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Mathematics Genealogy Project
The MATHEMATICS GENEALOGY PROJECT is a web-based database for the academic genealogy of mathematicians . By 24 April 2017, it contained information on 211,735 mathematical scientists who contributed to research-level mathematics. For a typical mathematician, the project entry includes graduation year, thesis title, alma mater , doctoral advisor , and doctoral students. CONTENTS * 1 Origin of the database * 2 Mission * 3 Scope * 4 Accuracy of information and other criticisms * 5 See also * 6 References * 7 External links ORIGIN OF THE DATABASEThe project grew out of founder Harry Coonce 's desire to know the name of his advisor's advisor. Coonce was Professor of Mathematics at Minnesota State University, Mankato , at the time of the project's founding, and the project went online there in fall 1997. Coonce retired from Mankato in 1999, and in fall 2002 the university decided that it would no longer support the project
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Joseph-Louis Lagrange
JOSEPH-LOUIS LAGRANGE (/ləˈɡrɑːndʒ/ or /ləˈɡreɪndʒ/ ; French: ), born GIUSEPPE LODOVICO LAGRANGIA or GIUSEPPE LUDOVICO DE LA GRANGE TOURNIER (also reported as GIUSEPPE LUIGI LAGRANGE or LAGRANGIA ) (25 January 1736 – 10 April 1813), was an Italian Enlightenment Era mathematician and astronomer . He made significant contributions to the fields of analysis , number theory , and both classical and celestial mechanics . In 1766, on the recommendation of Euler
Euler
and d\'Alembert , Lagrange succeeded Euler
Euler
as the director of mathematics at the Prussian Academy of Sciences in Berlin, Prussia
Prussia
, where he stayed for over twenty years, producing volumes of work and winning several prizes of the French Academy of Sciences
French Academy of Sciences
. Lagrange's treatise on analytical mechanics ( Mécanique analytique , 4. ed., 2 vols
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Leonhard Euler
LEONHARD EULER (/ˈɔɪlər/ OY-lər ; Swiss Standard German : ( listen ); German Standard German : ( listen ); 15 April 1707 – 18 September 1783) was a Swiss mathematician , physicist , astronomer , logician and engineer who made important and influential discoveries in many branches of mathematics like infinitesimal calculus and graph theory while also making pioneering contributions to several branches such as topology and analytic number theory . He also introduced much of the modern mathematical terminology and notation , particularly for mathematical analysis , such as the notion of a mathematical function . He is also known for his work in mechanics , fluid dynamics , optics , astronomy , and music theory . Euler was one of the most eminent mathematicians of the 18th century, and is held to be one of the greatest in history. He is also widely considered to be the most prolific mathematician of all time
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Christian Huygens
CHRISTIAAN HUYGENS, FRS (/ˈhaɪɡənz/ or /ˈhɔɪɡənz/ ; Dutch: ( listen )) (Latin : Hugenius) (14 April 1629 – 8 July 1695) was a prominent Dutch mathematician and scientist. He is known particularly as an astronomer , physicist , probabilist and horologist . Huygens was a leading scientist of his time. His work included early telescopic studies of the rings of Saturn
Saturn
and the discovery of its moon Titan , the invention of the pendulum clock and other investigations in timekeeping. He published major studies of mechanics and optics (having been one of the most influential proponents of the wave theory of light), and pioneered work on games of chance
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Halle, Saxony-Anhalt
HALLE (SAALE) (German : Halle (Saale), pronounced ( listen )) is a city in the southern part of the German state Saxony-Anhalt
Saxony-Anhalt
. Halle is an economic and educational center in central-eastern Germany. The University of Halle-Wittenberg is the largest university in Saxony-Anhalt
Saxony-Anhalt
and one of the oldest universities in Germany, and a nurturing ground for the local startup ecosystem . Together with Leipzig
Leipzig
, Halle is at the heart of the Central German Metropolitan Region
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Gregorian Calendar
The GREGORIAN CALENDAR is internationally the most widely used civil calendar . It is named after Pope Gregory XIII
Pope Gregory XIII
, who introduced it in October
October
1582. The calendar was a refinement to the Julian calendar
Julian calendar
involving a 0.002% correction in the length of the year . The motivation for the reform was to stop the drift of the calendar with respect to the equinoxes and solstices—particularly the northern vernal equinox , which helps set the date for Easter
Easter
. Transition to the Gregorian calendar would restore the holiday to the time of the year in which it was celebrated when introduced by the early Church. The reform was adopted initially by the Catholic countries of Europe
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Upper Palatinate
The UPPER PALATINATE (German : Oberpfalz) is one of the seven administrative districts of Bavaria
Bavaria
, Germany
Germany
, located in the east of Bavaria. CONTENTS * 1 Main sights * 2 History * 3 Districts * 4 Population * 5 References * 6 External links MAIN SIGHTS Walhalla in 2015 Major tourist attractions include the former ducal residences Regensburg
Regensburg
with the Walhalla nearby and Amberg
Amberg
, the city of Weiden and Waldsassen Abbey . Scenic attractions include the river Danube
Danube
and the Upper Palatine Forest . HISTORYAt the beginning of the High Middle Ages
High Middle Ages
the region now known as the Upper Palatinate
Upper Palatinate
was part of the Bavarian March of the Nordgau
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Wunsiedel
WUNSIEDEL is the seat of the Upper Franconian district of Wunsiedel in northeast Bavaria
