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Dhaka Nawab Family
The Nawab
Nawab
of Dhaka was the largest Muslim zamindar in British Bengal based in Dhaka city. The title of Nawab, similar to the British peerage, was conferred upon the head of the family by the British Raj as a recognition of their loyalty in the time of the Sepoy Mutiny.[1] The self-definition[2] is a family instead of an estate due to certain legal considerations imposed by the East Bengal
Bengal
State Acquisition and Tenancy Act of 1950.[3] They were not sovereigns, but played an important role in the politics of South Asia. The family was owner of Dhaka Nawab
Nawab
estate, and were seated at Ahsan Manzil
Ahsan Manzil
palace. Nawab
Nawab
of Dhaka was the title of the head of family and estate
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Ahsan Manzil
Ahsan Manzil
Ahsan Manzil
(Bengali: আহসান মঞ্জিল, Ahsan Monjil) was the official residential palace and seat of the Nawab of Dhaka.[1] The building is situated at Kumartoli along the banks of the Buriganga River
Buriganga River
in Dhaka, Bangladesh. Construction was started in 1859 and was completed in 1872.[1] It was constructed in the Indo-Saracenic Revival architecture. It has been designated as a national museum.Contents1 History 2 Description and construction 3 Glory days 4 Decline 5 Renovation 6 References 7 Further reading 8 External linksHistory[edit] In Mughal era, there was a garden house of Sheikh Enayet Ullah, the landlord of Jamalpur Porgona (district), in this place. Sheikh Enayet Ullah was a very charming person. He acquired a very big area in Kumortuli (Kumartuli) and included it in his garden house. Here he built a beautiful palace and named it "Rongmohol" (Rangmahal)
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Kolkata
Kolkata
Kolkata
/koʊlˈkɑːtə/ (Bengali pronunciation: [kolkat̪a]), formerly Calcutta /kælˈkʌtə/ until 2001, is the capital of the Indian state
Indian state
of West Bengal. Located on the east bank of the Hooghly River, it is the principal commercial, cultural, and educational centre of East India, while the Port of Kolkata
Port of Kolkata
is India's oldest operating port and its sole major riverine port. The city is widely regarded as the "cultural capital" of India, and is also nicknamed the "City of Joy". In 2011, the city had a population of 4.5 million, while the population of the city and its suburbs was 14.1 million, making it the third-most populous metropolitan area in India
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Zamindar
A zamindar in the Indian subcontinent was an aristocrat. The term means "land owner" in Persian. Typically hereditary, zamindars held enormous tracts of land and control over their peasants, from whom they reserved the right to collect tax on behalf of imperial courts or for military purposes. Their families carried titular suffixes of lordship, such as Babu, Sri, Rai, Pillai, Rao, Chaudhuri, Khan, Sardar, Malik, Thakur, Wadero, Reddy, Thevar and Naidu. In the 19th and 20th centuries, with the advent of British imperialism, many wealthy and influential zamindars were bestowed with princely and royal titles such as Maharaja (Great King), Raja (King) and Nawab. During the Mughal Empire, zamindars belonged to the nobility[1] and formed the ruling class. Emperor Akbar
Akbar
granted them mansabs and their ancestral domains were treated as jagirs.[2] Under British colonial rule in India, the permanent settlement consolidated what became known as the zamindari system
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Mahalla
A mahallah, mahalla, mahallya, or mohalla, mëhallë (Arabic: محلة‎ maḥalla; Bengali: মহল্লা mahallā; Hindi: मोहल्ला mōhallā; Persian: محله‎ maḥalla; Urdu: محله‎; Azerbaijani: Məhəllə; Albanian: mëhallë or mëhalla), is a country subdivision or neighbourhood in parts of the Arab world, Balkans, Western and South Asia
South Asia
and nearby Nations. El Mahalla El Kubra
El Mahalla El Kubra
(Egypt) Mahalla (Bangladesh) Mahalla (Uzbekistan) Mahalle
Mahalle
(Turkey) Mahala (Podgorica)Contents1 Notable Mahallahs 2 Russia and former Soviet Union 3 References 4 See alsoNotable Mahallahs[edit]Mohalla Sadiqabad, Pakistan Shahi Mohalla, PakistanRussia and former Soviet Union[edit] A mahalla is an Islamic congregation or parish in Russia and a number of countries once part of the Soviet Union. Typically, a mahalla supports a single mosque
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Buckland Bund
