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Diyala River
The Diyala River, is a river and tributary of the Tigris. It is formed by the confluence of Sirwan river and Tanjero river in Darbandikhan Dam in the Sulaymaniyah Governorate
Sulaymaniyah Governorate
of Northern Iraq. It covers a total distance of 445 km (277 mi).Contents1 Course 2 Name 3 History 4 Archaeology4.1 Scarlet Ware5 Dams 6 See also 7 ReferencesCourse[edit]It rises near Hamadan, in the Zagros Mountains
Zagros Mountains
of Iran. It then descends through the mountains, where for some 32 km it forms the border between the two countries. It finally feeds into the Tigris below Baghdad
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Iraq
Coordinates: 33°N 44°E / 33°N 44°E / 33; 44 Republic
Republic
of Iraqجمهورية العراق (Arabic) کۆماری عێراق (Kurdish)FlagCoat of armsMotto: الله أكبر (Arabic) "Allahu Akbar" (transliteration) "God is the Greatest"Anthem: "Mawtini" "موطني" (English: "My Homeland")Capital and largest city Baghdad 33°20′N 44°26′E / 33.333°N 44.433°E / 33.333; 44.433Official languagesArabic KurdishReligion IslamDemonym IraqiGovernment Federal p
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Old Babylonian Period
The chronology of the first dynasty of Babylonia
Babylonia
is debated as there is a Babylonian King List A[1] and a Babylonian King List B.[2] In this chronology, the regnal years of List A are used due to their wide usage. The reigns in List B are longer, in general. The short chronology:King Reigned Comments Sumu-abum or Su-abu c. 1830—1817 BC Contemporary of Ilushuma of AssyriaSumu-la-El c. 1817—1781 BC Contemporary of Erishum I of Assyria Sabium or Sabum c. 1781—1767 BC Son of Sumu-la-ElApil-Sin c. 1767—1749 BC Son of SabiumSin-muballit c. 1748—1729 BC Son of Apil-SinHammurabi c. 1728—1686 BC Contemporary of Zimri-Lim
Zimri-Lim
of Mari, Siwe-palar-huppak of Elam
Elam
and Shamshi-Adad ISamsu-iluna c. 1686—1648 BC Son of Hammurabi Abi-eshuh or Abieshu c. 1648—1620 BC Son of Samsu-ilunaAmmi-ditana c
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University Of Chicago Oriental Institute
A university (Latin: universitas, "a whole") is an institution of higher (or tertiary) education and research which awards academic degrees in various academic disciplines
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River Mouth
A river mouth is the part of a river where the river flows into another river, a lake, a reservoir, a sea, or an ocean.[citation needed]Contents1 Water motion 2 Landforms 3 Cultural influence 4 See also 5 ReferencesWater motion[edit] The water from a river can enter the receiving body in a variety of different ways.[1] The motion of the river mainly depends on the relative density of the river compared to the receiving water and any ambient motion in the receiving water, such as tides or seiches.[citation needed] If the river water is denser than the surface of the receiving water, the river water will plunge below the surface at the plunge curve
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Tell Agrab
Coordinates: 33°20′19.6″N 44°52′27.6″E / 33.338778°N 44.874333°E / 33.338778; 44.874333 Tell Agrab
Tell Agrab
(or Aqrab) is a tell or settlement mound 12.6 miles (20.3 km) southeast of Eshnunna
Eshnunna
in the Diyala region.Contents1 History 2 Archaeology 3 Notes 4 See also 5 References 6 External linksHistory[edit] Tell Agrab
Tell Agrab
was occupied during the Jemdet Nasr and Early Dynastic periods through the Akkadian and Larsa
Larsa
periods. It was during the Early Dynastic period that monumental building occurred, including the Shara Temple. There is no evidence that it was occupied after the end of the third millennium. Archaeology[edit] The site of Tell Agrab
Tell Agrab
is encompassed by a 500 by 600 metres (1,600 by 2,000 ft) rectangle with a height of around 12 metres (39 ft)
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James Breasted
James Henry Breasted
James Henry Breasted
(/ˈbrɛstɪd/; August 27, 1865 – December 2, 1935) was an American archaeologist, Egyptologist, and historian. After completing his PhD at the University of Berlin
University of Berlin
in 1894, he joined the faculty of the University of Chicago. In 1901 he became director of the Haskell Oriental Museum at the university, where he continued to concentrate on Egypt. In 1905 Breasted was promoted to full professor, and held the first chair in Egyptology
Egyptology
and Oriental History in the United States. In 1919 he became the founder of the Oriental Institute at the University of Chicago, a center for interdisciplinary study of ancient civilizations
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Henri Frankfort
Henri "Hans" Frankfort (24 February 1897 – 16 July 1954) was a Dutch Egyptologist, archaeologist and orientalist.Contents1 Early life and education 2 Career 3 Personal life 4 Bibliography 5 ReferencesEarly life and education[edit]This section does not cite any sources. Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. (January 2016) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)Born in Amsterdam, Frankfort studied history at the University of Amsterdam
