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Corinium Museum
The CORINIUM MUSEUM in the Cotswold town of Cirencester
Cirencester
in England has a large collection of objects found in and around the locality. The bulk of the exhibits are from the Roman town of Corinium Dobunnorum , but the museum includes material from as early as the Neolithic
Neolithic
and all the way up to Victorian times . The museum has a collection of 2nd- and 4th-century Roman mosaic floors and carvings, as well other Roman objects, large and small
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Alauna Carvetiorum
ALAUNA was a castra or fort in the Roman province of Britannia . It occupied a coastal site near the town of Maryport in the English county of Cumbria (formerly part of Cumberland ). In 2015 "Maryport's Mystery Monuments" was Research Project of the Year in the British Archaeology Awards . CONTENTS * 1 Name * 2 Character * 3 Geophysical survey * 4 Museum and artefacts * 4.1 Altars * 5 See also * 6 Notes * 7 References * 8 Further reading NAMEIt has been established "beyond reasonable doubt" that the Roman name for Maryport was Alauna. Alauna is a river name and the Roman fort stands on a hill north of the River Ellen . The name Alauna appears securely just once—in the Ravenna Cosmography . The Antonine Itinerary mentions a fort called Alone on the road from Ravenglass to Whitchurch but this cannot be Maryport, but is either a fort at Watercrook (on the river Kent near Kendal) or one at Low Borrow Bridge (on the River Lune near Tebay )
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Colchester Castle
COLCHESTER CASTLE in Colchester
Colchester
, Essex
Essex
, England
England
, is an example of a largely complete Norman castle . It is a Grade I listed building . CONTENTS * 1 Construction * 2 Later history * 3 Ownership * 4 Notes * 5 References * 6 Further reading * 7 External links CONSTRUCTIONAt one and a half times the size of the Tower of London
Tower of London
's White Tower , Colchester's keep (152 by 112 feet (46 m × 34 m)) is the largest ever built in Britain and the largest surviving example in Europe. There has always been debate as to the original height of the castle. It has been suggested that the keep was at one time four storeys high, though for a number of reasons, including the peaceful region of the castle and the lack of local stone, it is now thought that it had only two or three
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Canterbury Roman Museum
The CANTERBURY ROMAN MUSEUM in Canterbury , Kent , houses a Roman pavement which is a scheduled monument , in the remains of a Roman courtyard house which itself is a grade I listed building . The pavement was discovered after World War II bombing, and has been open to the public since 1946. The museum was established in 1961, but it has been under threat of closure as of 2009. It houses many excavated artifacts from Roman Canterbury , including the important late Roman silver hoard known as the Canterbury Treasure , together with reconstructions of the Roman town
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Viroconium Cornoviorum
VIROCONIUM or URICONIUM, formally VIROCONIUM CORNOVIORUM, was a Roman town, one corner of which is now occupied by Wroxeter , a small village in Shropshire , England, about 5 miles (8.0 km) east-south-east of Shrewsbury . At its peak, Viroconium is estimated to have been the 4th-largest Roman settlement in Britain , a civitas with a population of more than 15 000. The settlement probably lasted until the end of the 7th century or the beginning of the 8th. Extensive remains can still be seen. CONTENTS * 1 Name * 2 History * 2.1 Roman * 2.2 Middle Ages * 2.3 Reuse of building stone * 3 Wroxeter Roman City * 4 Literature * 5 Notes * 6 References * 7 External links NAMEViroconium is a Latinised form of a toponym that was reconstructed as Common Brittonic *UIROCONION " of *Uirokū". *Uirokū (lit. "man-wolf") is believed to have been a masculine given name meaning "werewolf "
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Mosaic
