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Czechoslovak Government-in-exile
The Czechoslovak government-in-exile, sometimes styled officially as the Provisional Government of Czechoslovakia
Czechoslovakia
(Czech: Prozatímní státní zřízení československé), was an informal title conferred upon the Czechoslovak National Liberation Committee, initially by British diplomatic recognition. The name came to be used by other World War II
World War II
Allies as they subsequently recognised it. The Committee was originally created by the former Czechoslovak President, Edvard Beneš in Paris, France, in October 1939.[1] Unsuccessful negotiations with France for diplomatic status, as well as the impending Nazi occupation of France, forced the Committee to withdraw to London
London
in 1940
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Government In Exile
A government in exile is a political group which claims to be a country or semi-sovereign state's legitimate government, but is unable to exercise legal power and instead resides in another state or foreign country.[1] Governments in exile usually plan to one day return to their native country and regain formal power. A government in exile differs from a rump state in the sense that a rump state controls at least part of its former territory.[2] For example, during World War
War
I, nearly all of Belgium
Belgium
was occupied by Germany, but Belgium
Belgium
and its allies held on to a small slice in the country's west. A government in exile, in contrast, has lost all its territory. Governments in exile frequently occur during wartime occupation, or in the aftermath of a civil war, revolution, or military coup
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Czechoslovak Army
Czechoslovak Army
Czechoslovak Army
(Czech and Slovak: Československá armáda) was the name of the armed forces of Czechoslovakia. It was established in 1918 following Czechoslovakia's independence from Austria-Hungary. Although modelled after Austro-Hungarian Army
Austro-Hungarian Army
patterns, the army of the newly established state also incorporated former members of the Czechoslovak Legion
Czechoslovak Legion
fighting alongside the Entente during World War I. Czechoslovak Army
Czechoslovak Army
took part in the brief Polish-Czechoslovak War
Polish-Czechoslovak War
in which Czechoslovakia
Czechoslovakia
annexed the Zaolzie
Zaolzie
region from Poland. In the interbellum the force was fairly modern by contemporary standards, with the core of the force formed by LT vz. 38
LT vz. 38
and LT vz
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Nazi Germany
Coordinates: 52°31′N 13°24′E / 52.517°N 13.400°E / 52.517; 13.400 "Drittes Reich" redirects here
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University Of Chicago
The University
University
of Chicago
Chicago
(UChi, U of C, Chicago, or UChicago) is a private research university in Chicago, Illinois. It holds top-ten positions in various national and international rankings.[9][10][11][12] The university is composed of the College, various graduate programs and interdisciplinary committees organized into five academic research divisions and seven professional schools. Beyond the arts and sciences, Chicago
Chicago
is also well known for its professional schools, which include the Pritzker School of Medicine, the Booth School of Business, the Law School, the School of Social Service Administration, the Harris School of Public Policy Studies, the Divinity School and the Graham School of Continuing Liberal and Professional Studies
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Tomáš Masaryk
Tomáš Garrigue Masaryk
Tomáš Garrigue Masaryk
(Czech: [ˈtomaːʃ ˈɡarɪk ˈmasarɪk]), sometimes anglicised Thomas Masaryk (7 March 1850 – 14 September 1937), was a Czechoslovak politician, statesman, sociologist and philosopher. Until 1914, he advocated reforming the Austro-Hungarian monarchy into a federal state
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Government-in-exile
A government in exile is a political group which claims to be a country or semi-sovereign state's legitimate government, but is unable to exercise legal power and instead resides in another state or foreign country.[1] Governments in exile usually plan to one day return to their native country and regain formal power. A government in exile differs from a rump state in the sense that a rump state controls at least part of its former territory.[2] For example, during World War
War
I, nearly all of Belgium
Belgium
was occupied by Germany, but Belgium
Belgium
and its allies held on to a small slice in the country's west. A government in exile, in contrast, has lost all its territory. Governments in exile frequently occur during wartime occupation, or in the aftermath of a civil war, revolution, or military coup
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Édouard Daladier
World War I World War II • Battle for Castle Itter Édouard Daladier
Édouard Daladier
(French: [edwaʁ daladje]; 18 June 1884 – 10 October 1970) was a French "radical" (i.e. centre-left) politician and the Prime Minister of France
Prime Minister of France
