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Dalhart, Texas
DALHART is a city in Dallam and Hartley counties in the U.S. state
U.S. state
of Texas
Texas
, and the county seat of Dallam County. The population was 7,930 at the 2010 census . CONTENTS * 1 History * 2 Geography * 2.1 Climate * 3 Demographics * 3.1 2010 Census * 4 Economy * 5 Arts and culture * 5.1 Annual cultural events * 6 Education * 7 Media * 8 Infrastructure * 8.1 Prison
Prison
system * 9 Gallery * 10 See also * 11 References * 12 Further reading * 13 External links HISTORY The Empty Saddle Monument at the crossroads of Dalhart (U.S. Highways 87 , 385 , and 54 ) has honored the memory of the cowboys of the defunct XIT Ranch . Founded in 1901, Dalhart is named for its location on the border of Dallam and Hartley counties; its name is a portmanteau of the names of the two counties
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Peoples Republic Of China
CHINA, officially the PEOPLE\'S REPUBLIC OF CHINA (PRC), is a unitary sovereign state in East Asia and the world\'s most populous country , with a population of over 1.381 billion . Covering approximately 9.6 million square kilometres (3.7 million square miles), it is the world's second-largest state by land area and third- or fourth-largest by total area . Governed by the Communist Party of China , it exercises jurisdiction over 22 provinces , five autonomous regions , four direct-controlled municipalities (Beijing, Tianjin , Shanghai , and Chongqing ) and the Special Administrative Regions Hong Kong and Macau , also claiming sovereignty over Taiwan . China is a great power and a major regional power within Asia, and has been characterized as a potential superpower . China emerged as one of the world's earliest civilizations in the fertile basin of the Yellow River in the North China Plain
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Bust (sculpture)
A BUST is a sculpted or cast representation of the upper part of the human figure , depicting a person's head and neck , and a variable portion of the chest and shoulders . The piece is normally supported by a plinth . These forms recreate the likeness of an individual. These may be of any medium used for sculpture, such as marble , bronze , terracotta or wood. A parallel term, AUST, is a representation of the upper part of an animal or mythical creature. Sculptural portrait heads from classical antiquity are sometimes displayed as busts. However, these are often fragments from full-body statues, or were created to be inserted into an existing body; these portrait heads are not included in this article. CONTENTS * 1 Pictorial timeline * 2 See also * 3 References * 4 External links PICTORIAL TIMELINE* Pericles with the Corinthian helmet (marble, Roman after a Greek original, c. 430 BC) * The Empress Vibia Sabina (c
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Landsat Program
The LANDSAT PROGRAM is the longest-running enterprise for acquisition of satellite imagery of Earth
Earth
. On July 23, 1972 the Earth
Earth
Resources Technology Satellite was launched. This was eventually renamed to Landsat. The most recent, Landsat 8 , was launched on February 11, 2013. The instruments on the Landsat satellites have acquired millions of images. The images, archived in the United States and at Landsat receiving stations around the world, are a unique resource for global change research and applications in agriculture , cartography , geology , forestry , regional planning , surveillance and education , and can be viewed through the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) 'EarthExplorer' website. Landsat 7 data has eight spectral bands with spatial resolutions ranging from 15 to 60 meters; the temporal resolution is 16 days. Landsat images are usually divided into scenes for easy downloading
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United States Census Bureau
The UNITED STATES CENSUS BUREAU (USCB; officially the BUREAU OF THE CENSUS, as defined in Title 13 U.S.C. § 11) is a principal agency of the U.S. Federal Statistical System , responsible for producing data about the American people and economy . The Census
Census
Bureau is part of the U.S. Department of Commerce
Department of Commerce
and its director is appointed by the President of the United States
United States
. The Census
Census
Bureau's primary mission is conducting the U.S. Census every ten years, which allocates the seats of the U.S. House of Representatives to the states based on their population. The Bureau's various censuses and surveys help allocate over $400 billion in federal funds every year and it helps states , local communities, and businesses make informed decisions
