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Chloralodol
CHLORALODOL (CHLORHEXADOL) is a hypnotic /sedative . It is a Schedule III drug in the USA; however, it is not currently marketed in the United States so it is no longer prescribed
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JSmol
JMOL is computer software for molecular modelling chemical structures in 3-dimensions . Jmol
Jmol
returns a 3D representation of a molecule that may be used as a teaching tool, or for research e.g., in chemistry and biochemistry . It is written in the programming language Java , so it can run on the operating systems Windows , macOS , Linux
Linux
, and Unix , if Java is installed. It is free and open-source software released under a GNU Lesser General Public License (LGPL) version 2.0. A standalone application and a software development kit (SDK) exist that can be integrated into other Java applications, such as Bioclipse and Taverna . A popular feature is an applet that can be integrated into web pages to display molecules in a variety of ways. For example, molecules can be displayed as ball-and-stick models , space-filling models , ribbon diagrams , etc
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Molar Mass
In chemistry , the MOLAR MASS M is a physical property defined as the mass of a given substance (chemical element or chemical compound ) divided by the amount of substance . The base SI unit for molar mass is kg /mol . However, for historical reasons, molar masses are almost always expressed in g/mol. As an example, the molar mass of water: M(H2O) ≈ 6998180148800000000♠18.01488 g/mol
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Chemical Formula
A CHEMICAL FORMULA is a way of information about the chemical proportions of atoms that constitute a particular chemical compound or molecule, using chemical element symbols, numbers, and sometimes also other symbols, such as parentheses, dashes, brackets, commas and plus (+) and minus (−) signs. These are limited to a single typographic line of symbols, which may include subscripts and superscripts. A chemical formula is not a chemical name , and it contains no words. Although a chemical formula may imply certain simple chemical structures, it is not the same as a full chemical structural formula . Chemical formulas can fully specify the structure of only the simplest of molecules and chemical substances , and are generally more limited in power than are chemical names and structural formulas. The simplest types of chemical formulas are called empirical formulas , which use letters and numbers indicating the numerical proportions of atoms of each type
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Simplified Molecular-input Line-entry System
The SIMPLIFIED MOLECULAR-INPUT LINE-ENTRY SYSTEM (SMILES) is a specification in form of a line notation for describing the structure of chemical species using short ASCII
ASCII
strings . SMILES strings can be imported by most molecule editors for conversion back into two-dimensional drawings or three-dimensional models of the molecules. The original SMILES specification was initiated in the 1980s. It has since been modified and extended. In 2007, an open standard called "OpenSMILES" was developed in the open-source chemistry community. Other 'linear' notations include the Wiswesser Line Notation (WLN), ROSDAL and SLN
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International Chemical Identifier
The IUPAC
IUPAC
INTERNATIONAL CHEMICAL IDENTIFIER (INCHI /ˈɪntʃiː/ IN-chee or /ˈɪŋkiː/ ING-kee ) is a textual identifier for chemical substances , designed to provide a standard way to encode molecular information and to facilitate the search for such information in databases and on the web. Initially developed by IUPAC (International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry) and NIST (National Institute of Standards and Technology) from 2000 to 2005, the format and algorithms are non-proprietary. The continuing development of the standard has been supported since 2010 by the not-for-profit INCHI TRUST, of which IUPAC
IUPAC
is a member. The current software version is 1.05 and was released in January 2017. Prior to 1.04, the software was freely available under the open source LGPL license, but it now uses a custom license called IUPAC- InChI Trust License
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Alcohol
In chemistry , an ALCOHOL is any organic compound in which the hydroxyl functional group (–O H ) is bound to a saturated carbon atom. The term alcohol originally referred to the primary alcohol ethanol (ethyl alcohol), the predominant alcohol in alcoholic beverages . The suffix -ol appears in the IUPAC
IUPAC
chemical name of all substances where the hydroxyl group is the functional group with the highest priority; in substances where a higher priority group is present the prefix hydroxy- will appear in the International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry
Chemistry
(IUPAC) name. The suffix -ol in non-systematic names (such as paracetamol or cholesterol ) also typically indicates that the substance includes a hydroxyl functional group and, so, can be termed an alcohol. But many substances, particularly sugars (examples glucose and sucrose ) contain hydroxyl functional groups without using the suffix
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Anatomical Therapeutic Chemical Classification System
The ANATOMICAL THERAPEUTIC CHEMICAL (ATC) CLASSIFICATION SYSTEM is used for the classification of active ingredients of drugs according to the organ or system on which they act and their therapeutic , pharmacological and chemical properties. It is controlled by the World Health Organization Collaborating Centre for Drug
Drug
Statistics Methodology (WHOCC), and was first published in 1976. This pharmaceutical coding system divides drugs into different groups according to the organ or system on which they act or their therapeutic and chemical characteristics . Each bottom-level ATC code stands for a pharmaceutically used substance, or a combination of substances, in a single indication (or use). This means that one drug can have more than one code: acetylsalicylic acid (aspirin), for example, has A01AD05 (WHO) as a drug for local oral treatment, B01AC06 (WHO) as a platelet inhibitor , and N02BA01 (WHO) as an analgesic and antipyretic
