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Commissioner For South Georgia And The South Sandwich Islands
Edwin Porter Arrowsmith First High Commissioner M. Baker Bates First Commissioner DEPUTY Ms Jane Rumble Deputy Commissioner Flag of the Commissioner for South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands, 1992-99 The COMMISSIONER FOR SOUTH GEORGIA AND THE SOUTH SANDWICH ISLANDS is the representative of the British monarch
British monarch
in the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
's overseas territory of South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands
South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands
. The post is held in conjunction with the Governorship of the Falkland Islands . The post was created in 1985 when South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands was split from the Falkland Islands Dependencies to create a new overseas territory
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British Antarctic Survey
The BRITISH ANTARCTIC SURVEY (BAS) is the United Kingdom's national Antarctic
Antarctic
operation and has an active role in Antarctic
Antarctic
affairs. BAS is part of the Natural Environment Research Council
Natural Environment Research Council
(NERC) and has over 400 staff. It operates five research stations , two ships and five aircraft in and around Antarctica. BAS addresses key global and regional issues. This involves joint research projects with over 40 UK universities and more than 120 national and international collaborations
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Falkland Islands Dependencies
FALKLAND ISLANDS DEPENDENCIES was the constitutional arrangement for administering the British territories in Sub- Antarctica
Antarctica
and Antarctica from 1843 until 1985. CONTENTS* 1 History * 1.1 Argentine occupation * 1.2 Dissolution * 2 See also * 3 References HISTORYThe arrangements were first enacted by the British Letters patent
Letters patent
of 1843, and subsequently revised in 1876, 1892, 1908, 1917 and 1962. For reasons of practical convenience the Dependencies were governed by Britain through the Falkland Islands
Falkland Islands
Government , constituting however a distinct entity that was not part of the Falkland Islands
Falkland Islands
in political or financial respect
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Royal Navy
The ROYAL NAVY (RN) is the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
's naval warfare force . Although warships were used by the English kings from the early medieval period, the first major maritime engagements were fought in the Hundred Years War
Hundred Years War
against the Kingdom of France
Kingdom of France
. The modern Royal Navy
Navy
traces its origins to the early 16th century; the oldest of the UK's armed services, it is known as the SENIOR SERVICE. From the middle decades of the 17th century, and through the 18th century, the Royal Navy
Navy
vied with the Dutch Navy
Navy
and later with the French Navy
Navy
for maritime supremacy. From the mid 18th century, it was the world's most powerful navy until surpassed by the United States Navy
Navy
during the Second World War
Second World War

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Union Flag
The UNION JACK, or more correctly UNION FLAG, is the national flag of the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
. The flag also has an official or semi-official status in some other Commonwealth realms ; for example, it is, by parliamentary resolution, an official flag in Canada
Canada
and known there as the ROYAL UNION FLAG. Further, it is used as an official flag in some of the smaller British overseas territories
British overseas territories
. The Union Flag also appears in the canton (upper left-hand quarter) of the flags of several nations and territories that are former British possessions or dominions . The claim that the term Union Jack
Union Jack
properly refers only to naval usage has been disputed, following historical investigations by the Flag Institute
Flag Institute
in 2013
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Operation Paraquet
OPERATION PARAQUET was the code name for the British military operation to recapture the island of South Georgia from Argentine military control in April 1982 at the start of the Falklands War
Falklands War
. The official name "Paraquet" is an alternative spelling of Parakeet , but the operation is perhaps more widely known as OPERATION PARAQUAT, an unofficial name adopted by troops in the South Atlantic who feared the operation would prove as lethal to them as the weedkiller Paraquat . This view prompted the expression "Kill Paraquat
Paraquat
before it kills us." The operation, a subsidiary of the main Operation Corporate (recapture of the Falkland Islands
Falkland Islands
from Argentina
Argentina
) was successful, leading to the island being restored to British control on 25 April 1982
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Invasion Of South Georgia
The INVASION OF SOUTH GEORGIA (Spanish : Operación Georgias), also known as the BATTLE OF GRYTVIKEN, took place on 3 April 1982, when Argentine naval forces seized control of the east coast of South Georgia after overpowering a small group of Royal Marines
Royal Marines
at Grytviken . The Argentine intervention had begun on 19 March, when a group of civilian scrap metal workers illegally arrived at Leith Harbour on board the transport ship ARA Bahía Buen Suceso and raised the Argentine flag. The scrap workers had been infiltrated by Argentine marines posing as civilian scientists. CONTENTS * 1 Prelude * 2 Battle * 2.1 2 April * 2.2 3 April * 2.2.1 Helicopter shot down * 2.2.2 ARA Guerrico * 3 Aftermath * 3.1 Decorations and honours * 4 See also * 5 Notes * 6 References PRELUDE Map of South Georgia
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United Kingdom
The UNITED KINGDOM OF GREAT BRITAIN AND NORTHERN IRELAND, commonly known as the UNITED KINGDOM (UK) or BRITAIN, is a sovereign country in western Europe. Lying off the north-western coast of the European mainland , the UK includes the island of Great Britain
Great Britain
, the north-eastern part of the island of Ireland
Ireland
and many smaller islands. Northern Ireland
Northern Ireland
is the only part of the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
that shares a land border with another sovereign state‍—‌the Republic of Ireland
Ireland
. Apart from this land border, the UK is surrounded by the Atlantic Ocean, with the North Sea
North Sea
to its east, the English Channel
