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Congregational
Congregational churches (also Congregationalist churches; Congregationalism) are Protestant churches in the Reformed tradition practicing congregationalist church governance, in which each congregation independently and autonomously runs its own affairs. In the United States and the United Kingdom, many Congregational churches claim their descent from Protestant denominations formed on a theory of union published by the theologian and English separatist Robert Browne in 1582.[1] Ideas of nonconforming Protestants during the Puritan
Puritan
Reformation
Reformation
of the Church of England
Church of England
laid foundation for these churches. In England, the early Congregationalists were called Separatists or Independents to distinguish them from the similarly Calvinistic Presbyterians, whose churches embrace a polity based on the governance of elders
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Presbyterianism In South Korea
In South Korea, there are roughly 20.5 million Christians of whom 15 million are Protestants; of those some 9 to 10 million are Presbyterians. Presbyterians in South Korea
South Korea
worship in over 100 different Presbyterian denominational churches who trace their history back to the United Presbyterian Assembly.[1]Contents1 History 2 Confessional basis 3 Korean Presbyterian denominations 4 See also 5 ReferencesHistory[edit] Protestantism was introduced to Korea in the late 19th century through missionaries. Lay people like Suh Sang-Yoon and Baek Hong-Joon spread their knowledge of the Gospels
Gospels
after their conversion, and Christianity, of which the Catholic form had been suppressed in the middle of the 19th century, began to grow again in Korea. In 1883, Suh founded the first Protestant
Protestant
Christian
Christian
community in Korea
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Peter Martyr Vermigli
Peter Martyr Vermigli[b] (8 September 1499 – 12 November 1562) was an Italian-born Reformed theologian. His early work as a reformer in Catholic Italy
Italy
and his decision to flee for Protestant northern Europe influenced many other Italians to convert and flee as well. In England, he influenced the Edwardian Reformation, including the Eucharistic service of the 1552 Book of Common Prayer. He was considered an authority on the Eucharist
Eucharist
among the Reformed churches, and engaged in controversies on the subject by writing treatises. Vermigli's Loci Communes, a compilation of excerpts from his biblical commentaries organized by the topics of systematic theology, became a standard Reformed theological textbook. Born in Florence, Vermigli entered a religious order and was appointed to influential posts as abbot and prior
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Institutes Of The Christian Religion
Institutes of the Christian Religion
Institutes of the Christian Religion
(Latin: Institutio Christianae Religionis) is John Calvin's seminal work of Protestant
Protestant
systematic theology. Highly influential in the Western world[1] and still widely read by theological students today, it was published in Latin
Latin
in 1536 (at the same time as Henry VIII of England's Dissolution of the Monasteries) and in his native French language
French language
in 1541, with the definitive editions appearing in 1559 (Latin) and in 1560 (French). The book was written as an introductory textbook on the Protestant creed for those with some previous knowledge of theology and covered a broad range of theological topics from the doctrines of church and sacraments to justification by faith alone and Christian liberty
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La Rochelle Confession
A confession is a statement – made by a person or by a group of persons – acknowledging some personal fact that the person (or the group) would ostensibly prefer to keep hidden. The term presumes that the speaker is providing information that he believes the other party is not already aware of,[1] and is frequently associated with an admission of a moral or legal wrong:In one sense it is the acknowledgment of having done something wrong, whether on purpose or not. Thus confessional texts usually provide information of a private nature previously unavailable. What a sinner tells a priest in the confessional, the documents criminals sign acknowledging what they have done, an autobiography in which the author acknowledges mistakes, and so on, are all examples of confessional texts.[2]Not all confessions reveal wrongdoing, however
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First Helvetic Confession
A confession is a statement – made by a person or by a group of persons – acknowledging some personal fact that the person (or the group) would ostensibly prefer to keep hidden. The term presumes that the speaker is providing information that he believes the other party is not already aware of,[1] and is frequently associated with an admission of a moral or legal wrong:In one sense it is the acknowledgment of having done something wrong, whether on purpose or not. Thus confessional texts usually provide information of a private nature previously unavailable. What a sinner tells a priest in the confessional, the documents criminals sign acknowledging what they have done, an autobiography in which the author acknowledges mistakes, and so on, are all examples of confessional texts.[2]Not all confessions reveal wrongdoing, however
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Martin Bucer
Martin Bucer
Martin Bucer
(early German: Martin Butzer[1][2][a]; 11 November 1491 – 28 February 1551) was a German Protestant
Protestant
reformer based in Strasbourg
Strasbourg
who influenced Lutheran, Calvinist, and Anglican doctrines and practices. Bucer was originally a member of the Dominican Order, but after meeting and being influenced by Martin Luther in 1518 he arranged for his monastic vows to be annulled. He then began to work for the Reformation, with the support of Franz von Sickingen. Bucer's efforts to reform the church in Wissembourg
