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Fehmarn
FEHMARN ( German pronunciation (help ·info )) (Danish : Femern) is an island and—since 2003—a town on this island in the Baltic Sea
Baltic Sea
, off the eastern coast of Schleswig-Holstein
Schleswig-Holstein
, Germany
Germany
, and c. 18 kilometers south of the Danish island of Lolland . It belongs to the district of Ostholstein
Ostholstein
. CONTENTS * 1 History * 2 Geography * 3 Transport * 4 Nature * 5 Culture * 6 Notable residents * 7 Gallery * 8 See also * 9 References * 10 External links HISTORYEarlier names of the island are Femera, Fimbria, Cimbria parva, and Imbra. As a part of Wagria it was settled by the Slavic Lechitic tribe of Wagri in the early middle ages . After their conquest and christianization they were Germanized
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Wagri
The WAGRI, WAGIRI, or WAGRIANS were a tribe of Polabian Slavs inhabiting Wagria , or eastern Holstein
Holstein
in northern Germany
Germany
, from the ninth to twelfth centuries. They were a constituent tribe of the Obodrite confederacy . In the Slavic uprisings of 983 and c. 1040 under Gottschalk , Wagria was wasted and ruined. Many German towns and churches were destroyed and the region was largely depopulated. In 1066, the Wagri allied with the Wilzi in storming the line of Saxon burgwarden from Mecklenburg
Mecklenburg
to Schwerin
Schwerin
and into German territory as deep as Hamburg
Hamburg
. Around 1090, the still pagan Wagri and Liutizi
Liutizi
came under the sway of the Rani -born Kruto . Each tribe elected its own chief who was subordinate to Kruto
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Early Middle Ages
The EARLY MIDDLE AGES (or EARLY MEDIEVAL PERIOD), lasting from the 5th to the 10th century CE , marked the start of the Middle Ages of European history . The Early Middle Ages followed the decline of the Western Roman Empire
Western Roman Empire
and preceded the High Middle Ages (c. 10th to 13th centuries). The Early Middle Ages largely overlap with Late Antiquity . The term "Late Antiquity" is used to emphasize elements of continuity with the Roman Empire, while "Early Middle Ages" is used to emphasize developments characteristic of the later medieval period. The period saw a continuation of trends begun during late classical antiquity , including population decline , especially in urban centres, a decline of trade, and increased immigration
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Lechites
LECHITES, or LEKHITES, (Polish : Lechici) is a name given to certain West Slavic peoples , including the ancestors of modern Poles
Poles
and the historical Pomeranians and Polabians , speakers of the Lechitic languages . CONTENTS* 1 History * 1.1 Lechitic group * 1.2 Lechitic languages * 2 The name "Lech" * 3 Legends * 4 See also * 5 References HISTORYWhen Mieszko I inherited the ducal throne from his father he probably ruled over two-thirds of the territory inhabited by eastern Lechite tribes
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Wagria
WAGRIA (German : Wagrien, Waierland or Wagerland) is the northeastern part of Holstein
Holstein
in the German state of Schleswig- Holstein
Holstein
, corresponding roughly to the districts of Plön and Ostholstein . The word "Wagria" is derived from Germanic settlement of Waringer and just a bit later the West Slavic Lechites tribe of Wagri or Wagier, which meant "those who live by the bays". Wagria
Wagria
was occupied from Viking of Haithabu. It seems that the Wagrier are identical with the East Germanic tribe of Waringer or Warnen (Latin: Warini
Warini
). This country is a historical landscape of Viking myths . CONTENTS * 1 Geography * 2 History * 3 References * 4 Sources GEOGRAPHY Historic map of Wagria
Wagria
(ca
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Aquarium
An AQUARIUM (plural: aquariums or aquaria) is a vivarium of any size having at least one transparent side in which water-dwelling plants or animals are kept and displayed. Fishkeepers use aquaria to keep fish, invertebrates , amphibians, aquatic reptiles such as turtles, and aquatic plants . The term, coined by English naturalist Philip Henry Gosse , combines the Latin
Latin
root aqua, meaning water, with the suffix -arium, meaning "a place for relating to". The aquarium principle was fully developed in 1850 by the chemist Robert Warington , who explained that plants added to water in a container would give off enough oxygen to support animals, so long as their numbers do not grow too large
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Nabu
NABU (Akkadian : Nebu Syriac : ܢܒܘ‎) is the ancient Mesopotamian patron god of literacy , the rational arts , scribes and wisdom . CONTENTS* 1 History * 1.1 Outside Mesopotamia * 2 Depictions * 3 References * 4 External links HISTORY Nabu
Nabu
was worshipped by the Babylonians and the Assyrians. Nabu
Nabu
was known as Nisaba in the Sumerian pantheon and gained prominence among the Babylonians in the 1st millennium BC
1st millennium BC
when he was identified as the son of the god Marduk
Marduk
. Nabu
Nabu
was worshipped in Babylon's sister city Borsippa , where his statue was moved to Babylon each New Year so that he could pay his respects to his father. Nabu's symbol was a stylus resting on a tablet. Clay
Clay
tablets with especial calligraphic skill were used as offerings at Nabu's temple
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Christianization
