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Curzon Line
The history of the CURZON LINE, with minor variations, goes back to the period following World War I
World War I
. It was drawn for the first time by the Supreme War Council
Supreme War Council
as the demarcation line between the newly emerging states, the Second Polish Republic
Second Polish Republic
, and the Soviet Union
Soviet Union
. The proposal was put forward by British Foreign Secretary George Curzon
Curzon
, to serve as a diplomatic basis for the future border agreement, and in that form, it never materialized because the war went on. The line became a major geopolitical factor during World War II, when Joseph Stalin
Joseph Stalin
invaded eastern Poland
Poland
and split its territory along the Curzon
Curzon
Line with Adolf Hitler
Adolf Hitler

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Silesian Uprisings
The SILESIAN UPRISINGS (German: Aufstände in Oberschlesien; Polish: Powstania śląskie) were a series of three armed uprisings of the Poles
Poles
and Polish Silesians
Silesians
of Upper Silesia , from 1919 to 1921, against German rule; the resistance hoped to break away from Germany in order to join the Second Polish Republic
Second Polish Republic
, which had been established in the wake of World War I
World War I
. In the latter-day history of Poland
Poland
after World War II
World War II
, the insurrections were celebrated as centrepieces of national pride
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Polish Corridor
The POLISH CORRIDOR (German : Polnischer Korridor; Polish : Pomorze, Korytarz polski), also known as DANZIG CORRIDOR, CORRIDOR TO THE SEA or GDAńSK CORRIDOR, was a territory located in the region of Pomerelia
Pomerelia
( Pomeranian Voivodeship
Pomeranian Voivodeship
, eastern Pomerania
Pomerania
, formerly part of West Prussia
West Prussia
), which provided the Second Republic of Poland (1920–1939) with access to the Baltic Sea
Baltic Sea
, thus dividing the bulk of Germany
Germany
from the province of East Prussia
East Prussia
. The Free City of Danzig (now the Polish city of Gdańsk ) was separate from both Poland
Poland
and Germany
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Polish Areas Annexed By Nazi Germany
Following the Invasion of Poland at the beginning of World War II, nearly a quarter of the entire territory of the Second Polish Republic was ANNEXED BY NAZI GERMANY and placed directly under the German civil administration. The rest of Nazi occupied Poland
Poland
was renamed as the General Government district. The annexation was part of the "fourth" partition of Poland
Poland
by Nazi Germany
Nazi Germany
and the Soviet Union, outlined months before the invasion, in the Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact
Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact
. Some smaller territories were incorporated directly into the existing Gaue East Prussia
East Prussia
and Silesia , while the bulk of the land was used to create new Reichsgaue
Reichsgaue
Danzig-West Prussia and Wartheland
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Territories Of Poland Annexed By The Soviet Union
Immediately after the German invasion of Poland in 1939, which marked the beginning of World War II
World War II
, the Soviet Union
Soviet Union
invaded the eastern regions of the Second Polish Republic
Second Polish Republic
, which Poles
Poles
referred to as the " Kresy
Kresy
", and annexed territories totaling 201,015 square kilometres (77,612 sq mi) with a population of 13,299,000 inhabitants including Belarusians, Ukrainians, Poles, Jews, Czechs and others. Most of these territories remained within the Soviet Union
Soviet Union
in 1945 as a consequence of European-wide territorial rearrangements configured during the Tehran Conference
Tehran Conference
of 1943
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Peace Of Riga
The PEACE OF RIGA, also known as the TREATY OF RIGA; Polish : Traktat Ryski was signed in Riga
Riga
on 18 March 1921, between Poland
Poland
, Soviet Russia (acting also on behalf of Soviet Belarus
Belarus
) and Soviet Ukraine
Ukraine
. The treaty ended the Polish–Soviet War
Polish–Soviet War
. The Soviet-Polish borders established by the treaty remained in force until the Second World War
Second World War
. They were later redrawn during the Yalta Conference and Potsdam Conference
Potsdam Conference
. CONTENTS * 1 Background * 2 Negotiations * 3 Terms * 4 Treaty aftermath * 5 Further consequences * 6 See also * 7 Notes * 8 References BACKGROUND For more details on this topic, see Polish-Soviet War
Polish-Soviet War

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Suwałki Agreement
The SUWAłKI AGREEMENT, TREATY OF SUVALKAI, or SUWALKI TREATY (Polish : Umowa suwalska, Lithuanian : Suvalkų sutartis) was an agreement signed in the town of Suwałki between Poland and Lithuania on October 7, 1920. It was registered in the League of Nations Treaty Series on January 19, 1922. Both countries had re-established their independence in the aftermath of World War I and did not have well-defined borders. They waged the Polish–Lithuanian War over territorial disputes in the Suwałki and Vilnius Regions . At the end of September 1920, Polish forces defeated the Soviets at the Battle of the Niemen River , thus militarily securing the Suwałki Region and opening the possibility of an assault on the city of Vilnius (Wilno). Polish Chief of State, Józef Piłsudski , had planned to take over the city since mid-September in a false flag operation known as Żeligowski\'s Mutiny
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Curzon
CURZON may refer to: CONTENTS * 1 People * 2 Places * 3 Ships * 4 Other PEOPLEAs a British family name, it particularly refers to the Curzon family, and is an Anglo-Norman
Anglo-Norman
territorial name. The Curzon
Curzon
family was involved in the Norman Conquest
Norman Conquest
, and is named after the French town of Notre-Dame-de-Courson
Notre-Dame-de-Courson
in Normandy
Normandy
from which they hail; their seat is at Kedleston Hall
Kedleston Hall
. The people listed below do not necessarily belong to this family
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Greater Poland Uprising (1918–19)
The GREATER POLAND UPRISING OF 1918–1919, or WIELKOPOLSKA UPRISING OF 1918–1919 (Polish : powstanie wielkopolskie 1918–19 roku; German : Großpolnischer Aufstand) or POSNANIAN WAR was a military insurrection of Poles
Poles
in the Greater Poland
Greater Poland
region (German: Grand Duchy of Poznań
Poznań
or Provinz Posen ) against German rule. The uprising had a significant effect on the Treaty of Versailles
Treaty of Versailles
, which granted a reconstituted Second Polish Republic
Second Polish Republic
the area won by the Polish insurrectionists. The region was part of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth before the Second Partition of Poland
Second Partition of Poland
in 1793 when it was taken over by the German Kingdom of Prussia
Kingdom of Prussia

