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Erasmus Darwin
Erasmus Darwin
Erasmus Darwin
(12 December 1731 – 18 April 1802) was an English physician. One of the key thinkers of the Midlands Enlightenment, he was also a natural philosopher, physiologist, slave-trade abolitionist,[1] inventor and poet. His poems included much natural history, including a statement of evolution and the relatedness of all forms of life. He was a member of the Darwin–Wedgwood family, which includes his grandsons Charles Darwin
Charles Darwin
and Francis Galton
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Governess
A governess is a woman employed to teach and train children in a private household. In contrast to a nanny (formerly called a nurse), she concentrates on teaching children instead of meeting their physical needs. Her charges are of school age rather than babies.[1] The position of governess used to be common in well-off European families before the First World War, especially in the countryside where no suitable school existed nearby. Parents' preference to educate their children at home—rather than send them away to boarding school for months at a time—varied across time and countries. Governesses were usually in charge of girls and younger boys
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George III Of The United Kingdom
George III (George William Frederick; 4 June 1738[c] – 29 January 1820) was King of Great Britain
King of Great Britain
and King of Ireland
King of Ireland
from 25 October 1760 until the union of the two countries on 1 January 1801, after which he was King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain
Kingdom of Great Britain
and Ireland until his death. He was concurrently Duke and prince-elector of Brunswick- Lüneburg
Lüneburg
("Hanover") in the Holy Roman Empire
Holy Roman Empire
before becoming King of Hanover
King of Hanover
on 12 October 1814
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Natural History
Natural history
Natural history
is a domain of inquiry involving organisms including animals, fungi and plants in their environment; leaning more towards observational than experimental methods of study
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Society For Effecting The Abolition Of The Slave Trade
The Society for Effecting the Abolition of the Slave Trade
Society for Effecting the Abolition of the Slave Trade
(or The Society for the Abolition of the Slave Trade), was a British abolitionist group, formed on 22 May 1787, by twelve men who gathered together at a printing shop in London. The Society worked to educate the public about the abuses of the slave trade; it achieved abolition of the international slave trade in 1807, enforced by the Royal Navy.[1] The United States also prohibited the African slave trade that year, to take effect in 1808. It later was superseded by development of the Anti-Slavery Society
Anti-Slavery Society
in 1823, which worked to abolish the institution of slavery throughout the British colonies. Abolition was passed by parliament in 1833 (except in India, where it was part of the indigenous culture); with emancipation completed by 1838
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Physiology
Physiology
Physiology
(/ˌfɪziˈɒlədʒi/; from Ancient Greek φύσις (physis), meaning 'nature, origin', and -λογία (-logia), meaning 'study of'[1]) is the scientific study of the functions and mechanisms which work within a living system.[2][3] As a sub-discipline of biology, the focus of physiology is on how organisms, organ systems, organs, cells, and biomolecules carry out the chemical and physical functions that exist in a
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Natural Philosophy
Natural philosophy
Natural philosophy
or philosophy of nature (from Latin
Latin
philosophia naturalis) was the philosophical study of nature and the physical universe that was dominant before the development of modern science. It is considered to be the precursor of natural science. From the ancient world, starting with Aristotle, to the 19th century, the term "natural philosophy" was the common term used to describe the practice of studying nature
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Oliver Cromwell
English Civil War:Gainsborough Marston Moor Newbury II Naseby Langport Preston Dunbar WorcesterRoyal styles of Oliver Cromwell, Lord Protector
Lord Protector
of the CommonwealthReference style His HighnessSpoken style Your HighnessAlternative style Sir Oliver Cromwell
Oliver Cromwell
(25 April 1599 – 3 September 1658)[a] was an English military and political leader. He served as Lord Protector
Lord Protector
of the Commonwealth of England, Scotland, and Ireland from 1653 until his death, acting simultaneously as head of state and head of government of the new republic. Cromwell was born into the middle gentry, albeit to a family descended from the sister of King Henry VIII's minister Thomas Cromwell
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Darwin-Wedgwood Family
The Darwin– Wedgwood
Wedgwood
family is composed of two interrelated English families, descending from prominent 18th-century doctor Erasmus Darwin, and Josiah Wedgwood, founder of the pottery company, Josiah Wedgwood
Wedgwood
