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Demiurge
In the Platonic, Neopythagorean, Middle Platonic, and Neoplatonic schools of philosophy, the demiurge (/ˈdɛmiˌɜːrdʒ/) is an artisan-like figure responsible for fashioning and maintaining the physical universe. The term was adopted by the Gnostics. Although a fashioner, the demiurge is not necessarily the same as the creator figure in the monotheistic sense, because the demiurge itself and the material from which the demiurge fashions the universe are both considered to be consequences of something else. Depending on the system, they may be considered to be either uncreated and eternal, or considered to be the product of some other entity. The word "demiurge" is an English word from demiurgus, a Latinized form of the Greek δημιουργός or dēmiourgos
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God In Jainism
In Jainism, godliness is said to be the inherent quality of every soul. This quality, however, is subdued by the soul's association with karmic matter. All souls who have achieved the natural state of infinite bliss, infinite knowledge (kevala jnana), infinite power and infinite perception are regarded as ' God
God
in Jainism'. Jainism
Jainism
rejects the idea of a creator deity responsible for the manifestation, creation, or maintenance of this universe. According to Jain doctrine, the universe and its constituents (soul, matter, space, time, and principles of motion) have always existed
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Indian Religions
Indian religions
Indian religions
as a percentage of world population    Hinduism
Hinduism
(15%)    Buddhism
Buddhism
(7.1%)    Sikhism
Sikhism
(0.35%)    Jainism
Jainism
(0.06%)   Other (77.49%)Indian religions, sometimes also termed as Dharmic faiths or religions, are the religions that originated in the Indian subcontinent; namely Hinduism, Jainism, Buddhism
Buddhism
and Sikhism. [web 1][note 1] These religions are also all classified as Eastern religions
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Hongjun Laozu
Hongjun Laozu (simplified Chinese: 鸿钧老祖; traditional Chinese: 鴻鈞老祖; pinyin: Hóngjūn Lǎozǔ; Wade–Giles: Hung-chün Lao-tsu) lit. "Ancestor of the Great Balance" is a deity in Chinese folk religion and Taoism, patriarch of the Three Pure Ones
Three Pure Ones
in Taoist mythology. Hongjun 鴻鈞 is a graphic variant of hungjun (simplified Chinese: 洪钧; traditional Chinese: 洪鈞; pinyin: hóngjūn; Wade–Giles: hung-chün) "primordial nature", as used in the Chinese idiom Xian you hongjun hou you tian 先有鸿钧后有天 "First there was Nature and then there was Heaven". Daoists mythologize Hongjun Laozu as the ancestor of xian "trancendents; immortals" (Werner 1922:133-134) and use the honorific name Hongyuan Laozu (simplified Chinese: 鸿元老祖; traditional Chinese: 鴻元老祖; pinyin: Hóngyuán Lǎozǔ; Wade–Giles: Hung-yuan Lao-tsu) "Great Primal Ancestor"
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Mother Goddess
A mother goddess is a goddess who represents, or is a personification of nature, motherhood, fertility, creation, destruction or who embodies the bounty of the Earth. When equated with the Earth
Earth
or the natural world, such goddesses are sometimes referred to as Mother Earth
Earth
or as the Earth
Earth
Mother. There is difference of opinion between the academic and the popular conception of the term. The popular view is mainly driven by the Goddess
Goddess
movement and reads that primitive societies initially were matriarchal, worshipping a sovereign, nurturing, motherly earth goddess. This was based upon the nineteenth-century ideas of unilineal evolution of Johann Jakob Bachofen
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Chinese Theology
Model humanity:Xian ZhenrenWen and wuPracticesFenxiang JingxiangFeng shui MiaohuiWu shamanismJitong mediumshipPrecious scrollsInstitutions and templesAssociations of good-doingLineage associations or churchesChinese temple Ancestral shrineChinese Folk Temples' AssociationFestivalsQingming Zhongyuan Zhongqiu Jiuhuangye Qixi Duanwu NianInternal traditions Major cultural formsChinese ancestral religionChinese communal deity religionChinese mother goddess worshipNortheast China folk religionMain philosophical traditions: Confucianism
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Shangdi
Model humanity:Xian ZhenrenWen and wuPracticesFenxiang JingxiangFeng shui MiaohuiWu shamanismJitong mediumshipPrecious scrollsInstitutions and templesAssociations of good-doingLineage associations or churchesChinese temple Ancestral shrineChinese Folk Temples' AssociationFestivalsQingming Zhongyuan Zhongqiu Jiuhuangye Qixi Duanwu NianInternal traditions Major cultural formsChinese ancestral religionChinese communal deity religionChinese mother goddess worshipNortheast China
China
folk religion
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Ahura Mazda
Ahura Mazda
Mazda
(/əˌhʊərə ˈmæzdə/;[1] also known as Ohrmazd, Auramazda, Hourmazd, Hormazd, Harzoo and Hurmuz; Avestan: 𐬀𐬵𐬎𐬭𐬀 𐬨𐬀𐬰𐬛𐬁, Ahura Mazdā; Old Persian: 𐏈, A(h)uramazdā; Persian: اهورامزدا‬, Ahurâ-Mazdâ; Aramaic: 𐡀𐡄𐡅𐡓𐡌𐡆𐡃‬; Akkadian: 𒀭𒀀𒄷𒊒𒈠𒊍𒁕, Aḫurumazda-;[2] Elamite: 𒀭𒌋𒊏𒈦𒁕, Uramasda)[3] is the Avestan
