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Dukhan Language
The DUKHA or DUKHAN language is an endangered Turkic variety spoken by approximately five hundred people of the Dukhan (a.k.a. Tsaatan) people in the Tsagaan-Nuur county of Khövsgöl Province in northern Mongolia
Mongolia
. Dukhan belongs to the Taiga subgroup of Sayan Turkic (which also includes Tuvan and Tofa ). This language is nearly extinct and secondary use only. The ISO 639-3 proposal (request) code was DKH, but was rejected. It is mostly related to the speech of Soyot of Buryatia . Also, it is related to the speech of Tozhu Tuvans and Tofa language
Tofa language
. Today, used mixing together with Mongolian. REFERENCES * ^ A B Elisabetta Ragagnin (2011), Dukhan, a Turkic Variety of Northern Mongolia, Description and Analysis, Harrassowitz Verlag, Wiesbaden * ^ Ted Bergman 2011
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Tozhu Tuvans
The TOZHU TUVANS, TOZHU TUVINIANS, TODZHAN TUVANS or TODZHINIANS (own name: Тугалар Tugalar or Тухалар Tukhalar; Russian Тувинцы-тоджинцы Tuvincy-todžincy, Тоджинцы Todžincy) are a Turkic subgroup of the Tuvans
Tuvans
living in Todzhinsky District of Tuva Republic . The Tozhu Tuvans
Tuvans
are reindeer herders. LANGUAGEThe language of Tozhu Tuvan people is a subdialect of Eastern (or Northeastern) dialect of Tuvan language . REFERENCES * ^ "Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года". Archived from the original on 2011-08-21. Retrieved 2009-12-24. * ^ Russian Census 2010: Population by ethnicity (in Russian) * ^ http://www.severcom.ru/nations/item32.html Информация о тоджинцах на сайте Совета Федерации РФBIBLIOGRAPHY * Chadamba, Z. B
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Mongolia
MONGOLIA /mɒŋˈɡoʊliə/ ( listen ) (Monggol Ulus in Mongolian ; Монгол Улс in Mongolian Cyrillic ) is a landlocked unitary sovereign state in East Asia
East Asia
. Its area is roughly equivalent with the historical territory of Outer Mongolia , and that term is sometimes used to refer to the current state. It is sandwiched between China
China
to the south and Russia
Russia
to the north. While it does not share a border with Kazakhstan
Kazakhstan
, Mongolia
Mongolia
is separated from it by only 36.76 kilometres (22.84 mi). At 1,564,116 square kilometres (603,909 sq mi), Mongolia
Mongolia
is the 18th largest and the most sparsely populated fully sovereign country in the world, with a population of around 3 million people
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Soyot
The SOYOT people live mainly in the Oka region in the Okinsky District in the Republic of Buryatia
Republic of Buryatia
, Russia
Russia
. According to the 2010 census , there were 3,608 Soyots in Russia
Russia
. Their extinct language was of a Turkic type and basically similar to the Tuvans
Tuvans
. Their language has been reconstructed and a textbook has been published. The language is currently taught in some schools in Oka. The Oka River, the largest river flowing down from the Western Sayans into the Angara is called the Ok-hem meaning "an arrow-river" by the Soyots of the Oka River basin. They live dispersed among the Buryats
Buryats
and now speak the Buryat language
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Languages Of Mongolia
MONGOLIA /mɒŋˈɡoʊliə/ ( listen ) (Mongolian : Монгол Улс in Mongolian Cyrillic ; ᠮᠤᠩᠭᠤᠯ ᠤᠯᠤᠰ in Mongolian script
Mongolian script
; literally: MONGOL STATE) is a landlocked unitary sovereign state in East Asia
East Asia
. Its area is roughly equivalent with the historical territory of Outer Mongolia
Outer Mongolia
, and that term is sometimes used to refer to the Mongolian People\'s Republic
Republic
. It is located between China
China
to the south and Russia
Russia
to the north. While it does not share a border with Kazakhstan
Kazakhstan
, Mongolia
Mongolia
is separated from it by only 36.76 kilometers (22.84 mi)
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Evenki Language
EVENKI /eɪˈvɛnki/ , formerly known as TUNGUS or SOLON , is the largest member of the northern group of Tungusic languages
Tungusic languages
, a group which also includes Even , Negidal , and (the more closely related) Oroqen language . The name is sometimes wrongly given as "Evenks". It is spoken by Evenks
Evenks
in Russia
Russia
, and China
China
. In certain areas the influences of the Yakut and the Buryat languages are particularly strong. The influence of Russian in general is overwhelming (in 1979, 75.2% of the Evenkis spoke Russian, rising to 92.7% in 2002). The Evenki language varies considerably among its dialects which are divided into three large groups: the northern, the southern and the eastern dialects. These are further divided into minor dialects
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Special
SPECIAL or SPECIALS may refer to: CONTENTS * 1 Music * 2 Film and television * 3 Other uses * 4 See also MUSIC * Special (album) , a 1992 album by Vesta Williams * "Special" (Garbage song) , 1998 * "Special" (Mew song) , 2005 * "Special" (Stephen Lynch song) , 2000 * The Specials
The Specials
, a British band * "Special", a song by Violent Femmes on The Blind Leading the Naked * "Special", a song on
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Turkic Language
The TURKIC LANGUAGES are a language family of at least thirty-five languages, spoken by Turkic peoples from Southeastern Europe
Southeastern Europe
and the Mediterranean
Mediterranean
to Siberia
Siberia
and Western China
China
. The Turkic languages originated in a region of East Asia spanning Western China
China
to Mongolia, where Proto-Turkic is thought to have been spoken, according to one estimate, around 2,500 years ago, from where they expanded to Central Asia
Central Asia
and farther west during the first millennium. Turkic languages are spoken as a native language by some 170 million people, and the total number of Turkic speakers, including second-language speakers, is over 200 million
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Russian Language
RUSSIAN (Russian: ру́сский язы́к, tr. rússkiy yazýk) is an East Slavic language and an official language in Russia
