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Districts Of Kyrgyzstan
The regions of Kyrgyzstan
Kyrgyzstan
are divided into districts (raions ), administered by government-appointed officials. Rural communities (aiyl okmotus) consisting of up to twenty small settlements have their own elected mayors and councils
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Local Government
LOCAL GOVERNMENT is a form of public administration which, in a majority of contexts, exists as the lowest tier of administration within a given state. The term is used to contrast with offices at state level, which are referred to as the central government , national government, or (where appropriate) federal government and also to supranational government which deals with governing institutions between states. Local governments generally act within powers delegated to them by legislation or directives of the higher level of government. In federal states , local government generally comprises the third (or sometimes fourth) tier of government, whereas in unitary states , local government usually occupies the second or third tier of government, often with greater powers than higher-level administrative divisions. The question of municipal autonomy is a key question of public administration and governance
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Batken
BATKEN (also called BATKENT) is a small town in southwestern Kyrgyzstan
Kyrgyzstan
, on the southern fringe of the Fergana Valley
Fergana Valley
. It is the capital of Batken Region
Batken Region
. Its area is 205 square kilometres (79 sq mi), and its resident population was 19,718 in 2009 (both including the villages Bulak-Bashi, Kyzyl-Jol and Bazar-Bashy). The population of the town proper was 13,435. HISTORYThe name Batkent is from the Iranian language of Sogdian and means "The city of wind"
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Raion
A RAION (also RAYON) is a type of administrative unit of several post-Soviet states (such as part of an oblast ). The term is from the French "rayon" (meaning "honeycomb, department"), which is both a type of a subnational entity and a division of a city , and is commonly translated in English as "district ". The term "raion" also can be used simply as a kind of administrative division without anything to do with ethnicity or nationality. A raion is a standardized administrative entity across most of the former Soviet Union
Soviet Union
and is usually a subdivision two steps below the national level. However, in smaller USSR republics, it could be the primary level of administrative division (Administrative divisions of Armenia , Administrative divisions of Azerbaijan ). After the fall of the Soviet Union
Soviet Union
, some of the republics dropped raion from their use ( Armenia
Armenia
)
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Kyrgyz Revolution Of 2010
The KYRGYZ REVOLUTION OF 2010, also known as the SECOND KYRGYZ REVOLUTION, began in April 2010 with the ousting of Kyrgyz president Kurmanbek Bakiyev in the capital Bishkek
Bishkek
. It was followed by increased ethnic tension involving Kyrgyz people
Kyrgyz people
and Uzbeks
Uzbeks
in the south of the country, which escalated in June 2010 . The violence ultimately led to the consolidation of a new parliamentary system in Kyrgyzstan. During the general mayhem, exiles from the Uzbek minority claim they were assaulted and driven to Uzbekistan
Uzbekistan
, with some 400,000 Kyrgyzstani citizens becoming internally displaced. Victims interviewed by media and aid workers testify to mass killing , gang rape and torture
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Foreign Relations Of Kyrgyzstan
Kyrgyzstan
Kyrgyzstan
favors close relations with other members of the Commonwealth of Independent States
Commonwealth of Independent States
, particularly Kazakhstan
Kazakhstan
and Russia
Russia
. While Kyrgyzstan
Kyrgyzstan
was initially determined to stay in the ruble zone, the stringent conditions set forth by the Russian Government prompted Kyrgyzstan
Kyrgyzstan
to introduce its own currency, the som , in May 1993. Kyrgyzstan's withdrawal from the ruble zone was done with little prior notification and initially caused tensions in the region. Both Kazakhstan
Kazakhstan
and Uzbekistan
Uzbekistan
temporarily suspended trade, and Uzbekistan even introduced restrictions tantamount to economic sanctions
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Tulip Revolution
The TULIP REVOLUTION or FIRST KYRGYZ REVOLUTION led to President of Kyrgyzstan
Kyrgyzstan
, Askar Akayev 's fall from power. The revolution began after parliamentary elections on February 27 and March 13, 2005. The revolutionaries alleged corruption and authoritarianism by the Akayev, his family and supporters. Akayev
Akayev
fled to Kazakhstan
Kazakhstan
and then to Russia
Russia
. On April 4, 2005, at the Kyrgyz embassy in Moscow
Moscow
, Akayev signed his resignation statement in the presence of a Kyrgyz parliamentary delegation. The resignation was ratified by the Kyrgyz interim parliament on April 11, 2005
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Pulgon
PULGON (Russian : Пульгон, PUL\'GON) is a village in Batken Region of Kyrgyzstan . It is the administrative center of the Kadamjay District of this region. Its population was 2,466 in 2009. In the Soviet era, the village was officially known as FRUNZENSKOYE, and the district was known as Frunzensky District (Frunze District) of Osh Region . The village is located next to Kyrgyzstan's border with Uzbekistan . The antimony miners' town of Kadamjay (formerly known as Frunze) is immediately adjacent to the village from the south. Another nearby town is Orozbekovo (6 miles)
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Isfana