English Channel
to its south and the Celtic Sea to its south-south-west, giving it the 12th-longest coastline in the world
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Governor
A GOVERNOR is, in most cases, a public official with the power to govern the executive branch of a non-sovereign or sub-national level of government, ranking under the head of state . In federations , governor may be the title of a politician who governs a constituent state and may be either appointed or elected. The power of the individual governor can vary dramatically between political systems, with some governors having only nominal or largely ceremonial power, while others having a complete control over the entire government. Historically, the title can also apply to the executive officials acting as representatives of a chartered company which has been granted exercise of sovereignty in a colonial area, such as the British East India Company
East India Company
or the Dutch East India Company
East India Company
. These companies operate as a major state within a state with its own armed forces
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Monarchy Of The United Kingdom
The MONARCHY OF THE UNITED KINGDOM, commonly referred to as the BRITISH MONARCHY, is the constitutional monarchy of the United Kingdom , its dependencies and its overseas territories . The current monarch and head of state, Queen Elizabeth II
Elizabeth II
, ascended the throne on the death of her father, King George VI
George VI
, on 6 February 1952. The monarch and his or her immediate family undertake various official, ceremonial, diplomatic and representational duties. As the monarchy is constitutional, the monarch is limited to non-partisan functions such as bestowing honours and appointing the Prime Minister . The monarch is, by tradition, commander-in-chief of the British Armed Forces
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At Her Majesty's Pleasure
AT HER MAJESTY\'S PLEASURE (sometimes abbreviated to Queen's pleasure or, when appropriate, at His Majesty's pleasure or King's pleasure) is a legal term of art referring to the indeterminate length of service of certain appointed officials or the indeterminate sentences of some prisoners. It is based on the concept that all legitimate authority for government comes from the Crown . Originating in the United Kingdom , it is now used throughout the Commonwealth realms . In realms where the monarch is represented by a governor-general , governor or administrator , the phrase may be modified to be at the Governor's pleasure, since the governor-general, governor, lieutenant governor or administrator is the Queen's personal representative in the country, state or province
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Term Of Office
A TERM OF OFFICE is the length of time a person serves in a particular elected office . In many jurisdictions there is a defined limit on how long terms of office may be before the officeholder must be subject to re-election . Some jurisdictions exercise term limits , setting a maximum number of terms an individual may hold in a particular office
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Edwin Porter Arrowsmith
SIR EDWIN PORTER ARROWSMITH KCMG CMG (23 May 1909 – 10 July 1992) was a British politician who served in several parts of the Commonwealth . Arrowsmith is mainly known for his service in the Falkland Islands and the British Antarctic Territory. Outside governmental service, he was an avid philanthropist, strongly supporting blind men and women in Britain . GOVERNOR OF THE FALKLAND ISLANDSDue to his service and training in the Commonwealth, Arrowsmith was prime for his post as governor. During his term, the islands saw new tax legislation, economic prosperity, and a new found enjoyment for its governor. Remarkably, he held a fiftieth anniversary party for the Battle of the Falkland Islands
Battle of the Falkland Islands
on 8 December 1964. REFERENCES * ^ "Papers of Sir Edwin Porter Arrowsmith". Bodley.ox.ac.uk. Retrieved 2 September 2017. * ^ "The Falkland Islands and the British Empire". Britishempire.co.uk. Retrieved 2 September 2017
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Elizabeth II
ELIZABETH II (Elizabeth Alexandra Mary; born 21 April 1926) has been Queen of the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
, Canada
Canada
, Australia
Australia
, and New Zealand since 6 February 1952. Additionally, she is Head of the Commonwealth and queen of 12 countries that have become independent since her accession: Jamaica
Jamaica
, Barbados
Barbados
, the Bahamas , Grenada
Grenada
, Papua New Guinea , Solomon Islands
Solomon Islands
, Tuvalu
Tuvalu
, Saint Lucia
Saint Lucia
, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines , Belize
Belize
, Antigua and Barbuda , and Saint Kitts and Nevis
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British Monarch
The MONARCHY OF THE UNITED KINGDOM, commonly referred to as the BRITISH MONARCHY, is the constitutional monarchy of the United Kingdom , its dependencies and its overseas territories . The current monarch and head of state, Queen Elizabeth II
Elizabeth II
, ascended the throne on the death of her father, King George VI
George VI
, on 6 February 1952. The monarch and his or her immediate family undertake various official, ceremonial, diplomatic and representational duties. As the monarchy is constitutional, the monarch is limited to non-partisan functions such as bestowing honours and appointing the Prime Minister . The monarch is, by tradition, commander-in-chief of the British Armed Forces
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South Georgia And The South Sandwich Islands Sovereignty Dispute
The sovereignty of South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands
South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands
is disputed between the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
and Argentina
Argentina
. The United Kingdom claimed South Georgia in 1775, annexed the islands in 1908, and has exercised de facto control with the exception of a brief period during the Falklands War
Falklands War
in 1982 when the islands were partially controlled by Argentina. The dispute started in 1927 when Argentina
Argentina
claimed sovereignty over South Georgia, and subsequently was expanded in scope with Argentina
Argentina
claiming the South Sandwich Islands in 1938. The islands have no indigenous population, and currently only have about 30 inhabitants
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