Buckland Bund (Bengali: বাকল্যানড বাঁধ) is a historically significant architectural creation situated by the Buriganga river bank of Old Dhaka, Bangladesh. It was constructed by Charles Thomas Buckland in 1864 who was the commissioner of Dhaka during that period.[1]Contents1 History 2 Architectural significance 3 Present condition 4 ReferencesHistory[edit] There was no expansion of the city south of the river, but the riverfront itself grew to be the most pleasing and beautiful part of the town. In Dhaka there had always been a tendency to live near the river. As it was the principal means of communication with the other parts of the country, river frontages were commercially valuable and the river itself was a major source of water supply. Only after the coming of the railway, a piped water supply and electricity for fans and coolers did the riverfront of Dhaka lose its prime importance as a residential locality
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Swadeshi Movement
The Swadeshi movement, part of the Indian independence movement
Indian independence movement
and the developing Indian nationalism, was an economic strategy aimed at removing the British Empire
British Empire
from power and improving economic conditions in India
India
by following the principles of swadeshi and which had some success. Strategies of the Swadeshi movement
Swadeshi movement
involved boycotting British products and the revival of domestic products and production processes. L. M. Bhole identifies five phases of the Swadeshi movement.[1]1850 to 1904: developed by leaders like Dadabhai Naoroji, Gokhale, Ranade, Tilak, G.V. Joshi and Bhaswat.K.Nigoni
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Partition Of Bengal (1905)
The decision to effect the Partition of Bengal
Bengal
(Bengali: বঙ্গভঙ্গ) was announced on 19 July 1905 by the Viceroy of India, Lord Curzon. The partition took place on 16 October 1905 and separated the largely Muslim eastern areas from the largely Hindu western areas. The Hindus of West Bengal
Bengal
who dominated Bengal's business and rural life complained that the division would make them a minority in a province that would incorporate the province of Bihar and Orissa.[1] Hindus were outraged at what they recognised as a "divide and rule" policy,[2] where the colonisers turned the native population against itself in order to rule, even though Curzon stressed it would produce administrative efficiency. The partition animated the Muslims to form their own national organization on communal lines. Bengal
Bengal
was reunited by Lord Hardinage in 1911 in an effort to appease Bengali sentiment
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Nawab Ali Chowdhury
Syed Nawab Ali Chowdhury CIE (29 December 1863 – 17 April 1929) was Nawab of Dhanbari of Tangail in East Bengal (modern day Bangladesh).[1] He was one of the founders of Dhaka University. He was the first Muslim minister of united Bengal. He was minister of education. His grandson Muhammad Ali Bogra was third prime minister of Pakistan. His son Syed Hasan Ali Chowdhury was minister of East Pakistan government.[2]Contents1 Birth and Childhood 2 Litarute 3 Entrance in Politics 4 Foundation of University of Dhaka 5 Work for Education 6 Title 7 Death 8 References 9 External linksBirth and Childhood[edit] Nawab Ali Chowdhury was born in Dhanbari, Tangail to a zamindar family. 250 years prior to his birth his great grandfather Shah Syed Khuda Bokhs settled in Dhanbari. Nawab Ali Chowdhury was taught Arabic, Persian, Bengali by his tutor in his childhood. He went to Rajshahi Collegiate School and later graduated from St
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A. K. Fazlul Huq
Abul Kasem Fazlul Huq (26 October 1873—27 April 1962);[1] was a Bengali lawyer, legislator and statesman in the 20th century. Huq was a major political figure in British India
British India
and later in Pakistan (including East Pakistan, which is now Bangladesh). He was one of the most reputed lawyers in the High Court of Calcutta
High Court of Calcutta
and High Court of Dacca. Born in Bakerganj, he was an alumnus of the University of Calcutta
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Ispahani Family
The Ispahani family are a Perso-Bengali business family in Bangladesh which owns and manages the Ispahani Group, one of the country's leading conglomerates. Originally hailing from Isfahan, Iran, the family have been settled in Bengal
Bengal
