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DMOZ
name = DMOZ
DMOZ
screenshot = url =dmoz.org slogan = Open Directory Project commercial = No type = Web directory registration = Optional language = 90 languages, including English num_users = 90,000 content_license = Open Directory License , Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported owner = AOL
AOL
( Verizon Communications ) launch_date = June 5, 1998; 19 years ago (1998-06-05) alexa = 64,731 (July 2017 ) current_status = Closed content license = Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported, Open Directory License }} DMOZ
DMOZ
(from directory.mozilla.org, an earlier domain name ) was a multilingual open-content directory of World Wide Web
World Wide Web
links. The site and community who maintained it were also known as the OPEN DIRECTORY PROJECT (ODP)
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Age Appropriate
AGE APPROPRIATENESS is the progression of behavioral norms largely agreed upon within a society or among sociological and psychological authorities to be appropriate to a child's development of social skills. These behaviors are divided into a number of development stages based upon the child's age. Lack of exposure to age appropriate activities and experiences is commonly thought to prevent a child from gaining the skills necessary for their current and thus their next stage of development. For example, clapping games are seen as appropriate for children aged 2 years and above because of the required communication skills and motor coordination . Biting is seen as appropriate for children 2.5 years and below since they lack the skills and self-control to communicate otherwise. Content ratings often indicate at which age that content is considered by the rating body to be age-appropriate
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UTF-8
UTF-8
UTF-8
is a character encoding capable of encoding all possible Unicode
Unicode
code points . The encoding is defined by the Unicode
Unicode
standard, and was originally designed by Ken Thompson and Rob Pike . The encoding is variable-length and uses 8-bit code units. It was designed for backward compatibility with ASCII
ASCII
and to avoid the complications of endianness and byte order marks in the alternative UTF-16 and UTF-32 encodings. The name is derived from Unicode
Unicode
(or Universal Coded Character Set) Transformation Format – 8-bit
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ISO 8859-1
ISO/IEC 8859-1:1998, Information technology — 8-bit single-byte coded graphic character sets — Part 1: Latin
Latin
alphabet No. 1, is part of the ISO/IEC 8859 series of ASCII
ASCII
-based standard character encodings , first edition published in 1987. ISO 8859-1 encodes what it refers to as " Latin
Latin
alphabet no. 1," consisting of 191 characters from the Latin script
Latin script
. This character-encoding scheme is used throughout the Americas
Americas
, Western Europe
Western Europe
, Oceania
Oceania
, and much of Africa
Africa
. It is also commonly used in most standard romanizations of East-Asian languages
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Web Crawler
A WEB CRAWLER, sometimes called a SPIDER, is an Internet bot that systematically browses the World Wide Web
World Wide Web
, typically for the purpose of Web indexing (web spidering). Web search engines and some other sites use Web crawling
Web crawling
or spidering software to update their web content or indices of others sites' web content. Web crawlers can copy all the pages they visit for later processing by a search engine which indexes the downloaded pages so the users can search much more efficiently. Crawlers consume resources on the systems they visit and often visit sites without approval. Issues of schedule, load, and "politeness" come into play when large collections of pages are accessed. Mechanisms exist for public sites not wishing to be crawled to make this known to the crawling agent
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Multilingualism
MULTILINGUALISM is the use of more than one language , either by an individual speaker or by a community of speakers. It is believed that multilingual speakers outnumber monolingual speakers in the world's population. More than half of all Europeans
Europeans
claim to speak at least one language other than their mother tongue . Multilingualism
Multilingualism
is becoming a social phenomenon governed by the needs of globalization and cultural openness. Owing to the ease of access to information facilitated by the Internet, individuals' exposure to multiple languages is becoming increasingly frequent, thereby promoting a need to acquire additional languages. People who speak several languages are also called polyglots . Multilingual speakers have acquired and maintained at least one language during childhood, the so-called first language (L1)
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Nupedia
NUPEDIA was an English-language Web-based encyclopedia whose articles were written by volunteer contributors with appropriate subject matter expertise, reviewed by expert editors before publication and licensed as free content . It was founded by Jimmy Wales
Jimmy Wales
and underwritten by Bomis
Bomis
, with Larry Sanger
Larry Sanger
as editor-in-chief. Nupedia
Nupedia
lasted from October 1999 until September 2003. It is mostly known now as the predecessor of , but Nupedia
Nupedia
had a seven-step approval process to control content of articles before being posted, rather than live wiki -based updating. Nupedia
Nupedia
was designed by committee, with experts to predefine the rules, and it approved only 21 articles in its first year, compared to posting 200 articles in the first month, and 18,000 in the first year
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Uniform Resource Locator
A UNIFORM RESOURCE LOCATOR (URL), colloquially termed a WEB ADDRESS, is a reference to a web resource that specifies its location on a computer network and a mechanism for retrieving it. A URL is a specific type of Uniform Resource Identifier (URI), although many people use the two terms interchangeably. URLs occur most commonly to reference web pages (http ), but are also used for file transfer (ftp ), email (mailto ), database access (JDBC ), and many other applications. Most web browsers display the URL of a web page above the page in an address bar . A typical URL could have the form http://www.example.com/index.html, which indicates a protocol (http), a hostname (www.example.com), and a file name (index.html)
