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Elfriede Mohnecke
Elfriede Hildegard Mohneke (born 2 March 1922, Dorschen, East Prussia, Germany (present-day Dorsze, Ełk, Poland) – died 11 December 1994, Berlin, Germany) was a guard at two Nazi concentration camps in World War II.[1] On 12 October 1944, Mohneke arrived at Ravensbrück concentration camp to begin overseer training under Dorothea Binz. In November 1944, the SS sent her as an Aufseherin
Aufseherin
to the Uckermark camp down the road from Ravensbrück. Mohneke served in the camp until the Allied liberation in April 1945.[citation needed] At the third Ravensbrück Trial, the former SS woman was sentenced to ten years in prison for the maltreatment of concentration camp prisoners.[1] In her appeal against the sentence, she claimed she was sent to Ravensbrück against her will by a mandatory call for duty from the labour office
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Dorsze, Ełk County
Dorsze [ˈdɔrʂɛ] (German: Dorschen)[1] is a village in the administrative district of Gmina
Gmina
Kalinowo, within Ełk
Ełk
County, Warmian-Masurian Voivodeship, in northern Poland.[2] It lies approximately 8 kilometres (5 mi) north-west of Kalinowo, 22 km (14 mi) north-east of Ełk, and 141 km (88 mi) east of the regional capital Olsztyn. Before 1945 the area was part of Germany (East Prussia). After World War II the area was placed under Polish administration according to the post-war Potsdam Agreement. Germans fled or were expelled and replaced with Poles expelled from the Polish areas annexed by the Soviet Union or forced to settle in the area through Operation Vistula in 1947. The village has a population of 100. Notable residents[edit] Elfriede Mohneke (1922-1994), KZ guardReferences[edit]^ "Former Territory of Germany" (in German)
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Berlin, Germany
Berlin
Berlin
(/bɜːrˈlɪn/, German: [bɛɐ̯ˈliːn] ( listen)) is the capital and the largest city of Germany, as well as one of its 16 constituent states. With a steadily growing population of approximately 3.7 million,[4] Berlin
Berlin
is the second most populous city proper in the European Union
European Union
behind London
London
and the seventh most populous urban area in the European Union.[5] Located in northeastern Germany
Germany
on the banks of the rivers Spree
Spree
and Havel, it is the centre of the Berlin- Brandenburg
Brandenburg
Metropolitan Region, which has roughly 6 million residents from more than 180 nations.[6][7][8][9] Due to its location in the European Plain, Berlin
Berlin
is influenced by a temperate seasonal climate
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Nazi Concentration Camp
Nazi Germany
Nazi Germany
maintained concentration camps (German: Konzentrationslager, KZ or KL) throughout the territories it controlled before and during the Second World War
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World War II
Allied victoryCollapse of Nazi Germany Fall of Japanese and Italian Empires Dissolution of the League of Nations Creation of the United Nations Emergence of the United States
United States
and the Soviet Union
Soviet Union
as superpowers Beginning of the Cold War
Cold War
(more...)ParticipantsAllied Powers Axis PowersCommanders and leadersMain Allied leaders Joseph Stalin Franklin D
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Ravensbrück Concentration Camp
Ravensbrück (pronounced [ʁaːvənsˈbʁʏk]) was a German concentration camp exclusively for women from 1939 to 1945, located in northern Germany, 90 km (56 mi) north of Berlin
Berlin
at a site near the village of Ravensbrück (part of Fürstenberg/Havel). The largest single national group consisted of 40,000 Polish women. Others included 26,000 Jewish from all countries, 18,800 Russian, 8,000 French, and 1,000 Dutch. More than 80% were political prisoners. Many slave labor prisoners were employed by Siemens
Siemens
& Halske
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Dorothea Binz
Dorothea Binz
Dorothea Binz
(16 March 1920 – 2 May 1947)[1] was an officer and supervisor at Ravensbrück concentration camp
Ravensbrück concentration camp
during the Second World War. She was executed for war crimes.Contents1 Life 2 Camp work 3 Capture and execution 4 Sources 5 ReferencesLife[edit] Born to a lower middle-class German family in Försterei Dusterlake, Brandenberg, Germany, Binz attended school until she was 15. She volunteered for kitchen work at Ravensbrück in August 1939, and was given a position of Aufseherin
Aufseherin
(female overseer) the following month.[2] Camp work[edit] Binz served as an Aufseherin
Aufseherin
under Oberaufseherin Emma Zimmer, Johanna Langefeld, Maria Mandel, and Anna Klein-Plaubel
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Uckermark Concentration Camp
The Uckermark concentration camp
Uckermark concentration camp
was a small German concentration camp for girls near the Ravensbrück concentration camp
Ravensbrück concentration camp
in Fürstenberg/Havel, Germany
Germany
and then an "emergency" extermination camp.Contents1 Overview 2 See also 3 References 4 External linksOverview[edit] The camp was opened in May 1942 as a detention camp for girls, aged 16 to 21, who were considered criminal or difficult. Girls who reached the upper age limit were transferred to the Ravensbrück women's camp. Camp administration was provided by the Ravensbrück camp. In its early years, the head overseer at Uckermark was a woman named Lotte Toberentz, and one other Aufseherin
Aufseherin
(female warden) is known today by the name of Johanna Braach
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Ravensbrück Trial
The Hamburg
Hamburg
Ravensbrück trials were a series of seven trials for war crimes against camp officials from the Ravensbrück concentration camp that the British authorities held in their occupation zone in Germany in Hamburg
Hamburg
after the end of World War II.[1] These trials were heard before a military tribunal; the three to five judges at these trials were British officers, assisted by a lawyer
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Special
Special
Special
or specials may refer to:Contents1 Music 2 Film and television 3 Other uses 4 See alsoMusic[edit] Special
Special
(album), a 1992
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Elfriede Mohneke
Elfriede Hildegard Mohneke (born 2 March 1922, Dorschen, East Prussia, Germany (present-day Dorsze, Ełk, Poland) – died 11 December 1994, Berlin, Germany) was a guard at two Nazi concentration camps in World War II.[1] On 12 October 1944, Mohneke arrived at Ravensbrück concentration camp to begin overseer training under Dorothea Binz. In November 1944, the SS sent her as an Aufseherin
Aufseherin
to the Uckermark camp down the road from Ravensbrück. Mohneke served in the camp until the Allied liberation in April 1945.[citation needed] At the third Ravensbrück Trial, the former SS woman was sentenced to ten years in prison for the maltreatment of concentration camp prisoners.[1] In her appeal against the sentence, she claimed she was sent to Ravensbrück against her will by a mandatory call for duty from the labour office
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Aufseherin
The Aufseherinnen were female guards in Nazi concentration camps during the Holocaust. Of the 55,000 guards who served in Nazi concentration camps, about 3,700 were women. In 1942, the first female guards arrived at Auschwitz
Auschwitz
and Majdanek
Majdanek
from Ravensbrück. The year after, the Nazis began conscripting women because of a guard shortage. The German title for this position, Aufseherin (plural Aufseherinnen) means female overseer or attendant
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