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Charles Lindberg
World War II
World War II
* Battle of Guadalcanal
Battle of Guadalcanal
* Battle of Bougainville * Battle of Iwo Jima AWARDS Silver Star Medal Purple Heart Medal Combat Action Ribbon
Combat Action Ribbon
CHARLES W. "CHUCK" LINDBERG (June 26, 1920 – June 24, 2007) was a United States
United States
Marine corporal who served in World War II
World War II
. He is best known for his bringing public attention to the first of two U.S. flags raised on top of Mount Suribachi on February 23, 1945, during the Battle of Iwo Jima . Lindberg was one of the last surviving members of the patrol that captured Mount Suribachi and raised the flag
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Flamethrower
A FLAMETHROWER is a mechanical incendiary device designed to project a long, controllable stream of fire . They were first used by the Greeks in the 1st Century AD. In modern times, they were used during World War I
World War I
, and more widely in World War II
World War II
. Some flamethrowers project a stream of ignited flammable liquid ; some project a long gas flame. Most military flamethrowers use liquids, but commercial flamethrowers tend to use high-pressure propane and natural gas , which is considered safer. They are used by the military and by people needing controlled burning capacity, such as in agriculture (e.g., sugar cane plantations) or other such land management tasks. They can be designed to be either carried by the operator or mounted on a vehicle
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2nd Battalion, 28th Marine Regiment
WORLD WAR II * Battle of Iwo Jima The 2ND BATTALION, 28TH MARINE REGIMENT (2nd Battalion, 28th Marines) is an infantry battalion of the United States Marine Corps . The battalion (inactive since the Vietnam War ) which is part of the 28th Marine Regiment, 5th Marine Division , fought in the Battle of Iwo Jima during World War II . Six Marines of E Company, 2nd Battalion, 28th Marines were featured in the historical photo by Joe Rosenthal of the U.S. flag raising on top of Mount Suribachi
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5th Marine Division (United States)
11 November 1943 – 5 February 1946 1 March 1966 – 26 November 1969 COUNTRY United States BRANCH United States Marine Corps TYPE Marine Ground Combat Division ROLE Locate close with and destroy the enemy by fire and maneuver NICKNAME(S) The Spearhead / Fighting Fifth MASCOT(S) A lion named "Roscoe" ENGAGEMENTSWORLD WAR II * Battle of Iwo Jima VIETNAM WAR * Battle of Khe Sanh (26th Marines ) COMMANDERS Notable commanders Keller E. Rockey Thomas E. Bourke The 5TH MARINE DIVISION was a United States Marine Corps ground combat division which was activated on 11 November 1943 (officially activated on 21 January 1944) at Camp Pendleton, California during World War II . The 5th Division saw its first combat action during the Battle of Iwo Jima in 1945 where it sustained the highest number of casualties of the three Marine divisions of the V Amphibious Corps (invasion force)
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28th Marine Regiment
World War II * Battle of Iwo Jima COMMANDERS Notable commanders Harry B. Liversedge The 28TH MARINE REGIMENT (28th Marines) is an infantry regiment of the United States Marine Corps . The regiment (inactive since the Vietnam War ) which is part of the 5th Marine Division , fought in the Battle of Iwo Jima during World War II . Six Marines of the 2nd Battalion, 28th Marines were featured in the historical photo by Joe Rosenthal of the U.S. flag raising on top of Mount Suribachi . CONTENTS * 1 Subordinate units * 2 History * 2.1 Formation and preparation for combat * 2.2 Iwo Jima * 2.3 Post–Iwo Jima and inactivation * 2.4 Vietnam-era reactivation * 3 See also * 4 References SUBORDINATE UNITSThe regiment comprised three infantry battalions , headquarters and service company, and the regimental weapons company: BATTALIONS Headquarters "> Landing plan for the assault on Iwo Jima
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Camp Pendleton, CA
MARINE CORPS BASE CAMP PENDLETON is the major West Coast base of the United States Marine Corps . It is located on the Southern California coast, in San Diego County , and bordered by Oceanside to the south, Cleveland National Forest , Orange and Riverside counties to the north, and Fallbrook to the east. The base was established in 1942 to train U.S. Marines for service in World War II . By October 1944, Camp Pendleton was declared a "permanent installation" and by 1946, it became the home of the 1st Marine Division . It was named after Major General Joseph Henry Pendleton (1860–1942), who had long advocated setting up a training base for the Marine Corps on the west coast. Today it is the home to myriad Operating Force units including the I Marine Expeditionary Force and various training commands
