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Displaced Persons Camp
A displaced persons camp or DP camp is a temporary facility for displaced persons. The term is mainly used for camps established after World War II
World War II
in Germany, Austria, and Italy, primarily for refugees from Eastern Europe
Eastern Europe
and for the former inmates of the Nazi German concentration camps
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The Holocaust
The Holocaust, also referred to as the Shoah,[b] was a genocide during World War II
World War II
in which Adolf Hitler's Nazi Germany, aided by its collaborators, systematically murdered some six million European Jews, around two-thirds of the Jewish population of Europe, between 1941 and 1945.[c] Jews
Jews
were targeted for extermination as part of a larger event involving the persecution and murder of other groups, including in particular the Roma, ethnic Poles, and "incurably sick",[6] as well as political opponents, homosexuals, Jehovah's Witnesses, and Soviet prisoners of war.[7] Germany implemented the persecution in stages. Following Hitler's rise to power in 1933, the government passed laws to exclude Jews
Jews
from civil society, most prominently the Nuremberg Laws
Nuremberg Laws
in 1935
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Generalplan Ost
The Generalplan Ost
Generalplan Ost
(German pronunciation: [ɡenəˈʁaːlˌplaːn ˈɔst]; English: Master Plan for the East), abbreviated GPO, was the German government's plan for the genocide and ethnic cleansing on a vast scale, and colonization of Central and Eastern Europe
Central and Eastern Europe
by Germans. It was to be undertaken in territories occupied by Germany during World War II
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Haavara Agreement
The Haavara Agreement
Haavara Agreement
(Hebrew: הסכם העברה Translit.: heskem haavara Translated: "transfer agreement") was an agreement between Nazi Germany
Nazi Germany
and Zionist
Zionist
German Jews
German Jews
signed on 25 August 1933. The agreement was finalized after three months of talks by the Zionist Federation of Germany, the Anglo-Palestine Bank
Anglo-Palestine Bank
(under the directive of the Jewish Agency) and the economic authorities of Nazi Germany
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Madagascar Plan
The Madagascar
Madagascar
Plan was a proposal by the Nazi German government to relocate the Jewish population of Europe to the island of Madagascar. Franz Rademacher, head of the Jewish Department of the German Foreign Office, proposed the idea in June 1940, shortly before the Fall of France
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Aktion T4
Aktion T4
Aktion T4
(German, pronounced [akˈtsi̯oːn teː fiːɐ]) was a postwar name for mass murder through involuntary euthanasia in Nazi Germany.[4][b] The name T4 is an abbreviation of Tiergartenstraße
Tiergartenstraße
4, a street address of the Chancellery department set up i
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Holocaust Victims
Holocaust
Holocaust
victims were people who were targeted by the government of Nazi Germany
Nazi Germany
for various discriminatory practices due to their ethnicity, religion, political beliefs, or sexual orientation. These institutionalized practices came to be called The Holocaust, and they began with legalized social discrimination against specific groups, and involuntary hospitalization, euthanasia, and forced sterilization of those considered physically or mentally unfit for society
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History Of The Jews During World War II
The history of the Jews
Jews
during World War II
World War II
is almost synonymous with the Jewish persecution and murder of unprecedented scale in modern times in political Europe
Europe
inclusive of European North Africa (pro-Nazi Vichy-North Africa and Italian Libya). The massive scale of the Holocaust
Holocaust
which happened during World War II
World War II
heavily affected the Jewish nation and world public opinion, which only understood the dimensions of the Final Solution
Final Solution
after the war. The genocide, known as HaShoah in Hebrew, aimed at the elimination of the Jewish people on the European continent. It was a broadly organized operation led by Nazi Germany, in which approximately six million Jews
Jews
were murdered methodically and with horrifying cruelty
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History Of The Jews In Europe
Jews, originally Judaean Israelite
Israelite
tribes from the Levant
Levant
in Western Asia,[1][2][3][4] migrated to Europe
Europe
just before the rise of the Roman Empire. A notable early event in the history of the Jews
Jews
in the Roman Empire was Pompey's conquest of the East beginning in 63 BCE although Alexandrian Jews
Jews
had migrated to Rome
Rome
before this event. The pre- World War II
World War II
Jewish population of Europe
Europe
is estimated to have been close to 9 million.[5] Around 6 million Jews
Jews
