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Emperor Kōmei
Emperor Kōmei
Emperor Kōmei
(孝明天皇, Kōmei-tennō, 22 July 1831 – 30 January 1867) was the 121st emperor of Japan,[1] according to the traditional order of succession.[2] Kōmei's reign spanned the years from 1846 through 1867, corresponding to the final years of the Edo period.[3] During his reign there was much internal turmoil as a result of Japan's first major contact with the United States, which occurred under Commodore Perry in 1853 and 1854, and the subsequent forced re-opening of Japan
Japan
to western nations, ending a 220-year period of national seclusion. Emperor Kōmei
Emperor Kōmei
did not care much for anything foreign, and he opposed opening Japan
Japan
to Western powers
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Imperialism
Imperialism
Imperialism
is an action that involves a nation extending its power by the acquisition of inhabited territory. It may also include the exploitation of these territories, an action that is linked to colonialism. Colonialism
Colonialism
is generally regarded as an expression of imperialism. It is different from New Imperialism, as the term imperialism is usually applied to the colonization of the Americas between the 15th and 19th centuries, as opposed to the expansion of Western Powers (and Japan) during the late 19th and early 20th centuries. However, both are examples of imperialism.Contents1 Etymology and usage 2 Colonialism
Colonialism
vs
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Russia
Coordinates: 60°N 90°E / 60°N 90°E / 60; 90Russian Federation Росси́йская Федерaция (Russian) Rossiyskaya FederatsiyaFlagCoat of armsAnthem:  "Gosudarstvenny gimn Rossiyskoy Federatsii"  (transliteration) "State Anthem of the Russian Federation"Location of Russia
Russia
(green) Russian-administered Crimea
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Daigaku-no-kami
Daigaku-no kami (大学頭) was a Japanese Imperial court position and the title of the chief education expert in the rigid court hierarchy. The Imperial Daigaku-no kami predates the Heian period; and the court position continued up through the early Meiji period. The title and position were conferred in the name of the Emperor of Japan. In the Edo period, the head of the educational and bureaucrat training system for the Tokugawa shogunate
Tokugawa shogunate
was also known by the honorific title Daigaku-no kami, which effectively translates as "Head of the State University". The title and position were conferred in the name of the shōgun.Contents1 Imperial court hierarchy 2 Tokugawa bakufu hierarchy 3 Meiji constitutional hierarchy 4 See also 5 Notes 6 References 7 External linksImperial court hierarchy[edit] The Imperial court position of Daigaku-no kami identified the chief education expert in the Imperial retinue
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Sengoku Period
The Sengoku period
Sengoku period
(戦国時代, Sengoku Jidai, "Age of Warring States"; c. 1467 – c. 1603) is a period in Japanese history marked by social upheaval, political intrigue and near-constant military conflict
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Black Ships
The Black Ships
Black Ships
(in Japanese: 黒船, kurofune, Edo Period
Edo Period
term) was the name given to Western vessels arriving in Japan
Japan
in the 16th and 19th centuries. In 1543 Portuguese initiated the first contacts, establishing a trade route linking Goa
Goa
to Nagasaki. The large carracks engaged in this trade had the hull painted black with pitch, and the term came to represent all western vessels. In 1639, after suppressing a rebellion blamed on the Christian influence, the ruling Tokugawa shogunate retreated into an isolationist policy, the Sakoku. During this "locked state", contact with Japan
Japan
by Westerners was restricted to Dejima island at Nagasaki. In 1844, William II of the Netherlands
William II of the Netherlands
urged Japan
Japan
to open, but was rejected. On July 8, 1853, the U.S
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Neo-Confucian
Hermeneutic schools:Old TextsNew Text Confucianism Confucianism
Confucianism
by country Confucianism
Confucianism
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Heian Palace
The Heian Palace
Heian Palace
(平安宮, Heian-kyū) or Daidairi (大内裏) was the original imperial palace of Heian-kyō
Heian-kyō
