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Chief Minister
A CHIEF MINISTER is the elected head of government of a sub-national (e.g., constituent federal) entity. Examples include: Provinces Governor
Governor
of Federal states in Nepal
Nepal
; a state (and sometimes a union territory ) in India
India
; a territory of Australia
Australia
; provinces of Sri Lanka or Pakistan
Pakistan
; Philippine autonomous regions ; or a British Overseas Territory that has attained self-governance. It is also used as the English version of the title given to the heads of governments of the Malay states without a monarchy. The title is also used in the Crown dependencies
Crown dependencies
of the Isle of Man (since 1986), in Guernsey
Guernsey
(since 2004), and in Jersey
Jersey
(since 2005)
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List Of State Leaders
This is a LIST OF CURRENT HEADS OF STATE AND HEADS OF GOVERNMENT . In some cases, mainly in presidential systems , there is only one leader being both head of state and head of government. In other cases, mainly in semi-presidential and parliamentary systems , the head of state and the head of government are different people. In semi-presidential and parliamentary systems , the head of government role (i.e. executive branch ) is fulfilled by both the listed head of government and the head of state. The list also includes the names of recently elected or appointed heads of state and government who will take office on an appointed date, such as presidents-elect and prime ministers-designate , and those leading a government in exile if internationally recognised
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List Of Current Heads Of State And Government
This is a LIST OF CURRENT HEADS OF STATE AND GOVERNMENT, showing heads of state and heads of government where different, mainly in parliamentary systems . Often a leader is both in presidential systems . In parliamentary systems , the head of government role (i.e. executive branch) is fulfilled by both the listed head of government and the head of state. The list also includes the names of recently elected or appointed heads of state and government who will take office on an appointed date, such as presidents-elect and prime ministers-designate , and those leading a government in exile if internationally recognised
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List Of Provinces Of Nepal
Schedule 4 of the new Constitution of Nepal
Nepal
, adopted on 20 September 2015, provides for the division of the country into seven PROVINCES. These provinces will be formed by grouping the existing According to Article 295 (2), the provinces shall be named by 2/3 vote of the respective province's legislature. CONTENTS * 1 Province No. 1 * 2 Province No. 2 * 3 Province No. 3 * 4 Province No. 4 * 5 Province No. 5 * 6 Province No. 6 * 7 Province No. 7 * 8 References PROVINCE NO
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Nepal
NEPAL (/nəˈpɔːl/ ( listen ); Nepali : नेपाल Nepāl ), officially the FEDERAL DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF NEPAL (Nepali : सङ्घीय लोकतान्त्रिक गणतन्त्र नेपाल Sanghiya Loktāntrik Ganatantra Nepāl), is a landlocked central Himalayan country in South Asia . Nepal
Nepal
is divided into 7 states and 77 districts and 744 local units including 4 metropolises, 13 sub-metropolises, 246 municipal councils and 481 villages. It has a population of 26.4 million and is the 93rd largest country by area. Bordering China
China
in the north and India
India
in the south, east, and west, it is the largest sovereign Himalayan state . Nepal
Nepal
does not border Bangladesh
Bangladesh
, which is located within only 27 km (17 mi) of its southeastern tip
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Presidential System
A PRESIDENTIAL SYSTEM is a democratic and republican system of government where a head of government leads an executive branch that is separate from the legislative branch . This head of government is in most cases also the head of state , which is called president . In presidential countries, the executive is elected and is not responsible to the legislature, which cannot in normal circumstances dismiss it. Such dismissal is possible, however, in uncommon cases, often through impeachment . The title "president " has persisted from a time when such person personally presided over the governing body, as with the President
President
of the Continental Congress in the early United States
United States
, prior to the executive function being split into a separate branch of government
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Cohabitation (government)
COHABITATION is a system of divided government that occurs in semi-presidential systems , such as France
France
, when the President is from a different political party than the majority of the members of parliament . It occurs because such a system forces the president to name a premier (prime minister ) that will be acceptable to the majority party within parliament. Thus, cohabitation occurs because of the duality of the executive: an independently elected President and a prime minister who must be acceptable both to this president and to the legislature
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Republic
A REPUBLIC (Latin : res publica ) is a form of government in which the country is considered a "public matter" – not the private concern or property of the rulers – and where offices of state are elected or appointed, rather than inherited. It is a form of government under which the head of state is not a monarch . In American English, the definition of a republic can also refer specifically to a government in which elected individuals represent the citizen body, known elsewhere as a representative democracy (a democratic republic ), and exercise power according to the rule of law (a constitutional republic). As of 2017 , 159 of the world's 206 sovereign states use the word "republic" as part of their official names; not all of these are republics in the sense of having elected governments, nor do all nations with elected governments use the word "republic" in their names
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Directorial System