Russia
, Belarus
Belarus
, Kazakhstan
Kazakhstan
, Kyrgyzstan
Kyrgyzstan
and many minor or unrecognised territories throughout Eurasia
Eurasia
(particularity in Eastern Europe
Eastern Europe
, the Baltics , the Caucasus
Caucasus
, and Central Asia
Central Asia
). It is an unofficial but widely spoken language in Latvia
Latvia
, Moldova
Moldova
, Ukraine
Ukraine
and to a lesser extent, the other post-Soviet states
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Tofa Language
TOFA, also known as TOFALAR or KARAGAS, is a moribund Turkic language spoken in Russia's Irkutsk Oblast by the Tofalars . Recent estimates for speakers run from 93 people to less than 40. Tofa is most-closely related to the Tuvan language and forms a dialect continuum with it. Tuha, and Tsengel Tuvan may be dialects of either Tuvan or Tofa. Tofa shares a number of innovations with these languages, including the change *d > z (as in *adaq > azak "foot") and the development of low tones on historically short vowels (as in *et > èt "meat, flesh")
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Buryatia
The REPUBLIC OF BURYATIA (Russian : Респу́блика Буря́тия, tr. Respublika Buryatiya; IPA: ; Buryat : Буряад Республика, Buryaad Respublika, ) is a federal subject of Russia
Russia
(a republic ), located in Asia
Asia
in Siberia
Siberia
. Its capital is the city of Ulan-Ude . Its area is 351,300 square kilometers (135,600 sq mi) with a population of 972,021 (2010 Census )
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Language Family
A LANGUAGE FAMILY is a group of languages related through descent from a common ancestral language or parental language, called the proto-language of that family. The term "family" reflects the tree model of language origination in historical linguistics , which makes use of a metaphor comparing languages to people in a biological family tree , or in a subsequent modification, to species in a phylogenetic tree of evolutionary taxonomy . Linguists therefore describe the daughter languages within a language family as being genetically related. According to Ethnologue the 7,099 living human languages are distributed in 141 different language families. A "living language" is simply one that is used as the primary form of communication of a group of people. There are also many dead and extinct languages, as well as some that are still insufficiently studied to be classified, or are even unknown outside their respective speech communities
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Turkic Languages
The TURKIC LANGUAGES are a language family of at least thirty-five languages, spoken by Turkic peoples
Turkic peoples
from Southeastern Europe and the Mediterranean
Mediterranean
to Siberia
Siberia
and Western China
China
. The Turkic languages originated in a region of East Asia spanning Western China
China
to Mongolia, where Proto-Turkic is thought to have been spoken, according to one estimate, around 2,500 years ago, from where they expanded to Central Asia
Central Asia
and farther west during the first millennium. Turkic languages
Turkic languages
are spoken as a native language by some 170 million people, and the total number of Turkic speakers, including second-language speakers, is over 200 million
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ISO 639-3
ISO 639-3:2007, Codes for the representation of names of languages – Part 3: Alpha-3 code for comprehensive coverage of languages, is an international standard for language codes in the ISO 639 series. It defines three-letter codes for identifying languages. The standard was published by ISO on 1 February 2007. ISO 639-3 extends the ISO 639-2 alpha-3 codes with an aim to cover all known natural languages . The extended language coverage was based primarily on the language codes used in the Ethnologue (volumes 10-14) published by SIL International , which is now the registration authority for ISO 639-3. It provides an enumeration of languages as complete as possible, including living and extinct, ancient and constructed, major and minor, written and unwritten. However, it does not include reconstructed languages such as Proto-Indo-European
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Siberian Turkic Languages
The SIBERIAN TURKIC or NORTHEASTERN COMMON TURKIC languages are a sub-branch of the Turkic language
Turkic language
family . The following table is based upon the classification scheme presented by Lars Johanson. (1998) Proto-Turkic Common Turkic Northeastern Common Turkic (Siberian) North Siberian * Sakha (Yakut) * Dolgan South Siberian Sayan Turkic * Tuvan (Soyot, Uriankhai) * Tofa Yenisei Turkic * Khakas * Fuyü Gïrgïs * Shor (Saghay Qaca, Qizil) * Western Yugur (Yellow Uyghur) Chulym Turkic * Chulym (Küerik) Altai Turkic * Altay Oirot and dialects such as Tuba, Qumanda, Qu, Teleut, TelengitREFERENCES * ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin; Bank, Sebastian, eds. (2016). "North Siberian Turkic". Glottolog 2.7 . Jena: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History. * ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin; Bank, Sebastian, eds
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Khövsgöl Province
KHöVSGöL (Mongolian : Хөвсгөл) is the northernmost of the 21 aimags (provinces) of Mongolia
Mongolia
. The name is derived from Lake Khövsgöl . CONTENTS * 1 Geography and History * 2 Population * 2.1 Famous Khövsgölians * 3 Livestock * 4 Transportation * 5 Administrative Subdivision * 6 Notes and references * 7 External links GEOGRAPHY AND HISTORY Lake Khövsgöl The Aimag is largely mountainous. The south and southwest are dominated by the round-topped Tarvagatai , Bulnain and Erchim sub-ranges of the Khangai massif. The areas west and north of Lake Khövsgöl are formed by the alpine Khoridol Saridag , Ulaan Taiga , and Mönkh Saridag mountains. The center and east are less mountainous, but still hilly. Within Mongolia, the region is well known for its natural beauty, and Lake Khövsgöl is one of the country's major tourist attractions
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