Amsterdam
and then moved to London, where in 1924, he took an MA under Sir Flinders Petrie
Sir Flinders Petrie
at the University College. In 1927 he gained a Ph.D
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Uruk Period
The Uruk
Uruk
period (ca. 4000 to 3100 BC) existed from the protohistoric Chalcolithic
Chalcolithic
to Early Bronze Age
Early Bronze Age
period in the history of Mesopotamia, following the Ubaid period
Ubaid period
and succeeded by the Jemdet Nasr period.[1] Named after the Sumerian city of Uruk, this period saw the emergence of urban life in Mesopotamia
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Thorkild Jacobsen
The Treasures of Darkness Sumerian King ListAwards Guggenheim FellowshipScientific careerFields AssyriologyInstitutions University of Chicago
University of Chicago
(1929-1962), Harvard University
Harvard University
(1962-1974) Thorkild Jacobsen (Danish: [ˈtoɐ̯ɡilˀ ˈjæɡʌbsn̩]; 7 June 1904 – 2 May 1993) was a renowned historian specializing in Assyriology
Assyriology
and Sumerian literature. He was one of the foremost scholars on the ancient Near East.Contents1 Biography 2 Selected works 3 Partial list of excavations 4 Awards 5 References 6 Sources 7 External linksBiography[edit] Thorkild Peter Rudolph Jacobsen received, in 1927, an M.A
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Akkadian Empire
Coordinates: 33°6′N 44°6′E / 33.100°N 44.100°E / 33.100; 44.100 Akkadian
Akkadian
Empire𒆳𒌵𒆠 māt Akkadi  (Akkadian) 𒀀𒂵𒉈𒆠 a-ga-de3KI  (Sumerian)c. 2334 – 2154 BCMap of the Akkadian
A

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Haematite
Hematite, also spelled as haematite, is the mineral form of iron(III) oxide (Fe2O3), one of several iron oxides. It is the oldest known[clarify] iron oxide mineral and is widespread in rocks and soils[5]. Hematite
Hematite
crystallizes in the rhombohedral lattice system, and it has the same crystal structure as ilmenite and corundum. Hematite
Hematite
and ilmenite form a complete solid solution at temperatures above 950 °C (1,740 °F). Hematite
Hematite
is colored black to steel or silver-gray, brown to reddish brown, or red. It is mined as the main ore of iron. Varieties include kidney ore, martite (pseudomorphs after magnetite), iron rose and specularite (specular hematite). While the forms of hematite vary, they all have a rust-red streak. Hematite
Hematite
is harder than pure iron, but much more brittle
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Luristan
Lorestan Province
Lorestan Province
(Persian: استان لرستان‎, also written Luristan,[2] Lurestan,[2] or Loristan),[2] is a province of western Iran
Iran
in the Zagros
Zagros
Mountains. The population of Lorestan was estimated at 1,716,527 people in 2006.[1] In 2014 it was placed in Region 4.[3] Lorestan covers an area of 28,392 km2
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Susa
Susa
Susa
(/ˈsuːsə/; Persian: شوش‬‎ Šuš; [ʃuʃ]; Hebrew: שׁוּשָׁן‬ Šušān; Greek: Σοῦσα [ˈsuːsa]; Syriac: ܫܘܫ‎ Šuš; Old Persian
Old Persian
Çūšā) was an ancient city of the Proto-Elamite, Elamite, First Persian Empire, Seleucid, and Parthian empires of Iran, and one of the most important cities of the Ancient Near East. It is located in the lower Zagros Mountains
Zagros Mountains
about 250 km (160 mi) east of the Tigris River, between the Karkheh and Dez Rivers. The modern Iranian town of Shush is located at the site of ancient Susa. Shush is the administrative capital of the Shush County
Shush County
of Iran's Khuzestan
Khuzestan
province
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Daryan, Kermanshah
Darian (Persian: داريان‎, also Romanized as Dārīān, Dāryān, and Dāreyān; also known as Dar Air)[1] is a village in Howli Rural District, in the Central District of Paveh
Paveh
County, Kermanshah Province, Iran. At the 2006 census, its population was 869, in 247 families.[2] The Daryan Dam
Daryan Dam
is being constructed on the Sirvan River to the north of the village. References[edit]^ Darian can be found at GEOnet Names Server, at this link, by opening the Advanced Search box, entering "-3059474" in the "Unique Feature Id" form, and clicking on "Search Database". ^ "Census of the Islamic Republic of Iran, 1385 (2006)". Islamic Republic of Iran
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Kermanshah Province
Kermanshah
Kermanshah
Province (Persian: استان كرمانشاه‎, Ostān-e Kermanšah) is one of the 31 provinces of Iran
Iran
and is regarded as part of Iranian Kurdistan. The province was known from 1969 to 1986 as Kermanshahan and from 1986 to 1995 as Bakhtaran.[4] according to 2014 segmentation by Ministry of Interior it is center of Region 4,[5][5] with the region's central secretariat located at the province's capital city, Kermanshah
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