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Douglas C-52
The DOUGLAS DC-3 is a fixed-wing propeller -driven airliner . Its cruise speed (207 mph or 333 km/h) and range (1,500 mi or 2,400 km) revolutionized air transport in the 1930s and 1940s. Its lasting effect on the airline industry and World War II makes it one of the most significant transport aircraft ever made. The DC-3 was a twin-engine metal monoplane, developed as a larger, improved 14-bed sleeper version of the Douglas DC-2 . It had many exceptional qualities compared to previous aircraft. It was fast, had a good range and could operate from short runways. It was reliable and easy to maintain and carried passengers in greater comfort. Before the war it pioneered many air travel routes. It was able to cross the continental United States, making transcontinental flights and worldwide flights possible, and is considered the first airliner that could make money by carrying passengers alone
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The Hump
THE HUMP was the name given by Allied pilots in the Second World War to the eastern end of the Himalayan Mountains over which they flew military transport aircraft from India
India
to China to resupply the Chinese war effort of Chiang Kai-shek
Chiang Kai-shek
and the units of the United States Army Air Forces (AAF) based in China. Creating an airlift presented the AAF a considerable challenge in 1942: it had no units trained or equipped for moving cargo, and no airfields existed in the China Burma India
India
Theater (CBI) for basing the large number of transports that would be needed. Flying over the Himalayas was extremely dangerous and made more difficult by a lack of reliable charts, an absence of radio navigation aids, and a dearth of information about the weather. The task was initially given to the AAF's Tenth Air Force
Tenth Air Force
, and then to its Air Transport Command (ATC)
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Portmanteau
A PORTMANTEAU (/pɔːrtˈmæntoʊ/ ( listen ), /ˌpɔːrtmænˈtoʊ/ ; plural portmanteaus or portmanteaux /-ˈtoʊz/ ) or PORTMANTEAU WORD is a linguistic blend of words , in which parts of multiple words or their phones (sounds) are combined into a new word, as in smog, coined by blending smoke and fog, or motel, from motor and hotel. In linguistics , a portmanteau is defined as a single morph that represents two or more morphemes . The definition overlaps with the grammatical term contraction , but contractions are formed from words that would otherwise appear together in sequence, such as do and not to make don't, whereas a portmanteau word is formed by combining two or more existing words that all relate to a singular concept which the portmanteau describes. A portmanteau also differs from a compound , which does not involve the truncation of parts of the stems of the blended words
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Drought
A DROUGHT is a period of below-average precipitation in a given region, resulting in prolonged shortages in the water supply, whether atmospheric, surface water or ground water . A drought can last for months or years, or may be declared after as few as 15 days. It can have a substantial impact on the ecosystem and agriculture of the affected region and harm to the local economy . Annual dry seasons in the tropics significantly increase the chances of a drought developing and subsequent bush fires. Periods of heat can significantly worsen drought conditions by hastening evaporation of water vapour . Many plant species, such as those in the family Cactaceae (or cacti ), have drought tolerance adaptations like reduced leaf area and waxy cuticles to enhance their ability to tolerate drought. Some others survive dry periods as buried seeds. Semi-permanent drought produces arid biomes such as deserts and grasslands
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Great Depression
The GREAT DEPRESSION was a severe worldwide economic depression that took place mostly during the 1930s, originating in the United States . The timing of the Great Depression
Great Depression
varied across nations; in most countries it started in 1929 and lasted until 1941. It was the longest, deepest, and most widespread depression of the 20th century. In the 21st century, the Great Depression
Great Depression
is commonly used as an example of how far the world's economy can decline. The depression started in the United States after a major fall in stock prices that began around September 4, 1929, and became worldwide news with the stock market crash of October 29, 1929 (known as Black Tuesday ). Between 1929 and 1932, worldwide gross domestic product (GDP) fell by an estimated 15%. By comparison, worldwide GDP fell by less than 1% from 2008 to 2009 during the Great Recession
