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Diomedes
Diomedes
Diomedes
(/ˌdaɪəˈmiːdiːz/ or /ˌdaɪˈɒmɪdiːz/[1]) or Diomede (/ˈdaɪəmiːd/;[2] Greek: Διομήδης Diomēdēs 'God-like cunning, advised by Zeus') is a hero in Greek mythology, known for his participation in the Trojan War. He was born to Tydeus
Tydeus
and Deipyle and later became King of Argos, succeeding his maternal grandfather, Adrastus. In Homer's Iliad Diomedes
Diomedes
is regarded alongside Ajax as one of the best warriors of all the Achaeans (behind only Achilles
Achilles
in prowess). Later, he founded ten or more Italian cities
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Shield
A shield is a piece of personal armour held in the hand or mounted on the wrist or forearm. Shields are used to intercept specific attacks, whether from close-ranged weaponry or projectiles such as arrows, by means of active blocks, instead of providing passive protection. Shields vary greatly in size, ranging from large panels that protect the user's whole body to small models (such as the buckler) that were intended for hand-to-hand-combat use. Shields also vary a great deal in thickness; whereas some shields were made of relatively deep, absorbent, wooden planking to protect soldiers from the impact of spears and crossbow bolts, others were thinner and lighter and designed mainly for deflecting blade strikes
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Cuirass
A cuirass (/kwɪˈræs/, /kjuːˈræs/;[1] French: cuirasse, Latin: coriaceus) is a piece of armour, formed of a single or multiple pieces of metal or other rigid material which covers the front of the torso. In a suit of armour, the cuirass was generally connected to a back piece. Cuirass
Cuirass
could also refer to the complete torso-protecting armour.Contents1 Description 2 History2.1 The Japanese cuirass3 See also 4 ReferencesDescription[edit] In Hellenistic and Roman times, the musculature of the male torso was idealized in the form of the muscle cuirass[2] or "heroic cuirass" (in French the cuirasse esthétique)[3] sometimes further embellished with symbolic representation in relief, familiar in the Augustus of Prima Porta and other heroic representations in official Roman sculpture
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Iphigenia
In Greek mythology, Iphigenia
Iphigenia
(/ɪfɪdʒɪˈnaɪ.ə/; Ancient Greek: Ἰφιγένεια, Iphigeneia) was a daughter of King Agamemnon
Agamemnon
and Queen Clytemnestra, and thus a princess of Mycenae. Agamemnon
Agamemnon
offends the goddess Artemis, who retaliates by commanding him to kill Iphigenia
Iphigenia
as a sacrifice so his ships can sail to Troy
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Hubris
Hubris
Hubris
(/ˈhjuːbrɪs/ from ancient Greek ὕβρις) describes a personality quality of extreme or foolish pride or dangerous overconfidence,[1] often in combination with (or synonymous with) arrogance.[2] In its ancient Greek context, it typically describes behavior that defies the norms of behavior or challenges the gods, and which in turn brings about the downfall, or nemesis, of the perpetrator of hubris. The adjectival form of the noun hubris is "hubristic". Hubris
Hubris
is usually perceived as a characteristic of an individual rather than a group, although the group the offender belongs to may suffer collateral consequences from the wrongful act. Hubris
Hubris
often indicates a loss of contact with reality and an overestimation of one's own competence, accomplishments or capabilities. C. S. Lewis
C. S

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Epic Poetry
An epic poem, epic, epos, or epopee is a lengthy narrative poem, ordinarily concerning a serious subject containing details of heroic deeds and events significant to a culture or nation.[1] The ancient Indian Mahabharata
Mahabharata
is the longest epic written[2][3]. The Mahabharat is comprised of 100,000 śloka or over 200,000 verse lines (each shloka is a couplet), as well as long prose passages. At about 1.8 million words in total, the Mahābhārata is roughly ten times the length of the Iliad
Iliad
and the Odyssey
Odyssey
combined, or about four times the length of the Rāmāyaṇa[4]. Another type of epic poetry is epyllion (plural: epyllia), which is a brief narrative poem with a romantic or mythological theme. The term, which means "little epic", came into use in the nineteenth century
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Sortition
In governance, sortition (also known as allotment or demarchy) selects political officials as a random sample from a larger pool of candidates.[1] The logic behind the sortition process originates from the idea that “power corrupts.” For that reason, when the time came to choose individuals to be assigned to empowering positions, the ancient Athenians resorted to choosing by lot
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Tiresias
In Greek mythology, Tiresias
Tiresias
(/taɪˈriːsiəs/; Greek: Τειρεσίας, Teiresias) was a blind prophet of Apollo
Apollo