were killed[6][7][8] during the Holocaust, which was followed by the emigration of much of the surviving population. The current Jewish population of Europe
Europe
is estimated to be ca
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History Of The Jews In Germany
Jewish settlers founded the Ashkenazi Jewish community in the Early (5th to 10th centuries CE) and High Middle Ages
High Middle Ages
(circa 1000–1299 CE). The community survived under Charlemagne, but suffered during the Crusades. Accusations of well poisoning during the Black Death (1346–53) led to mass slaughter of German Jews,[3] and they fled in large numbers to Poland. The Jewish communities of the cities of Mainz, Speyer, and Worms
Worms
became the center of Jewish life during Medieval times. "This was a golden age as area bishops protected the Jews
Jews
resulting in increased trade and prosperity."[4] The First Crusade began an era of persecution of Jews
Jews
in Germany.[5] Entire communities, like those of Trier, Worms, Mainz, and Cologne, were murdered. The war upon the Hussite
Hussite
heretics became the signal for renewed persecution of Jews
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Porajmos
The Romani genocide or the Romani Holocaust—also known as the Porajmos
Porajmos
(Romani pronunciation: IPA: [pʰoɽajˈmos]), the Pharrajimos ("Cutting up", "Fragmentation", "Destruction"), and the Samudaripen ("Mass killing")—was the effort by Nazi Germany
Nazi Germany
and its World War II
World War II
allies to commit genocide against Europe's Romani people.[1] Under Adolf Hitler, a supplementary decree to the Nuremberg Laws
Nuremberg Laws
was issued on 26 November 1935, classifying Gypsies as "enemies of the race-based state", thereby placing them in the same category as the Jews
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Nazi Crimes Against The Polish Nation
5.470 million to 5.670 million[a] Part of a series World War II
World War II
casualties of Poland World War II
World War II
crimes in occupied Poland Soviet repressions of Polish citizens (1939–46) Massacres of
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German Mistreatment Of Soviet Prisoners Of War
During World War II, Nazi Germany
Nazi Germany
engaged in a policy of deliberate maltreatment of Soviet prisoners of war (POWs), in contrast to their treatment of British and American POWs. This resulted in some 3.3 to 3.5 million deaths, or 57% of all Soviet POWs.[1][2][3][4] During Operation Barbarossa, the Axis invasion of the Soviet Union, and the subsequent German–Soviet War, millions of Red Army
Red Army
prisoners of war were taken
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Persecution Of Homosexuals In Nazi Germany And The Holocaust
Upon the rise of Adolf Hitler
Adolf Hitler
and the National Socialist German Workers Party (the Nazi Party) in Germany, gay men and, to a lesser extent, lesbians, were two of the numerous groups targeted by the Nazis and were ultimately among Holocaust victims. Beginning in 1933, gay organizations were banned, scholarly books about homosexuality, and sexuality in general, (such as those from the Institut für Sexualwissenschaft, run by Jewish gay rights campaigner Magnus Hirschfeld) were burned, and homosexuals within the Nazi Party
Nazi Party
itself were murdered. The Gestapo
Gestapo
compiled lists of homosexuals, who were compelled to sexually conform to the "German norm." Between 1933 and 1945, an estimated 100,000 men were arrested as homosexuals, of whom some 50,000 were officially sentenced
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Nazi Eugenics
Nazi eugenics
Nazi eugenics
(German: Nationalsozialistische Rassenhygiene, "National Socialist racial hygiene") were Nazi Germany's racially based social policies that placed the biological improvement of the Aryan race
Aryan race
or Germanic "Übermenschen" master race through eugenics at the center of Nazi ideology.[1] In Germany, eugenics were mostly known under the synonymous term racial hygiene. Following the Second World War, both terms effectively vanished and were replaced by Humangenetik (human genetics). Eugenics
Eugenics
research in Germany
Germany
before and during the Nazi period was similar to that in the United States (particularly California), by which it had been partly inspired. However, its prominence rose sharply under Adolf Hitler's leadership when wealthy Nazi supporters started heavily investing in it
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Persecution Of Jehovah's Witnesses In Nazi Germany
Jehovah's Witnesses
Jehovah's Witnesses
suffered religious persecution in Nazi Germany between 1933 and 1945 after refusing to perform military service, join Nazi organizations or give allegiance to the Hitler regime. An estimated 10,000 Witnesses—half of the number of members in Germany during that period—were imprisoned, including 2,000 who were sent to Nazi concentration camps. An estimated 1,200 died in custody, including 250 who were executed
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