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David Kimhi
DAVID KIMHI (Hebrew : דוד קמחי‎‎, also KIMCHI or QIMḥI) (1160–1235), also known by the Hebrew acronym as the RADAK (רד"ק) ( Rabbi
Rabbi
David Kimhi), was a medieval rabbi , biblical commentator , philosopher, and grammarian. Kimhi was born in Narbonne
Narbonne
, Provence , the youngest son of Rabbi Joseph Kimhi and the brother of Rabbi
Rabbi
Moses Kimhi , both also biblical commentators and grammarians. CONTENTS * 1 Early life * 2 Scholarship * 3 References * 4 External links EARLY LIFEHis father died while David was still as a child, and Kimhi was raised by his brother Moses. Later, he supported himself by teaching Talmud to the young. He was well versed in the whole range of Hebrew literature, and became the most illustrious representative of his name
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Gloss (margin Text)
A GLOSS (from Latin glossa; from Greek γλῶσσα (glóssa), meaning "language") is a brief notation, especially a marginal one or an interlinear one, of the meaning of a word or wording in a text. It may be in the language of the text, or in the reader's language if that is different. A collection of glosses is a glossary . A collection of medieval legal glosses, made by glossators , is called an apparatus. The compilation of glosses into glossaries was the beginning of lexicography , and the glossaries so compiled were in fact the first dictionaries . In modern times a glossary, as opposed to a dictionary, is typically found in a text as an appendix of specialized terms that the typical reader may find unfamiliar. Also, satirical explanations of words and events are called glosses. The German Romantic movement used the expression of gloss for poems commenting on a given other piece of poetry, often in the Spanish Décima style
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Book Of Ezekiel
The BOOK OF EZEKIEL is the third of the Latter Prophets in the Tanakh and one of the major prophetic books in the Old Testament
Old Testament
, following Isaiah and Jeremiah . According to the book itself, it records six visions of the prophet Ezekiel
Ezekiel
, exiled in Babylon, during the 22 years 593-571 BCE, although it is the product of a long and complex history and does not necessarily preserve the very words of the prophet. The visions, and the book, are structured around three themes: (1) Judgment on Israel
Israel
(chapters 1–24); (2) Judgment on the nations (chapters 25–32); and (3) Future blessings for Israel
Israel
(chapters 33–48). Its themes include the concepts of the presence of God, purity, Israel
Israel
as a divine community, and individual responsibility to God
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Rashi
SHLOMO YITZCHAKI (Hebrew : רבי שלמה יצחקי‎‎; Latin : Salomon Isaacides; French : Salomon de Troyes, 22 February 1040 – 13 July 1105), today generally known by the acronym RASHI (Hebrew : רש"י‎, RAbbi SHlomo Itzhaki), was a medieval French rabbi and author of a comprehensive commentary on the Talmud
Talmud
and commentary on the Tanakh
Tanakh
. Acclaimed for his ability to present the basic meaning of the text in a concise and lucid fashion, Rashi
Rashi
appeals to both learned scholars and beginner students, and his works remain a centerpiece of contemporary Jewish study. His commentary on the Talmud
Talmud
, which covers nearly all of the Babylonian Talmud
Talmud
(a total of 30 tractates), has been included in every edition of the Talmud
Talmud
since its first printing by Daniel Bomberg in the 1520s
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Science
SCIENCE (from Latin scientia, meaning "knowledge") :58 is a systematic enterprise that builds and organizes knowledge in the form of testable explanations and predictions about the universe . Contemporary science is typically subdivided into the natural sciences which study the material world , the social sciences which study people and societies, and the formal sciences like mathematics . Because the formal sciences do not depend on empirical observations, some consider formal sciences like mathematics to be not science, :54 while others do consider the formal sciences to be part of science, but different from the empirical sciences. Disciplines which use science like engineering and medicine may also be considered to be applied sciences . Science
Science
is related to research , and is normally organized by a university , a college , or a research institute
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Cain And Abel
CAIN AND ABEL (/keɪn, ˈeɪbəl/ ; Hebrew : הֶבֶל ,קַיִן‎ Qayin, Heḇel; Arabic
Arabic
: قابيل، هابيل‎‎ Qābīl, Hābīl) were sons of Adam and Eve
Adam and Eve
in the biblical Book of Genesis . Cain, the firstborn, tilled the soil , and his brother Abel was a shepherd . The brothers made sacrifices to God, each of his own produce, but God favored Abel's sacrifice instead of Cain's. Cain murdered Abel. God punished Cain
Cain
to a life of wandering, but set a mark on him so that no man would kill him. Cain
Cain
then dwelt in the land of Nod (נוד‎, "wandering"), where he built a city and fathered the line of descendants beginning with Enoch
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Garden Of Eden
The GARDEN OF EDEN (Hebrew גַּן עֵדֶן, Gan ʿEḏen) or often PARADISE is the biblical "garden of God", described most notably in the Book of Genesis chapters 2 and 3, and also in the Book of Ezekiel . The "garden of God", not called Eden, is mentioned in Genesis 13, and the "trees of the garden" are mentioned in Ezekiel 31. The Book of Zechariah and the Book of Psalms also refer to trees and water in relation to the temple without explicitly mentioning Eden. Traditionally, the favored derivation of the name "Eden" was from the Akkadian edinnu, derived from a Sumerian word edin meaning "plain" or "steppe"
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Targum
The TARGUMIM (singular: "targum", Hebrew : תרגום‎) were spoken paraphrases, explanations and expansions of the Jewish scriptures (also called the Tanakh) that a Rabbi
Rabbi
would give in the common language of the listeners, which was then often Aramaic
Aramaic
. That had become necessary near the end of the 1st century BCE, as the common language was in transition and Hebrew was used for little more than schooling and worship. The noun "Targum" is derived from the early semitic quadriliteral root 'trgm', and the Akkadian term 'targummanu' refers to "translator, interpreter". It occurs in the Hebrew Bible
Bible
in Ezra 4:7 "..