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Treaty Of Versailles
The TREATY OF VERSAILLES (French : Traité de Versailles) was the most important of the peace treaties that brought World War I
World War I
to an end. The Treaty ended the state of war between Germany and the Allied Powers . It was signed on 28 June 1919 in Versailles
Versailles
, exactly five years after the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand . The other Central Powers on the German side of World War I
World War I
signed separate treaties. Although the armistice , signed on 11 November 1918, ended the actual fighting, it took six months of Allied negotiations at the Paris Peace Conference to conclude the peace treaty. The treaty was registered by the Secretariat of the League of Nations on 21 October 1919
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Treaty Of Saint-Germain-en-Laye (1919)
The TREATY OF SAINT-GERMAIN-EN-LAYE was signed on 10 September 1919 by the victorious Allies of World War I
Allies of World War I
on the one hand and by the Republic of German- Austria
Austria
on the other. Like the Treaty of Trianon with Hungary and the Treaty of Versailles
Treaty of Versailles
with Germany , it contained the Covenant of the League of Nations
League of Nations
and as a result was not ratified by the United States
United States
but was followed by the US–Austrian Peace Treaty of 1921. The treaty signing ceremony took place at the Château de Saint-Germain-en-Laye
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Potsdam Conference
The POTSDAM CONFERENCE (German : Potsdamer Konferenz) was held at Cecilienhof
Cecilienhof
, the home of Crown Prince Wilhelm , in Potsdam
Potsdam
, occupied Germany , from 17 July to 2 August 1945. (In some older documents it is also referred to as the BERLIN CONFERENCE OF THE THREE HEADS OF GOVERNMENT OF THE USSR, USA AND UK. ) Participants were the Soviet Union , the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
, and the United States
United States
. The three powers were represented by Communist Party General Secretary Joseph Stalin
Joseph Stalin
, Prime Ministers Winston Churchill
Winston Churchill
and, later, Clement Attlee
Clement Attlee
, and President Harry S. Truman
Harry S. Truman

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Treaty Of Zgorzelec
The TREATY OF ZGORZELEC (Full title The Agreement Concerning the Demarcation of the Established and the Existing Polish-German State Frontier, also known as the Treaty of Görlitz
Görlitz
and Treaty of Zgorzelic) between the Republic of Poland and East Germany
East Germany
(GDR) was signed on 6 July 1950 in Polish Zgorzelec
Zgorzelec
, since 1945 the eastern part of the divided city of Görlitz
Görlitz
. Grotewohl (l.) and Cyrankiewicz walking to the Zgorzelec
Zgorzelec
community centre to sign the treaty The agreement was signed under Soviet pressure by Otto Grotewohl , prime minister of the provisional government of the GDR (East Germany) and Polish premier Józef Cyrankiewicz . It recognized the Oder-Neisse line implemented by the 1945 Potsdam Agreement
Potsdam Agreement
as the border between the two states
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Zaolzie
ZAOLZIE ( listen ) is the Polish name for an area now in the Czech Republic which was disputed between interwar Poland
Poland
and Czechoslovakia . The name means "lands beyond the Olza River "; it is also called Śląsk zaolziański, meaning "trans-Olza Silesia
Silesia
". Equivalent terms in other languages include Zaolší (Zaolží) in Czech and Olsa-Gebiet in German. The Zaolzie
Zaolzie
region was created in 1920, when Cieszyn Silesia
Silesia
was divided between Czechoslovakia
Czechoslovakia
and Poland. Zaolzie forms the eastern part of the Czech portion of Cieszyn Silesia. The division did not satisfy any side, and persisting conflict over the region led to its annexation by Poland
Poland
in October 1938, following the Munich Agreement
Munich Agreement

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Territorial Evolution Of Germany
The TERRITORIAL CHANGES OF GERMANY include all changes in the borders and territory of Germany
Germany
from its formation in 1871 to the present. Modern Germany
Germany
was formed in 1871 when Otto von Bismarck
Otto von Bismarck
unified most of the German states , with the notable exception of Austria , into the German Empire
German Empire
. After the First World War
First World War
Germany
Germany
lost about 10% of its territory to its neighbours and the Weimar Republic
Weimar Republic
was formed. This republic included territories to the east of today\'s German borders . The period of Nazi rule from the 1930s through the end of the Second World War brought significant territorial losses for the country
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Territorial Changes Of The Baltic States
TERRITORIAL CHANGES OF THE BALTIC STATES refers to the redrawing of borders of Lithuania
Lithuania
, Latvia
Latvia
and Estonia
Estonia
after 1940. The three republics, formerly autonomous regions within the former Russian Empire and before that of former Polish - Lithuanian Commonwealth, gained independence in the aftermath of World War I
World War I
and the Russian Revolution of 1917 . After a two-front independence war fought against both Bolshevist Russian and Baltic German nationalist forces, the countries concluded peace and border treaties with Soviet Russia
Russia
in 1920
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