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Eupteleaceae
EUPTELEA is a genus of two species of flowering plants in the monogeneric family EUPTELEACEAE. The genus is found from Assam
Assam
east through China
China
to Japan
Japan
, and consists of shrubs or small trees: * Euptelea pleiosperma * Euptelea
Euptelea
polyandra The genus was previously placed in the family Trochodendraceae , but the family Eupteleaceae has been recognized by many taxonomists. The APG IV system (2016; unchanged from the APG III system of 2009, the APG II system
APG II system
of 2003 and the APG system of 1998), recognizes it and places it in the order Ranunculales
Ranunculales
, in the clade eudicots . The family consists of a single genus Euptelea, with two species, native to eastern Asia
Asia

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Lepidoptera
Aglossata Glossata Heterobathmiina Zeugloptera LEPIDOPTERA (/ˌlɛpɪˈdɒptərə/ lep-i-DOP-tər-ə ) is an order of insects that includes butterflies and moths (both are called LEPIDOPTERANS). About 180,000 species of the Lepidoptera
Lepidoptera
are described, in 126 families and 46 superfamilies , 10% of the total described species of living organisms. It is one of the most widespread and widely recognizable insect orders in the world. The Lepidoptera
Lepidoptera
show many variations of the basic body structure that have evolved to gain advantages in lifestyle and distribution. Recent estimates suggest the order may have more species than earlier thought, and is among the four most speciose orders, along with the Hymenoptera , Diptera
Diptera
, and Coleoptera
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The Engrailed
Ectropis bistortata Goeze, 1781 The ENGRAILED and SMALL ENGRAILED (Ectropis crepuscularia) are moths of the family Geometridae found from the British Isles through Central and Eastern Europe to the Russian Far East and Kazakhstan . The western Mediterranean and Asia Minor and the Caucasus represent the southern limit of the distribution (with the Balkan countries ). In the north, the distribution area ends at the Arctic circle. It also occurs in North America. Debate exists as to whether they make up one species , or whether E. crepuscularia actually refers only to the small engrailed, with the engrailed proper being separable as E. BISTORTATA. The ground colour of the wings is buff or grey, variably marked with darker fascia and a pale postdiscal crossline. The darker markings are not usually as strong as in the rather similar willow beauty . Melanic forms occur fairly frequently. The wingspan is 38–45 mm. One or two broods are produced each year
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Sepal
A SEPAL (/ˈsɛpəl/ or /ˈsiːpəl/ ) is a part of the flower of angiosperms (flowering plants). Usually green, sepals typically function as protection for the flower in bud, and often as support for the petals when in bloom. The term sepalum was coined by Noël Martin Joseph de Necker in 1790, and derived from the Greek σκεπη (skepi), a covering. Collectively the sepals are called the CALYX (plural calyces), the outermost whorl of parts that form a flower. The word calyx was adopted from the Latin calyx, not to be confused with calix, a cup or goblet. Calyx derived from the Greek κάλυξ (kalyx), a bud, a calyx, a husk or wrapping, (cf Sanskrit kalika, a bud) while calix derived from the Greek κυλιξ (kylix), a cup or goblet, and the words have been used interchangeably in botanical Latin. After flowering, most plants have no more use for the calyx which withers or becomes vestigial
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Larva
A LARVA (plural larvae /ˈlɑːrviː/ ) is a distinct juvenile form many animals undergo before metamorphosis into adults . Animals with indirect development such as insects , amphibians , or cnidarians typically have a larval phase of their life cycle . The larva's appearance is generally very different from the adult form (e.g. caterpillars and butterflies ). A larva often has unique structures and organs that do not occur in the adult form. Their diet may also be considerably different. Larvae are frequently adapted to environments separate from adults. For example, some larvae such as tadpoles live almost exclusively in aquatic environments, but can live outside water as adult frogs . By living in a distinct environment, larvae may be given shelter from predators and reduce competition for resources with the adult population. Animals in the larval stage will consume food to fuel their transition into the adult form
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Asia
Metropolitan areas of Asia
Asia
List of cities in Asia List * Bangkok
Bangkok