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5th Marine Division
11 November 1943 – 5 February 1946 1 March 1966 – 26 November 1969 COUNTRY United States BRANCH United States Marine Corps TYPE Infantry division ROLE Locate close with and destroy the enemy by fire and maneuver NICKNAME(S) The Spearhead / Fighting Fifth MASCOT(S) A lion named "Roscoe" ENGAGEMENTSWORLD WAR II * Battle of Iwo Jima VIETNAM WAR * Battle of Khe Sanh (26th Marines ) COMMANDERS Notable commanders Keller E. Rockey Thomas E. Bourke The 5TH MARINE DIVISION was a United States Marine Corps infantry division which was activated on 11 November 1943 (officially activated on 21 January 1944) at Camp Pendleton, California during World War II . The 5th Division saw its first combat action during the Battle of Iwo Jima in 1945 where it sustained the highest number of casualties of the three Marine divisions of the V Amphibious Corps (invasion force)
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Evans Carlson
EVANS FORDYCE CARLSON (26 February 1896 – 27 May 1947) was a decorated and retired United States Marine Corps general officer who was the legendary leader of "Carlson's Raiders", during World War II crediting him as the forefather of one of America's first U.S. special operations forces. He is renowned for the "Makin Island raid " in 1942, and their "Long Patrol" (aka Carlson\'s patrol ) behind Japanese lines on Guadalcanal , in which 488 Japanese were killed. Carlson is also credited with introducing the term "Gung-ho " into the Marine Corps. CONTENTS * 1 Early years * 2 U.S. Army service * 3 U.S. Marine Corps career * 4 Retirement * 5 Awards and decorations * 5.1 Navy Cross citations * 6 Bibliography * 7 See also * 8 Notes * 9 References * 10 Further reading * 11 External links EARLY YEARSEvans Carlson was born on 26 February 1896 in Sidney, New York , the son of a Congregationalist minister
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Carlson's Patrol
700 * 2nd Marine Raider Battalion 2,500 CASUALTIES AND LOSSES 16 killed 17 wounded 2 wounded 488 killed * v * t * e Guadalcanal Campaign Land * Tulagi * Tenaru * Edson\'s Ridge * Matanikau Actions * Henderson Field * Matanikau Offensive * Koli Point * Carlson's patrol * Mt. Austen Naval * Savo Is. * Eastern Solomons * Cape Esperance * Santa Cruz Is
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Bougainville Campaign
The BOUGAINVILLE CAMPAIGN was a series of land and naval battles of the Pacific campaign of World War II
World War II
between Allied forces and the Empire of Japan
Empire of Japan
. It was part of Operation Cartwheel
Operation Cartwheel
, the Allied grand strategy in the South Pacific . The campaign took place in the Northern Solomons in two phases. The first phase, in which American troops invaded and held the perimeter around the beachhead at Torokina , lasted from November 1943 through November 1944. The second phase, in which primarily Australian troops went on the offensive, mopping up pockets of starving, isolated but still-determined Japanese, lasted from November 1944 until August 1945, when the last Japanese on the island surrendered
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Louis R. Lowery
LOUIS R. "LOU" LOWERY (July 24, 1916 – April 15, 1987) was a United States Marine Corps captain . He was the only Marine Corps combat photographer to cover six major campaigns during World War II . He is best known for taking the first photographs of the first American flag that was raised on top of Mount Suribachi during the Battle of Iwo Jima on the morning of February 23, 1945. Lowery was the founder and former president of the United States Marine Corps Combat Correspondents Association (USMCCCA). He also was a photographic director of Leatherneck Magazine , a publication of the Marine Corps. He died on April 15, 1987 at age 70 from aplastic anemia and is buried in Quantico National Cemetery in Prince William County, Virginia near the Marine Corps War Memorial . In 2006, Lowery was portrayed by actor David Hornsby in film Flags of Our Fathers . CONTENTS* 1 U.S. Marine Corps * 1.1 Battle of Iwo Jima * 1.1.1 U.S
