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Cyrillic
The CYRILLIC SCRIPT /sᵻˈrɪlɪk/ is a writing system used for various alphabets across eastern Europe and north and central Asia. It is based on the Early Cyrillic alphabet developed during the 9th century AD at the Preslav Literary School in the First Bulgarian Empire . It is the basis of alphabets used in various languages, past and present, in parts of southeastern Europe and northern Eurasia , especially those of Slavic origin, and non-Slavic languages influenced by Russian. As of 2011 , around 252 million people in Eurasia
Eurasia
use it as the official alphabet for their national languages, with Russia
Russia
accounting for about half of them
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Eurasia
EURASIA /jʊˈreɪʒə/ is a combined continental landmass of Europe and Asia
Asia
. The term is a portmanteau of its constituent continents ( Europe
Europe
thus, in some parts of the world, Eurasia
Eurasia
is recognized as the largest of five or six continents. In geology, Eurasia
Eurasia
is often considered as a single rigid megablock. However, the rigidity of Eurasia
Eurasia
is debated based on the paleomagnet data. Eurasia
Eurasia
covers around 55,000,000 square kilometres (21,000,000 sq mi), or around 36.2% of the Earth
Earth
's total land area. The landmass contains around 5.0 billion people, equating to approximately 70% of the human population . Humans first settled in Eurasia
Eurasia
between 60,000 and 125,000 years ago
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Grand Embassy Of Peter The Great
THE GRAND EMBASSY (Russian : Великое посольство, translit. Velikoye posolstvo) was a Russian diplomatic mission to Western Europe in 1697–98 led by Peter the Great . The primary goal of the mission was to strengthen and broaden the Holy League , Russia's alliance with a number of European countries against the Ottoman Empire
Ottoman Empire
in its struggle for the northern coastline of the Black Sea . The tsar also sought to hire foreign specialists for Russian service and to order and acquire military supplies and weapons. Officially, the Grand Embassy was headed by the "grand ambassadors " Franz Lefort , Fedor Golovin and Prokopy Voznitsyn . In fact, it was led by Peter himself, who went along incognito under the name of Peter Mikhailov. At 6 feet 8 inches (2.03 m) Peter was one of the tallest men in Europe, a fact very hard to disguise
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Southeastern Europe
SOUTHEAST EUROPE or SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE is a geographical region of Europe
Europe
, consisting primarily of the coterminous Balkan peninsula
Balkan peninsula
. There are many overlapping and conflicting definitions as to where exactly Southeastern Europe
Southeastern Europe
begins or ends or how it relates to other regions of the continent
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Central Asia
CENTRAL ASIA stretches from the Caspian Sea
Caspian Sea
in the west to China
China
in the east and from Afghanistan
Afghanistan
in the south to Russia
Russia
in the north. It is also colloquially referred to as "the stans" as the countries generally considered to be within the region all have names ending with the Persian suffix " -stan ", meaning "land of". Central Asia
Asia
is sometimes referred to as Turkestan
Turkestan
. Central Asia
Asia
has a population of about 70 million, consisting of five republics: Kazakhstan
Kazakhstan
(pop
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Peter The Great
PETER THE GREAT (Russian : Пётр Вели́кий, tr. Pyotr Velikiy; IPA: ), PETER I (Russian : Пётр I, tr. Pyotr I; IPA: ) or PETER ALEXEYEVICH (Russian : Пётр Алексе́евич; IPA: ; 9 June 1672 – 8 February 1725) ruled the Tsardom of Russia
Tsardom of Russia
and later the Russian Empire
Russian Empire
from 7 May (O.S. 27 April) 1682 until his death, jointly ruling before 1696 with his elder half-brother, Ivan V . Through a number of successful wars he expanded the Tsardom into a much larger empire that became a major European power. He led a cultural revolution that replaced some of the traditionalist and medieval social and political systems with ones that were modern, scientific, westernized, and based on The Enlightenment . Peter's reforms made a lasting impact on Russia
Russia
and many institutions of Russian government trace their origins to his reign
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North Asia
LARGEST CITY * Novosibirsk
Novosibirsk
MAJOR CITIES * Barnaul
Barnaul
* Chelyabinsk
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Russia
Coordinates : 60°N 90°E / 60°N 90°E / 60; 90 Russian Federation Росси́йская Федера́ция (Russian ) Rossiyskaya Federatsiya Flag Coat of arms ANTHEM: "Gosudarstvenny gimn Rossiyskoy Federatsii " (transliteration ) "State Anthem of the Russian Federation" Location of Russia
Russia
(green) Russian-administered Crimea
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Tajikistan