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List Of Schedule III Drugs
This is the LIST OF SCHEDULE III DRUGS as defined by the United States Controlled Substances Act at 21 U.S.C. § 812(c) and 21 C.F.R. 1308.13, with modifications through August 22, 2014 (79 FR 49961 ). The following findings are required for drugs to be placed in this schedule: * The drug or other substance has a potential for abuse less than the drugs or other substances in schedules I and II . * The drug or other substance has a currently accepted medical use in treatment in the United States. * Abuse of the drug or other substance may lead to moderate or low physical dependence or high psychological dependence.The complete list of Schedule III drugs follows. The Administrative Controlled Substances Code Number for each drug is included
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ChEMBL
CH EMBL or CHEMBLDB is a manually curated chemical database of bioactive molecules with drug-like properties. It is maintained by the European Bioinformatics Institute (EBI), of the European Molecular Biology Laboratory ( EMBL ), based at the Wellcome Trust Genome Campus , Hinxton, UK. The database, originally known as StARlite, was developed by a biotechnology company called Inpharmatica Ltd. later acquired by Galapagos NV . The data was acquired for EMBL in 2008 with an award from The Wellcome Trust , resulting in the creation of the ChEMBL chemogenomics group at EMBL-EBI, led by John Overington. CONTENTS * 1 Scope and access * 2 Associated resources * 3 See also * 4 References * 5 External links SCOPE AND ACCESSThe Ch EMBL database contains compound bioactivity data against drug targets. Bioactivity is reported in Ki, Kd, IC50, and EC50
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ECHA InfoCard
The EUROPEAN CHEMICALS AGENCY (ECHA; /ˈɛkə/ EK-ə ) is an agency of the European Union
European Union
which manages the technical, scientific and administrative aspects of the implementation of the European Union regulation called Registration, Evaluation, Authorisation and Restriction of Chemicals (REACH). ECHA is the driving force among regulatory authorities in implementing the EU's chemicals legislation. ECHA helps companies to comply with the legislation, advances the safe use of chemicals, provides information on chemicals and addresses chemicals of concern. It is located in Helsinki
Helsinki
, Finland
Finland
. The Agency, currently headed by Executive Director Bjorn Hansen , started working on 1 June 2007
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IUPAC Nomenclature Of Chemistry
The INTERNATIONAL UNION OF PURE AND APPLIED CHEMISTRY (IUPAC) has published four sets of rules to standardize CHEMICAL NOMENCLATURE . There are two main areas: * IUPAC nomenclature of inorganic chemistry (Red Book) * IUPAC nomenclature of organic chemistry (Blue Book) This chemistry -related article is a stub . You can help by expanding it
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Regulation Of Therapeutic Goods
The regulation of THERAPEUTIC GOODS, that is DRUGS and THERAPEUTIC DEVICES, varies by jurisdiction. In some countries, such as the United States , they are regulated at the national level by a single agency. In other jurisdictions they are regulated at the state level, or at both state and national levels by various bodies, as is the case in Australia
Australia
. The role of therapeutic goods regulation is designed mainly to protect the health and safety of the population. Regulation is aimed at ensuring the safety, quality, and efficacy of the therapeutic goods which are covered under the scope of the regulation. In most jurisdictions, therapeutic goods must be registered before they are allowed to be marketed. There is usually some degree of restriction of the availability of certain therapeutic goods depending on their risk to consumers
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DrugBank
The DRUGBANK database is a comprehensive, freely accessible, online database containing information on drugs and drug targets. As both a bioinformatics and a cheminformatics resource, DrugBank
DrugBank
combines detailed drug (i.e. chemical, pharmacological and pharmaceutical) data with comprehensive drug target (i.e. sequence, structure, and pathway) information. Because of its broad scope, comprehensive referencing and unusually detailed data descriptions, DrugBank
DrugBank
is more akin to a drug encyclopedia than a drug database. As a result, links to DrugBank are maintained for nearly all drugs listed in. DrugBank
DrugBank
is widely used by the drug industry, medicinal chemists, pharmacists , physicians , students and the general public. Its extensive drug and drug-target data has enabled the discovery and repurposing of a number of existing drugs to treat rare and newly identified illnesses
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CAS Registry Number
A CAS REGISTRY NUMBER, also referred to as CASRN or CAS NUMBER, is a unique numerical identifier assigned by the Chemical Abstracts Service (CAS) to every chemical substance described in the open scientific literature (currently including all substances described from 1957 through the present, plus some substances from the early or mid 1900s), including organic and inorganic compounds, minerals , isotopes , alloys and nonstructurable materials (UVCBs, of Unknown, Variable Composition, or Biological origin). The Registry maintained by CAS is an authoritative collection of disclosed chemical substance information. It currently identifies more than 129 million organic and inorganic substances and 67 million protein and DNA sequences, plus additional information about each substance. It is updated with around 15,000 additional new substances daily
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KEGG
KEGG
KEGG
(KYOTO ENCYCLOPEDIA OF GENES AND GENOMES) is a collection of databases dealing with genomes , biological pathways , diseases , drugs , and chemical substances . KEGG
KEGG
is utilized for bioinformatics research and education, including data analysis in genomics , metagenomics , metabolomics and other omics studies, modeling and simulation in systems biology , and translational research in drug development
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