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Doftana Prison
Doftana was a Romanian prison, sometimes referred to as "the Romanian Bastille". Built in 1895 in connection with the nearby mines, from 1921 it began to be used to detain political prisoners, among them Gheorghe Gheorghiu-Dej, who was the Prime Minister of Romania (1952–1955), and the Chairman of the State Council of Romania (1961–1965), and Nicolae Ceaușescu, who was General Secretary of Romanian Communist Party (1965–1989), and the first President of Romania
Romania
(1968–1989).[1] The prison is situated close to the village with the same name, in the Telega commune of Prahova County.Contents1 Newspapers & Museums 2 Notable inmates 3 References 4 External linksNewspapers & Museums[edit]Interior of Doftana PrisonFrom 1924 it is noted that the inmates began to write and edit a newspaper by hand using paper slips and smuggled pencils
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Romania
Coordinates: 46°N 25°E / 46°N 25°E / 46; 25Romania România  (Romanian)FlagCoat of armsAnthem: Deșteaptă-te, române! '"Awaken thee, Romanian!"Location of  Romania  (dark green) – in Europe  (green & dark grey) – in the European Union  (green)  –  [Legend]Capital and largest city Bucharest 44°25′N 26°06′E / 44.417°N 26.100°E / 44.417; 26.100Official languages Romanian[1]Recognised minority languages[2]Albanian Armenian Bulgarian Czech Croatian German Greek Italian Macedonian Hungarian Polish Romani Russian Rusyn Serbian Slovak Tatar Turkish Ukrainian YiddishEthnic groups (2011[3])88.9% Romanians 6.1% Hungarians 3.0% Roma 0.2% Ukrainians 0.2% GermansDemonym RomanianGovernment Unitary semi-presidential republic• PresidentKlaus Iohannis• Pr
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Alexandru Drăghici
Alexandru Drăghici
Alexandru Drăghici
(Romanian pronunciation: [alekˈsandru drəˈɡit͡ʃʲ]; September 27, 1913 – December 12, 1993) was a Romanian communist activist and politician. He was Interior Minister in 1952 and from 1957 to 1965, and State Security Minister from 1952 to 1957. In these capacities, he exercised control over the Securitate secret police during a period of active repression against other Communist Party members, anti-communist resistance members and ordinary citizens. An industrial worker by profession, Drăghici made his entry into the underground communist movement around the age of twenty. He was arrested for illegal political activity, and spent time in prison before and during World War II. He was close to Gheorghe Gheorghiu-Dej's communist faction, and, as such, rose quickly through the Communist Party ranks
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Special
Special
Special
or specials may refer to:Contents1 Music 2 Film and television 3 Other uses 4 See alsoMusic[edit] Special
Special
(album), a 1992
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Geographic Coordinate System
A geographic coordinate system is a coordinate system used in geography that enables every location on Earth to be specified by a set of numbers, letters or symbols.[n 1] The coordinates are often chosen such that one of the numbers represents a vertical position, and two or three of the numbers represent a horizontal position
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Cotidianul
Cotidianul (meaning The Daily in English) was a Romanian language newspaper published in Bucharest, Romania, between 1991 and 2009.Contents1 History and profile 2 Notable contributors 3 References 4 External linksHistory and profile[edit] Founded by Ion Raţiu, Cotidianul was first published on 10 May 1991[1] and was the first privately held newspaper in Romania following the Romanian Revolution of 1989.[2] The paper had its headquarters in Bucharest.[1] It was published Monday to Saturday in Berliner format. Cotidianul ceased print publication on 23 December 2009[1] due to financial difficulties, but remains active as an online news source.[2] The owners announced the closure was temporary due to insolvency, but no buyers was found.[3][4] Since November 2016, the newspaper appears again in print.[5] Notable contributors[edit]Cătălin Avramescu Doru Buşcu Adrian Cioroianu Mirela Corlăţan Răzvan Dumitrescu Eugen Istodor Ioan T
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Chivu Stoica
Chivu may refer to: Chivu Stoica, Romanian Communist politician Cristian Chivu, Romanian footballer Stadionul Mircea Chivu, a multi-purpose stadium located in Reşiţa, RomaniaThis disambiguation page lists articles associated with the title Chivu. If an internal link led you here, you may wish to change the link to point directly to the inten
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Richard Wurmbrand
Richard Wurmbrand, also known as Nicolai Ionescu (March 24, 1909 – February 17, 2001) was a Romanian Christian minister of Jewish descent. In 1948, having become a Christian 10 years before, he publicly said Communism
Communism
and Christianity
Christianity
were not compatible. As a result, he experienced imprisonment and torture by the then Communist regime of Romania, for his beliefs. After serving a total of fourteen years, he was ransomed for $10,000. His colleagues in Romania
Romania
