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County Of Burgundy
The Free County
County
of Burgundy
Burgundy
(French: Franche Comté de Bourgogne; German: Freigrafschaft Burgund) was a medieval county (from 982 to 1678) of the Holy Roman Empire, within the modern region of Bourgogne-Franche-Comté, whose very name is still reminiscent of the title of its count: Freigraf ('free count', denoting imperial immediacy, or franc comte in French, hence the term franc(he) comté for his feudal principality). It should not be confused with the more westerly Duchy of Burgundy, a fiefdom of Francia since 843. History[edit] See also: Franche-Comté
Franche-Comté
and Burgundy The area once formed part of the Kingdom of the Burgundians, which had been annexed by the Franks
Franks
in 534 and incorporated into the Kingdom of the Franks
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French Language
French (le français [lə fʁɑ̃sɛ] ( listen) or la langue française [la lɑ̃ɡ fʁɑ̃sɛz]) is a Romance language
Romance language
of the Indo-European family. It descended from the Vulgar Latin
Vulgar Latin
of the Roman Empire, as did all Romance languages. French has evolved from Gallo-Romance, the spoken Latin
Latin
in Gaul, and more specifically in Northern Gaul. Its closest relatives are the other langues d'oïl—languages historically spoken in northern France
France
and in southern Belgium, which French (Francien) has largely supplanted. French was also influenced by native Celtic languages
Celtic languages
of Northern Roman Gaul
Gaul
like Gallia Belgica
Gallia Belgica
and by the (Germanic) Frankish language of the post-Roman Frankish invaders
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Lower Burgundy
Lower Burgundy
Lower Burgundy
was a historical kingdom in what is now southeastern France, so-called because it was lower down the Rhone Valley
Rhone Valley
than Upper Burgundy. Lower Burgundy
Lower Burgundy
is sometimes called the Kingdom of Arelat
Arelat
or the Kingdom of Cisjurane Burgundy. The borders of Lower Burgundy
Lower Burgundy
were the Mediterranean Sea
Mediterranean Sea
to the south, Septimania
Septimania
to the southwest, Aquitaine
Aquitaine
to the west, the Kingdom of Upper Burgundy
Upper Burgundy
to the north, and the Kingdom of Italy to the east. The West Frankish King Louis the Stammerer
Louis the Stammerer
died on 10 April 879 and was survived by two adult sons, Louis and Carloman
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Kingdom Of The Burgundians
The Kingdom of the Burgundians
Burgundians
or First Kingdom of Burgundy
Kingdom of Burgundy
was a kingdom established by the Germanic Burgundians
Burgundians
in the Rhineland
Rhineland
and then in Savoy
Savoy
in the 5th century.Contents1 History1.1 Background 1.2 Kingdom2 List of kings 3 References 4 SourcesHistory[edit] Background[edit] The Burgundians, an East Germanic tribe, may have migrated from the Scandinavian island of Bornholm
Bornholm
to the Vistula
Vistula
basin in the 3rd century AD
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Franks
The Franks
Franks
(Latin: Franci or Latin: gens Francorum) were a collection of Germanic peoples, whose name was first mentioned in 3rd century Roman sources, associated with tribes on the Lower and Middle Rhine
Middle Rhine
in the 3rd century AD, on the edge of the Roman Empire. Later the term is associated with Romanized Germanic dynasties within the collapsing Roman Empire, who eventually commanded the whole region between the rivers Loire
Loire
and Rhine, and imposed power over many other post-Roman kingdoms and Germanic peoples, later being recognized by the Catholic church as successors to the old rulers of the Western Roman Empire.[1][2][3][a] Although the Frankish name only appears in the 3rd century, at least some of the original Frankish tribes had long been known under their own names to the Romans, both as allies providing soldiers, and as enemies
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Kingdom Of The Franks
Francia, also called the Kingdom of the Franks
Franks
(Latin: Regnum Francorum), or Frankish Empire
Empire
was the largest post-Roman Barbarian kingdom in Western Europe. It was ruled by the Franks
Franks
during Late Antiquity and the Early Middle Ages. The core Frankish territories inside the Roman empire
Roman empire
were close to the Rhine
Rhine
and Maas rivers in the north. After a period where small kingdoms inter-acted with the remaining Gallo-Roman institutions to their south, a single kingdom uniting them was founded by Clovis I
Clovis I
who was crowned King of the Franks
Franks
in 496
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Treaty Of Verdun
The Treaty of Verdun, signed in August 843, was the first of the treaties that divided the Carolingian Empire
Carolingian Empire
into three kingdoms among the three surviving sons of Louis the Pious, who was the son of Charlemagne. The treaty, signed in Verdun-sur-Meuse, ended the three-year Carolingian Civil War.Contents1 Background 2 Provisions 3 Legacy 4 See also 5 Notes 6 External linksBackground[edit] Following Charlemagne's death, Louis was made ruler of the Carolingian empire. During his reign, he divided the empire so that each of his sons could rule over their own kingdom under the greater rule of their father. Lothair I
Lothair I
was given the title of emperor but because of several re-divisions by his father and the resulting revolts, he became much less powerful
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Saône
The Saône
Saône
(French: La Saône
Saône
French pronunciation: ​[son];[1] Arpitan
Arpitan