Anthropology Comparative religion Development Neurotheology / God gene Origins Psychology Prehistoric Ancient Near East · Ancient Egypt · Semitic Indo-European · Vedic Hinduism · Greco -Roman · Celtic · Germanic Axial Age · Vedanta
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Germanization
GERMANISATION (also spelled GERMANIZATION) refers to the spread of the German language
German language
, people and culture or policies which introduced these changes. It was a central plank of German conservative thinking in the 19th and 20th centuries, at a period when conservatism and nationalism went hand-in-hand. In linguistics , Germanisation
Germanisation
also occurs when a word from the German language
German language
is adopted into a foreign language
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Kingdom Of Prussia
The KINGDOM OF PRUSSIA (German : Königreich Preußen) was a German kingdom that constituted the state of Prussia
Prussia
between 1701 and 1918 and included parts of present-day Germany, Poland, Russia, Lithuania, Denmark, Belgium
Belgium
and the Czech Republic. It was the driving force behind the unification of Germany
Germany
in 1871 and was the leading state of the German Empire
German Empire
until its dissolution in 1918. Although it took its name from the region called Prussia
Prussia
, it was based in the Margraviate of Brandenburg
Brandenburg
, where its capital was Berlin
Berlin
. The kings of Prussia
Prussia
were from the House of Hohenzollern
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Second Schleswig War
Austro-Prussian victory * Treaty of Vienna (1864) Territorial changes Denmark
Denmark
surrenders control over Schleswig
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Ornithologist
ORNITHOLOGY is a branch of zoology that concerns the study of birds . The word "ornithology" derives from the ancient Greek ὄρνις ornis ("bird") and λόγος logos ("rationale" or "explanation"). Several aspects of ornithology differ from related disciplines, due partly to the high visibility and the aesthetic appeal of birds. Most marked among these is the extent of studies undertaken by amateurs working within the parameters of strict scientific methodology. The science of ornithology has a long history and studies on birds have helped develop several key concepts in evolution, behaviour and ecology such as the definition of species , the process of speciation , instinct , learning , ecological niches , guilds , island biogeography , phylogeography and conservation
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Duke Of Holstein-Gottorp
HOLSTEIN-GOTTORP or SCHLESWIG-HOLSTEIN-GOTTORP is the historiographical name, as well as contemporary shorthand name, for the parts of the duchies of Schleswig
Schleswig
and Holstein , also known as DUCAL HOLSTEIN, that were ruled by the dukes of Schleswig-Holstein-Gottorp. Other parts of the duchies were ruled by the kings of Denmark. The territories of Gottorp are located in present-day Denmark
Denmark
and Germany
Germany
. The main seat of the dukes was Gottorf Castle
Gottorf Castle
in the city of Schleswig
Schleswig
in the duchy of Schleswig. It is also the name of the ducal house, which ascended to several thrones. For this reason genealogists and historians sometimes use the name of Holstein-Gottorp for related dynasties of other countries
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Duchy Of Schleswig
The DUCHY OF SCHLESWIG (Danish : Hertugdømmet Slesvig; German : Herzogtum Schleswig; Low German
Low German
: Sleswig; North Frisian : Slaswik) was a duchy in Southern Jutland
Southern Jutland
(Sønderjylland) covering the area between about 60 km north and 70 km south of the current border between Germany
Germany
and Denmark
Denmark
; the territory has been divided between the two countries since 1920, with Northern Schleswig in Denmark
Denmark
and Southern Schleswig in Germany. The region is also called SLESWICK in English
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Geographic Coordinate System
A GEOGRAPHIC COORDINATE SYSTEM is a coordinate system used in geography that enables every location on Earth to be specified by a set of numbers, letters or symbols. The coordinates are often chosen such that one of the numbers represents a vertical position , and two or three of the numbers represent a horizontal position . A common choice of coordinates is latitude , longitude and elevation . To specify a location on a two-dimensional map requires a map projection
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Windsurf
WINDSURFING is a surface water sport that combines elements of surfing and sailing . It consists of a board usually 2.5 to 3 meters long, with displacements typically between 60 and 250 litres, powered by wind on a sail. The rig is connected to the board by a free-rotating universal joint and consists of a mast , boom and sail . The sail area generally ranges from 2.5 m2 to 12 m2 depending on the conditions, the skill of the sailor, the type of windsurfing being undertaken and the weight of the person windsurfing. Some credits S. Newman Darby with the origination of windsurfing by 1964 on the Susquehanna River
Susquehanna River
, Pennsylvania, USA when he invented the "sailboard", which, incidentally, he did not patent. In 1964, Darby began selling his sailboards. A promotional article by Darby was published in the August 1965 edition of Popular Science
Popular Science
magazine
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