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Eorpwald
EORPWALD; also ERPENWALD or EARPWALD, (reigned from c. 624, assassinated c. 627 or 632), succeeded his father Rædwald as ruler of the independent Kingdom of the East Angles
Angles
. Eorpwald was a member of the East Anglian dynasty known as the Wuffingas , named after the semi-historical king Wuffa . Little is known of Eorpwald's life or of his short reign, as little documentary evidence about the East Anglian kingdom has survived. The primary source for Eorpwald is the Ecclesiastical History of the English People , written by Bede
Bede
in the 8th century. Soon after becoming king, Eorpwald received Christian
Christian
teaching and was baptised in 627 or 632. Soon after his conversion he was killed by Ricberht , a pagan noble, who may have succeeded him and ruled for three years. The motive for Eorpwald's assassination was probably political as well as religious
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Bernicia
BERNICIA ( Old English
Old English
: Bernice, Beornice; Latin
Latin
: Bernicia) was an Anglo-Saxon kingdom established by Anglian settlers of the 6th century in what is now southeastern Scotland
Scotland
and North East England
England
. The Anglian territory of Bernicia
Bernicia
was approximately equivalent to the modern English counties of Northumberland
Northumberland
and Durham , and the Scottish counties of Berwickshire
Berwickshire
and East Lothian
East Lothian
, stretching from the Forth to the Tees . In the early 7th century, it merged with its southern neighbour, Deira , to form the kingdom of Northumbria
Northumbria
and its borders subsequently expanded considerably
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Northumbria
The KINGDOM OF NORTHUMBRIA (/nɔːrˈθʌmbriə/ ; Old English : Norþhymbra rīce, "kingdom of the Northumbrians") was a medieval Anglian kingdom in what is now northern England and south-east Scotland
Scotland
, which subsequently became an earldom in a unified English kingdom . The name reflects the approximate southern limit to the kingdom's territory, the Humber
Humber
estuary . Northumbria
Northumbria
was formed by Æthelfrith in central Great Britain in Anglo-Saxon times. At the beginning of the 7th century, the two kingdoms of Bernicia and Deira were unified. (In the 12th century writings of Henry of Huntingdon , the kingdom was defined as one of the Heptarchy
Heptarchy
of Anglo-Saxon kingdoms)
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Bretwalda
BRETWALDA (also BRYTENWALDA and BRETENANWEALDA, sometimes capitalized) is an Old English
Old English
word. The first record comes from the late 9th-century Anglo-Saxon Chronicle
Anglo-Saxon Chronicle
. It is given to some of the rulers of Anglo-Saxon kingdoms from the 5th century onwards who had achieved overlordship of some or all of the other Anglo-Saxon kingdoms. It is unclear whether the word dates back to the 5th century and was used by the kings themselves or whether it is a later, 9th-century, invention. The term bretwalda also appears in a 10th-century charter of Æthelstan
Æthelstan
. The literal meaning of the word is disputed and may translate to either 'wide-ruler' or 'Britain-ruler'
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Ship Burial
A SHIP BURIAL or BOAT GRAVE is a burial in which a ship or boat is used either as a container for the dead and the grave goods , or as a part of the grave goods itself. If the ship is very small, it is called a boat grave. This style of burial was used among the Germanic peoples , particularly by Viking Age
Viking Age
Norsemen . According to the Boxer Codex , ship burials were also practiced by the indigenous peoples of the Philippines
Philippines
. A unique eyewitness account of a 10th-century ship burial among the Volga Vikings is given by Arab traveller Ibn Fadlan
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York
YORK (/ˈjɔːrk/ ( listen )) is a historic walled city at the confluence of the rivers Ouse and Foss in North Yorkshire
North Yorkshire
, England. The municipality is the traditional county town of Yorkshire
Yorkshire
to which it gives its name. The city has a rich heritage and has provided the backdrop to major political events in England throughout much of its two millennia of existence. The city offers a wealth of historic attractions, of which York Minster
York Minster
is the most prominent, and a variety of cultural and sporting activities making it a popular tourist destination for millions. The city was founded by the Romans as Eboracum
Eboracum
in 71 AD. It became the capital of the Roman province of Britannia Inferior , and later of the kingdoms of Northumbria
Northumbria
and Jórvík
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Deira (kingdom)
DEIRA ( Old English
Old English
: Derenrice or Dere) was a kingdom (559–664 AD) in Northern England
Northern England
that probably emerged when Anglian warriors conquered the Derwent Valley in the third quarter of the fifth century. It extended from the Humber
Humber
to the Tees , and from the sea to the western edge of the Vale of York
York
. It later merged with the kingdom of Bernicia
Bernicia
, its northern neighbour, to form the kingdom of Northumbria
Northumbria
. The name of the kingdom is of Brythonic origin, perhaps from Deifr, meaning "waters", or from Daru, meaning "oak", in which case it would mean "the people of the Derwent ", a derivation also found in the Latin name for Malton , Derventio
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Suffolk
SUFFOLK (/ˈsʌfək/ ) is an East Anglian county of historic origin in England. It has borders with Norfolk
Norfolk
to the north, Cambridgeshire to the west and Essex
Essex
to the south. The North Sea
North Sea
lies to the east. The county town is Ipswich
Ipswich
; other important towns include Lowestoft
Lowestoft
, Bury St Edmunds