for more than a century. History[edit] Haji Mohammed Hashem (1789–1850) the founder of Ispahani group, moved from Ispahan (Isfahan) origins from ancient Ispadana in Persia to Bombay
Bombay
in 1820 and established the business. The family subsequently expanded to include a broad range of businesses stretching from Bombay
Bombay
in the west, to Madras in the south and Burma in the east which until 1937 was part of British India. Mirza Abu Talib Ispahani visited England from the sub-continent in 1799, and the family have maintained a presence and properties in Richmond, London, UK
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Court Of Wards (India)
A court is a tribunal, often as a government institution, with the authority to adjudicate legal disputes between parties and carry out the administration of justice in civil, criminal, and administrative matters in accordance with the rule of law.[1] In both common law and civil law legal systems, courts are the central means for dispute resolution, and it is generally understood that all persons have an ability to bring their claims before a court. Similarly, the rights of those accused of a crime include the right to present a defense before a court. The system of courts that interprets and applies the law is collectively known as the judiciary. The place where a court sits is known as a venue
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Tripura
Tripura
Tripura
(/ˈtrɪpuːrɑː/ ( listen)) is a state in Northeast India. The third-smallest state in the country, it covers 10,491 km2 (4,051 sq mi) and is bordered by Bangladesh to the north,[6] south, and west, and the Indian states of Assam
Assam
and Mizoram
Mizoram
to the east. In 2011 the state had 3,671,032 residents, constituting 0.3% of the country's population. The area of modern 'Tripura' was ruled for several centuries by the Tripuri dynasty. It was the independent princely state of the Tripuri Kingdom under the protectorate of the British Empire which was known as Hill Tippera[7] while the area annexed and ruled directly by British India
India
was known as Tippera District (present Comilla District).[8] The independent Tripuri Kingdom (or Hill Tippera) joined the newly independent India
India
in 1949
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Indian Civil Service
The Indian Civil Service (ICS) for part of the 19th century officially known as the Imperial Civil Service, was the elite higher civil service of the British Empire
British Empire
in British India
British India
during British rule in the period between 1858 and 1947. Its members ruled more than 300 million people[1] in India, Pakistan, Bangladesh
Bangladesh
and Burma
Burma
(then comprising British Raj). They were ultimately responsible for overseeing all government activity in the 250 districts that comprised British India
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Muhammad Ali Jinnah
Muhammad
Muhammad
Ali Jinnah
Jinnah
(Urdu: محمد علی جناح‬‎ ALA-LC: Muḥammad ʿAlī Jināḥ, born Mahomedali Jinnahbhai; 25 December 1876 – 11 September 1948) was a lawyer, politician, and the founder of Pakistan.[2] Jinnah
Jinnah
served as the leader of the All-India Muslim
Muslim
League from 1913 until Pakistan's independence on 14 August 1947, and then as Pakistan's first Governor-General until his death. He is revered in Pakistan
Pakistan
as Quaid-i-Azam (Urdu: قائد اعظم‬‎, "Great Leader") and Baba-i-Qaum (بابائے قوم‬, "Father of the Nation"). His birthday is considered a national holiday in Pakistan.[3][4] Born at Wazir Mansion
Wazir Mansion
in Karachi, Jinnah
Jinnah
was trained as a barrister at Lincoln's Inn
Lincoln's Inn
in London
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Language Movement
Genres Bengal
Bengal
studies Poetry Novels Science fictionInstitutionsBangla AcademyAwards Bangla Academy
Bangla Academy
Literary Award Ekushey PadakMusic and performing artsMusic Performing artsMediaRadio Television CinemaSportMonumentsWorld Heritage SitesSymbolsFlag Coat of arms Bangladesh
Bangladesh
portalv t eProcession march held on 21 February 1952 in DhakaPart of a series on theHistory of BangladeshEtymology Timeline Traditional UrheimatAncientNeolithic, c. 7600 – c. 3300 BCE Bronze Age, c. 3300 – c. 1200 BCE Iron Age, c. 1200 – c. 200 BCEJanapada, c. 1200 – c. 600 BCE Northern Black Polished Ware, c. 700 – c. 200 BCE Pundra Kingdom, c. 700 – c. 200 BCE Bengal
Bengal
in Mahabharata, c. 400 – c. 325 BCE Gangaridai
Gangaridai
Kingdom, c. 350 – c. 325 BCE Mauryan Empire, c. 325 – c
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