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[::MainTopicLength::#1500] [::ListTopicLength::#1000] [::ListLength::#15] [::ListAdRepeat::#3] picture info Electricity Council Electricity Electricity is the set of physical phenomena associated with the presence and motion of electric charge. Although initially considered a phenomenon separate from magnetism, since the development of Maxwell's equations, both are recognized as part of a single phenomenon: electromagnetism. Various common phenomena are related to electricity, including lightning, static electricity, electric heating, electric discharges and many others. The presence of an electric charge, which can be either positive or negative, produces an electric field. The movement of electric charges is an electric current and produces a magnetic field. When a charge is placed in a location with a non-zero electric field, a force will act on it. The magnitude of this force is given by Coulomb's law. Thus, if that charge were to move, the electric field would be doing work on the electric charge [...More...] "Electricity Council" on: Wikipedia Google Yahoo Electricity (other) Electricity Electricity is a type of energy caused by the presence and flow of electric charge. Electricity Electricity may also refer to:Contents1 Television 2 Film 3 Music3.1 Albums 3.2 Songs 3.3 Other4 See alsoTelevision"Electricity", an episode of Afterworld "Electricity", an episode of The Scie [...More...] "Electricity (other)" on: Wikipedia Google Yahoo picture info Electromagnetic Radiation In physics, electromagnetic radiation (EM radiation or EMR) refers to the waves (or their quanta, photons) of the electromagnetic field, propagating (radiating) through space-time, carrying electromagnetic radiant energy. It includes radio waves, microwaves, infrared, (visible) light, ultraviolet, X-rays, and gamma rays. Classically, electromagnetic radiation consists of electromagnetic waves, which are synchronized oscillations of electric and magnetic fields that propagate at the speed of light through a vacuum. The oscillations of the two fields are perpendicular to each other and perpendicular to the direction of energy and wave propagation, forming a transverse wave. The wavefront of electromagnetic waves emitted from a point source (such as a light bulb) is a sphere. The position of an electromagnetic wave within the electromagnetic spectrum could be characterized by either its frequency of oscillation or its wavelength [...More...] "Electromagnetic Radiation" on: Wikipedia Google Yahoo picture info Classical Electromagnetism Classical electromagnetism Classical electromagnetism or classical electrodynamics is a branch of theoretical physics that studies the interactions between electric charges and currents using an extension of the classical Newtonian model. The theory provides an excellent description of electromagnetic phenomena whenever the relevant length scales and field strengths are large enough that quantum mechanical effects are negligible [...More...] "Classical Electromagnetism" on: Wikipedia Google Yahoo picture info Lorentz Force In physics (particularly in electromagnetism) the Lorentz force Lorentz force is the combination of electric and magnetic force on a point charge due to electromagnetic fields. A particle of charge q moving with velocity v in the presence of an electric field E and a magnetic field B experiences a force F = q E + q v × B displaystyle mathbf F =qmathbf E +qmathbf v times mathbf B (in SI units) [...More...] "Lorentz Force" on: Wikipedia Google Yahoo picture info Electromagnetic Induction Electromagnetic or magnetic induction is the production of an electromotive force (i.e., voltage) across an electrical conductor in a changing magnetic field. Michael Faraday Michael Faraday is generally credited with the discovery of induction in 1831, and James Clerk Maxwell James Clerk Maxwell mathematically described it as Faraday's law of induction. Lenz's law Lenz's law describes the direction of the induced field [...More...] "Electromagnetic Induction" on: Wikipedia Google Yahoo picture info Faraday's Law Of Induction Faraday's law of induction Faraday's law of induction is a basic law of electromagnetism predicting how a magnetic field will interact with an electric circuit to produce an electromotive force (EMF)—a phenomenon called electromagnetic induction. It is the fundamental operating principle of transformers, inductors, and many types of electrical motors, generators and solenoids. The Maxwell–Faraday equation is a generalization of Faraday's law, and is listed as one of Maxwell's equations.Contents1 History 2 Faraday's law2.1 Qualitative statement 2.2 Quantitative 2.3 Maxwell–Faraday equation3 Proof of Faraday's law 4 EMF for non-thin-wire circuits 5 Faraday's law and relativity5.1 Two phenomena 5.2 Einstein's view6 See also 7 References 8 Further reading 9 External linksHistoryA diagram of Faraday's iron ring apparatus [...More...] "Faraday's Law Of Induction" on: Wikipedia Google Yahoo picture info Lenz's Law Lenz's law Lenz's law (pronounced /ˈlɛnts/), named after the physicist Heinrich Friedrich Emil Lenz who formulated it in 1834, states that the direction of current induced in a conductor by a changing magnetic field due to induction is such that it creates a magnetic field that opposes the change that produced it. Lenz's law picture info Displacement Current In electromagnetism, displacement current density is the quantity ∂D/∂t appearing in Maxwell's equations Maxwell's equations that is defined in terms of the rate of change of D, the electric displacement field. Displacement current density has the same units as electric current density, and it is a source of the magnetic field just as actual current is. However it is not an electric current of moving charges, but a time-varying