Wissembourg
resulted in his excommunication from the Roman Catholic
Catholic
Church, and he was forced to flee to Strasbourg. There he joined a team of reformers which included Matthew Zell, Wolfgang Capito, and Caspar Hedio
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William Farel
William Farel
William Farel
(1489 – 13 September 1565), Guilhem Farel or Guillaume Farel (French: [gijom faʁɛl]), was a French evangelist, and a founder of the Reformed
Reformed
Church in the cantons of Neuchâtel, Berne, Geneva, and Vaud in Switzerland. He is most often remembered for having persuaded John Calvin
John Calvin
to remain in Geneva
Geneva
in 1536,[1] and for persuading him to return there in 1541,[2] after their expulsion in 1538
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Heinrich Bullinger
Heinrich Bullinger
Heinrich Bullinger
(18 July 1504 – 17 September 1575) was a Swiss reformer, the successor of Huldrych Zwingli
Huldrych Zwingli
as head of the Zurich church and pastor at Grossmünster. A much less controversial figure than John Calvin
John Calvin
or Martin Luther, his importance has long been underestimated; recent research shows that he was one of the most influential theologians of the Protestant Reformation
Protestant Reformation
in the 16th century.[citation needed]Contents1 Early life 2 Studies 3 Kappel ministry begins (1523–1528) 4 Bremgarten Ministry (1529–1531) 5 Second Helvetic Confession5.1 Marian views6 Works6.1 Theological works 6.2 Historical 6.3 Letters7 References 8 External linksEarly life[edit]This section needs additional citations for verification
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Augustine Of Hippo
Augustine of Hippo
Augustine of Hippo
(/ɔːˈɡʌstɪn/; 13 November 354 – 28 August 430)[1] was an early Christian theologian
Christian theologian
and philosopher from Numidia whose writings influenced the development of Western Christianity
Western Christianity
and Western philosophy. He was the bishop of Hippo Regius
Hippo Regius
in north Africa and is viewed as one of the most important Church Fathers
Church Fathers
in Western Christianity
Christianity
for his writings in the Patristic Era. Among his most important works are The City of God, On Christian Doctrine
On Christian Doctrine
and Confessions. According to his contemporary Jerome, Augustine "established anew the ancient Faith".[note 1] In his youth he was drawn to Manichaeism, later to neo-Platonism
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Francis Turretin
Francis Turretin
Francis Turretin
(17 October 1623 – 28 September 1687; also known as François Turretini and Francis Turrettin) was a Genevan-Italian Reformed scholastic
Reformed scholastic
theologian. Turretin is especially known as a zealous opponent of the theology of the Academy of Saumur (embodied by Moise Amyraut
Moise Amyraut
and called Amyraldianism), as an earnest defender of the Calvinistic orthodoxy represented by the Synod of Dort, and as one of the authors of the Helvetic Consensus, which defended the formulation of predestination from the Synod of Dort
Synod of Dort
and the verbal inspiration of the Bible.Contents1 Life 2 Works 3 Free Choice 4 English translations 5 Notes 6 Bibliography 7 External linksLife[edit] He was the grandson of Francesco Turrettini, who left his native Lucca in 1574 and settled in Geneva in 1592
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Charles Hodge
Charles Hodge
Charles Hodge
(December 27, 1797 – June 19, 1878) was a Presbyterian theologian and principal of Princeton Theological Seminary
Princeton Theological Seminary
between 1851 and 1878. He was a leading exponent of the Princeton Theology, an orthodox Calvinist
Calvinist
theological tradition in America during the 19th century
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World Reformed Fellowship
The World Reformed
Reformed
Fellowship (WRF) is an ecumenical Christian organization which promotes unity between conservative Reformed churches around the world.[1]Contents1 History 2 Denominational members 3 References 4 External linksHistory[edit] The World Fellowship of Reformed Churches (WFRC) was formed in 1994 by the Presbyterian Church in Ameri
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International Conference Of Reformed Churches
The International Conference of Reformed Churches
International Conference of Reformed Churches
(ICRC) is a federation of Reformed or Calvinist churches across the world
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Canons Of Dort
The Canons of Dort, or Canons of Dordrecht, formally titled The Decision of the Synod of Dort
Synod of Dort
on the Five Main Points of Doctrine in Dispute in the Netherlands, is the judgment of the National Synod held in the Dutch city of Dordrecht
Dordrecht
in 1618–19.[1] At the time, Dordrecht was often referred to in English as Dort or Dordt. Today the Canons of Dort
Canons of Dort
form part of the Three Forms of Unity, one of the confessional standards of many of the Reformed churches
Reformed churches
around the world, including the Netherlands, South Africa, Australia, and North America
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Scots Confession
The Scots Confession (also called the Scots Confession of 1560) is a Confession of Faith
Confession of Faith
written in 1560 by six leaders of the Protestant Reformation in Scotland. The Confession was the first subordinate standard for the Protestant church in Scotland. Along with the Book of Discipline and the Book of Common Order, this is considered to be a formational document for the Church of Scotland
Church of Scotland
during the time.[1] In August 1560 the Parliament of Scotland
Parliament of Scotland
agreed to reform the religion of the country. To enable them to decide what the Reformed Faith was to be, they set John Knox
John Knox
as the superintendent[2] over John Winram, John Spottiswoode, John Willock, John Douglas, and John Row, to prepare a Confession of Faith. This they did in four days
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