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INaturalist
INATURALIST is a citizen science project and online social network of naturalists , citizen scientists, and biologists built on the concept of mapping and sharing observations of biodiversity across the globe. Observations may be added via the website or from a mobile application . The observations provide valuable open data to a variety of scientific research projects, museums, botanic gardens, parks, and other organizations. Users of iNaturalist have contributed over six million observations since its founding in 2008, and the project has been called "a standard-bearer for natural history mobile applications." CONTENTS * 1 History * 2 Participation * 3 See also * 4 References * 5 External links HISTORYiNaturalist.org began in 2008 as a UC Berkeley School of Information Master's final project of Nate Agrin, Jessica Kline, and Ken-ichi Ueda. Nate Agrin and Ken-ichi Ueda continued work on the site with Sean McGregor, a web developer
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APG II System
The APG II SYSTEM (ANGIOSPERM PHYLOGENY GROUP II SYSTEM) of plant classification is the second, now obsolete, version of a modern, mostly molecular -based, system of plant taxonomy that was published in April 2003 by the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group . It was a revision of the first APG system , published in 1998, and was superseded in 2009 by a further revision, the APG III system . HISTORYAPG II was published as: * Angiosperm Phylogeny Group (2003). "An update of the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group classification for the orders and families of flowering plants: APG II". Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 141(4): 399-436. (Available online: Abstract Full text (HTML) Full text (PDF) doi: 10.1046/j.1095-8339.2003.t01-1-00158.x )Each of the APG systems represents the broad consensus of a number of systematic botanists , united in the APG, working at several institutions worldwide
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Taxonomy (biology)
TAXONOMY (from Ancient Greek τάξις (taxis ), meaning 'arrangement', and -νομία (-nomia), meaning 'method ') is the science of defining and naming groups of biological organisms on the basis of shared characteristics. Organisms are grouped together into taxa (singular: taxon) and these groups are given a taxonomic rank ; groups of a given rank can be aggregated to form a super-group of higher rank, thus creating a taxonomic hierarchy. The principal ranks in modern use are domain , kingdom , phylum (division is sometimes used in botany in place of phylum), class , order , family , genus and species . The Swedish botanist Carl Linnaeus
Carl Linnaeus
is regarded as the father of taxonomy, as he developed a system known as Linnaean taxonomy for categorization of organisms and binomial nomenclature for naming organisms
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Petal
PETALS are modified leaves that surround the reproductive parts of flowers . They are often brightly colored or unusually shaped to attract pollinators . Together, all of the petals of a flower are called a COROLLA. Petals are usually accompanied by another set of special leaves called sepals , that collectively form the calyx and lie just beneath the corolla. The calyx and the corolla together make up the perianth . When the petals and sepals of a flower are difficult to distinguish, they are collectively called tepals . Examples of plants in which the term tepal is appropriate include genera such as Aloe
Aloe
and Tulipa . Conversely, genera such as Rosa and Phaseolus have well-distinguished sepals and petals. When the undifferentiated tepals resemble petals, they are referred to as "petaloid", as in petaloid monocots , orders of monocots with brightly coloured tepals
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Anther
The STAMEN (plural stamina or stamens) is the pollen -producing reproductive organ of a flower . Collectively the stamens form the ANDROECIUM. CONTENTS * 1 Morphology and terminology * 2 Etymology * 3 Variation in morphology * 4 Pollen
Pollen
production * 5 Sexual reproduction in plants * 6 Descriptive terms * 7 References * 8 Bibliography * 9 External links MORPHOLOGY AND TERMINOLOGYA stamen typically consists of a stalk called the FILAMENT and an ANTHER which contains microsporangia . Most commonly anthers are two-lobed and are attached to the filament either at the base or in the middle area of the anther. The sterile tissue between the lobes is called the CONNECTIVE. A pollen grain develops from a microspore in the microsporangium and contains the male gametophyte . The stamens in a flower are collectively called the ANDROECIUM. The androecium can consist of as few as one-half stamen (i.e
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Encyclopedia Of Life
The ENCYCLOPEDIA OF LIFE (EOL) is a free, online collaborative encyclopedia intended to document all of the 1.9 million living species known to science. It is compiled from existing databases and from contributions by experts and non-experts throughout the world. It aims to build one "infinitely expandable" page for each species, including video, sound, images, graphics, as well as text. In addition, the Encyclopedia incorporates content from the Biodiversity Heritage Library , which digitizes millions of pages of printed literature from the world's major natural history libraries. The project was initially backed by a US$50 million funding commitment, led by the MacArthur Foundation and the Sloan Foundation , who provided US$20 million and US$5 million, respectively
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Flora Of China (series)
FLORA OF CHINA is a scientific publication aimed at describing the plants native to China
China
. The project is a collaborative scientific effort to publish the first modern English-language account of the 31,000 species of vascular plants of China. This number includes about 8,000 species of medicinal and economically important plants and about 7,500 species of trees and shrubs. Flora of China
China
describes and otherwise documents these species. Flora of China
China
is an English-language revision of Flora Republicae Popularis Sinicae (FRPS), with taxonomy reflecting the current understanding of each group. The sequence of families is a modified Englerian system , similar to that used in FRPS; however, the circumscription of some families reflects the present understanding of the groups
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Global Biodiversity Information Facility
The GLOBAL BIODIVERSITY INFORMATION FACILITY (GBIF) is an international organisation that focuses on making scientific data on biodiversity available via the Internet
Internet
using web services . The data are provided by many institutions from around the world; GBIF's information architecture makes these data accessible and searchable through a single portal. Data available through the GBIF portal are primarily distribution data on plants, animals, fungi, and microbes for the world, and scientific names data. The mission of the Global Biodiversity
Biodiversity
information Facility (GBIF) is to facilitate free and open access to biodiversity data worldwide to underpin sustainable development
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Wikidata
WIKIDATA is a collaboratively edited knowledge base operated by the Wikimedia Foundation . It is intended to provide a common source of data which can be used by Wikimedia projects such as , and by anyone else, under a public domain licence. This is similar to the way Wikimedia Commons
Wikimedia Commons
provides storage for media files and access to those files for all Wikimedia projects, and which are also freely available for reuse. Wikidata
Wikidata
is powered by the software Wikibase . CONTENTS * 1 Concepts * 2 Development history * 2.1 Phase 1 * 2.2 Phase 2 * 2.3 Phase 3 * 3 Reception * 4 Logo * 5 See also * 6 References * 7 Further reading * 8 External links CONCEPTS Screenshots Three statements from Wikidata\'s item on the planet Mars. Values include links to other items and to Wikimedia Commons
Wikimedia Commons

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Digital Object Identifier
In computing, a DIGITAL OBJECT IDENTIFIER or DOI is a persistent identifier or handle used to uniquely identify objects, standardized by the International Organization for Standardization
International Organization for Standardization
( ISO
ISO
). An implementation of the Handle System , DOIs are in wide use mainly to identify academic, professional, and government information, such as journal articles, research reports and data sets, and official publications though they also have been used to identify other types of information resources, such as commercial videos. A DOI aims to be "resolvable", usually to some form of access to the information object to which the DOI refers. This is achieved by binding the DOI to metadata about the object, such as a URL , indicating where the object can be found
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