Coordinates : 39°N 71°E / 39°N 71°E / 39; 71 Republic of Tajikistan* Ҷумҳурии Тоҷикистон (Tajik ) Çumhurii Toçikiston Республика Таджикистан (Russian ) Respublika Tadzhikistan Flag Emblem ANTHEM: Суруди Миллӣ Surudi Milli National Anthem Location of Tajikistan
Tajikistan
(green) Capital and largest city
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Bosnia And Herzegovina
BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA (/ˈbɒzniə ... ˌhɛərtsəɡoʊˈviːnə, -ˌhɜːrt-, -ɡə-/ ( listen ) or /ˌhɜːrtsəˈɡɒvɪnə/ ; abbreviated B Bosnian and Serbian : Bosna i Hercegovina (BIH) / Боснa и Херцеговина (БиХ), Croatian : Bosna i Hercegovina (BIH) pronounced ), sometimes called BOSNIA-HERZEGOVINA, and often known informally as BOSNIA, is a country in Southeastern Europe
Europe
located on the Balkan Peninsula . Sarajevo
Sarajevo
is the capital and largest city. Bordered by Croatia
Croatia
to the north and west; Serbia
Serbia
to the east; Montenegro
Montenegro
to the southeast; and the Adriatic Sea
Adriatic Sea
to the south, with a coastline about 20 kilometres (12 miles) long surrounding the town of Neum
Neum

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Republic Of Macedonia
MACEDONIA (/ˌmæsᵻˈdoʊniə/ ( listen ) mas-i-DOH-nee-ə ; Macedonian : Македонија, tr. Makedonija, IPA: ), officially the REPUBLIC OF MACEDONIA (Macedonian: Република Македонија (help ·info ), tr. Republika Makedonija), is a country in the Balkan peninsula in Southeast Europe
Europe
. It is one of the successor states of the former Yugoslavia
Yugoslavia
, from which it declared independence in 1991
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Western Europe
WESTERN EUROPE is the region comprising the western part of Europe
Europe
. Below, some different geographic, geopolitical and cultural definitions of the term are outlined
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Kazakhstan
KAZAKHSTAN (Kazakh : Қазақстан, translit. Qazaqstan, IPA: ( listen ); Russian : Казахстан, IPA: ), officially the REPUBLIC OF KAZAKHSTAN (Kazakh: Қазақстан Республикасы, translit. Qazaqstan Respy'bli'kasy; Russian: Республика Казахстан, tr. Respublika Kazakhstan), is the world's largest landlocked country , and the ninth largest in the world, with an area of 2,724,900 square kilometres (1,052,100 sq mi). Kazakhstan
Kazakhstan
is the dominant nation of Central Asia
Central Asia
economically, generating 60% of the region's GDP, primarily through its oil/gas industry. It also has vast mineral resources. Some argue that Kazakhstan
Kazakhstan
may be considered a European country because Kazakhstan's Western region is on the European continent and meets the Council of Europe
Europe
's criteria for European inclusion
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Eastern Europe
EASTERN EUROPE is the eastern part of the European continent . There is no consensus on the precise area it covers, partly because the term has a wide range of geopolitical , geographical, cultural, and socioeconomic connotations. There are "almost as many definitions of Eastern Europe
Europe
as there are scholars of the region". A related United Nations paper adds that "every assessment of spatial identities is essentially a social and cultural construct ". One definition describes Eastern Europe
Europe
as a cultural entity: the region lying in Europe
Europe
with the main characteristics consisting of Greek , Byzantine
Byzantine
, Eastern Orthodox
Eastern Orthodox
, Russian , and some Ottoman culture influences. Another definition was created during the Cold War and used more or less synonymously with the term Eastern Bloc
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Kyrgyzstan
Coordinates : 41°N 75°E / 41°N 75°E / 41; 75 Kyrgyz Republic* Кыргыз Республикасы (Kyrgyz ) Kırgız Respublikası * Кыргызская Республика (Russian ) Kyrgyzskaya Respublika Flag Emblem ANTHEM: Кыргыз Республикасынын Мамлекеттик Гимни Kırgız Respublikasının Mamlekettik Gimni National Anthem of the Kyrgyz Republic Location of Kyrgyzstan
Kyrgyzstan
(green) Capital and largest city
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European Union
The EUROPEAN UNION (EU) is a political and economic union of 28 member states that are located primarily in Europe. It has an area of 4,475,757 km2 (1,728,099 sq mi), and an estimated population of over 510 million. The EU has developed an internal single market through a standardised system of laws that apply in all member states. EU policies aim to ensure the free movement of people, goods, services, and capital within the internal market, enact legislation in justice and home affairs, and maintain common policies on trade, agriculture , fisheries , and regional development . Within the Schengen Area , passport controls have been abolished. A monetary union was established in 1999 and came into full force in 2002, and is composed of 19 EU member states which use the euro currency
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