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Crested Lark
See textApproximate range in greenSynonyms Alauda
Alauda
cristataThe crested lark ( Galerida
Galerida
cristata) is a species of lark distinguished from the other 81 species of lark by the crest of feathers that rise up in territorial or courtship displays and when singing. Common to mainland Europe, the birds can also be found in northern Africa and in parts of western Asia and China. It is a non-migratory bird, but can occasionally be found as a vagrant in Great Britain.Contents1 Taxonomy and systematics1.1 Subspecies2 Description 3 Distribution and habitat 4 Behaviour4.1 Breeding 4.2 Food and feeding5 Relationship to humans 6 Status 7 ReferencesTaxonomy and systematics[edit] The crested lark was one of the many species originally described by Linnaeus
Linnaeus
in his 18th-century work, Systema Naturae
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Charles Swinhoe
Colonel
Colonel
Charles Swinhoe (27 August 1838, Calcutta[1] – 2 December 1923[2]) was an English naturalist and lepidopterist, who served in the British Army
British Army
in India. He was one of the eight founders of the Bombay Natural History Society
Bombay Natural History Society
and a brother of the famous naturalist Robert Swinhoe. Swinhoe was commissioned ensign in the 56th Regiment of Foot
56th Regiment of Foot
without purchase in 1855, serving in the Crimea and reaching India
India
after the 1857 Mutiny. He exchanged into a lieutenantcy in the 15th Foot
15th Foot
without purchase in 1858 and returned to the 56th Foot in 1859, transferring to the Bombay Staff Corps later the same year
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Louis Lavauden
Louis Lavauden (19 June 1881, in Grenoble – 1 September 1935, in Anjou, Isère) was a French zoologist and forester. He was a student at the Institut agronomique et de l'Ecole forestière in Nancy, afterwards conducting zoological studies of the province Dauphiné. In 1912–13 he performed research of the fauna in Algeria and Tunisia, and following World War I, returned to Tunisia as a forester. In 1925 he took part in one of the first motorized crossings of the Sahara (from Tunis to Cotonou via Lake Chad). From 1928 he was stationed in Madagascar, where he collected zoological specimens that included a number of lemur species. Lavauden is credited with providing descriptions for several new mammal and avian species/subspecies
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Valentin Bianchi
Valentin Lvovich Bianchi (18 February 1857 – 10 January 1920) (Russian: Валентин Львович Бианки) was a Russian ornithologist. Bianchi was the Head of the Department of Ornithology
Ornithology
at the Imperial Academy of Sciences of Petrograd from 1896 to 1920. He worked mainly on birds from Middle and Central Asia. He is honoured in the common and scientific names of Bianchi's warbler
Bianchi's warbler
(Seicercus valentini), described by Ernst Hartert. Father of russian naturalist Vitaly Bianki. Works[edit]1891 – The birds of Gansu
Gansu
expedition of G.N. Potanin 1884–1887 (with Mikhail Mikhailovich Berezovsky) 1905 – Scientific results of the N.M
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Rhodes
Rhodes
Rhodes
(Greek: Ρόδος, Ródos [ˈroðos]) is the largest of the Dodecanese
Dodecanese
islands of Greece
Greece
in terms of land area and also the island group's historical capital. Administratively the island forms a separate municipality within the Rhodes
Rhodes
regional unit, which is part of the South Aegean
South Aegean
administrative region. The principal town of the island and seat of the municipality is Rhodes.[1] The city of Rhodes had 50,636 inhabitants in 2011
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Karpathos
Karpathos
Karpathos
(Greek: Κάρπαθος, Greek pronunciation: [ˈkarpaθos]) is the second largest of the Greek Dodecanese
Dodecanese
islands, in the southeastern Aegean Sea. Together with the neighboring smaller Saria Island
Saria Island
it forms the municipality of Karpathos, which is part of the Karpathos
Karpathos
regional unit. Because of its remote location, Karpathos
Karpathos
has preserved many peculiarities of dress, customs and dialect, the last resembling those of Crete
Crete
and Cyprus
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Władysław Taczanowski
Władysław Taczanowski
Taczanowski
(1 March 1819, Jabłonna, Lublin Voivodeship – 17 January 1890, Warsaw) was a Polish zoologist.Contents1 Life 2 Other works 3 See also 4 References 5 External linksLife[edit] A member of an old noble (szlachta) magnate family from the Poznań region, Taczanowski
Taczanowski
is considered one of the most important European zoologists of the nineteenth century. Trained in Paris, he worked at museums in Vienna, Berlin, Paris
Paris
and London and was curator of the zoological department of the Warsaw
Warsaw
University Museum from 1862 (when he succeeded Feliks Paweł Jarocki) until his death. Taczanowski
Taczanowski
took part in an expedition to Algeria
Algeria
with Antoni S
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Aegean Islands
The Aegean Islands
Aegean Islands
(Greek: Νησιά Αιγαίου, transliterated: Nisiá Aigaíou; Turkish: Ege Adaları) are the group of islands in the Aegean Sea, with mainland Greece
Greece
to the west and north and Turkey to the east; the island of Crete
Crete
delimits the sea to the south, those of Rhodes, Karpathos
Karpathos
and Kasos
Kasos