at the start of the Second World War.Contents1 Career1.1 Munich 1.2 Rearmament 1.3 World War II 1.4 Later life2 Daladier's first ministry, 31 January – 26 October 1933 3 Daladier's second ministry, 30 January – 9 February 1934 4 Daladier's third ministry, 10 April 1938 – 21 March 1940 5 See also 6 Endnotes 7 References 8 External linksCareer[edit] Daladier was born in Carpentras, Vaucluse. Later, he would become known to many as "the bull of Vaucluse" because of his thick neck and large shoulders and determined look, although cynics also quipped that his horns were like those of a snail
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Appeasement Of Hitler
Appeasement
Appeasement
in an international context is a diplomatic policy of making political or material concessions to an aggressive power in order to avoid conflict.[1] The term is most often applied to the foreign policy of the British Prime Ministers Ramsay MacDonald, Stanley Baldwin
Stanley Baldwin
and Neville Chamberlain
Neville Chamberlain
towards Nazi Germany
Nazi Germany
and Fascist Italy[2] between 1935 and 1939. At the beginning of the 1930s, such concessions were widely seen as positive due to the trauma of World War I, second thoughts about the treatment of Germany in the Treaty of Versailles, and a perception among the upper-classes that fascism was a healthy form of anti-communism
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Neville Chamberlain
Arthur Neville Chamberlain
Neville Chamberlain
FRS (/ˈtʃeɪmbərlɪn/; 18 March 1869 – 9 November 1940) was a British statesman of the Conservative Party who served as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom
Prime Minister of the United Kingdom
from May 1937 to May 1940. Chamberlain is best known for his foreign policy of appeasement, and in particular for his signing of the Munich Agreement
Munich Agreement
in 1938, conceding the German-speaking Sudetenland
Sudetenland
region of Czechoslovakia
Czechoslovakia
to Germany
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Nazi
National Socialism
Socialism
(German: Nationalsozialismus), more commonly known as Nazism
Nazism
(/ˈnɑːtsi.ɪzəm, ˈnæt-/),[1] is the ideology and practices associated with the 20th-century German Nazi Party
Nazi Party
in Nazi Germany and of other far-right groups with similar aims
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Slovak Republic (1939–1945)
The (First) Slovak Republic
Republic
(Slovak: [Prvá] Slovenská republika), otherwise known as the Slovak State
Slovak State
(Slovenský štát), was a client state of Nazi Germany
Nazi Germany
which existed between 14 March 1939 and 4 April 1945. It controlled the majority of the territory of present-day Slovakia
Slovakia
but without its current southern and eastern parts, which had been ceded to Hungary in 1938
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Battle Of France
Germany: 27,074 dead[e]111,034 wounded18,384 missing[4][5][6]1,129 aircrew killed[7](c
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First Republic Of Czechoslovakia
The first Czechoslovak Republic (Czech / Slovak: Československá republika) was the Czechoslovak state that existed from 1918 to 1938. The state was commonly called Czechoslovakia
Czechoslovakia
(Československo). It was composed of Bohemia, Moravia, Czech Silesia, Slovakia
Slovakia
and Subcarpathian Ruthenia. After 1933, Czechoslovakia
Czechoslovakia
remained the only functioning democracy in Central Europe. Under pressure from its Sudeten German
Sudeten German
minority, supported by neighbouring Nazi Germany, Czechoslovakia
Czechoslovakia
was forced to cede its Sudetenland
Sudetenland
region to Germany
Germany
on 1 October 1938 as part of the Munich Agreement
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Czechoslovak 11th Infantry Battalion
The Czechoslovak 11th Infantry
Infantry
Battalion
Battalion
– East (Czech: 11. československý pěší prapor — Východní) was a Czechoslovak infantry battalion in the Second World War. It served under the British Middle East Command
Middle East Command
in the Mediterranean and Middle East Theatre.Contents1 History 2 In popular culture 3 References 4 Sources 5 External linksHistory[edit]Sgt Emil Toman, a volunteer in the 11th Infantry
Infantry
BattalionSeveral thousand Czechoslovak soldiers served in the Battle of France. 206 Czechoslovak Army
Czechoslovak Army
volunteers were in Beirut, Lebanon, waiting to be posted to join the Czechoslovak 1st Infantry
Infantry
Division in France when France capitulated to Nazi Germany
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Siege Of Tobruk
Tobruk
Tobruk
or Tubruq (Ancient Greek: Αντίπυργος) (/təˈbrʊk, toʊ-/;[3] Arabic: طبرق‎ Ṭubruq; also transliterated as Tóbruch, Tobruch, Tobruck and Tubruk) is a port city on Libya's eastern Mediterranean coast, near the border of Egypt. It is the capital of the Butnan District
Butnan District
(formerly Tobruk
Tobruk
District) and has a population of 120,000 (2011 est.).[4] Tobruk
Tobruk
was the site of an ancient Greek colony and, later, of a Roman fortress guarding the frontier of Cyrenaica.[4] Over the centuries, Tobruk
Tobruk
also served as a waystation along the coastal caravan route.[4] By 1911, Tobruk
Tobruk
had become an Italian military post, but during World War II, Allied forces, mainly the Australian 6th Division, took Tobruk on 22 January 1941
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