electric field. In physical materials (as opposed to vacuum), there is also a contribution from the slight motion of charges bound in atoms, called dielectric polarization. The idea was conceived by James Clerk Maxwell James Clerk Maxwell in his 1861 paper On Physical Lines of Force, Part III in connection with the displacement of electric particles in a dielectric medium. Maxwell added displacement current to the electric current term in Ampère's Circuital Law [...More...] "Displacement Current" on: Wikipedia Google Yahoo picture info Magnetic Potential The term magnetic potential can be used for either of two quantities in classical electromagnetism: the magnetic vector potential, A, (often simply called the vector potential) and the magnetic scalar potential, ψ. Both quantities can be used in certain circumstances to calculate the magnetic field. The more frequently used magnetic vector potential, A, is defined such that the curl of A is the magnetic field B. Together with the electric potential, the magnetic vector potential can be used to specify the electric field, E as well. Therefore, many equations of electromagnetism can be written either in terms of the E and B, or in terms of the magnetic vector potential and electric potential [...More...] "Magnetic Potential" on: Wikipedia Google Yahoo picture info Maxwell's Equations Maxwell's equations Maxwell's equations are a set of partial differential equations that, together with the Lorentz force Lorentz force law, form the foundation of classical electromagnetism, classical optics, and electric circuits. The equations provide a conceptual underpinning for all electric, optical and radio technologies, including power generation, electric motors, wireless communication, cameras, televisions, computers etc. Maxwell's equations describe how electric and magnetic fields are generated by charges, currents, and changes of each other. One important consequence of the equations is that they demonstrate how fluctuating electric and magnetic fields propagate at the speed of light. Known as electromagnetic radiation, these waves may occur at various wavelengths to produce a spectrum from radio waves to γ-rays [...More...] "Maxwell's Equations" on: Wikipedia Google Yahoo picture info Electromagnetic Field An electromagnetic field (also EMF or EM field) is a physical field produced by electrically charged objects. It affects the behavior of charged objects in the vicinity of the field. The electromagnetic field extends indefinitely throughout space and describes the electromagnetic interaction. It is one of the four fundamental forces of nature (the others are gravitation, weak interaction and strong interaction). The field can be viewed as the combination of an electric field and a magnetic field. The electric field is produced by stationary charges, and the magnetic field by moving charges (currents); these two are often described as the sources of the field [...More...] "Electromagnetic Field" on: Wikipedia Google Yahoo picture info Electromagnetic Pulse An electromagnetic pulse (EMP), also sometimes called a transient electromagnetic disturbance, is a short burst of electromagnetic energy. Such a pulse's origination may be a natural occurrence or man-made and can occur as a radiated, electric, or magnetic field or a conducted electric current, depending on the source. EMP interference is generally disruptive or damaging to electronic equipment, and at higher energy levels a powerful EMP event such as a lightning strike can damage physical objects such as buildings and aircraft structures [...More...] "Electromagnetic Pulse" on: Wikipedia Google Yahoo picture info Maxwell Stress Tensor The Maxwell stress tensor Maxwell stress tensor (named after James Clerk Maxwell) is a symmetric second-order tensor used in classical electromagnetism to represent the interaction between electromagnetic forces and mechanical momentum. In simple situations, such as a point charge moving freely in a homogeneous magnetic field, it is easy to calculate the forces on the charge from the Lorentz force Lorentz force law. When the situation becomes more complicated, this ordinary procedure can become impossibly difficult, with equations spanning multiple lines. It is therefore convenient to collect many of these terms in the Maxwell stress tensor, and to use tensor arithmetic to find the answer to the problem at hand. In the relativistic formulation of electromagnetism, the Maxwell's tensor appears as a part of the electromagnetic stress–energy tensor which is the electromagnetic component of the total stress–energy tensor [...More...] "Maxwell Stress Tensor" on: Wikipedia Google Yahoo picture info Magnetic Moment The magnetic moment of a magnet is a quantity that determines the torque it will experience in an external magnetic field. A loop of electric current, a bar magnet, an electron, a molecule, and a planet all have magnetic moments. The magnetic moment may be considered to be a vector having a magnitude and direction. The direction of the magnetic moment points from the south to north pole of the magnet (inside the magnet). The magnetic field produced by the magnet is proportional to its magnetic moment. More precisely, the term magnetic moment normally refers to a system's magnetic dipole moment, which produces the first term in the multipole expansion of a general magnetic field [...More...] "Magnetic Moment" on: Wikipedia Google Yahoo picture info Poynting Vector In physics, the Poynting vector Poynting vector represents the directional energy flux (the energy transfer per unit area per unit time) of an electromagnetic field. The SI unit of the Poynting vector Poynting vector is the watt per square metre (W/m2) [...More...] "Poynting Vector" on: Wikipedia Google Yahoo
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