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John Bradley (United States Navy)
World War II * Battle of Iwo Jima AWARDS Navy Cross Purple Heart Medal Combat Action Ribbon JOHN HENRY "JACK" "DOC" BRADLEY (July 10, 1923 – January 11, 1994) was a United States Navy Hospital corpsman who was awarded the Navy Cross for extraordinary heroism in combat on February 21, 1945 while assigned to a U.S. Marine Corps rifle company during the Battle of Iwo Jima in World War II . Bradley was one of the members of the combat patrol that climbed, captured, and helped raise the original U.S. flags on top of Mount Suribachi on the morning of February 23, 1945. Until June 2016, Bradley was incorrectly identified as being one of the six men raising a second, larger flag about 90 minutes later, though he was still on the mountaintop and witnessed – but was not part of – the specific moment of raising the larger flag that was captured in the Pulitzer Prize -winning photo Raising the Flag on Iwo Jima taken by Associated Press photographer Joe Rosenthal
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Harlon Block
World War II * Battle of Bougainville * Consolidation of the Northern Solomons (Solomon Islands Campaign ) * Battle of Iwo Jima AWARDS Purple Heart Medal Combat Action Ribbon HARLON HENRY BLOCK (November 6, 1924 – March 1, 1945) was a United States Marine Corps corporal who was killed in action during the Battle of Iwo Jima in World War II . Born in Yorktown, Texas , Block joined the Marine Corps with seven high school classmates in February 1943, and subsequently participated in combat on Bougainville and Iwo Jima. He is best known for being one of the six flag-raisers who helped raise the second U.S. flag atop Mount Suribachi on February 23, 1945, as shown in the iconic photograph Raising the Flag on Iwo Jima . The Marine Corps War Memorial located in Arlington, Virginia, which was modeled after the flag-raising photograph, depicts bronze statues of each of the six Marine flag-raisers. CONTENTS * 1 Early life * 2 U.S
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Ira Hayes
World War II * Vella Lavella * Bougainville Campaign * Consolidation of the Northern Solomons * Battle of Iwo Jima AWARDS* Navy and Marine Corps Commendation Medal with Combat "V" * Combat Action Ribbon IRA HAMILTON HAYES (January 12, 1923 – January 24, 1955) was a Pima Native American and a United States Marine who was one of the six flag raisers immortalized in the iconic photograph of the flag raising on Iwo Jima during World War II . Hayes was an enrolled member of the Gila River Pima Indian Reservation (1859 ) located in the Pinal and Maricopa counties in Arizona . He enlisted in the United States Marine Corps Reserve on August 26, 1942 and, after recruit training, volunteered to become a Paramarine . He fought in the Bougainville and Iwo Jima campaigns in the Pacific Theatre of Operations . On February 23, 1945, he helped to raise an American flag over Mount Suribachi on Iwo Jima, an event photographed by Joe Rosenthal of the Associated Press
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Franklin Sousley
World War II * Battle of Iwo Jima AWARDS Purple Heart Medal Combat Action Ribbon FRANKLIN RUNYON SOUSLEY (September 19, 1925 – March 21, 1945) was a United States Marine who was killed in action during the Battle of Iwo Jima in World War II . He is best known for being one of the six flag-raisers who helped raise the second U.S. flag atop Mount Suribachi on February 23, 1945 as shown in the iconic photograph Raising the Flag on Iwo Jima . The Marine Corps War Memorial located in Arlington, Virginia, which was modeled after the flag-raising photograph, depicts bronze statues of each of the six Marine flag-raisers. CONTENTS * 1 Early life * 2 World War II * 2.1 U.S
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Rene Gagnon
World War II * Battle of Iwo Jima AWARDS World War II Victory Medal RENé ARTHUR GAGNON (March 7, 1925 – October 12, 1979) was a United States Marine Corps corporal who participated in the Battle of Iwo Jima during World War II . He is best known for being one of the six flag-raisers who helped raise the second U.S. flag atop Mount Suribachi on February 23, 1945 as shown in the iconic photograph Raising the Flag on Iwo Jima . The Marine Corps War Memorial located in Arlington, Virginia, which was modeled after the flag-raising photograph, depicts bronze statues of each of the six Marine flag-raisers. CONTENTS * 1 Early years * 2 U.S
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