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Domingo Ugartechea
DOMINGO DE UGARTECHEA (c. 1794 – 24 May 1839) was a 19th-century Mexican Army officer for the Republic of Mexico. CONTENTS* 1 Biography * 1.1 Early years * 1.2 Siege of San Antonio * 1.3 Texas Revolution
Texas Revolution
* 2 References * 3 Further reading BIOGRAPHYEARLY YEARSDOMINGO DE UGARTECHEA served for José Joaquín de Arredondo in 1813. Ugartechea as well as Antonio López de Santa Anna were cadets during the suppression of the Gutiérrez–Magee Expedition , and at the Battle of Medina . In June 1832, Ugartechea commanded 125 men at the fort at Velasco, Texas ; he attempted to employ his artillery to prevent rebelling Texas colonist under John Austin from taking cannon from Brazoria to Anahuac at the time of the Anahuac disturbances. Although defeated by the Texans in the eleven-hour Battle of Velasco , Ugartechea was permitted to evacuate the fort
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Texas Revolution
The TEXAS REVOLUTION (October 2, 1835 – April 21, 1836) began when colonists (primarily from the United States) in the Mexican province of Texas
Texas
rebelled against the increasingly centralized Mexican government . After a decade of political and cultural clashes between the Mexican government and the increasingly large population of American settlers in Texas, hostilities erupted in October 1835. Texians (English-speaking settlers) disagreed on whether the ultimate goal was independence or a return to the Mexican Constitution of 1824 . While delegates at the Consultation (provisional government) debated the war's motives, Texians and a flood of volunteers from the United States defeated the small garrisons of Mexican soldiers by mid-December 1835. The Consultation declined to declare independence and installed an interim government, whose infighting led to political paralysis and a dearth of effective governance in Texas
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Stephen F. Austin
STEPHEN FULLER AUSTIN (November 3, 1793 – December 27, 1836) was an American empresario born in Virginia
Virginia
and raised in southeastern Missouri
Missouri
. Known as the "Father of Texas
Texas
", and the founder of Texas, he led the second, and ultimately successful, colonization of the region by bringing 300 families from the United States
United States
to the region in 1825. In addition, he worked with the Mexican government
Mexican government
to support emigration from the United States
United States
. He was also granted Mexican nationality when settling Texas. Numerous places and institutions are named in his honor, including the capital of Texas, Austin in Travis County , Austin County , Austin Bayou , Stephen F
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Cibolo Creek
CIBOLO CREEK is a stream in South Central Texas
Texas
, United States
United States
that runs approximately 96 miles (154 km) from its source at Turkey Knob (in the Texas
Texas
Hill Country ) near Boerne, Texas , to its confluence with the San Antonio River
San Antonio River
in Karnes County . The creek serves as a tributary of the San Antonio River
San Antonio River
and forms the easternmost boundary of its watershed. The stream is used for both recreational and political purposes, serving as the eastern boundary of Bexar County, Texas
Texas

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Battle Of Gonzales
The BATTLE OF GONZALES was the first military engagement of the Texas Revolution . It was fought near Gonzales , Texas , on October 2, 1835, between rebellious Texian settlers and a detachment of Mexican army soldiers . In 1831, Mexican authorities gave the settlers of Gonzales a small cannon to help protect them from frequent Comanche
Comanche
raids. Over the next four years, the political situation in Mexico
Mexico
deteriorated, and in 1835 several states revolted. As the unrest spread, Colonel Domingo de Ugartechea , the commander of all Mexican troops in Texas, felt it unwise to leave the residents of Gonzales with a weapon and requested the return of the cannon. When the initial request was refused, Ugartechea sent 100 dragoons to retrieve the cannon
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Gonzales, Texas
GONZALES is a city in Gonzales County , Texas
Texas
, United States
United States
. The population was 7,237 at the 2010 census. It is the county seat . CONTENTS * 1 History * 2 Geography * 3 Demographics * 4 Education
Education
* 5 Media * 6 Historic monuments and buildings * 7 Historic houses * 8 Notable people * 9 Gallery of Gonzales * 10 Climate * 11 References * 12 Further reading * 13 External links HISTORY Come and Take It mural Gonzales is one of the earliest Anglo-American settlements in Texas, the first west of the Colorado River . It was established by Empresario Green DeWitt as the capital of his colony in August 1825. DeWitt named the community for Rafael Gonzáles , governor of Coahuila y Tejas . Informally, the community was known as the DeWitt Colony
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Mexico
Coordinates : 23°N 102°W / 23°N 102°W / 23; -102 United Mexican States Estados Unidos Mexicanos (Spanish ) Flag Coat of arms ANTHEM: " Himno Nacional Mexicano
Himno Nacional Mexicano
" (English: "Mexican National Anthem") Capital and largest city Mexico City
Mexico City
19°26′N 99°08′W / 19.433°N 99.133°W / 19.433; -99.133 OFFICIAL LANGUAGES * None at federal level * Spanish (de facto) RECOGNIZED REGIONAL LANGUAGES* Spanish 68 native language groups
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Francisco De Castañeda
FRANCISCO DE CASTAñEDA, also spelled Castonado, was a lieutenant in the Mexican army stationed in San Antonio
San Antonio
, in the 1830s. He was the commander of the troops involved in the first battle of the Texas Revolution . CAREER IN TEXASCastañeda was primarily charged with keeping the peace in central Texas. Chasing Indians, cattle rustlers and escorting officials were the main duties during this period. The soldiers were part of the Presidio San Antonio
San Antonio
de Bexar , who were housed in the Alamo
Alamo
fort in late 1835. The Castañeda family had lived at the Alamo
Alamo
