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Daimler-motoren-gesellschaft
DAIMLER-MOTOREN-GESELLSCHAFT (DMG) (Daimler Motors Corporation) was a German engine and later automobile manufacturer , in operation from 1890 until 1926. Founded by Gottlieb Daimler and Wilhelm Maybach
Wilhelm Maybach
, it was based first in Cannstatt (today Bad Cannstatt, a city district of Stuttgart
Stuttgart
). Daimler died in 1900, and their business moved in 1903 to Stuttgart- Untertürkheim after the original factory was destroyed by fire, and again to Berlin in 1922. Other factories were located in Marienfelde (near Berlin) and Sindelfingen (next to Stuttgart
Stuttgart
). The enterprise was begun to produce petrol engines but after the success of a small number of race cars built on contract by Wilhelm Maybach for Emil Jellinek , it began to produce the Mercedes model of 1902
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Foundry
A FOUNDRY is a factory that produces metal castings . Metals are cast into shapes by melting them into a liquid, pouring the metal in a mold, and removing the mold material or casting after the metal has solidified as it cools. The most common metals processed are aluminium and cast iron . However, other metals, such as bronze , brass , steel , magnesium , and zinc , are also used to produce castings in foundries. In this process, parts of desired shapes and sizes can be formed. CONTENTS* 1 Process * 1.1 Melting * 1.1.1 Furnace
Furnace
* 1.2 Degassing * 1.3 Mold making * 1.4 Pouring * 1.5 Shakeout * 1.6 Degating * 1.7 Heat treating * 1.8 Surface cleaning * 1.9 Finishing * 2 See also * 3 References * 4 External links PROCESS A Foundryman, pictured by Daniel A. Wehrschmidt
Daniel A. Wehrschmidt
in 1899
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Art-Nouveau
ART NOUVEAU (French pronunciation: ​ , Anglicised to /ˈɑːrt nuːˈvoʊ/ ) is an international style of art, architecture and applied art , especially the decorative arts , that was most popular between 1890 and 1910. A reaction to the academic art of the 19th century, it was inspired by natural forms and structures, particularly the curved lines of plants and flowers. English uses the French name Art Nouveau
Art Nouveau
(new art)
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Daimler Reitwagen
The DAIMLER PETROLEUM REITWAGEN ("riding car") or EINSPUR ("single track") was a motor vehicle made by Gottlieb Daimler and Wilhelm Maybach in 1885. It is widely recognized as the first motorcycle . Daimler is often called "the father of the motorcycle" for this invention. Even when the three steam powered two wheelers that preceded the Reitwagen, the Michaux-Perreaux and Roper of 1867–1869, and the 1884 Copeland , are considered motorcycles, it remains nonetheless the first gasoline internal combustion motorcycle, and the forerunner of all vehicles, land, sea and air, that use its overwhelmingly popular engine type. CONTENTS * 1 First motorcycle? * 2 Development * 3 Replicas * 4 References * 5 External links FIRST MOTORCYCLE?The Reitwagen's status as the first motorcycle rests on whether the definition of motorcycle includes having an internal combustion engine. The Oxford English Dictionary uses this criterion
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Fixed-wing Aircraft
A FIXED-WING AIRCRAFT is an aircraft , such as an aeroplane , which is capable of flight using wings that generate lift caused by the vehicle's forward airspeed and the shape of the wings . Fixed-wing aircraft are distinct from rotary-wing aircraft , in which the wings form a rotor mounted on a spinning shaft, and ornithopters , in which the wings flap in similar manner to a bird . Glider fixed-wing aircraft, including free-flying gliders of various kinds and tethered kites , can use moving air to gain height. Powered fixed-wing aircraft that gain forward thrust from an engine (aeroplanes) include powered paragliders , powered hang gliders and some ground effect vehicles . The wings of a fixed-wing aircraft are not necessarily rigid; kites , hang-gliders , variable-sweep wing aircraft and aeroplanes using wing-warping are all fixed-wing aircraft. Most fixed-wing aircraft are flown by a pilot on board the aircraft, but some are designed to be remotely or computer-controlled
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Versailles Treaty
The TREATY OF VERSAILLES (French : Traité de Versailles) was the most important of the peace treaties that brought World War I
World War I
to an end. The Treaty ended the state of war between Germany and the Allied Powers . It was signed on 28 June 1919 in Versailles
Versailles
, exactly five years after the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand . The other Central Powers
Central Powers
on the German side of World War I
World War I
signed separate treaties. Although the armistice , signed on 11 November 1918, ended the actual fighting, it took six months of Allied negotiations at the Paris Peace Conference to conclude the peace treaty. The treaty was registered by the Secretariat of the League of Nations
League of Nations
on 21 October 1919
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Fils Valley Railway
The FILS VALLEY RAILWAY (German : Filstalbahn, historically Filsbahn or Württembergische Ostbahn—WüRTTEMBERG EASTERN RAILWAY) designates the Württemberg line from Stuttgart
Stuttgart
via Göppingen
Göppingen
to Ulm . It runs from Plochingen to Geislingen an der Steige through the Fils Valley
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Steinway & Sons
STEINWAY the first in 1857. The company's share of the high-end grand piano market consistently exceeds 80 percent. The company's dominant position in the high-end piano market has been criticized, with some musicians and writers arguing that it has blocked innovation and led to a homogenization of the sound favored by pianists. Steinway pianos have received numerous awards. One of the first is a gold medal in 1855 at the American Institute Fair at the New York Crystal Palace . From 1855 to 1862, Steinway pianos received 35 gold medals. More awards and recognitions followed, including 3 medals at the International Exposition of 1867 in Paris. The European part of the company holds a royal warrant of appointment to Queen Elizabeth II . Steinway pianos are made at the factories in Hamburg
