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Fidel Castro
Fidel Alejandro Castro Ruz (/ˈkæstroʊ/;[1] American Spanish: [fiˈðel aleˈhandɾo ˈkastɾo ˈrus] ( listen); August 13, 1926 – November 25, 2016) was a Cuban politician and communist revolutionary who governed the Republic of Cuba
Cuba
as Prime Minister from 1959 to 1976 and then as President from 1976 to 2008. Politically a Marxist–Leninist and Cuban nationalist, Castro also served as the First Secretary of the Communist Party of Cuba
Communist Party of Cuba
from 1961 until 2011. Under his administration, Cuba
Cuba
became a one-party communist state, while industry and business were nationalized and state socialist reforms were implemented throughout the society. Born in Birán, Oriente as the son of a wealthy Spanish farmer, Castro adopted leftist anti-imperialist politics while studying law at the University of Havana
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El Comandante (TV Series)
El Comandante, is a Colombian television series created by Sony Pictures Television.[4] It is based on the life of Venezuelan President now deceased, Hugo Rafael Chávez Frias.[5] It stars Andrés Parra as the titular character.[6]Contents1 Plot summary 2 Cast 3 Production3.1 Casting4 Reception4.1 Controversy5 Broadcast 6 References 7 External linksPlot summary[edit] El Comandante is a story inspired by the life of Hugo Chávez, a man of humble origin who, at only 44 years old and against all odds, became the most powerful and controversial Latin American
Latin American
leader of his time
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Neelam Sanjiva Reddy
Neelam or Neelum may refer to: Places[edit] Neelum River
Neelum River
in India and Pakistan Neelam Valley, containing the river in Azad Kashmir, Pakistan Neelam District, Azad Kashmir
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Surname
A surname, family name, or last name is the portion of a personal name that indicates a person's family (or tribe or community, depending on the culture).[1] Depending on the culture all members of a family unit may have identical surnames or there may be variations based on the cultural rules. In the English-speaking world, a surname is commonly referred to as a last name because it is usually placed at the end of a person's full name, after any given names. In many parts of Asia, as well as some parts of Europe
Europe
and Africa, the family name is placed before a person's given name. In most Spanish-speaking and Portuguese-speaking countries, two surnames are commonly used and in some families that claim a connection to nobility even three are used. Surnames have not always existed and today are not universal in all cultures. This tradition has arisen separately in different cultures around the world
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State Socialism
State socialism
State socialism
is a classification for any socialist political and economic perspective advocating state ownership of the means of production either as a temporary measure in the transition from capitalism to socialism, or as characteristic of socialism itself.[1] It is often used interchangeably with state capitalism in reference to the economic systems of Marxist– Leninist
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Nationalization
Nationalization
Nationalization
is the process of transforming private assets into public assets by bringing them under the public ownership of a national government or state.[1] Nationalization
Nationalization
usually refers to private assets or assets owned by lower levels of government, such municipalities, being transferred to the state. The opposites of nationalization are privatization and demutualization. When previously nationalized assets are privatized and subsequently returned to public ownership by a later government, they are said to have undergone renationalization or renationalisation. Industries that are usually subject to nationalization include transport, communications, energy, banking and natural resources. Nationalization
Nationalization
may occur with or without compensation to the former owners
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One-party State
A one-party state, single-party state, one-party system, single-party system is a type of state in which one political party has the right to form the government, usually based on the existing constitution. All other parties are either outlawed or allowed to take only a limited and controlled participation in elections
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Revolutionary
A revolutionary is a person who either participates in, or advocates revolution.[1] Also, when used as an adjective, the term revolutionary refers to something that has a major, sudden impact on society or on some aspect of human endeavor.Contents1 Definition 2 Revolution
Revolution
and ideology 3 See also 4 References 5 External linksDefinition[edit] The term —both as a noun and adjective— is usually applied to the field of politics, and is occasionally used in the context of science, invention or art. In politics, a revolutionary is someone who supports abrupt, rapid, and drastic change, while a reformist is someone who supports more gradual and incremental change. A conservative is someone who generally opposes such changes
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La Violencia
Government of Colombia Armed Forces Conservatives Guerrillas of Peace (conservative paramilitaries) Pájaros Chulavitas Liberals Guerrillas liberales Los Cachiporros Bandoleros Colombian Communist
Communist
Party Grupos de Autodefensas CampesinasCommanders and leaders Mariano Ospina Perez Laureano Gómez Castro General Gustavo Rojas Pinilla Junta Militar<
