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Country Code Top-level Domain
A country code top-level domain (ccTLD) is an Internet
Internet
top-level domain generally used or reserved for a country, sovereign state, or dependent territory identified with a country code. All ASCII
ASCII
ccTLD identifiers are two letters long, and all two-letter top-level domains are ccTLDs. In 2018, the Internet
Internet
Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA) began implementing internationalized country code top-level domains, consisting of language-native characters when displayed in an end-user application
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JANET NRS
The JANET NRS (Name Registration Scheme) was a pseudo-hierarchical naming scheme used on British academic and research networks until the superficially similar system used by the Internet DNS was fully established. A principal difference was that the order of significance began with the most significant part (so called big-endian addresses). Also, NRS names were canonically written in upper case. For example, the University of Cambridge
University of Cambridge
had the NRS name UK.AC.CAM, whereas its DNS domain is cam.ac.uk. All NRS names had both a standard (long) and abbreviated (up to 18 characters) form. For example, UK.AC.CAMBRIDGE was the less widely used standard equivalent of the abbreviated name UK.AC.CAM. Another significant difference from the DNS was the concept of context to name lookups, e.g. 'mail' or 'file transfer'
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Internet
The Internet
Internet
(portmanteau of interconnected network) is the global system of interconnected computer networks that use the Internet protocol suite (TCP/IP) to link devices worldwide. It is a network of networks that consists of private, public, academic, business, and government networks of local to global scope, linked by a broad array of electronic, wireless, and optical networking technologies. The Internet
Internet
carries a vast range of information resources and services, such as the inter-linked hypertext documents and applications of the World Wide Web
World Wide Web
(WWW), electronic mail, telephony, and file sharing
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Subdomains
In the Domain Name System
Domain Name System
(DNS) hierarchy, a subdomain is a domain that is a part of a main domain.[1]Contents1 Overview 2 Uses2.1 Vanity domain 2.2 Server cluster2.2.1 Subdomains versus directories3 See also 4 ReferencesOverview[edit] The Domain Name System
Domain Name System
(DNS) has a tree structure or hierarchy, with each non-RR (resource record) node on the tree being a domain name. A subdomain is a domain that is part of a larger domain; the only domain that is not also a subdomain is the root domain.[1] For example, west.example.com and east.example.com are subdomains of the example.com domain, which in turn is a subdomain of the com top-level domain (TLD). A "subdomain" expresses relative dependence, not absolute dependence: for example,.org comprises a subdomain of the org domain, and en.wikipedia.org comprises a subdomain of the domain.org
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Country
A country is a region that is identified as a distinct national entity in political geography. A country may be an independent sovereign state or one that is occupied by another state, as a non-sovereign or formerly sovereign political division, or a geographic region associated with sets of previously independent or differently associated people with distinct political characteristics
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Dependent Territory
A dependent territory, dependent area or dependency is a territory that does not possess full political independence or sovereignty as a sovereign state yet remains politically outside the controlling state's integral area.[1] A dependency is commonly distinguished from subnational entities in that they are not considered to be part of the integral territory of the governing state. A subnational entity typically represents a division of the state proper, while a dependent territory often maintains a great degree of autonomy from the controlling state. Historically, most colonies were considered to be dependencies of their controlling state. The dependencies that remain generally maintain a very high degree of political autonomy. At the same time, not all autonomous entities are considered to be dependencies,[2] and not all dependencies are autonomous
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Country Code
Country
Country
codes are short alphabetic or numeric geographical codes (geocodes) developed to represent countries and dependent areas, for use in data processing and communications. Several different systems have been developed to do this
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ASCII
ASCII
ASCII
(/ˈæski/ ( listen) ASS-kee),[1]:6 abbreviated from American Standard Code for Information Interchange, is a character encoding standard for electronic communication
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Internet Assigned Numbers Authority
The Internet
Internet
Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA) is a department of ICANN, a nonprofit private American corporation that oversees global IP address
IP address
allocation, autonomous system number allocation, root zone mana