in Thebes, famous for clairvoyance and for being transformed into a woman for seven years
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Seven Against Thebes
Seven Against Thebes
Seven Against Thebes
(Ancient Greek: Ἑπτὰ ἐπὶ Θήβας, Hepta epi Thēbas; Latin: Septem contra Thebas) is the third play in an Oedipus-themed trilogy produced by Aeschylus
Aeschylus
in 467 BC. The trilogy is sometimes referred to as the Oedipodea.[1] It concerns the battle between an Argive
Argive
army led by Polynices
Polynices
and the army of Thebes led by Eteocles
Eteocles
and his supporters. The trilogy won the first prize at the City Dionysia
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Calydon
Calydon
Calydon
(/ˈkælɪdɒn/; Greek: Καλυδών; gen.: Καλυδῶνος) was an ancient Greek city in Aetolia, situated on the west bank of the river Evenus, 7.5 Roman miles (approx. 11 km) from the sea.[1] Its name is most famous today for the Calydonian Boar
Calydonian Boar
that had to be overcome by heroes of the Olympian age.Contents1 History 2 Archaeology 3 Finds 4 See also 5 ReferencesHistory[edit] According to Greek mythology, the city took its name from its founder Calydon, son of Aetolus.[1] Close to the city stood Mount Arakynthos (Zygos),[2] the slopes of which provided the setting for the hunt of the Calydonian Boar. The city housed the important Aetolian sanctuary known as the Laphrion, dedicated to Artemis
Artemis
Laphria[1] and Apollo
Apollo
Laphrios
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Neoptolemus
Neoptolemus
Neoptolemus
(/ˌniːəpˈtɒlɪməs/; Greek: Νεοπτόλεμος, Neoptolemos, "new warrior"), also called Pyrrhus (/ˈpɪrəs/; Πύρρος, Pyrrhos, "red", for his red hair), was the son of the warrior Achilles
Achilles
and the princess Deidamia in Greek mythology, and also the mythical progenitor of the ruling dynasty of the Molossians of ancient Epirus. In Cypria, Achilles
Achilles
sails to Scyros
Scyros
after a failed expedition to Troy, marries princess Deidamia and has Neoptolemus, until Achilles
Achilles
is called to arms again.[1] In a non-Homeric version of the story, Achilles' mother Thetis
Thetis
foretold many years before Achilles' birth that there would be a great war. She saw that her only son was to die if he fought in the war
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Aetolian
Aetolia
Aetolia
(Greek: Αἰτωλία) is a mountainous region of Greece
Greece
on the north coast of the Gulf of Corinth, forming the eastern part of the modern regional unit of Aetolia-Acarnania.Contents1 Geography 2 History2.1 Ancient era 2.2 Middle Ages3 List of Aeto
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Cyanippus
In Greek mythology, the name Cyanippus (Greek: Κυάνιππος) may refer to:Cyanippus, son of Aegialeus and Comaetho, or else son of Adrastus and Amphithea and brother of Aegialeus. He fought in the Trojan War and was one of the men who entered the Trojan Horse. For a while, he ruled over Argos. He died childless and was succeeded by Cylarabes, son of Sthenelus.[1][2][3] Cyanippus, son of Pharax, from Thessaly. He fell in love with the beautiful Leucone and married her, but he was so fond of hunting that he would not spend any time with his young wife
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Hero
A hero (masculine) or heroine (feminine) is a person or main character of a literary work who, in the face of danger, combats adversity through feats of ingenuity, bravery or strength, often sacrificing their own personal concerns for a greater good. The concept of the hero can be found in classical literature. It is the main or revered character in heroic epic poetry celebrated through ancient legends of a people, often striving for military conquest and living by a continually flawed personal honor code.[1] The definition of a hero has changed throughout time
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Greek Language
Greek (Modern Greek: ελληνικά [eliniˈka], elliniká, "Greek", ελληνική γλώσσα [eliniˈci ˈɣlosa] ( listen), ellinikí glóssa, "Greek language") is an independent branch of the Indo-European family of languages, native to Greece
Greece
and other parts of the Eastern Mediterranean
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Magna Graeca
Timeline Italy
Italy
portalv t e Magna Graecia
Magna Graecia
(/ˌmæɡnə ˈɡriːsiə, ˈɡriːʃə/, US: /ˌmæɡnə ˈɡreɪʃə/; Latin
Latin
meaning "Great Greece", Greek: Μεγάλη Ἑλλάς, Megálē Hellás, Italian: Magna Grecia) was the name given by the Romans to the coastal areas of Southern Italy
Southern Italy
in the present-day regions of Campania, Apulia, Basilicata, Calabria
Calabria
and Sicily
Sicily
that were extensively populated by Greek settlers; particularly the Achaean settlements of Croton, and Sybaris, and to the north, the settlements of Cumae
Cumae
and Neapolis.[1] The settlers who began arriving in the 8th century BC brought with them their Hellenic civilization, which was to leave a lasting imprint on Italy, such as in the culture of ancient Rome
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