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Ernst I, Duke Of Saxe-Coburg And Gotha
Ernest I (German: Ernst Anton Karl Ludwig Herzog; 2 January 1784 – 29 January 1844) was the last sovereign duke of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld (as Ernest III) and, from 1826, the first sovereign duke of Saxe- Coburg
Coburg
and Gotha (as Ernest I). He was the father of Albert, Prince Consort of Queen Victoria and is thus a patrilineal ancestor and great-great-great-grandfather of Queen Elizabeth II. Ernest fought against Napoleon Bonaparte
Napoleon Bonaparte
and through construction projects and the establishment of a court theatre left a strong imprint on his residence town, Coburg.Contents1 Early life 2 Marriages and children 3 Death and burial 4 Estates 5 Honours 6 Ancestors 7 ReferencesEarly life[edit] Ernest was the eldest son of Francis, Duke of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld, and Countess Augusta of Reuss-Ebersdorf
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George Dawe
George Dawe
George Dawe
RA (6 February 1781 in St James's, Westminster, Kingdom of Great Britain– 15 October 1829 in Kentish Town, United Kingdom) was an English portraitist who painted 329 portraits of Russian generals active during Napoleon's invasion of Russia
Napoleon's invasion of Russia
for the Military Gallery of the Winter Palace
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Principality Of Lichtenberg
The Principality of Lichtenberg
Principality of Lichtenberg
(German: Fürstentum Lichtenberg) on the Nahe River was an exclave of the Duchy of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld from 1816 to 1826 and the Duchy of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha
Saxe-Coburg and Gotha
from 1826 to 1834, when it was sold to the Kingdom of Prussia.[1] Today the area lies in two States of Germany
Germany
Saarland
Saarland
in the District of St. Wendel and Rhineland-Palatinate
Rhineland-Palatinate
in the District of Birkenfeld.Contents1 History 2 Territories 3 Government 4 References 5 Bibliography 6 External linksHistory[edit] Before the French Revolution
French Revolution
and the Napoleonic wars, most of the future Principality of Lichtenberg
Principality of Lichtenberg
was held by the Dukes of Palatinate-Zweibrücken. The area of St. Wendel
St

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Queen Victoria Of The United Kingdom
Victoria (Alexandrina Victoria; 24 May 1819 – 22 January 1901) was Queen of the United Kingdom
Queen of the United Kingdom
of Great Britain
Great Britain
and Ireland from 20 June 1837 until her death. On 1 May 1876, she adopted the additional title of Empress of India. Victoria was the daughter of Prince Edward, Duke of Kent and Strathearn, the fourth son of King George III. Both the Duke of Kent and King George III
King George III
died in 1820, and Victoria was raised under close supervision by her German-born mother, Princess Victoria of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld. She inherited the throne at the age of 18, after her father's three elder brothers had all died, leaving no surviving legitimate children. The United Kingdom
United Kingdom
was already an established constitutional monarchy, in which the sovereign held relatively little direct political power
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Lytton Strachey
Giles Lytton Strachey
Lytton Strachey
(/ˈdʒaɪlz ˈlɪtən ˈstreɪtʃi/;[1] 1 March 1880 – 21 January 1932) was a British writer and critic. A founding member of the Bloomsbury Group
Bloomsbury Group
and author of Eminent Victorians, he is best known for establishing a new form of biography in which psychological insight and sympathy are combined with irreverence and wit
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Princess Antoinette Of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld
Saxe-Coburg- Saalfeld
Saalfeld
(German: Sachsen-Coburg-Saalfeld) was one of the Saxon Duchies held by the Ernestine line of the Wettin Dynasty. Established in 1699, the Saxe-Coburg-Saalfield line lasted until the reshuffle of the Ernestine territories that occurred following the extinction of the Saxe-Gotha
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Napoleon
Napoléon Bonaparte (15 August 1769 – 5 May 1821) was a French statesman and military leader who rose to prominence during the French Revolution and led several successful campaigns during the French Revolutionary Wars. As Napoleon, he was Emperor of the French
Emperor of the French
from 1804 until 1814, and again briefly in 1815 during the Hundred Days. Napoleon
Napoleon
dominated European and global affairs for more than a decade while leading France
France
against a series of coalitions in the Napoleonic Wars. He won most of these wars and the vast majority of his battles, building a large empire that ruled over continental Europe before its final collapse in 1815. He is considered one of the greatest commanders in history, and his wars and campaigns are studied at military schools worldwide
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Battle Of Lützen (1813)
Gebhard Leberecht von Blücher
Gebhard Leberecht von Blücher
(commander-in-chief) Gerhard von Scharnhorst
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Battle Of Leipzig
First French Empire Warsaw  Italy Naples  Saxony (16–17 October)[1] Württemberg (16–17 October)[1] BadenSixth Coalition Russia  Austria  Prussia  Sweden  Saxony (18–19 October) [1] Württemberg (18–19 October)[1]Commanders and leaders Napoleon Louis-Alexandre Berthier Michel Ney Joachim Murat Józef Poniatowski † Frederick Augustus I of Saxony (POW) Alexander I Karl Philipp Gebhard von Blücher Crown Prince Charles John Count von BennigsenUnits involved French Grand Army Coalition Armies: Army of Bohemia Army of the North Army of Silesia Army of PolandStrengthOctober 16–17: 225,000[2] 700 guns[3] 160,000[3] 15,000 10,000 40,000October 18–19: 155,000October 16–17: 380,000[2] 1,500 guns[3] 145,000 115,000 90,000 25,000October 18–19: 430,000Includes defecting Saxon and Württemberg troopsCas