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Zeal (web)
ZEAL was a volunteer-built web directory , first appearing in 1999, and then acquired by LookSmart in October 2000 for $20 million. Zeal combined the work of Looksmart's paid editors with that of volunteers who profiled websites and placed them in a hierarchy of subcategories . The resulting categories and profiles were downloaded at intervals by LookSmart and its partners, other search companies such as MSN
MSN
, Lycos
Lycos
, and Altavista , for use in their own systems with or without modification. Paid editors attended to commercial sites and oversaw the voluntary work on non-commercial sites. Volunteers worked under a defined set of Guidelines and were required to pass an introductory level test on those Guidelines before submitting site profiles or edits
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Larry Sanger
LAWRENCE MARK SANGER /sæŋər/ (born July 16, 1968 ) is an American Internet
Internet
project developer, co-founder of , and the founder of Citizendium . He grew up in Anchorage, Alaska . From an early age he has been interested in philosophy. Sanger received a Bachelor of Arts in philosophy from Reed College
Reed College
in 1991 and a Doctor of Philosophy in philosophy from Ohio State University
Ohio State University
in 2000. Most of his philosophical work has focused on epistemology , the theory of knowledge. He has been involved with various online encyclopedia projects. He is the former editor-in-chief of Nupedia , chief organizer (2001–02) of its successor,, and founding editor-in-chief of Citizendium. From his position at Nupedia, he assembled the process for article development
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Link Rot
LINK ROT (or LINKROT) is the process by which hyperlinks on individual websites or the Internet
Internet
in general point to web pages , servers or other resources that have become permanently unavailable. The phrase also describes the effects of failing to update out-of-date web pages that clutter search engine results. CONTENTS * 1 Terminology * 2 Causes * 3 Prevalence * 4 Discovering * 5 Combating * 5.1 Authoring * 5.2 Server side * 5.3 User side * 5.4 Web archiving * 6 See also * 7 Further reading * 7.1 Link rot on the Web * 7.2 In academic literature * 7.3 In digital libraries * 8 References * 9 External links TERMINOLOGY Link rot is also called "link death", "link breaking" or "reference rot". A link that does not work any more is called a "broken link", "dead link", or "dangling link"
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Pagerank
PAGERANK (PR) is an algorithm used by Google Search to rank websites in their search engine results. PageRank
PageRank
was named after Larry Page
Larry Page
, one of the founders of Google. PageRank
PageRank
is a way of measuring the importance of website pages. According to Google: PageRank
PageRank
works by counting the number and quality of links to a page to determine a rough estimate of how important the website is. The underlying assumption is that more important websites are likely to receive more links from other websites. It is not the only algorithm used by Google
Google
to order search engine results, but it is the first algorithm that was used by the company, and it is the best-known
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Yahoo! Search Marketing
YAHOO SEARCH MARKETING is a keyword-based " Pay per click
Pay per click
" or "Sponsored search " Internet advertising service provided by Yahoo
Yahoo
. Yahoo
Yahoo
began offering this service after acquiring OVERTURE SERVICES, INC. (formerly GOTO.COM). GoTo.com was an Idealab
Idealab
spin off and was the first company to successfully provide a pay-for-placement search service following previous attempts that were not well received. CONTENTS * 1 Origins of GoTo.com * 2 Acquisition by Yahoo
Yahoo
* 3 Patent litigation * 4 Trademark Issues * 5 Adware partnership * 6 See also * 7 References * 8 External links ORIGINS OF GOTO.COMGoTo.com was an Idealab
Idealab
spin off and was the first company to successfully provide a pay-for-placement search service
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Conflict Of Interest
Part of a series on STATE MONOPOLY CAPITALISM TERMS Coercive monopoly Corporate personhood Corporate welfare Government-granted monopoly Intellectual property
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Hierarchal Structure
A HIERARCHY (from the Greek hierarchia, "rule of a high priest", from hierarkhes , "leader of sacred rites") is an arrangement of items (objects, names, values, categories, etc.) in which the items are represented as being "above", "below", or "at the same level as" one another. A hierarchy can link entities either directly or indirectly, and either vertically or diagonally. The only direct links in a hierarchy, insofar as they are hierarchical, are to one's immediate superior or to one of one's subordinates, although a system that is largely hierarchical can also incorporate alternative hierarchies. Indirect hierarchical links can extend "vertically" upwards or downwards via multiple links in the same direction, following a path . All parts of the hierarchy which are not linked vertically to one another nevertheless can be "horizontally" linked through a path by traveling up the hierarchy to find a common direct or indirect superior, and then down again
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Rolling Stone
51% - Wenner Media LLC; 49%- BandLab Technologies) COUNTRY United States BASED IN New York City LANGUAGE English WEBSITE rollingstone.com ISSN 0035-791XROLLING STONE is an American biweekly magazine that focuses on popular culture. It was founded in San Francisco in 1967 by Jann Wenner , who is still the magazine's publisher, and the music critic Ralph J. Gleason . It was first known for its musical coverage and for political reporting by Hunter S. Thompson . In the 1990s, the magazine shifted focus to a younger readership interested in youth-oriented television shows, film actors, and popular music. In recent years, it has resumed its traditional mix of content. Rolling Stone
Rolling Stone
Press is the magazine's associated book publishing imprint
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