to the southeast. The ancient Greek name of the Aegean Sea, Archipelago
Archipelago
(ἀρχιπέλαγος, archipelagos) was later applied to the islands it contains and is now used more generally, to refer to any island group. The vast majority of the Aegean Islands
Aegean Islands
belong to Greece, being split among nine administrative regions
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Caucasus
 Abkhazia Artsakh South OssetiaAutonomous republics and federal regions Russia Adygea  Chechnya  Dagestan  Ingushetia  Kabardino-Balkaria Karachay-Cherkessia  Krasnodar Krai North Ossetia-Alania  Stavropol Krai Georgia Adjara Abkhazia (since 2008, in exile) Azerbaijan NakhchivanDemonym CaucasianTime Zones UTC+02:00, UTC+03:00, UTC+03:30, UTC+4:00, UTC+04:30The Caucasus
Caucasus
/ˈkɔːkəsəs/ or Caucasia /kɔːˈkeɪʒə/ is a region located at the border of
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Carlo Von Erlanger
Carlo von Erlanger (5 September 1872 – 4 September 1904) was a German ornithologist and explorer born in Ingelheim am Rhein. He was a cousin to musicologist Rodolphe d'Erlanger (1872-1932). He studied ornithology at the University of Lausanne, and performed wildlife studies in the Tunisian desert from 1893 to 1897.[1] On his return to Europe he continued his studies at Cambridge and Berlin
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Ernst Hartert
Ernst Johann Otto Hartert (29 October 1859 – 11 November 1933) was a German ornithologist. Hartert was born in Hamburg. He was employed by Lionel Walter Rothschild
Lionel Walter Rothschild
as ornithological curator of his private museum at Tring
Tring
from 1892 to 1929. Hartert published the quarterly museum periodical Novitates Zoologicae (1894-1939) with Rothschild, and the Hand List of British Birds (1912) with Francis Charles Robert Jourdain, Claud Ticehurst and Harry Witherby
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Otto Kleinschmidt
Otto Kleinschmidt (13 December 1870 – 25 March 1954) was a German ornithologist, theologist and pastor. He introduced a typological species concept into German ornithology. His Formenkreis theory influenced the early ideas of Erwin Stresemann.[1][2] Others have considered him one of the first biogeographers. His position was that similar "forms" (species) found in geographically distant regions could be accounted for by "formation rings" – with a fixed set of characters. This allowed him to support creationism while explaining biogeographical similarities.[2][3] Otto Kleinschmidt was born as the son of the factory overseer Adolph Kleinschmidt and his wife Elise (maiden name Dreydorf) in Geinsheim (Kornsand) on the Rhine. The house of the family was located miles from anywhere in between unspoiled countryside. Otto Kleinschmidt was already as a young boy highly interested in nature and the world of the birds
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Henry Baker Tristram
Henry Baker Tristram
Henry Baker Tristram
FRS (11 May 1822 – 8 March 1906) was an English clergyman, Bible scholar, traveller and ornithologist. As a parson-naturalist he was an early supporter of Darwinism, attempting to reconcile evolution and creation.Contents1 Biography 2 Diplomatic, scientific and missionary work 3 Published works 4 Legacy 5 References 6 External linksBiography[edit] He was the son of the Rev. Henry Baker Tristram,[1] born at Eglingham vicarage, near Alnwick, Northumberland. He studied at Durham School and Lincoln College, Oxford
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Günther Niethammer
Günther Niethammer (28 September 1908 Waldheim - 14 January 1974, Kottenforst) was a German ornithologist who served during the Second World War with the Nazi Waffen-SS
Waffen-SS
at various places including the Auschwitz concentration camp
Auschwitz concentration camp
where he conducted studies on birds. Niethammer was the eighth son of Konrad Niethammer who was a paper manufacturer and politician. After studying zoology at Tübingen he moved to Leipzig in 1929 and then worked on the anatomy of the avian crop under J. Meisenheimer.[1] He was a curator at the Museum Koenig in Bonn from 1937 and he compiled a manual of German ornithology under directions from Erwin Stresemann. This landmark publication, the Handbuch der Deutschen Vogelkunde was published in three volumes from 1937 to 1942
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Christian Ludwig Brehm
Christian Ludwig Brehm
Christian Ludwig Brehm
(24 January 1787 – 23 June 1864) was a German pastor and ornithologist. He was the father of the zoologist Alfred Brehm. Brehm was born near Gotha, and studied at the University of Jena. In 1813 he became the minister at Renthendorf, a village sixty miles south of Leipzig, where he remained until his death. His extensive writings included Beiträge zur Vogelkunde (1820–22), which described 104 species of German birds in minute detail, and Handbuch der Naturgeschichte aller Vögel Deutschlands (1831). Brehm accumulated a collection of 15,000 bird skins. He offered these to the Berlin Zoological Museum, but the sale fell through. After his death they remained in the attic of his house, where Otto Kleinschmidt discovered them some years later
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Aïr Mountains
The Aïr Mountains
Aïr Mountains
or Aïr Massif[1] (Tamashek: Ayăr; Hausa: Eastern Azbin, Western Abzin) is a triangular massif, located in northern Niger, within the Sahara Desert
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.