Bavaria
, Germany
Germany
. The town became well known for its annual Luisenburg Festival and the Rudolf Hess
Rudolf Hess
Memorial March held there by the Neo-Nazis
Neo-Nazis
until 2005
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Siméon Poisson
SIMéON DENIS POISSON (French: ; 21 June 1781 – 25 April 1840), was a French mathematician , engineer , and physicist , obtaining many important results. Within the elite Académie des Sciences he also was the final leading opponent of the wave theory of light and was proven wrong on that matter by Augustin-Jean Fresnel . CONTENTS * 1 Biography * 2 Contributions * 3 Flawed views on the wave theory of light * 4 See also * 5 Bibliography * 6 References * 7 External links BIOGRAPHYPoisson was born in Pithiviers , Loiret
Loiret
, the son of soldier Siméon Poisson. In 1798, he entered the École Polytechnique in Paris
Paris
as first in his year, and immediately began to attract the notice of the professors of the school, who left him free to make his own decisions as to what he would study
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Fields Medal
The FIELDS MEDAL is a prize awarded to two, three, or four mathematicians under 40 years of age at the International Congress of the International Mathematical Union (IMU), a meeting that takes place every four years. The Fields Medal
Fields Medal
is, with the Abel Prize , viewed as the highest honor a mathematician can receive. The Fields Medal
Fields Medal
and the Abel Prize have often been described as the mathematician's " Nobel Prize
Nobel Prize
". The Fields Medal
Fields Medal
differs from the Abel in view of the age restriction mentioned above, and in its frequency (awarded once every four years). The prize comes with a monetary award, which since 2006 has been $15,000 CAD . The colloquial name is in honour of Canadian mathematician John Charles Fields
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LIBRIS
LIBRIS (Library Information System) is a Swedish national union catalogue maintained by the National Library of Sweden
Sweden
in Stockholm
Stockholm
. It is possible to freely search about 6.5 million titles nationwide. In addition to bibliographic records, one for each book or publication, LIBRIS also contains an authority file of people. For each person there is a record connecting name, birth and occupation with a unique identifier. The MARC Code for the Swedish Union Catalog is SE-LIBR, normalized: selibr. The development of LIBRIS can be traced to the mid-1960s. While rationalization of libraries had been an issue for two decades after World War II, it was in 1965 that a government committee published a report on the use of computers in research libraries. The government budget of 1965 created a research library council (Forskningsbiblioteksrådet, FBR)
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Système Universitaire De Documentation
The SYSTèME UNIVERSITAIRE DE DOCUMENTATION or SUDOC is a system used by the libraries of French universities and higher education establishments to identify, track and manage the documents in their possession. The catalog, which contains more than 10 million references, allows students and researcher to search for bibliographical and location information in over 3,400 documentation centers
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Bibliothèque Nationale De France
The BIBLIOTHèQUE NATIONALE DE FRANCE (BNF; French: ) is the National Library of France
France
, located in Paris
Paris
. It is the national repository of all that is published in France. CONTENTS * 1 History * 2 New buildings * 3 Mission * 4 Manuscript
Manuscript
collection * 5 Digital library * 6 Popular culture * 7 See also * 8 References * 9 Further reading * 10 External links HISTORYThe National Library of France
France
traces its origin to the royal library founded at the Louvre Palace by Charles V in 1368. Charles had received a collection of manuscripts from his predecessor, John II , and transferred them to the Louvre
Louvre
from the Palais de la Cité
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International Standard Name Identifier
The INTERNATIONAL STANDARD NAME IDENTIFIER (ISNI) is an identifier for uniquely identifying the public identities of contributors to media content such as books, television programmes, and newspaper articles. Such an identifier consists of 16 digits. It can optionally be displayed as divided into four blocks. It was developed under the auspices of the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) as Draft International Standard 27729; the valid standard was published on 15 March 2012. The ISO technical committee 46, subcommittee 9 ( TC 46/SC 9 ) is responsible for the development of the standard. ISNI can be used to disambiguate names that might otherwise be confused, and links the data about names that are collected and used in all sectors of the media industries
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Library Of Congress Control Number
The LIBRARY OF CONGRESS CONTROL NUMBER (LCCN) is a serially based system of numbering cataloging records in the Library of Congress
Library of Congress
in the United States. It has nothing to do with the contents of any book, and should not be confused with Library of Congress
Library of Congress
Classification . CONTENTS * 1 History * 2 Format * 3 See also * 4 References * 5 External links HISTORYThe LCCN numbering system has been in use since 1898, at which time the acronym LCCN originally stood for Library of Congress
Library of Congress
Card Number. It has also been called the Library of Congress
Library of Congress
Catalog Card Number, among other names. The Library of Congress
Library of Congress
prepared cards of bibliographic information for their library catalog and would sell duplicate sets of the cards to other libraries for use in their catalogs
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