Hamburg
and Queens
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Star Motor Company
The STAR MOTOR COMPANY was a British car and commercial vehicle maker based in Wolverhampton
Wolverhampton
and active from 1898 to 1932. At its peak Star was the UK's sixth largest car manufacturer and produced around 1000 cars a year. Star was founded by the Lisle family who like many other vehicle makers started by making bicycles , in their case in 1893 as Sharratt and Lisle. In 1896 this was changed to the Star Cycle Company
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Fiat
FIAT AUTOMOBILES S.P.A. (FIAT, Italian : Fabbrica Italiana Automobili Torino, lit. 'Italian Automobiles Factory, Turin') is the largest automobile manufacturer in Italy
Italy
, a subsidiary of FCA Italy S.p.A. , which is part of Fiat Chrysler Automobiles . Fiat
Fiat
Automobiles S.p.A. was formed in January 2007 when Fiat
Fiat
reorganized its automobile business, and traces its history back to 1899 when the first Fiat automobile was produced
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Daimler Manufacturing Company
The DAIMLER MANUFACTURING COMPANY (DMFG), was a boutique American automaker company from 1898 to 1907. From 1888 to 1898, the company was known as the DAIMLER MOTOR COMPANY (DMC), formed under a partnership between Gottlieb Daimler of Daimler-Motoren-Gesellschaft (DMG; predecessor to Mercedes-Benz
Mercedes-Benz
) and William Steinway
William Steinway
of piano manufacturer Steinway & Sons
Steinway & Sons
. Headquartered in Long Island City
Long Island City
, Queens
Queens
, New York City
New York City
near Steinway's Astoria headquarters, the company sold Daimler motors for yachts and launches, and goods vehicles including buses and trucks. It built and sold a single automobile model, the original American Mercedes
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Long Island
Coordinates : 40°48′N 73°18′W / 40.8°N 73.3°W / 40.8; -73.3 Long Island
Long Island
NATIVE NAME : PAUMANOK Location of Long Island
Long Island
in New York GEOGRAPHY LOCATION Atlantic Ocean
Atlantic Ocean
COORDINATES 40°48′N 73°18′W / 40.8°N 73.3°W / 40.8; -73.3 AREA 1,401 sq mi (3,630 km2) ADMINISTRATION UNITED STATES STATE New York DEMOGRAPHICS DEMONYM Long Islander POPULATION 7,838,722 (2015) POP
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Motorboat
A MOTORBOAT, SPEEDBOAT, or POWERBOAT is a boat which is powered by an engine . Some motorboats are fitted with inboard engines, others have an outboard motor installed on the rear, containing the internal combustion engine , the gearbox and the propeller in one portable unit. An inboard-outboard contains a hybrid of a powerplant and an outboard, where the internal combustion engine is installed inside the boat, and the gearbox and propeller are outside. There are two configurations of an inboard, V-drive and direct drive. A direct drive has the powerplant mounted near the middle of the boat with the propeller shaft straight out the back, where a V-drive has the powerplant mounted in the back of the boat facing backwards having the shaft go towards the front of the boat then making a V towards the rear. The V-drive has become increasingly popular due to wakeboarding and wakesurfing
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Mercedes Simplex
The MERCEDES SIMPLEX was an automobile produced from 1902 to 1909 by the Daimler Motoren Gesellschaft
Daimler Motoren Gesellschaft
(DMG, Daimler Motor Society, a predecessor of Daimler-Benz
Daimler-Benz
and Daimler-Chrysler ). It continued the use of the Mercedes name as the brand of DMG, rather than Daimler. The Mercedes Simplex
Mercedes Simplex
was designed by Wilhelm Maybach
Wilhelm Maybach
in Stuttgart
Stuttgart
, Germany
Germany
. It featured powerful engines whose power ranged from 40 to 60 hp . Its large and wide body had a low center of gravity. A highlight of the simplex family was the model 60 hp. With this car Mercedes laid the foundation of a new car segment, the super-luxury class with an imposing touring Saloon body, it was unlike anything else at the time and quickly established itself well with royalty and aristocrats
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Motorsport
MOTORSPORT or MOTORSPORTS is a global term used to encompass the group of competitive sporting events which primarily involve the use of motorised vehicles , whether for racing or non-racing competition. The terminology can also be used to describe forms of competition of two-wheeled motorised vehicles under the banner of motorcycle racing , and includes off-road racing such as motocross . Four- (or more) wheeled motorsport competition is globally governed by the Fédération Internationale de l\'Automobile (FIA); and the Fédération Internationale de Motocyclisme
Fédération Internationale de Motocyclisme
(FIM) governs two-wheeled competition
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Paul Daimler
PAUL DAIMLER (September 13, 1869 – December 15, 1945) was a German mechanical engineer who designed automobiles . He was the eldest child of Gottlieb Daimler who founded Daimler-Motoren-Gesellschaft
Daimler-Motoren-Gesellschaft
and (with Wilhelm Maybach
Wilhelm Maybach
) invented the petrol engine . After studying at the Technische Hochschule Stuttgart , he worked in his father's factory in Cannstatt
Cannstatt
. On November 10, 1885 he travelled with his father in the "riding car"—the world's first motorcycle—from Cannstatt
Cannstatt
to Untertürkheim . In 1902, Paul was sent to the general partners of Austro-Daimler
Austro-Daimler
, where he became the technical director. In 1903, he designed an armoured car
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