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Aramaic Language
ARAMAIC (אַרָמָיָא Arāmāyā, Syriac : ܐܪܡܝܐ‎, Arabic
Arabic
آرامية) is a Middle Eastern language or group of languages belonging to the Semitic subfamily of the Afroasiatic language family . More specifically, it is part of the Northwest Semitic group , which also includes the Canaanite languages such as Hebrew and Phoenician . The Aramaic alphabet
Aramaic alphabet
was widely adopted for other languages and is ancestral to the Hebrew , Syriac and Arabic alphabets . During its approximately 3100 years of written history, Aramaic has served variously as a language of administration of empires and as a language of divine worship, religious study and as the spoken tongue of a number of Semitic peoples from the Near East
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Jonathan Ben Uzziel
JONATHAN BEN UZZIEL (Hebrew : יונתן בן עוזיאל‎) was one of the 80 tannaim who studied under Hillel the Elder
Hillel the Elder
during the time of Roman occupied Judea . He is the author of Targum Jonathan and a book of kabbalah known as Megadnim. Jonathan ben Uzziel
Jonathan ben Uzziel
is mentioned in the Talmud
Talmud
(Sukkah 28a, Bava Batra 133b). According to Zev Vilnai , Rabbi Shmuel ben Shimshon wrote about the tomb in 1210: "There is a large tree next to it, and the Ishmaelites bring oil and light a candle in his honor and make vows in his honor." An illustration of Yonatan ben Uzziel's tomb appears in "Ancestry of fathers and prophets" (Hebrew: יחוס אבות ונביאים), a book printed in 1537. The tomb of ben Uzziel is located in Amuka , Galilee
Galilee
near Safed
Safed
, Israel
Israel

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Abraham Ibn Ezra
RABBI ABRAHAM BEN MEIR IBN EZRA (Hebrew : אַבְרָהָם אִבְּן עֶזְרָא or ראב"ע‎‎‎, Arabic : ابن عزرا‎‎; also known as Abenezra or Aben Ezra, 1089–1167) was born in Tudela, Navarre
Tudela, Navarre
in 1089, and died c. 1167, apparently in Calahorra . He was one of the most distinguished Jewish biblical commentators and philosophers of the Middle Ages
Middle Ages

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Maimonides
30 March or 6 April 1135 Possibly born 28 March or 4 April 1138 Córdoba , Almoravid Empire (present-day Spain
Spain
) DIED 12 December 1204 (aged 69) Fostat
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Système Universitaire De Documentation
The SYSTèME UNIVERSITAIRE DE DOCUMENTATION or SUDOC is a system used by the libraries of French universities and higher education establishments to identify, track and manage the documents in their possession. The catalog, which contains more than 10 million references, allows students and researcher to search for bibliographical and location information in over 3,400 documentation centers
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Bibliothèque Nationale De France
The BIBLIOTHèQUE NATIONALE DE FRANCE (BNF; French: ) is the National Library of France
France
, located in Paris
Paris
. It is the national repository of all that is published in France. CONTENTS * 1 History * 2 New buildings * 3 Mission * 4 Manuscript
Manuscript
collection * 5 Digital library * 6 Popular culture * 7 See also * 8 References * 9 Further reading * 10 External links HISTORYThe National Library of France
France
traces its origin to the royal library founded at the Louvre Palace by Charles V in 1368. Charles had received a collection of manuscripts from his predecessor, John II , and transferred them to the Louvre
Louvre
from the Palais de la Cité
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National Library Of Australia
The NATIONAL LIBRARY OF AUSTRALIA is the largest reference library in Australia
Australia
, responsible under the terms of the National Library Act for "maintaining and developing a national collection of library material, including a comprehensive collection of library material relating to Australia
Australia
and the Australian people ." In 2012–2013, the National Library collection comprised 6,496,772 items, and an additional 15,506 metres (50,873 ft) of manuscript material. CONTENTS * 1 History * 2 Collections * 2.1 Australian such a library, indeed, as shall be worthy of the Australian Nation; the home of the literature, not of a State, or of a period, but of the world, and of all time. The present library building was opened in 1968. The building was designed by the architectural firm of Bunning and Madden
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Istituto Centrale Per Il Catalogo Unico
The CENTRAL INSTITUTE FOR THE UNION CATALOGUE OF ITALIAN LIBRARIES AND FOR BIBLIOGRAPHIC INFORMATION (in Italian : Istituto centrale per il catalogo unico delle biblioteche italiane e per le informazioni bibliografiche) is an Italian government agency that was created in 1975 to supersede the Centro nazionale per il catalogo unico (National Single Directory Center), that had in turn been created in 1951 to build a single catalog of all the libraries in the nation
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