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Pan American Airways
PAN AMERICAN WORLD AIRWAYS, known from its founding until 1950 as PAN AMERICAN AIRWAYS and commonly known as PAN AM, was the principal and largest international air carrier in the United States from 1927 until its collapse on December 4, 1991. Founded in 1927 as a scheduled air mail and passenger service operating between Key West, Florida , and Havana , Cuba , the airline became a major company credited with many innovations that shaped the international airline industry, including the widespread use of jet aircraft , jumbo jets , and computerized reservation systems . It was also a founding member of the International Air Transport Association (IATA), the global airline industry association. Identified by its blue globe logo ("The Blue Meatball"), the use of the word "Clipper " in aircraft names and call signs , and the white pilot uniform caps, the airline was a cultural icon of the 20th century
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Santa Fe, New Mexico
SANTA FE (/ˌsæntəˈfeɪ/ ; Tewa : Ogha Po'oge, Navajo : Yootó) is the capital of the state of New Mexico
New Mexico
. It is the fourth-largest city in the state and the seat of Santa Fe County . This area was occupied for at least several thousand years by indigenous peoples who built villages several hundred years ago on the current site of the city. It was known by the Tewa inhabitants as OGHA PO\'OGE ("White Shell Water Place"). The city of Santa Fe, founded by Spanish colonists in 1610, is the oldest state capital city in the United States
United States
and the oldest city in New Mexico. Santa Fe (meaning "holy faith" in Spanish ) had a population of 69,204 in 2012
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Oklahoma City, Oklahoma
OKLAHOMA CITY is the capital and largest city of the U.S. state
U.S. state
of Oklahoma
Oklahoma
. The county seat of Oklahoma
Oklahoma
County , the city ranks 27th among United States
United States
cities in population. The population grew following the 2010 Census, with the population estimated to have increased to 631,346 as of July 2015. As of 2015, the Oklahoma
Oklahoma
City metropolitan area had a population of 1,358,452, and the Oklahoma City-Shawnee Combined Statistical Area
Combined Statistical Area
had a population of 1,459,758 (Chamber of Commerce) residents, making it Oklahoma's largest metropolitan area
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Precipitation
In meteorology , PRECIPITATION is any product of the condensation of atmospheric water vapor that falls under gravity . The main forms of precipitation include drizzle , rain , sleet , snow , graupel and hail . Precipitation
Precipitation
occurs when a portion of the atmosphere becomes saturated with water vapor, so that the water condenses and "precipitates". Thus, fog and mist are not precipitation but suspensions, because the water vapor does not condense sufficiently to precipitate. Two processes, possibly acting together, can lead to air becoming saturated: cooling the air or adding water vapor to the air. Precipitation
Precipitation
forms as smaller droplets coalesce via collision with other rain drops or ice crystals within a cloud
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1910 United States Census
The THIRTEENTH UNITED STATES CENSUS , conducted by the Census Bureau on April 15, 1910, determined the resident population of the United States to be 92,228,496, an increase of 21.0 percent over the 76,212,168 persons enumerated during the 1900 Census . The 1910 Census switched from a portrait page orientation to a landscape orientation
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1920 United States Census
The FOURTEENTH UNITED STATES CENSUS , conducted by the Census Bureau one month from January 5, 1920, determined the resident population of the United States to be 106,021,537, an increase of 15.0 percent over the 92,228,496 persons enumerated during the 1910 Census . Despite the constitutional requirement that House seats be reapportioned to the states respective of their population every ten years according to the census, members of Congress failed to agree on a reapportionment plan following this census, and the distribution of seats from the 1910 census remained in effect until 1933. In 1929, Congress passed the Reapportionment Act of 1929 which provided for a permanent method of reapportionment and fixed the number of Representatives at 435
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