ISFANA (Kyrgyz : Исфана; Uzbek : Isfana / Исфана; Russian : Исфана) is a small town located at the extreme western end of Batken Region in southern Kyrgyzstan . Isfana is situated at the southern fringe of the Fergana Valley in a region surrounded on three sides by Tajikistan . The word "isfana" is believed to have come from the Sogdian word "asbanikat", "asbanikent" or "aspanakent" which means "the land of horses". Isfana has been inhabited since at least the 9th century. It underwent significant changes during the Soviet period. The selsoviet (rural council) of Isfana was established in 1937. The selsoviet was transformed into a village administration in 1996. In 2001, Askar Akayev issued a presidential decree to make Isfana into a town. Isfana is the administrative center of Leilek District . The villages Myrza-Patcha , Samat , Chimgen , Taylan , Ak-Bulak , and Golbo are also governed by the Isfana Mayor's Office
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Kaindy
KAINDY (Kyrgyz : Кайыңды; Russian : Каинды; sometimes written: Kayyngdy) is a city in the Chuy Region of Kyrgyzstan . It became a city in 2012. Its population was 7,526 in 2009. It is the capital of Panfilov District, Kyrgyzstan . It features the railroad station closest to the Kazakhstan border on the north route of the Kyrgyz Railways and is the first town one enters when traveling to Kyrgyzstan by train. SOURCES * ^ A B "2009 population census of the Kyrgyz Republic: Chuy Region" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 10 August 2011. Retrieved 2010-03-12
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Sokuluk
SOKULUK (Dungan : Сохўлў, Sohwlw; Kyrgyz , Russian : Сокулук) is a large village in the Chuy Region of Kyrgyzstan
Kyrgyzstan
. Divided over two rural communities, its total population was 24,417 in 2009. Sokuluk
Sokuluk
is the administrative center of Sokuluk District
Sokuluk District
, and is located about 5 km west from the town of Shopokov , the main economic center of the area. HISTORYAccording to historians, Sokuluk
Sokuluk
started its existence in the early 1880s, as a place of settlement of many of the Dungan people who moved to the Russian Empire from the Kulja (Yining) area between 1881 and 1883, after Russia agreed to withdraw its troops from Kulja pursuant to the Treaty of Saint Petersburg (1881)
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Belovodskoye
BELOVODSKOYE (Russian : Беловодское) is a town in the Chuy Region of Kyrgyzstan
Kyrgyzstan
. Its population was 21,275 in 2009. It is the capital of Moskva District , and is located on the European route E40 (M39) Bishkek
Bishkek
to Chimkent highway. HISTORY Belovodskoye
Belovodskoye
was established by 12 families of back settlers from Astrakhan Governorate
Astrakhan Governorate
of Russian Empire
Russian Empire
in spring 1868. The settlement was called Belovodskoye
Belovodskoye
(White river in Russian) by the name of the Ak-Suu River (White river in Kyrgyz) close to which it was laid. The first street in the village was named Astrakhan. Later the settlers from other areas of the empire mostly from Voronezh Governorate
Voronezh Governorate
and Orel Governorate joined them
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Kemin
KEMIN (previous name "Bystrovka") is a city in northeastern Kyrgyzstan , the administrative headquarters of Kemin District in Chuy Region . Its population was 8,169 in 2009. It is located about 95 km eastward of Bishkek on the left bank of the Chu River in the Chuy Valley . Kemin was established in 1912. Kemin received city right in 2012. NOTABLE PEOPLE * Askar Akayevich Akayev (November 10, 1944 -), first President of the Kyrgyz Republic ,REFERENCES * ^ A B "2009 population census of the Kyrgyz Republic: Chuy Region" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 10 August 2011. Retrieved 2010-03-12. * ^ Чүй облусу:Энциклопедия (in Kyrgyz and Russian). Bishkek: Chief Editorial Board of Kyrgyz Encyclopedia. 1994. p. 718. ISBN 5-89750-083-5
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Lebedinovka
LEBEDINOVKA (Russian : Лебединовка) is a village on the outskirts of the Kyrgyz capital Bishkek . Administratively, however, it is not part of the city, but is the center of the Alamüdün District of Chuy Region , which surrounds Bishkek. Lebedinovka was established in 1898. Its population was 20,709 in 2009. REFERENCES * ^ Чүй облусу:Энциклопедия (in Kyrgyz and Russian). Bishkek: Chief Editorial Board of Kyrgyz Encyclopedia. 1994. p. 718. ISBN 5897500835 . * ^ "2009 population census of the Kyrgyz Republic: Chuy Region" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 10 August 2011. Retrieved 2010-03-12
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Kara-Balta
KARA-BALTA ('black ax', Russian/Kyrgyz: Кара-Балта) is a city and municipality on the Kara-Balta River , in Chuy Region
Chuy Region
, Kyrgyzstan
Kyrgyzstan
, the capital of Jayyl District . It was founded in 1825 under the Kokand Khanate , and received city status in 1975 under the Soviets. Its city population was officially 37,834 in the 2009 census. The municipality had a population of 54,200 according to the Soviet 1989 census. Kara-Balta
Kara-Balta
is located on the northern slopes of the Kyrgyz Ala-Too , in the western part of Chuy Region, 62 km west of the capital of Bishkek
Bishkek
. The road continues west through Kaindy toward Taraz
Taraz
, Kazakhstan
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Human Rights In Kyrgyzstan
HUMAN RIGHTS IN KYRGYZSTAN improved greatly after the ouster of President Askar Akayev in the 2005 Tulip Revolution and the installment of a more democratic government under Roza Otunbayeva . The country now faces political uncertainty as it attempts to sustain a democratic system. Corruption and instability continue to be noted, however. Formerly a republic of the Soviet Union
Soviet Union
, Kyrgyzstan
Kyrgyzstan
became independent in 1991. Remaining reasonably stable throughout most of the 1990s, the country's young democracy showed relative promise under the leadership of Akayev, but moved towards autocracy and authoritarianism by the early 2000s, achieving a 5.5 rating from Freedom House in 2000
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