A MOSAIC is a piece of art or image made from the assemblage of small pieces of colored glass , stone, or other materials. It is often used in decorative art or as interior decoration . Most mosaics are made of small, flat, roughly square , pieces of stone or glass of different colors, known as tesserae . Some, especially floor mosaics, are made of small rounded pieces of stone, and called "pebble mosaics". Others are made of other materials. Mosaics have a long history, starting in Mesopotamia in the 3rd millennium BC. Pebble mosaics were made in Tiryns
Tiryns
in Mycenean Greece; mosaics with patterns and pictures became widespread in classical times, both in Ancient Greece
Ancient Greece
and Ancient Rome
Ancient Rome
. Early Christian basilicas from the 4th century onwards were decorated with wall and ceiling mosaics
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Cotswolds
The COTSWOLDS is an area in south central England
England
containing the Cotswold Hills, a range of rolling hills which rise from the meadows of the upper Thames to an escarpment , known as the Cotswold Edge, above the Severn Valley and Evesham
Evesham
Vale. The area is defined by the bedrock of Jurassic
Jurassic
limestone that creates a type of grassland habitat rare in the UK and that is quarried for the golden coloured Cotswold stone. It contains unique features derived from the use of this mineral; the predominantly rural landscape contains stone-built villages, historical towns and stately homes and gardens. The well-established boundaries of the Cotswolds
Cotswolds
have expanded considerably since moving out of the cities and into the countryside gained popularity
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Victorian Era
In the history of the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
, the VICTORIAN ERA was the period of Queen Victoria
Queen Victoria
's reign, from 20 June 1837 until her death on 22 January 1901. The era followed the Georgian period and preceded the Edwardian period , and its later half overlaps with the first part of the Belle Époque
Belle Époque
era of continental Europe . Defined according to sensibilities and political concerns, the period is sometimes considered to begin with the passage of the Reform Act 1832
Reform Act 1832
. The period is characterised as one of relative peace among the great powers (as established by the Congress of Vienna
Congress of Vienna
), increased economic activity, "refined sensibilities" and national self-confidence for Great Britain
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Neolithic
farming , animal husbandry pottery , metallurgy , wheel circular ditches , henges , megaliths Neolithic religion Chalcolithic
Chalcolithic
The NEOLITHIC /ˌniːəˈlɪθᵻk/ ( listen ) AGE, ERA, or PERIOD, or NEW STONE AGE, was a period in the development of human technology , beginning about 10,200 BC, according to the ASPRO chronology , in some parts of the Middle East, and later in other parts of the world and ending between 4500 and 2000 BC. Traditionally considered the last part of the Stone Age
Stone Age
, the Neolithic
Neolithic
followed the terminal Holocene
Holocene
Epipaleolithic
Epipaleolithic
period and commenced with the beginning of farming , which produced the " Neolithic Revolution "
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England
ENGLAND is a country that is part of the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
. It shares land borders with Scotland
Scotland
to the north and Wales
Wales
to the west. The Irish Sea lies northwest of England
England
and the Celtic Sea lies to the southwest. England
England
is separated from continental Europe
Europe
by the North Sea to the east and the English Channel
English Channel
to the south. The country covers five-eighths of the island of Great Britain
Great Britain
(which lies in the North Atlantic ) in its centre and south, and includes over 100 smaller named islands such as the Isles of Scilly and the Isle of Wight
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Bremetennacum
BREMETENNACUM, or BREMETENNACUM VETERANORUM, was a Roman fort on the site of the present day village of Ribchester
Ribchester
in Lancashire
Lancashire
, England (grid reference SD650350). (Variant names include Bremetonnacum, Bremetenracum or Bresnetenacum). The site is a Scheduled Ancient Monument . The site guarded a crossing-point of the River Ribble
River Ribble