A DIRECTORIAL REPUBLIC is a country ruled by a college of several people who jointly exercise the powers of a head of state or a head of government . This system of government is in contrast both with presidential republics and parliamentary republics . In political history, the term DIRECTORY, in French directoire, is applied to high collegial institutions of state composed of members styled director. The most important of these by far was the Directory of 1795–1799 in France
France
. The system was inspired by the Pennsylvania Constitution of 1776 , which prominently featured a collegial 12-member Supreme Executive Council with a primus inter pares President. Variants of this form of government, based on the French model, were also established in the European regions conquered by France
France
during the French Revolutionary Wars
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Westminster System
The WESTMINSTER SYSTEM is a parliamentary system of government modelled after that which developed in the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
. This term comes from the Palace of Westminster
Palace of Westminster
, the seat of the British parliament . The system is a series of procedures for operating a legislature . It is used, or was once used, in the national legislatures and subnational legislatures of most former British Empire colonies upon gaining responsible government , beginning with the first of the Canadian provinces in 1848 and the six Australian colonies between 1855 and 1890. However, some former colonies have since adopted either the presidential system ( Nigeria
Nigeria
for example) or a hybrid system (like South Africa
South Africa
) as their form of government
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Aut Simul Stabunt Aut Simul Cadent
The Latin brocard AUT SIMUL STABUNT AUT SIMUL CADENT (or SIMUL SIMUL for short), meaning they will either stand together, or fall together, is used in law to express those cases in which the end of a certain situation automatically brings upon the end of another one, and vice versa. The first use of this expression in the mass media, which made it known to the non-specialists, was in occasion of one of the first crises between fascist Italy and the Vatican concerning the Concordat . Pope Pius XI is believed to have pronounced the sentence to express the fact that challenging the Concordat would have swept away the whole Lateran treaty , reopening the Roman question
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Union Territory
A UNION TERRITORY is a type of administrative division in the Republic of India
India
. Unlike states , which have their own elected governments, union territories are ruled directly by the Union Government (Central Government), hence the name "union territory". Union territories in India
India
qualify as federal territories , by definition. The Parliament of India
India
can pass a law to amend the Constitution and provide a Legislature
Legislature
with elected Members and a Chief Minister for a Union Territory, as it has done for Delhi
Delhi
and Puducherry. In general, The President of India
India
appoints an administrator or lieutenant-governor for each UT
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India
INDIA, officially the REPUBLIC OF INDIA (Bhārat Gaṇarājya), is a country in South Asia
South Asia
. It is the seventh-largest country by area, the second-most populous country (with over 1.2 billion people ), and the most populous democracy in the world. It is bounded by the Indian Ocean on the south, the Arabian Sea
Arabian Sea
on the southwest, and the Bay of Bengal
Bengal
on the southeast. It shares land borders with Pakistan
Pakistan
to the west; China
China
, Nepal
Nepal
, and Bhutan
Bhutan
to the northeast; and Myanmar (Burma) and Bangladesh
Bangladesh
to the east. In the Indian Ocean, India
India
is in the vicinity of Sri Lanka
Sri Lanka
and the Maldives
Maldives

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Crown Dependencies
The CROWN DEPENDENCIES are the Isle of Man
Isle of Man
in the Irish Sea , and the Bailiwicks of Jersey
Jersey
and Guernsey
Guernsey
in the English Channel
English Channel
. They are independently administered jurisdictions, and do not form part of either the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
or the British Overseas Territories . They are self-governing possessions of the Crown (defined uniquely in each jurisdiction). Internationally, the dependencies are considered "territories for which the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
is responsible", rather than sovereign states . As a result, they are not member states of the Commonwealth of Nations
Commonwealth of Nations

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Isle Of Man
The ISLE OF MAN (Manx : Ellan Vannin ), also known simply as MANN (/mæn/ ; Manx : Mannin ), is a self-governing British Crown dependency in the Irish Sea between the islands of Great Britain
Great Britain
and Ireland
Ireland
. The head of state is Queen Elizabeth II
Elizabeth II
, who holds the title of Lord of Mann and is represented by a Lieutenant Governor . Defence is the responsibility of the United Kingdom. Ranked by the World Bank as the 5th richest nation in the world by GDP per capita, the largest sectors are insurance and eGaming with 17% of GNP each, followed by ICT and banking with 9% each. The island has been inhabited since before 6500 BC. Gaelic cultural influence began in the 5th century and the Manx language , a branch of the Gaelic languages , emerged
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Guernsey
GUERNSEY is an island in the English Channel
English Channel
off the coast of Normandy
Normandy
. With several smaller nearby islands, it forms a jurisdiction within the Bailiwick of Guernsey , a Crown dependency
Crown dependency
. The jurisdiction is made up of ten parishes on the island of Guernsey, three other inhabited islands ( Herm , Jethou and Lihou ), and many small islets and rocks. The jurisdiction is not part of the United Kingdom , although defence and most foreign relations are handled by the British Government
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