Sona, Latin: Arar) is a river of eastern France. It is a right tributary of the Rhône, rising at Vioménil
Vioménil
in the Vosges
Vosges
department and joining the Rhône
Rhône
in Lyon, just south of the Presqu'île. The name "Saône" derives from that of the Gallic river goddess Souconna, which has also been connected with a local Celtic tribe, the Sequanes. Monastic copyists progressively transformed "Souconna" to "Saoconna", which ultimately gave rise to "Saône"
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Middle Francia
Middle Francia
Francia
(Latin: Francia
Francia
media) was a short-lived Frankish kingdom which was created in 843 by the Treaty of Verdun
Treaty of Verdun
after an intermittent civil war between the grandsons of Charlemagne
Charlemagne
resulted in division of the united empire. Middle Francia
Francia
was allocated to emperor Lothair I, the eldest son and successor of emperor Louis the Pious
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Lothair I
Lothair I
Lothair I
or Lothar I (Dutch and Medieval Latin: Lotharius, German: Lothar, French: Lothaire, Italian: Lotario) (795 – 29 September 855) was the Holy Roman Emperor
Holy Roman Emperor
(817–855, co-ruling with his father until 840), and the governor of Bavaria (815–817), Italy
Italy
(818–855) and Middle Francia
Middle Francia
(840–855).Kingdom of BavariaLothair was the eldest son of the Carolingian emperor Louis the Pious and his wife Ermengarde of Hesbaye,[1] daughter of Ingerman the duke of Hesbaye. On several occasions, Lothair led his full-brothers Pippin I of Aquitaine and Louis the German
Louis the German
in revolt against their father to protest against attempts to make their half-brother Charles the Bald
Charles the Bald
a co-heir to the Frankish domains
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Rudolph I Of Burgundy
Rudolph I (859 – October 25, 912) was King of Upper Burgundy
Upper Burgundy
from his election in 888 until his death. Rudolph belonged to the elder Welf family and was the son of Conrad, Count of Auxerre and Waldrada of Worms.[1] From his father he inherited the lay abbacy of St Maurice en Valais,[2] making him the most powerful magnate in Upper Burgundy
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Imperial Immediacy
Imperial immediacy
Imperial immediacy
(German: Reichsfreiheit or Reichsunmittelbarkeit) was a privileged constitutional and political status rooted in German feudal law under which the Imperial estates of the Holy Roman Empire such as Imperial cities, prince-bishoprics and secular principalities, and individuals such as the Imperial knights, were declared free from the authority of any local lord and placed under the direct ("immediate", in the sense of "without an intermediary") authority of the Emperor, and later of the institutions of the Empire such as the Diet (Reichstag), the Imperial Chamber of Justice and the Aulic Council. The granting of immediacy began in the Early Middle Ages, and for the immediate bishops, abbots and cities, then the main beneficiaries of that status, immediacy could be exacting and often meant being subjected to the fiscal, military and hospitality demands of their overlord, the Emperor
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Rudolph II Of Burgundy
Rudolph II (c. 880 – 11 July 937), a member of the Elder House of Welf, was King of Burgundy
King of Burgundy
from 912 until his death. He initially succeeded in Upper Burgundy
Upper Burgundy
and also ruled as King of Italy
King of Italy
from 922 to 926. In 933 Rudolph acquired the Kingdom of Lower Burgundy (Provence) from King Hugh of Italy in exchange for the waiver of his claims to the Italian crown, thereby establishing the united Burgundian Kingdom of Arles. Life[edit]Upper and Lower Burgundy, about 900He was the son of the Upper Burgundian king Rudolph I, and it is presumed that his mother was his father's known wife Guilla, probably a daughter of King Boso of Provence. Following his ascent to the throne in 912, Rudolph II entered into a border conflict with the neighbouring Dukes of Swabia and campaigned the Thurgau
Thurgau
and Zurich estates
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Feudal
Feudalism
Feudalism
was a combination of legal and military customs in medieval Europe that flourished between the 9th and 15th centuries
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Salian Dynasty
The Salian dynasty
Salian dynasty
(German: Salier; also known as the Frankish dynasty after the family's origin and position as dukes of Franconia) was a dynasty in the High Middle Ages. The dynasty provided four German Kings (1024–1125), all of whom went on to be crowned Holy Roman Emperor (1027–1125); as such, the term Salic dynasty is also used to refer to the Holy Roman Empire
Holy Roman Empire
of the time as a separate term. After the death of the last Saxon of the Ottonian Dynasty
Dynasty
in 1024, the elective titles of King of the Germans
King of the Germans
and then three years later Holy Roman Emperor both passed to the first monarch of the Salian dynasty in the person of Conrad II, the only son of Count Henry of Speyer
Henry of Speyer
and Adelheid of Alsace (both territories in the Franconia of the day)
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Mâcon
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries. 2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once. Mâcon
Mâcon
(French pronunciation: ​[ma.kɔ̃]), historically anglicized as Mascon, is a small city in east-central France. It is the prefecture of the department of Saône-et-Loire
Saône-et-Loire
in Bourgogne-Franche-Comté
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