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Jon Postel
Jonathan Bruce Postel (/pəˈstɛl/; August 6, 1943 – October 16, 1998) was an American computer scientist who made many significant contributions to the development of the Internet, particularly with respect to standards. He is known principally for being the Editor of the Request for Comment (RFC) document series, for Simple Mail Transfer Protocol (SMTP), and for administering the Internet
Internet
Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA) until his death. In his lifetime he was known as the "god[2] of the Internet" for his comprehensive influence on the medium. The Internet
Internet
Society's Postel Award is named in his honor, as is the Postel Center at Information Sciences Institute, University of Southern California. His obituary was written by Vint Cerf
Vint Cerf
and published as RFC 2468 in remembrance of Postel and his work
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JANET
Janet is a high-speed network for the UK research and education community provided by Jisc, a not-for-profit company set up to provide computing support for education.[2] It serves 18 millions users and is the busiest National Research and Education Network
National Research and Education Network
in Europe by volume of data carried.[3] JANET was previously a private, UK government-funded organisation, which provided the Janet computer network and related collaborative services to UK research and education. All further- and higher-education organisations in the UK are connected to the Janet network, as are all the Research Councils; the majority of these sites are connected via 20 metropolitan area networks across the UK (though Janet refers to these as Regional Networks, emphasising that Janet connections are not just confined to a metropolitan area[4])
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Western Sahara
Western Sahara
Sahara
(/- səˈhɑːrə, -ˈhɛərə, -ˈhærə/ ( listen);[2] Arabic: الصحراء الغربية‎‎ aṣ-Ṣaḥrā’ al-Gharbīyah, Berber languages: Taneẓroft Tutrimt, Spanish and French: Sahara
Sahara
Occidental) is a disputed territory in the Maghreb
Maghreb
region of North Africa, partially controlled by the self-proclaimed Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic and partially Moroccan-occupied, bordered by Morocco
Morocco
proper to the north, Algeria
Algeria
to the northeast, Mauritania
Mauritania
to the east and south, and the Atlantic Ocean
Atlantic Ocean
to the west. Its surface area amounts to 266,000 square kilometres (103,000 sq mi). It is one of the most sparsely populated territories in the world, mainly consisting of desert flatlands
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Country Codes
Country
Country
codes are short alphabetic or numeric geographical codes (geocodes) developed to represent countries and dependent areas, for use in data processing and communications. Several different systems have been developed to do this
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France
France
France
(French: [fʁɑ̃s]), officially the French Republic (French: République française [ʁepyblik fʁɑ̃sɛz]), is a country whose territory consists of metropolitan France
France
in western Europe, as well as several overseas regions and territories.[XIII] The metropolitan area of France
France
extends from the Mediterranean Sea
Mediterranean Sea
to the English Channel
English Channel
and the North Sea, and from the Rhine
Rhine
to the Atlantic Ocean. The overseas territories include French Guiana
French Guiana
in South America and several islands in the Atlantic, Pacific and Indian oceans
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Saint Martin (France)
Saint Martin
Saint Martin
(French: Saint-Martin), officially the Collectivity of Saint Martin
Saint Martin
(Collectivité de Saint-Martin) is an overseas collectivity of France
France
in the Caribbean. With a population of 36,286 (as of January 2011)[2] on an area of 53.2 square kilometres (20.5 sq mi), it encompasses the northern 60% of the divided island of Saint Martin, and some neighbouring islets, the largest of which is Île Tintamarre. The southern 40% of the island of Saint Martin constitutes Sint Maarten, since 2010 a constituent country of the Kingdom of the Netherlands. Before 2007, the French part of Saint Martin
Saint Martin
formed a part of the French overseas région and département of Guadeloupe. Saint Martin is separated from the island of Anguilla
Anguilla
by the Anguilla
Anguilla
Channel
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Saint Martin
Saint Martin
(French: Saint-Martin), officially the Collectivity of Saint Martin
Saint Martin
(Collectivité de Saint-Martin) is an overseas collectivity of France
France
in the Caribbean. With a population of 36,286 (as of January 2011)[2] on an area of 53.2 square kilometres (20.5 sq mi), it encompasses the northern 60% of the divided island of Saint Martin, and some neighbouring islets, the largest of which is Île Tintamarre. The southern 40% of the island of Saint Martin constitutes Sint Maarten, since 2010 a constituent country of the Kingdom of the Netherlands. Before 2007, the French part of Saint Martin
Saint Martin
formed a part of the French overseas région and département of Guadeloupe. Saint Martin is separated from the island of Anguilla
Anguilla
by the Anguilla
Anguilla
Channel
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