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Dersim Rebellion
Decisive Turkish victoryRevolt suppressed Turkish control of Dersim
Dersim
regionBelligerents Republic of Turkey Dersim
Dersim
tribesCommanders and leaders Mustafa Kemal Atatürk İsmet İnön
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People's War
People's war, also called protracted people's war, is a military-political strategy first developed by the Chinese Communist revolutionary and political leader Mao Zedong
Mao Zedong
(1893–1976). The basic concept behind People's War is to maintain the support of the population and draw the enemy deep into the countryside (stretching their supply lines) where the population will bleed them dry through a mix of mobile and guerrilla warfare. It was used by the Communists against Imperial Japanese Army
Imperial Japanese Army
in World War II
World War II
and the Communist Government in the Chinese Civil War. The term is used by Maoists for their strategy of long-term armed revolutionary struggle
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Osman Pamukoğlu
Osman Pamukoğlu (born December 27, 1947) is a retired major general of the Turkish Army, author and politician who founded the Rights and Equality Party on September 4, 2008 in remembrance of the Congress of Sivas. He holds the title of being the only general in the Turkish Army honored with five medals of "Establishment of Superior Troops". He also received two medals of High Courage and Sacrifice and other less significant awards during his service. In addition, he also holds the title of being the only general who fought amongst his soldiers, after Mustafa Kemal Ataturk. On July 28, 2008, he declared a statement on his personal website about the state of the circumstance in which Turkey
Turkey
was, and guiding principles and promised actions of the party. HEPAR was established within the following period of 36 days
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Mustafa Kemal Atatürk
GoalsGoals Political Social Legal Educational Economic AnalysisKemalismPhilosophy Republicanism Populism Laicism Reformism Nationalism Statism AnalysisAlsoState funeral Centennial Timeline Cult of personalityGallery: Picture, Sound, Videov t e Mustafa Kemal Atatürk (Turkish: [mustaˈfa ceˈmal aˈtaˌtyɾc]; 19 May 1881 (conventional) – 10 November 1938) was a Turkish army officer, revolutionary, and founder of the Republic of Turkey, serving as its first President from 1923 until his death in 1938. Ideologically a secularist and nationalist, his policies and theories became known as Kemalism. Atatürk came to prominence for his role in securing the Ottoman Turkish victory at the Battle of Gallipoli
Gallipoli
during World War I.[1] Following the Empire's defeat and subsequent dissolution, he led the Turkish National Movement, which resisted against the mainland Turkey's partition among the victorious Allied powers
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Serhildan
Kurdish Protesters Unorganized Kurdish citizens HDP KCK HPG YJA-STAR YDG-H YPS YPS-Jin Mazlumder Yakay-Der Peace Mothers[3] İHD[10][11]Defunct: HEP (1990-1993) DEP (1993-1994) HADEP (1994-2003) Kurdish Parliament in Exile (1995-1998)[12] DEHAP (1997-2005) DTH (2005) DTP (2005-2009) Turkish Government Turkish Police Military of Turkey Village Guards Turkish NationalistsLead figuresAhmet Fehmi Işıklar Vahdet Aydin Murat Bozlak Ahmet Türk Aysel Tuğluk Leyla Zana Pervin Buldan Selim Sadak Selahattin Demirtaş Gülten Kışanak Nurettin Demirtaş Osman Baydemir Turgut Özal
Turgut Özal
(19
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Ottoman Empire
The Ottoman Empire (/ˈɒtəmən/; Devlet-i ʿAlīye-i ʿOsmānīye[dn 5]), also historically known in Western Europe
Europe
as the Turkish Empire[8] or simply Turkey,[9] was a state that controlled much of southeastern Europe, western Asia and northern Africa between the 14th and early 20th centuries. It was founded at the end of the 13th century in northwestern Anatolia
Anatolia
in the town of Söğüt (modern-day Bilecik Province) by the Oghuz Turkish tribal leader Osman.[10] After 1354, the Ottomans crossed into Europe, and with the conquest of the Balkans, the Ottoman Beylik was transformed into a transcontinental empire
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Tanzimat
The Tanzimât (Turkish: [tɑnziˈmɑːt]; Ottoman Turkish: تنظيمات‎, translit. Tanẓīmāt, lit. 'reorganization') was a period of reform in the Ottoman Empire that began in 1839 and ended with the First Constitutional Era in 1876.[1] The Tanzimat
Tanzimat
era began with the purpose, not of radical transformation, but of modernization, desiring to consolidate the social and political foundations of the Ottoman Empire.[2] It was characterised by various attempts to modernise the Ottoman Empire
Ottoman Empire
and to secure its territorial integrity against internal nationalist movements and external aggressive powers
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Turkification
Turkification, or Turkicization (Turkish: Türkleştirme), is a cultural shift whereby populations or states adopted a historical Turkic culture, such as in the Ottoman Empire
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Turkish Grand National Assembly
Government (316)     AKP (316)Main Opposition     CHP (131)Other Opposition     HDP (50)      MHP (36)      İYİ (5)      Independents (1)Vacant     Vacant (11)ElectionsVoting systemParty-list proportional representation D'Hondt methodLast election1 November 2015Next election2019Meeting placeGrand National Assembly of Turkey Ministries Ankara, 06543 TurkeyWebsiteGrand National Assembly of TurkeyThe Grand National Assembly of Turkey