. The first known Roman activity was the building of a timber fort , believed to have been constructed during the campaigns of Petillius Cerialis around AD 72/3. This was replaced by a stone fort in the 2nd century
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Rutupiæ
RICHBOROUGH CASTLE contains the ruins of a Roman Saxon Shore fort , collectively known as RICHBOROUGH FORT or RICHBOROUGH ROMAN FORT. It is situated in Richborough near Sandwich , Kent , in the United Kingdom . RUTUPIAE or PORTUS RITUPIS was founded by the Romans after their invasion of Britain in AD 43. Because of its position near the mouth of the Stour , Rutupiae was the major British port under the Romans and the starting point for their equivalent of Watling Street . Additional routes connected Durovernum (Canterbury ) with further ports at Dubris (Dover ), Lemanis (Lympne ), and Regulbium (Reculver ). Earth fortifications were first dug on the site in the 1st century, probably was as a storage depot and bridgehead for the Roman army. This transformed into a civilian and commercial town, which was later replaced by a Saxon Shore fort around the year 277. The later fort is believed to have been constructed by the rebel Carausius
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Segedunum
SEGEDUNUM was a Roman fort at modern-day Wallsend
Wallsend
, Tyne and Wear
Tyne and Wear
, England
England
, UK . The fort lay at the eastern end of Hadrian\'s Wall (in Wallsend
Wallsend
) near the banks of the River Tyne
River Tyne
, forming the easternmost portion of the wall. It was in use as a garrison for approximately 300 years, almost up to 400AD. Today, Segedunum
Segedunum
is the most thoroughly excavated fort along Hadrian's Wall, and is operated as SEGEDUNUM ROMAN FORT, BATHS AND MUSEUM. CONTENTS * 1 Etymology * 2 History * 3 Garrison
Garrison
* 4 Subsequent history * 5 Today * 6 See also * 7 References * 8 External links ETYMOLOGYFive places named Segedunum
Segedunum
are known to have existed in the Roman empire, one each in Britain and Germany and three in Gaul
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Portchester Castle
PORTCHESTER CASTLE is a medieval castle built within a former Roman fort at Portchester
Portchester
to the east of Fareham
Fareham
in the English county of Hampshire
Hampshire
. It is located at the northern end of Portsmouth Harbour
Portsmouth Harbour
. Probably founded in the late 11th century, Portchester
Portchester
was a baronial castle taken under royal control in 1154. The monarchy controlled the castle for several centuries and it was a favoured hunting lodge of King John . It was besieged and captured by the French in 1216 before permanently returning to English control shortly thereafter. Occupying a commanding position at the head of Portsmouth Harbour
Portsmouth Harbour
, in the medieval period Portchester
Portchester
was an important port
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Housesteads Roman Fort
Coordinates : 55°00′47″N 2°19′52″W / 55.013°N 2.331°W / 55.013; -2.331 HOUSESTEADS ROMAN FORT ALTERNATIVE NAME(S) Vercovicium, Borcovicium ABANDONED c. 400 AD ATTESTED BY Notitia Dignitatum PLACE IN THE ROMAN WORLD PROVINCE Britannia
Britannia
STRUCTURE — STONE STRUCTURE — BUILT c. 124 AD STATIONED MILITARY UNITS — LEGIONS — II Augusta — COHORTS — I Tungrorum — NUMERI — Hnaudifridi LOCATION COORDINATES 55°00′47″N 2°19′52″W / 55.013°N 2.331°W / 55.013; -2.331 TOWN Hexham COUNTY Northumberland COUNTRY England REFERENCE UK-OSNG REFERENCE NY789687 WEBSITE Housesteads
Housesteads
Roman FortHOUSESTEADS ROMAN FORT is the remains of an auxiliary fort on Hadrian\'s Wall
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Venta Icenorum
VENTA ICENORUM, meaning "Market Town of the Iceni". Venta is the Latin term used in Britain for "market town", from the Vulgar Latin "to sell", and was a major commercial centre. Located at modern-day Caistor St Edmund in the English county of Norfolk
Norfolk
, was the civitas or capital of the ICENI tribe, who inhabited the flatlands and marshes of that county and are famous for having revolted against Roman rule under their queen Boudica
Boudica
(or Boadicea) in the winter of 61 AD. The town itself was probably laid out, and its first streets metalled, approximately in the first half of the second century
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