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Pakistan,[b] officially the Islamic Republic
Islamic Republic
of Pakistan,[c] is a country in South Asia. It is the world’s sixth-most populous country with a population exceeding 212,742,631 people.[19] In area, it is the 33rd-largest country, spanning 881,913 square kilometres (340,509 square miles). Pakistan
Pakistan
has a 1,046-kilometre (650-mile) coastline along the Arabian Sea
Arabian Sea
and Gulf of Oman
Oman
in the south and is bordered by India
India
to the east, Afghanistan
Afghanistan
to the west, Iran
Iran
to the southwest, and China
China
in the northeast
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Pakistan (other)
Pakistan
Pakistan
usually refers to the sovereign country in South-central Asia formally named the "Islamic Republic of Pakistan". Pakistan
Pakistan
may also refer to:Dominion of Pakistan, the country, independenc
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Baloch People
The Baloch or Baluch (Balochi: بلوچ‬) are a people who live mainly in the Balochistan
Balochistan
region of the southeastern-most edge of the Iranian plateau
Iranian plateau
in Pakistan, Iran, and Afghanistan, as well as in the Arabian Peninsula. They mainly speak the Balochi language, a branch of Northwestern Iranian languages, and are an Iranic people. About 50% of the total Baloch population live in Balochistan, a western province of Pakistan;[8] 40% of Baloch are settled in Sindh; and a significant number of Baloch people
Baloch people
in Punjab of Pakistan. They make up nearly 3.6% of the Pakistani population, about 2% of Iran's population (1.5 million) and about 2% of Afghanistan's population.[9] Baloch people
Baloch people
co-inhabit desert and mountainous regions along with Pashtuns
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Gawar-Bati Language
Gawar-Bati (Narsati) is a Dardic language spoken in Chitral, Pakistan and across the border in Afghanistan. It is also known in Chitral
Chitral
as Aranduyiwar, because it is spoken in Arandu, which is the last village in lower Chitral
Chitral
and is also across the border from Berkot in Afghanistan. There are about 9,000 speakers of Gawar-Bati, with 1,500 in Pakistan, and 7,500 in Afghanistan. The name Gawar-Bati means "speech of the Gawar",[3] a people detailed by the Cacopardos in their study of the Hindu Kush.[4]Contents1 Study and classification 2 Phonology2.1 Vowels 2.2 Consonants3 Notes and references 4 Further reading 5 External linksStudy and classification[edit] The Gawar-Bati Language has not been given serious study by linguists, except that it is mentioned by George Morgenstierne (1926) and Kendall Decker (1992). It is classified as a Dardic language
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Domaaki Language
Domaakí, also known as Dumaki or Domaá, is a Dardic language spoken by a few hundred people living in Gilgit-Baltistan, Pakistan. Domaaki is the traditional tongue of the Dóoma (sg. Dóom), a small ethnic group scattered in extended family units among larger host communities
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National Language
A national language is a language (or language variant, e.g. dialect) that has some connection—de facto or de jure—with people and the territory they occupy. There is little consistency in the use of this term. One or more languages spoken as first languages in the territory of a country may be referred to informally or designated in legislation as national languages of the country. National or national languages are mentioned in over 150 world constitutions.[1][dead link] C.M.B
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Arabic
Arabic
Arabic
(Arabic: العَرَبِيَّة‎) al-ʻarabiyyah [ʔalʕaraˈbijːah] ( listen) or (Arabic: عَرَبِيّ‎) ʻarabī [ˈʕarabiː] ( listen) or [ʕaraˈbij]) is a Central Semitic language that first emerged in Iron Age northwestern Arabia and is now the lingua franca of the Arab world.[4] It is named after the Arabs, a term initially used to describe peoples living from Mesopotamia
Mesopotamia
in the east to the Anti- Lebanon
Lebanon
mountains in the west, in northwestern Arabia, and in the Sinai peninsula. Arabic
Arabic
is classified as a macrolanguage comprising 30 modern varieties, including its standard form (Modern Standard Arabic) [5]. The modern written language (Modern Standard Arabic) is derived from Classical Arabic
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Ethnic Group
An ethnic group or ethnicity is a category of people who identify with each other, usually on the basis of a presumed common genealogy or ancestry or on similarities such as common language or dialect, history, society, culture or nation.[1][2] Ethnicity is often used synonymously with the term nation, particularly in cases of ethnic nationalism, and is separate from but related to the concept of races. Ethnicity is usually an inherited status based on the society in which one lives. Membership of an ethnic group tends to be defined by a shared cultural heritage, ancestry, origin myth, history, homeland, language or dialect, symbolic systems such as religion, mythology and ritual, cuisine, dressing style, art or physical appearance. Ethnic groups often continue to speak related languages and share a similar gene pool