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Alma Mater
Alma mater
Alma mater
(Latin: alma "nourishing/kind", mater "mother"; pl. [rarely used] almae matres) is an allegorical Latin
Latin
phrase for a university or college. In English, this is largely a U.S. usage referring to a school or university from which an individual has graduated or to a song or hymn associated with a school.[1] The phrase is variously translated as "nourishing mother", "nursing mother", or "fostering mother", suggesting that a school provides intellectual nourishment to its students.[2] Fine arts will often depict educational institutions using a robed woman as a visual metaphor. Before its current usage, Alma mater
Alma mater
was an honorific title for various Latin
Latin
mother goddesses, especially Ceres or Cybele,[3] and later in Catholicism for the Virgin Mary
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Santiago De Cuba Province
Santiago de Cuba
Cuba
Province is the second most populated province in the island of Cuba. The largest city Santiago de Cuba
Cuba
is the main administrative center. Other large cities include Palma Soriano, Contramaestre, San Luis and Songo-la Maya.Contents1 History 2 Economy 3 Municipalities 4 Demographics 5 International relations5.1 Twin towns — Sister cities6 See also 7 References 8 External linksHistory[edit] Santiago de Cuba
Cuba
province has been the site of many battles, both during the war for independence and the 1959 Cuban Revolution, where much of the guerrilla fighting took place in the mountainous province. Prior to 1976, Cuba
Cuba
was divided into six historical provinces. One of these was Oriente province, which was, prior to 1905, known as Santiago de Cuba
Cuba
province
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Spanish Naming Customs
Spanish naming customs
Spanish naming customs
are historical traditions for naming children practised in Spain. According to these customs, a person's name consists of a given name (simple or composite) followed by two family names (surnames). The first surname is usually the father's first surname, and the second the mother's first surname. In recent years, the order of the surnames can be decided at birth. Often, the practice is to use one given name and the first surname only (e.g. Miguel de Unamuno), with the full name being used in legal, formal, and documentary matters, or for disambiguation when the first surname is very common (e.g. Federico García Lorca). [1]. In these cases, it is common to use only the second surname, as in “Lorca” or “Zapatero”
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Anti-imperialism
Anti-imperialism
Anti-imperialism
in political science and international relations is a term used in a variety of contexts, usually by nationalist movements, who want to secede from a larger polity (usually in the form of an empire, but also in a multi-ethnic sovereign state) or as a specific theory opposed to capitalism in Marxist–Leninist
Marxist–Leninist
discourse, derived from Vladimir Lenin's work Imperialism, the Highest Stage of Capitalism
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Oriente Province
Oriente (Spanish for "East" or "Orient") was one of six provinces of Cuba
Cuba
until 1976. It was known as " Santiago de Cuba
Santiago de Cuba
Province" before 1905. The name is still used to refer to the eastern part of the country. The provincial capital was Santiago de Cuba. Fidel and Raúl Castro were born there. The province was split up in 1976, with the administrative re-adjustment proclaimed by Cuban Law Number 1304 of July 3, 1976.[1] Historical Oriente is currently represented by 5 provinces:Las Tunas Province Granma Province Holguín
Holguín
Province Santiago de Cuba
Santiago de Cuba
Province Guantánamo
Guantánamo
ProvinceContents1 History1.1 List of governors2 Municipalities 3 See also 4 References 5 Bibliography 6 External linksHistory[edit] Diego Velazquez founded the capital of Oriente province in 1514 and named it Santiago de Cuba
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Orthodox Party
The Party of the Cuban People – Orthodox (Spanish: Partido del Pueblo Cubano – Ortodoxos, PPC-O), commonly called Orthodox Party (Spanish: Partido Ortodoxo, PO), was a Cuban left-wing populist political party. It was founded in 1947 by Eduardo Chibás in response to government corruption and lack of reform. Its primary aims were the establishment of a distinct national identity, economic independence and the implementation of social reforms.Contents1 History 2 Ideology and composition 3 Political agenda 4 ReferencesHistory[edit] In the 1948 general elections Chibás came third in the presidential election, whilst the party won four seats in the House of Representatives. In the 1950 mid-term elections they won nine. Chibás' cousin, Roberto Agramonte, was the favorite to win the 1952 election (for the Ortodoxos) but Fulgencio Batista staged a coup before the winner was determined. Fidel Castro was an active member of the Orthodox Party in the late 1940s and early 1950s
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Communist State
A communist state (sometimes referred as workers' state) is a state that is usually administered and governed by a single party representing the proletariat, guided by Marxist–Leninist
Marxist–Leninist
philosophy, with the aim of achieving communism. There have been several instances of Communist states with functioning political participation processes involving several other non-party organisations, such as trade unions, factory committees and direct democratic participation.[1][2][3][4][5] The term "Communist state" is used by Western historians, political scientists and media to refer to these countries
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