Mission in a remodeled Indian dwelling on the ntechea, to retrieve the cannon formerly given to the citizens of Gonzales in 1831 for Indian defense. What should have been a routine mission for Castañeda and his men turned into the point of no return for the Texan participants
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Rio Grande
The RIO GRANDE (/ˈriːoʊ ˈɡrænd/ or /ˈriːoʊ ˈɡrɑːndeɪ/ ; Spanish : RíO BRAVO DEL NORTE, pronounced or simply RíO BRAVO) is one of the principal rivers in the southwest United States and northern Mexico
Mexico
(the other being the Colorado
Colorado
River
River
). The Rio Grande begins in south-central Colorado
Colorado
in the United States
United States
and flows to the Gulf of Mexico
Mexico
. Along the way, it forms part of the Mexico– United States
United States
border . According to the International Boundary and Water Commission , its total length was 1,896 miles (3,051 km) in the late 1980s, though course shifts occasionally result in length changes. Depending on how it is measured, the Rio Grande
Rio Grande
is either the fourth- or fifth-longest river system in North America
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Battle Of San Jacinto
Decisive Texian victory; * Mexican surrender and retreat to the south of the Rio Grande
Rio Grande
BELLIGERENTS Mexico
Mexico
Texian Rebels COMMANDERS AND LEADERS Antonio López de Santa Anna (POW) Manuel Fernández Castrillón Juan Almonte (POW) Martín Perfecto de Cos (POW) Sam Houston
Sam Houston
(WIA ) Thomas J. Rusk James C. Neill (WIA ) Mirabeau B
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Handbook Of Texas
The HANDBOOK OF TEXAS is a comprehensive encyclopedia of Texas geography, history, and historical persons published by the Texas State Historical Association (TSHA). CONTENTS * 1 History
History
* 2 See also * 3 References * 4 External links HISTORYThe original Handbook was the brainchild of TSHA President Walter Prescott Webb of The University of Texas
Texas
history department. It was published as a two-volume set in 1952, with a supplemental volume published in 1976. In 1996, the NEW HANDBOOK OF TEXAS was published, expanding the encyclopedia to six volumes and over 23,000 articles. In 1999, the HANDBOOK OF TEXAS ONLINE went live with the complete text of the print edition, all corrections incorporated into the handbook's second printing, and about 400 articles not included in the print edition due to space limitations. The handbook continues to be updated online, and contains over 25,000 articles
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Special
SPECIAL or SPECIALS may refer to: CONTENTS * 1 Music * 2 Film and television * 3 Other uses * 4 See also MUSIC * Special (album) , a 1992 album by Vesta Williams * "Special" (Garbage song) , 1998 * "Special" (Mew song) , 2005 * "Special" (Stephen Lynch song) , 2000 * The Specials
The Specials
, a British band * "Special", a song by Violent Femmes on The Blind Leading the Naked * "Special", a song on
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Monterrey, Nuevo León
MONTERREY (Spanish pronunciation: ( listen )), is the capital and largest city of the northeastern state of Nuevo León
Nuevo León
, in Mexico
Mexico
. The city is anchor to the third-largest metropolitan area in Mexico and is ranked as the ninth-largest city in the nation. Monterrey serves as a commercial center in the north of the country and is the base of many significant international corporations. It is one of the wealthiest cities in Mexico
Mexico
with a GDP PPP of 130.7 billion dollars in 2012. Monterrey's purchase power parity is considerably higher than rest of the country's at around US$32,000 against country's US$18,800. It is considered a Beta World City , cosmopolitan and competitive. Rich in history and culture, Monterrey is considered one of the most developed cities in the entire country and often regarded as the most "Americanized" city in Mexico
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Saltillo, Coahuila
SALTILLO (Spanish pronunciation: ( listen )) is the capital and largest city of the northeastern Mexican state
Mexican state
of Coahuila
Coahuila
and the municipal seat of the municipality of the same name . The city is located about 258 kilometres (160 mi) west of the Texas
Texas
border, and 87 kilometres (54 mi) west of Monterrey
Monterrey
, Nuevo León
Nuevo León
. As of the 2005 census, Saltillo
Saltillo
had a population of 725,095 people. 823,098 people reside within the metropolitan area , making it the 19th biggest metro area in the country. The metro area comprises the municipalities of Saltillo, Ramos Arizpe , and Arteaga
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Matamoros, Tamaulipas
MATAMOROS, officially known as HEROICA MATAMOROS, is a city in the northeastern Mexican state of Tamaulipas . It is located on the southern bank of the Rio Grande
Rio Grande
, directly across the border from Brownsville, Texas , in the United States. Matamoros is the second largest city in the state of Tamaulipas. As of 2016, Matamoros had a population of 520,367. In addition, the Matamoros–Brownsville Metropolitan Area has a population of 1 387 985 , making it the 4th largest metropolitan area on the Mexico–US border. Matamoros is the 39th largest city in Mexico
Mexico
and anchors the second largest metropolitan area in Tamaulipas. Matamoros is one of the fastest growing cities in Mexico, and has one of the fastest growing economies in the country
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Indigenous Peoples Of The Americas
The INDIGENOUS PEOPLES OF THE AMERICAS are the pre-Columbian peoples of the Americas
Americas
and their descendants. Indígenas or pueblos indígenas ("indigenous peoples") is a common term in Spanish-speaking countries , and pueblos nativos or nativos (lit. "native peoples" in the sense of descendants of non-immigrants) may also be heard, while aborigen (aborigine) is used in Argentina
Argentina
, and pueblos aborígenes (aboriginal peoples) is common in Chile
Chile
. The term "Amerindian" (short for "'Indians of the Americas") is used in Quebec
Quebec
, the Guianas , and the English-speaking Caribbean
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