Bury St Edmunds
, Newmarket and Felixstowe , one of the largest container ports in Europe. The county is low-lying with very few hills, and is largely arable land with the wetlands of the Broads in the north. The Suffolk
Suffolk
Coast and Heaths are an Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty
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Ecclesiastical History Of The English People
The ECCLESIASTICAL HISTORY OF THE ENGLISH PEOPLE ( Latin
Latin
: Historia ecclesiastica gentis Anglorum), written by the Venerable Bede in about AD 731, is a history of the Christian Churches in England
England
, and of England
England
generally; its main focus is on the conflict between the pre-Schism Roman Rite
Roman Rite
and Celtic Christianity
Celtic Christianity
. It was originally composed in Latin
Latin
, is considered to be one of the most important original references on Anglo-Saxon history and has played a key role in the development of an English national identity . It is believed to have been completed in 731 when Bede
Bede
was approximately 59 years old
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Æthelfrith Of Northumbria
ÆTHELFRITH (died c. 616) was King of Bernicia
Bernicia
from c. 593 until his death. Around 604 he became the first Bernician king to also rule the neighboring land of Deira
Deira
, giving him an important place in the development of the later kingdom of Northumbria
Northumbria
. He was especially notable for his successes against the Britons and his victory over the Gaels
Gaels
of Dál Riata
Dál Riata
. Although he was defeated and killed in battle and replaced by a dynastic rival, his line was eventually restored to power in the 630s
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William Of Malmesbury
WILLIAM OF MALMESBURY (Latin : Willelmus Malmesbiriensis; c. 1095 – c. 1143) was the foremost English historian of the 12th century . He has been ranked among the most talented English historians since Bede
Bede
. Modern historian C. Warren Hollister described him as "a gifted historical scholar and an omnivorous reader, impressively well versed in the literature of classical, patristic and earlier medieval times as well as in the writings of his own contemporaries. Indeed William may well have been the most learned man in twelfth-century Western Europe." William was born about 1095 or 1096 in Wiltshire
Wiltshire
. His father was Norman and his mother English. He spent his whole life in England and his adult life as a monk at Malmesbury Abbey in Wiltshire, England
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Barbara Yorke
BARBARA YORKE FRHistS (born 1951) is a historian of Anglo-Saxon England
England
. Yorke studied history and archaeology at Exeter University
Exeter University
, where she completed both her undergraduate degree and her Ph.D. She is currently Emeritus Professor of Early Medieval History at the University of Winchester
University of Winchester
, and is a Fellow of the Royal Historical Society . She is an Honorary Professor of the Institute of Archaeology at University College London
University College London
, and presented "King Alfred and the traditions of Anglo-Saxon kingship" at the 2011 Toller Lecture . Yorke's publications include: * Kings and Kingdoms of Early Anglo-Saxon England. London, Seaby, 1990. ISBN 1-85264-027-8 * Wessex in the Early Middle Ages. Continuum International, 1995. ISBN 978-0-7185-1856-1 * Bishop Aethelwold: His Career and Influence
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Jesus
JESUS (/ˈdʒiːzəs/ JEE-zuss ; c. 4 BC – c. 30/33 AD), also referred to as JESUS OF NAZARETH and JESUS CHRIST, was a Jewish preacher and religious leader. He is the central figure of Christianity
Christianity
. Christians believe him to be the Son of God
God
and the awaited Messiah (Christ ) prophesied in the Old Testament
Old Testament
. Virtually all modern scholars of antiquity agree that Jesus
Jesus
existed historically , although the quest for the historical Jesus
Jesus
has produced little agreement on the historical reliability of the Gospels and on how closely the biblical Jesus
Jesus
reflects the historical Jesus
Jesus

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Woodbridge, Suffolk
WOODBRIDGE is a town in Suffolk
Suffolk
, East Anglia
East Anglia
, England, about 8 miles (13 km) from the seacoast. It lies along the River Deben and has a population of about 11,000. The town is served by Woodbridge railway station on the Ipswich
Ipswich
Lowestoft
Lowestoft
East Suffolk
Suffolk
Line . It is within a few miles of the wider Ipswich
Ipswich
urban area. Woodbridge is close to the most important Anglo-Saxon site in the United Kingdom, the Sutton Hoo burial ship. With 1100 years of recorded history, the town has retained a variety of historical architecture. There are facilities for boating and riverside walks on the River Deben
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Martin Carver
MARTIN OSWALD HUGH CARVER, FSA , Hon FSA Scot (born 8 July 1941) is Emeritus Professor of Archaeology at the University of York , England , director of the Sutton Hoo Research Project and a leading exponent of new methods in excavation and survey. He specialises in the archaeology of early Medieval Europe. He has an international reputation for his excavations at Sutton Hoo , on behalf of the British Museum and the Society of Antiquaries and at the Pictish monastery at Portmahomack Tarbat , Easter Ross, Scotland. He has undertaken archaeological research in England, Scotland, France, Italy and Algeria. CONTENTS * 1 Early life * 2 Military service * 3 Academic career * 4 Honours * 5 Notable works * 6 See also * 7 References * 8 External links EARLY LIFECarver was born on 8 July 1941 to John Hobart Carver and Jocelyn Louisa Grace Carver (née Tweedie)
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