Avestan
name for the creator and sole God
God
of Zoroastrianism, the old Iranian religion that spread across the Middle East, before ultimately being relegated to small minorities after the Muslim conquest of Iran. Ahura Mazda
Mazda
is described as the highest spirit of worship in Zoroastrianism, along with being the first and most frequently invoked spirit in the Yasna
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Transtheism
Transtheism is a term coined by either philosopher Paul Tillich
Paul Tillich
or Indologist Heinrich Zimmer[1] referring to a system of thought or religious philosophy which is neither theistic, nor atheistic, but is beyond them. Zimmer applies the term to the theological system of Jainism, which is theistic in the limited sense that the gods exist, but become irrelevant as they are transcended by moksha (that is, a system which is not non-theistic, but in which the gods are not the highest spiritual instance)
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Creator In Buddhism
Creator in Buddhism
Buddhism
is not Gautama Buddha. Buddhist
Buddhist
thought consistently rejects the notion of a creator deity.[1][2] It teaches the concept of gods, heavens and rebirths in its Saṃsāra
Saṃsāra
doctrine, but it considers none of these gods as a creator. Buddhism
Buddhism
posits that mundane deities such as Mahabrahma are misconstrued to be a creator.[3] Buddhism
Buddhism
states that the universe is created and governed by the five cosmic laws (Niyama Dhamma), namely Utu Niyama, Bija Niyama, Kamma Niyama, Citta Niyama, and Dhamma Niyama. These cosmic laws have been seen by many as the main difference between Buddhism and other religions. Creator in Pali
Pali
is Atthi Ajatang Abhutang Akatang Asamkhatang which means "a not-born, a not-brought-to-being, a not-made, a not-conditioned"
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God In Islam
In Islam, God
God
(Arabic: الله‎, translit. Allāh, contraction of الْإِلٰه al-ilāh, lit. "the god") is indivisible, the God, the absolute one, the all-powerful and all-knowing ruler of the universe, and the creator of everything in existence within the universe. Islam
Islam
emphasizes that God
God
is strictly singular (tawḥīd ): unique (wāḥid ), inherently One (aḥad ),[1] also all-merciful and omnipotent.[2] According to Islamic teachings, beyond the Throne[3] and according to the Quran, "No vision can grasp him, but His grasp is over all vision: He is above all comprehension, yet is acquainted with all things."[4][5] The Surat 112 Al-'Ikhlās (The Sincerity) says: "He is God, [who is] One. God, the Eternal Refuge
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God In Christianity
God
God
in Christianity
Christianity
is the eternal being who created and preserves all things
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Unitarianism
Unitarianism
Unitarianism
(from Latin unitas "unity, oneness", from unus "one") is historically a Christian
Christian
theological movement named for its belief that the God
God
in Christianity is one entity, as opposed to the Trinity (tri- from Latin tres "three") which defines God
God
as three persons in one being; the Father, Son, and Holy Spirit.[1] Unitarian Christians, therefore, believe that Jesus
Jesus
was inspired by God
God
in his moral teachings, and he is a savior,[2][3] but he was a normal human being and not a deity or God
God
incarnate
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Tawhid
Tawhid
Tawhid
(Arabic: توحيد‎ tawḥīd, meaning "oneness [of God]” also romanized as tawheed, touheed or tevhid[1]) is the indivisible oneness concept of monotheism in Islam.[2] Tawhid
Tawhid
is the religion's central and single-most important concept, upon which a Muslim's entire faith rests
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Tian
Model humanity:Xian ZhenrenWen and wuPracticesFenxiang JingxiangFeng shui MiaohuiWu shamanismJitong mediumshipPrecious scrollsInstitutions and templesAssociations of good-doingLineage associations or churchesChinese temple Ancestral shrineChinese Folk Temples' AssociationFestivalsQingming Zhongyuan Zhongqiu Jiuhuangye Qixi Duanwu NianInternal traditions Major cultural formsChinese ancestral religionChinese communal deity religionChinese mother goddess worshipNortheast China folk religionMain philosophical traditions: Confucianism
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Deus
Deus
Deus
( Latin
Latin
pronunciation: [ˈdeːʊs]) is Latin
Latin
for "god" or "deity". Latin
Latin
deus and dīvus "divine", are descended from Proto-Indo-European *deiwos, "celestial" or "shining", from the same root as *Dyēus, the reconstructed chief god of the Proto-Indo-European pantheon. In Classical Latin, deus (feminine dea) was a general noun[1] referring to a deity, while in technical usage a divus or diva was a figure who had become divine, such as a divinized emperor. In Late Latin, Deus
Deus
came to be used mostly for the Christian God
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