though there were French-run temporary camps such as the one at Drancy. Between 1941 and 1944, Alsace
Alsace
was administered by Germany
Germany
as an integral part of the German Reich. The camp operated from 21 May 1941 and was evacuated early September 1944. Only a small staff of Nazi SS personnel remained until the camp was liberated by the French First Army under the command of the U.S
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German-occupied Europe
German-occupied Europe
Europe
refers to the sovereign countries of Europe which were occupied and civil occupied including puppet government by the military forces and the government of Nazi Germany
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Ravensbruck
Ravensbrück (pronounced [ʁaːvənsˈbʁʏk]) was a German concentration camp exclusively for women from 1939 to 1945, located in northern Germany, 90 km (56 mi) north of Berlin
Berlin
at a site near the village of Ravensbrück (part of Fürstenberg/Havel). The largest single national group consisted of 40,000 Polish women. Others included 26,000 Jewish from all countries, 18,800 Russian, 8,000 French, and 1,000 Dutch. More than 80% were political prisoners. Many slave labor prisoners were employed by Siemens
Siemens
& Halske
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List Of Subcamps Of Buchenwald
The following is a list of the forced labor subcamps of the Nazi Buchenwald concentration camp.[1]Name Location Company FunctionAachen AachenBomb demolition squadsAbteroda Berka/Werra BMW Production of chemical explosivesAbteroda/Vitzeroda Berka/Werra BMW Manufacture of aircraft engine partsAllendorf Stadtallendorf Dynamit Nobel Chemical productsAltenburg Altenburg Hugo Schneider AG Manufacture of cartridge casesArolsen Bad ArolsenService personnel for the SS officers' schoolAschersleben Aschersleben Junkers Production of aircraft and engines Augustdorf
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Code Name
A code name or cryptonym is a word or name used, sometimes clandestinely, to refer to another name, word, project or person. Names are often used for military purposes, or in espionage. They may also be used in industrial counter-industrial espionage to protect secret projects and the like from business rivals, or to give names to projects whose marketing name has not yet been determined
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