urged him to leave the country and work for religious freedom from a location less personally dangerous. After spending time in Norway
Norway
and England, he and his wife Sabina, who had also been imprisoned, emigrated to America and dedicated the rest of their lives to publicizing and helping Christians who are persecuted for their beliefs
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Horia Sima
Horia Sima
Horia Sima
(July 3, 1907 – May 25, 1993) was a Romanian nationalist-fascist politician. After 1938, he was the second and last leader of the fascist-nationalist para-military movement known as the Iron Guard.Contents1 In Romania 2 Exile 3 Works 4 References 5 External linksIn Romania[edit] Sima was born near Făgăraș, in Transylvania
Transylvania
(part of Austria-Hungary
Austria-Hungary
at the time). Between 1926 and 1932 he was a student at the Faculty of Letters and Philosophy
Philosophy
of the University of Bucharest. After this, he began working as a local high-school teacher of logic and philosophy
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Grigore Preoteasa
Grigore Preoteasa
Grigore Preoteasa
(August 25, 1915 – November 4, 1957) was a Romanian communist activist, journalist, and politician, who served as Communist Romania's Minister of Foreign Affairs between October 4, 1955 and the time of his death.Contents1 Biography 2 Legacy 3 Notes 4 ReferencesBiography[edit] Born in Bucharest
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Gheorghe Pintilie
Gheorghe Pintilie
Gheorghe Pintilie
(born Pantelei Bodnarenko, also rendered as Pintilie Bodnarenco, and nicknamed Pantiuşa; 1902 – August 11, 1985) was a Soviet intelligence agent, Russian citizen and naturalised Romanian communist activist of Jewish origin,[1] and the first Director of the Securitate. As such, he was one of the main organizers of the repression in Communist Romania, responsible for the arrest, deportation, and internment of around 400,000 people.[2] He was born in Tiraspol, Russian Empire
Russian Empire
(now in Transnistria, Moldova)
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Alexandru Moghioroș
Alexandru Moghioroș
Alexandru Moghioroș
(Hungarian: Mogyorós Sándor; 23 October 1911 – 1 October 1969) was a Romanian communist activist and politician. Moghioroș was born into an ethnic Hungarian family.[1] A worker who joined the Romanian Communist Party
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Max Goldstein
Max Goldstein
Max Goldstein
(1898–1924), also known as Coca, was a Romanian revolutionary, variously described as a communist and an anarchist. Born in Bârlad
Bârlad
to a Jewish family, he worked as a clerk for two years. He later moved to Bucharest
Bucharest
in 1916, where he became a Communist
Communist
sympathizer. Sentenced to 10 years in prison, he escaped and fled to Odessa
Odessa
(part of Imperial Russia
Imperial Russia
at the time), returning with money and new instructions
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Ștefan Foriș
Ștefan Foriș (born István Fóris, also known as Marius; May 9, 1892 – summer of 1946) was a Romanian communist activist and journalist who served as general secretary of the Romanian Communist Party
Romanian Communist Party
(PCR or PCdR) between 1940 and 1944.Contents1 Biography1.1 Early life 1.2 Prominence 1.3 Downfall 1.4 Killing2 Rehabilitation and legacy 3 Personal life and family 4 Notes 5 References 6 External linksBiography[edit] Early life[edit] Foriș was born in Tatrang (Tărlungeni), Transylvania
Transylvania
(part of Austria-Hungary
Austria-Hungary
at the time), and was a member of the Hungarian minority.[1][2] His parents were István Fóris and Anna Kocsis
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Corneliu Zelea Codreanu
Corneliu Zelea Codreanu[a] (Romanian pronunciation: [korˈneliu ˈzele̯a koˈdre̯anu] ( listen); born Corneliu Zelinski; September 13, 1899 – November 30, 1938), commonly known as Corneliu Codreanu, was a Romanian politician who was the founder and charismatic leader of the Iron Guard
Iron Guard
(also known as the Legionnaire movement), an ultranationalistic and antisemitic organization active throughout most of the interwar period
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Prison
A prison,[a] also known as a correctional facility, jail,[b] gaol (dated, British English), penitentiary (American English), detention center[c] (American English) or remand center[d] is a facility in which inmates are forcibly confined and denied a variety of freedoms under the authority of the state. Prisons are most commonly used within a criminal justice system: people charged with crimes may be imprisoned until they are brought to trial; those pleading or being found guilty of crimes at trial may be sentenced to a specified period of imprisonment. Besides their use for punishing crimes, jails and prisons are frequently used by authoritarian regimes against perceived opponents. In American English, prison and jail are often treated as having separate definitions. The term prison or penitentiary tends to describe institutions that incarcerate people for longer periods of time, such as many years, and are operated by the state or federal governments
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