(present-day Kyoto), the capital of Japan, from 794 to 1227. The palace, which served as the imperial residence and the administrative centre of for most of the Heian period
Heian period
(from 794 to 1185), was located at the north-central location of the city in accordance with the Chinese models used for the design of the capital. The palace consisted of a large rectangular walled enclosure, which contained several ceremonial and administrative buildings including the government ministries. Inside this enclosure was the separately walled residential compound of the emperor or the Inner Palace (Dairi)
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Imina
Japanese names (日本人の氏名, Nihonjin no Shimei) in modern times usually consist of a family name (surname), followed by a given name. More than one given name is not generally used. Japanese names are usually written in kanji, which are characters usually Chinese in origin but Japanese in pronunciation
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Chrysanthemum Throne
The Chrysanthemum Throne
Throne
(皇位, kōi, lit. "Imperial seat") is the term used to identify the throne of the Emperor
Emperor
of Japan
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Treaty Of Amity And Commerce (United States–Japan)
The Treaty of Amity and Commerce (日米修好通商条約, Nichibei Shūkō Tsūshō Jōyaku), also called the Harris Treaty, between the United States
United States
and Japan
Japan
was signed on the deck of the USS Powhatan in Edo
Edo
(now Tokyo) Bay on July 29, 1858. It opened the ports of Kanagawa
Kanagawa
and four other Japanese cities to trade and granted extraterritoriality to foreigners, among a number of trading stipulations.Contents1 The Treaty 2 American interests in Japan 3 Extension of the "Perry Crisis" 4 Additional Treaties 5 Ratification 6 Effects 7 See also 8 Notes 9 Bibliography 10 External linksThe Treaty[edit]This section needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed
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Enthronement Of The Japanese Emperor
The Enthronement
Enthronement
of the Emperor of Japan
Emperor of Japan
(即位の礼, Sokui no rei) is an ancient ceremony which marks the accession of a new ruler to the Chrysanthemum Throne, in the world's oldest continuous hereditary monarchy. Various ancient imperial regalia are given to the new sovereign during the course of the rite.Contents1 The Ceremony1.1 Presentation of the Three Sacred Treasures 1.2 Enthronement 1.3 The Daijo-sai2 See also 3 References 4 Further reading 5 External linksThe Ceremony[edit] Presentation of the Three Sacred Treasures[edit] The Japanese enthronement ceremony consists of three main parts. The first is the simplest, and takes place immediately after the death of the preceding sovereign
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Sakoku
Sakoku
Sakoku
(鎖国, "closed country") was the isolationist foreign policy of the Japanese Tokugawa shogunate
Tokugawa shogunate
under which relations and trade between Japan
Japan
and other countries were severely limited, nearly all foreigners were barred from entering Japan
Japan
and the common Japanese people were kept from leaving the country for a period of over 220 years
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Ansei Treaties
The Ansei
Ansei
Treaties (Japanese:安政条約) or the Ansei
Ansei
Five-Power Treaties (Japanese:安政五カ国条約) are a series of treaties signed in 1858, during the Japanese
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Matthew C. Perry
Matthew Calbraith Perry[Note 1] (April 10, 1794 – March 4, 1858) was a Commodore of the United States
United States
Navy who commanded ships in several wars, including the War of 1812
War of 1812
and the Mexican–American War (1846–48). He played a leading role in the opening of Japan
Japan
to the West with the Convention of Kanagawa
Convention of Kanagawa
in 1854. Perry was interested in the education of naval officers, and assisted in the development of an apprentice system that helped establish the curriculum at the United States
United States
Naval Academy
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United States
Coordinates: 40°N 100°W / 40°N 100°W / 40; -100 United States
United States
of AmericaFlagGreat SealMotto:  "In God
God
We Trust"[1][fn 1]Other traditional mottos  "E pluribus unum" (Lat
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