and Sons, the most notable member of which was Charles Darwin. The family included at least ten Fellows of the Royal Society and several artists and poets (including the composer Ralph Vaughan Williams). Presented below are brief biographical descriptions and genealogical information with links to articles on the members. The individuals are listed by year of birth and grouped into generations. The relationship to Francis Galton
Francis Galton
and his immediate ancestors is also given
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Birmingham Museum And Art Gallery
780,879 (2016)[2]Ranked 21st nationallyWebsite www.birminghammuseums.org.uk/bmagListed Building – Grade II*Designated 25 April 1952Reference no. 1210333 Birmingham
Birmingham
Museum
Museum
and Art Gallery
Art Gallery
(BM&AG) (grid reference SP066869) is a museum and art gallery in Birmingham, England. It has a collection of international importance covering fine art, ceramics, metalwork, jewellery, natural history, archaeology, ethnography, local history and industrial history.[3] The museum/gallery is run by Birmingham
Birmingham
Museums Trust, the largest independent museums trust in the United Kingdom, which also runs eight other museums around the city.[4] Entrance to the Museum
Museum
and Art Gallery is free, but some major exhibitions in the Gas Hall incur an entrance fee
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English Midlands
The Midlands
The Midlands
is a cultural and geographic area roughly spanning central England
England
that broadly corresponds to the early medieval Kingdom of Mercia. It borders South East England, South West England, North West England, Yorkshire and Humber, East of England
England
and Wales. Its largest city is Birmingham, and the region was important in the Industrial Revolution
Industrial Revolution
of the 18th and 19th centuries. In modern terms the Midlands comprises the English statistical regions of the East Midlands and West Midlands
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Boarding School
A boarding school provides education for pupils who live on the premises, as opposed to a day school. The word "boarding” is used in the sense of "room and board" i.e., lodging and meals. As they have existed for many centuries, and now extend across many countries, their function and ethos varies greatly. Traditionally, pupils stayed at the school for the length of the term; some schools facilitate returning home every weekend, and some welcome day pupils. Some are for either boys or girls while others are co-educational. In the United Kingdom, which has a rich history of such schools, many independent (private) schools offer boarding, but likewise so do a few dozen state schools, many of which serve children from remote areas. In the United States, most boarding schools cover grades seven or nine through grade twelve—the high school years
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University Of Edinburgh Medical School
The University of Edinburgh
Edinburgh
Medical School (also known as Edinburgh Medical School) is the medical school of the University of Edinburgh in Scotland
Scotland
and part of the College of Medicine and Veterinary Medicine, the head of which is Sir John Savill
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St John's College, Cambridge
St John's College is a constituent college of the University of Cambridge (the full, formal name of the college is The Master, Fellows and Scholars of the College of St John the Evangelist
St John the Evangelist
in the University of Cambridge).[1] The college was founded by Lady Margaret Beaufort. In constitutional terms, the college is a charitable corporation established by a charter dated 9 April 1511. The aims of the college, as specified by its Statutes, are the promotion of education, religion, learning and research.[2] The college's alumni include the winners of ten Nobel Prizes, seven prime ministers and twelve archbishops of various countries, at least two princes and three Saints.[3][4] The Romantic poet William Wordsworth studied at the college, as did William Wilberforce
William Wilberforce
and Thomas Clarkson, the two abolitionists who led the movement that brought slavery to an end in the British Empire
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University Of Cambridge
The University of Cambridge
Cambridge
(informally Cambridge
Cambridge
University)[note 1] is a collegiate public research university in Cambridge, England. Founded in 1209 and granted a royal charter by King Henry III in 1231, Cambridge
Cambridge
is the second-oldest university in the English-speaking world and the world's fourth-oldest surviving university.[8] The university grew out of an association of scholars who left the University of Oxford
University of Oxford
after a dispute with the townspeople.[9] The two medieval universities share many common features and are often referred to jointly as "Oxbridge"
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Breadsall
Coordinates: 52°57′14″N 1°27′00″W / 52.954°N 1.450°W / 52.954; -1.450Breadsall Breadsall
Breadsall
Old Hall Breadsall
Breadsall
parish highlighted within DerbyshirePopulation 773 (2011)OS grid reference SK370397DistrictErewashShire countyDerbyshireRegionEast MidlandsCountry EnglandSovereign state United KingdomPost town DERBYPostcode district DE21Dialling code 01332Police DerbyshireFire DerbyshireAmbulance East MidlandsEU Parliament East MidlandsUK ParliamentMid DerbyshireList of places UK England Derbyshire Breadsall
Breadsall
is a village and civil parish in the English county of Derbyshire, grid reference SK370397
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