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Battle Of Waterloo
Seventh Coalition: United Kingdom  Netherlands  Prussia Hanover Nassau BrunswickCommanders and leaders Napoleon
Napoleon
Bonaparte Duke of Wellington Gebhard Leberecht von BlücherStrengthTotal: 73,000[1]50,700 infantry 14,390 cavalry 8,050 artillery and engineers 252 gunsTotal: 118,000 Anglo-allies: 68,000[2][3]United Kingdom: 25,000 British and 6,000 King's German Legion N
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Congress Of Vienna
The Congress of Vienna
Vienna
(German: Wiener Kongress) was a meeting of ambassadors of European states chaired by Austrian statesman Klemens von Metternich, and held in Vienna
Vienna
from November 1814 to June 1815, though the delegates had arrived and were already negotiating by late September 1814. The objective of the Congress was to provide a long-term peace plan for Europe by settling critical issues arising from the French Revolutionary Wars
French Revolutionary Wars
and the Napoleonic Wars. The goal was not simply to restore old boundaries but to resize the main powers so they could balance each other and remain at peace. The leaders were conservatives with little use for republicanism or revolution, both of which threatened to upset the status quo in Europe
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St. Wendel
St. Wendel is a town in northeastern Saarland. It is situated on the river Blies
Blies
36 km northeast of Saarbrücken, the capital of Saarland, and is named after Saint Wendelin of Trier. Regarding to a survey by the German Association for Housing, Town Planning and Land Use Regulation, St. Wendel is known to be one of the wealthiest regions in Germany, behind Starnberg.Contents1 Geography 2 Demographics 3 History3.1 Religion 3.2 City divisions / surrounding villages4 Politics4.1 City council 4.2 Mayors5 International relations 6 Economy and infrastructure6.1 Transportation 6.2 Business and industry 6.3 Courts 6.4 Clubs and organizations7 Sports 8 Culture8.1 Museums 8.2 Cultural projects9 Sightseeing9.1 Buildings 9.2 Image gallery10 Personalities10.1 Honorary Citizens 10.2 Notable people11 Notes 12 External linksGeography[edit]Panorama of St. WendelSt
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Prussia
Prussia
Prussia
(/ˈprʌʃə/; German:  Preußen (help·info) [ˈpʁɔʏ̯sən]) was a historically prominent German state that originated in 1525 with a duchy centred on the region of Prussia. It was de facto dissolved by an emergency decree transferring powers of the Prussian government to German Chancellor
German Chancellor
Franz von Papen
Franz von Papen
in 1932 and de jure by an Allied decree in 1947. For centuries, the House of Hohenzollern ruled Prussia, successfully expanding its size by way of an unusually well-organised and effective army. Prussia, with its capital in Königsberg
Königsberg
and from 1701 in Berlin, decisively shaped the history of Germany. In 1871, German states united to create the German Empire
German Empire
under Prussian leadership
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Monarchy Of Belgium
The monarchy of Belgium
Belgium
is a constitutional, popular and hereditary monarchy whose incumbent is titled the King or Queen of the Belgians (Dutch: Koning(in) der Belgen, French: Roi / Reine des Belges, German: König(in) der Belgier) and serves as the country's head of state. There have been seven Belgian monarchs since independence in 1830. The incumbent, Philippe, ascended the throne on 21 July 2013, following the abdication of his father.Contents1 Origins 2
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Ernestine Branch
Ernestine branch: (see more)Tsar of Bulgaria Grand Duke
Duke
of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach King of the Belgians King of Portugal King/Queen of the United KingdomAlbertine branch: (see more)King of Saxony King of PolandCadet branchesSaxe-Weimar-Eisenach Saxe-Meiningen Saxe-Coburg
Saxe-Coburg
and GothaHouse of WindsorSaxonyThe House of Wettin
House of Wettin
(German: Haus Wettin) is a dynasty of German counts, dukes, prince-electors and kings that once ruled territories in the present-day German states of Saxony, Saxony-Anhalt
Saxony-Anhalt
and Thuringia. The dynasty is one of the oldest in Europe, and its origins can be traced back to the town of Wettin, Saxony-Anhalt. The Wettins gradually rose to power within the Holy Roman Empire. Members of the family became the rulers of several medieval states, starting with the Saxon Eastern March
Saxon Eastern March
in 1030
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Saalfeld
Saalfeld
Saalfeld
(German: Saalfeld/Saale) is a town in Germany, capital of the Saalfeld-Rudolstadt
Saalfeld-Rudolstadt
district of Thuringia. It is best known internationally as the ancestral seat of the Saxe-Coburg
Saxe-Coburg
and Gotha branch of the Saxon House of Wettin, which was renamed the House of Windsor during their British reign in 1917.Contents1 Geography 2 History2.1 House of Wettin 2.2 Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld 2.3 Modern times3 Economy 4 Notable people 5 See also 6 References 7 External linksGeography[edit] The town is situated in the valley of the Saale
Saale
River north of the Thuringian Highland, 48 km (30 mi) south of the German cultural centre Weimar
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