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Punjabis
Pakistan: Islam
Islam
(97%) India: Sikhism
Sikhism
(57.7%), Hinduism
Hinduism
(38.5%)[13] Minorities:Christianity Other religionsPart of a series on theCulture of the PunjabHistoryFolklore LanguageDialectsPunjab Punjabis NationalismTopicsCinema Clothing Cuisine Dance Festivals Literature Media Music Religion Sport TelevisionPunjab portalv t eThe Punjabis
Punjabis
(Punjabi: پنجابی‬, ਪੰਜਾਬੀ), or Punjabi people, are an ethnic group associated with the Punjab region, who speak Punjabi, a language from the Indo-Aryan language family.[14] The name Punjab literally means the land of five waters in Persian: panj ("five") āb ("waters").[15] The name of the region was introduced by the Turko-Persian
Turko-Persian
conquerors[16] of South Asia
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Pashtuns
The Pashtuns
Pashtuns
(/ˈpʌʃˌtʊnz/, /ˈpɑːʃˌtʊnz/ or /ˈpæʃˌtuːnz/; Pashto: پښتانه‎ Pax̌tānə; singular masculine: پښتون Pax̌tūn, feminine: پښتنه Pax̌tana; also Pukhtuns), historically known as ethnic Afghans (Persian: افغان‎, Afğān)[15][16][17] and Pathans (Hindustani: پٹھان, पठान, Paṭhān),[18][19] are an Iranic ethnic group who mainly live in Pakistan
Pakistan
and Afghanistan.[20] They speak the Pashto language
Pashto language
and adhere to Pashtunwali, which is a traditional set of ethics guiding individual and communal conduct. The ethnogenesis of the Pashtun ethnic group is unclear but historians have come across references to various ancient peoples called Pakthas
Pakthas
(Pactyans) between the 2nd and the 1st millennium BC,[21][22] who may be their early ancestors
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Sindhis
Sindhis
Sindhis
(Sindhi: سنڌي‎ (Perso-Arabic), सिन्धी (Devanagari), (Khudabadi)) are an Indo-Aryan ethno-linguistic group who speak the Sindhi language
Sindhi language
and are native to the Sindh
Sindh
province of Pakistan, which was previously a part of pre-partition British India. Today, Sindhis
Sindhis
are both in India
India
and Pakistan
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Saraiki People
Predominantly Sunni Islam Minority Hinduism, Christianity
Christianity
and SikhismSaraiki childrenThe Saraikis (Saraiki: سرائیکی قوم‎), also known as Multanis,[1] are an ethnolinguistic group in central and southeastern Pakistan, primarily southern Punjab. Their language is Saraiki.[2] Saraiki people
Saraiki people
did not see themselves as a distinct ethnic group until the 1960s.[3] An Islamic identity formed the basis of the majority community's group consciousness for centuries prior to the establishment of Pakistan.[3] The Saraiki people
Saraiki people
follow many religions, though most are predominantly followers of Islam. A small minority of Saraikis follow Christianity, Sikhism
Sikhism
and Hinduism
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Muhajir People
The Muhajir people (also spelled Mahajir and Mohajir) (Urdu: مہاجر‬‎, Arabic: مهاجر‎) are Muslim
Muslim
immigrants, of multi-ethnic origin, and their descendants, who migrated from various regions of India
India
after the Partition of India
India
to settle in the newly independent state of Pakistan.[2][3][4][5][6] Although many of them speak different languages at the native level, they are primarily identified as native Urdu
Urdu
speakers and hence are called Urdu-speaking people
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Ethnic Groups In Pakistan
The major ethnic groups of Pakistan
Pakistan
in numerical size include: Punjabis, Pashtuns, Sindhis, Siddis, Saraikis, Muhajirs, Baloch, Hindkowans, Chitralis, Gujarati and other smaller groups. Smaller ethnic groups, such as Kashmiris, Kalash, Burusho, Khowar, Hazara, Shina, Kalyu and Balti are mainly found in the northern parts of the country. Pakistan's census does not include the 1.7 million citizens of Afghanistan,[1] who are mainly found in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa
Khyber Pakhtunkhwa
(KP) and Federally Administered Tribal Areas
Federally Administered Tribal Areas
(FATA) areas, with small numbers in the cities of Karachi
Karachi
and Quetta
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Dameli Language
Dameli is a Dardic language spoken by approximately 5,000 people in the Domel Valley, in the Chitral
Chitral
District of Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa province of Pakistan. The Domel or Damel Valley is about ten miles south of Drosh
Drosh
on the East Side of the Chitral
Chitral
or Kunar river, on the road from the Mirkhani Fort to the pass of Arandu. Dameli is still the main language in the villages where it is spoken, and it is regularly learned by children
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Islam In Pakistan
Islam
Islam
is the largest and the state religion of the Islamic Republic
Islamic Republic
of Pakistan.[1]
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