Turkey
(Turkish: Türkiye Büyük Millet Meclisi), usually referred to simply as the TBMM or Parliament (Turkish: Meclis or Parlamento), is the unicameral Turkish legislature. It is the sole body given the legislative prerogatives by the Turkish Constitution
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1934 Thrace Pogroms
The 1934 Thrace
Thrace
pogroms (Turkish: Trakya
Trakya
Olayları) refers to a series of violent attacks against Jewish citizens of Turkey
Turkey
in June and July 1934 in the Thrace
Thrace
region of Turkey
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Atatürk
GoalsGoals Political Social Legal Educational Economic AnalysisKemalismPhilosophy Republicanism Populism Laicism Reformism Nationalism Statism AnalysisAlsoState funeral Centennial Timeline Cult of personalityGallery: Picture, Sound, Videov t e Mustafa Kemal Atatürk (Turkish: [mustaˈfa ceˈmal aˈtaˌtyɾc]; 19 May 1881 (conventional) – 10 November 1938) was a Turkish army officer, revolutionary, and founder of the Republic of Turkey, serving as its first President from 1923 until his death in 1938. Ideologically a secularist and nationalist, his policies and theories became known as Kemalism. Atatürk came to prominence for his role in securing the Ottoman Turkish victory at the Battle of Gallipoli
Gallipoli
during World War I.[1] Following the Empire's defeat and subsequent dissolution, he led the Turkish National Movement, which resisted against the mainland Turkey's partition among the victorious Allied powers
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Celal Bayar
Mahmut Celâl Bayar
Celâl Bayar
(16 May 1883 – 22 August 1986)[1][2] was a Turkish politician who was the third President of Turkey
President of Turkey
from 1950 to 1960; previously he was Prime Minister of Turkey
Prime Minister of Turkey
from 1937 to 1939. Bayar, as the Turkish President, was decorated with the Legion of Merit by the President of the United States, as a result of Turkey's participation in the Korean War. He is considered to be the longest-lived former head of state and was the longest-lived state leader until 8 December 2008 (when he was surpassed by Chau Sen Cocsal Chhum)
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Koçgiri Rebellion
Grand National AssemblyCentral Army Koçgiri Tribe Society for the Rise of Kurdistan Ginyan Tribe (changed sides)Commanders and leadersMustafa Kemal Pasha Nureddin Pasha Binbaşı Halis Bey (commander of the 6th Cavalry Regiment) †[2][3][4][5] Topal Osman Alişan Bey [6] Alişer Nuri Dersimi Paso MistoStrengthGovernment Claim: 3,161 men[7][8] 1,350 military animal[8] 2,750 rifles, 3 light and 18 heavy machine guns[8]Rebel Claim: 6,000 cavalrymen 25,000 infantrymen Unknown nr of militia and GendarmerieGovernment Claim: 3,000 rebels (mostly cavalry)[8] 2,500 rifles[8]Rebel Claim: 6,000 rebelsCasualties and lossesUnknown 500 rebels killed[8] 32 rebel leaders and 500 rebels captured[6]v t eKurdish rebellions in Turkey Koçgiri Rebellion ¹ Sheikh Said rebellion Ararat rebellion Dersim rebellion
Dersim rebellion
² Serhildan Kurdish–Turkish conflict (1978–present)1. Alevi+Kurdish rebellion,[9] 2
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Kemal Atatürk
GoalsGoals Political Social Legal Educational Economic AnalysisKemalismPhilosophy Republicanism Populism Laicism Reformism Nationalism Statism AnalysisAlsoState funeral Centennial Timeline Cult of personalityGallery: Picture, Sound, Videov t e Mustafa Kemal Atatürk (Turkish: [mustaˈfa ceˈmal aˈtaˌtyɾc]; 19 May 1881 (conventional) – 10 November 1938) was a Turkish army officer, revolutionary, and founder of the Republic of Turkey, serving as its first President from 1923 until his death in 1938. Ideologically a secularist and nationalist, his policies and theories became known as Kemalism. Atatürk came to prominence for his role in securing the Ottoman Turkish victory at the Battle of Gallipoli
Gallipoli
during World War I.[1] Following the Empire's defeat and subsequent dissolution, he led the Turkish National Movement, which resisted against the mainland Turkey's partition among the victorious Allied powers
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Poisonous Gas
Chemical warfare (CW) involves using the toxic properties of chemical substances as weapons. This type of warfare is distinct from nuclear warfare and biological warfare, which together make up NBC, the military acronym for nuclear, biological, and chemical (warfare or weapons), all of which are considered "weapons of mass destruction" (WMDs). None of these fall under the term conventional weapons which are primarily effective due to their destructive potential. With proper protective equipment, training, and decontamination measures, the primary effects of chemical weapons can be overcome. Many nations possess vast stockpiles of weaponized agents in preparation for wartime use
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Genocide
European colonization of the AmericasDzungar genocide, 1750s Manifest DestinyIndian Removal, 1830s California Genocide, 1848–1873Circassian genocide, 1860s Selk'nam genocide, 1890s–1900s Herero and Namaqua genocide, 1904–1907 Greek genocide, 1914–1923 Assyrian genocide, 1914–1925 Armenian Genocide, 1915–1923 Libyan Genocide, 1923–1932Soviet genocide Ethnic cleansing
Ethnic cleansing
in the Soviet UnionSoviet famine of 1932–33Holodomor, 1931–1933 Kazakhstan, 1930–1933Mass Deportations during World War IIKalmyks, 1943 Chechens and Ingush, 1
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