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Charles Juste De Beauvau, Prince Of Craon
Charles Juste de Beauvau, Prince of Craon (10 September 1720 – 21 May 1793), 2nd Prince of Craon (1754), Marshal of France
Marshal of France
(1783) was a French scholar, nobleman and general. The son of Marc de Beauvau, he was also brother of the famous Madame de Boufflers and through her uncle to the poet Stanislas de Boufflers.Contents1 Personal and public life 2 Issue 3 References 4 External linksPersonal and public life[edit] Charles Juste was born at the Hôtel de Craon, Lunéville in the capital of the Duchy of Lorraine. His family were the most powerful in Lorraine after the ruling Duke of Lorraine. His mother, Anne Marguerite de Ligneville, was the mistress of Leopold, Duke of Lorraine, husband of Élisabeth Charlotte d'Orléans (niece of Louis XIV)
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Prince Of Craon
The princely title of Prince
Prince
of Craon was a title used by the Beauvau family using their status as Prince
Prince
of the Holy Roman Empire which was gained in 1722 which was later fully recognised by Louis XV of France in 1755 and was inherited by male offsprings
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French Revolution
The French Revolution
Revolution
(French: Révolution française [ʁevɔlysjɔ̃ fʁɑ̃sɛːz]) was a period of far-reaching social and political upheaval in France
France
and its colonies that lasted from 1789 until 1799. It was partially carried forward by Napoleon
Napoleon
during the later expansion of the French Empire. The Revolution
Revolution
overthrew the monarchy, established a republic, catalyzed violent periods of political turmoil, and finally culminated in a dictatorship under Napoleon
Napoleon
who brought many of its principles to areas he conquered in Western Europe and beyond
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Grandee Of Spain
Grandees of Spain
Spain
(Spanish: Grandes de España) are the highest-ranking members of the Spanish nobility. They comprise nobles who hold the most important historical landed titles in Spain
Spain
or its former colonies. Many such hereditary titles are held by heads of families, having been acquired via strategic marriages between landed families. All Grandees, of which there were originally three ranks, are now deemed to be of equal status (i.e
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Order Of The Holy Spirit
The Order of the Holy Spirit, also known as the Order of the Knights of the Holy Spirit
Holy Spirit
(French: Ordre du Saint-Esprit or Ordre des chevaliers du Saint-Esprit; sometimes translated into English as the Order of the Holy Ghost),[1] is a French order of chivalry founded by Henry III of France
Henry III of France
in 1578. Today, it is a dynastic order under the House of France.[2] It should not be confused with the Congregation of the Holy Ghost or with the religious Order of the Holy Ghost.[1] It was the senior chivalric order of France by precedence, although not by age, since the Order of Saint Michael
Order of Saint Michael
was established more than a century earlier. Although officially abolished by the government authorities of the French Republic
French Republic
(along with the French monarchy) following the French Revolution, its activities carried on
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Ancien Régime
The Ancien Régime
Ancien Régime
(/ˌɒ̃sjæ̃ reɪˈʒiːm/; French: [ɑ̃.sjɛ̃ ʁeʒim]; French for "old regime") was the political and social system of the Kingdom of France
Kingdom of France
from the Late Middle Ages (circa 15th century) until 1789, when hereditary monarchy and the feudal system of French nobility
French nobility
were abolished by the French Revolution.[1] The Ancien Régime
Ancien Régime
was ruled by the late Valois and Bourbon dynasties. The term is occasionally used to refer to the similar feudal systems of the time elsewhere in Europe
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Académie Française
The Académie française
Académie française
(French pronunciation: ​[akademi fʁɑ̃sɛz]) is the pre-eminent French council for matters pertaining to the French language. The Académie was officially established in 1635 by Cardinal Richelieu, the chief minister to King Louis XIII.[1] Suppressed in 1793 during the French Revolution, it was restored as a division of the Institut de France
France
in 1803 by Napoleon
Napoleon
Bonaparte.[1] It is the oldest of the five académies of the institute. The Académie consists of forty members, known informally as les immortels (the immortals).[2] New members are elected by the members of the Académie itself. Academicians hold office for life, but they may resign or be dismissed for misconduct
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Jean Devaines
Jean Devaines (c. 1735, Paris
Paris
– 15 March 1803) was a French state bureaucrat and journalist
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Jean-François Marmontel
Jean-François Marmontel
Jean-François Marmontel
(11 July 1723 – 31 December 1799) was a French historian and writer, a member of the Encyclopédistes movement.Contents1 Biography 2 Works2.1 Theatre 2.2 Poetry 2.3 Novels 2.4 Essays 2.5 Varia3 Notes 4 References 5 External linksBiography[edit]This section needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed
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Jean François De Saint-Lambert
Jean François de Saint-Lambert (26 December 1716 – 9 February 1803) was a French poet, philosopher and military officer. Biography[edit] Saint-Lambert was born at Nancy and raised on his parents' estate at Affracourt, a village in Lorraine near Haroué, a seat of the Beauvau family, with whom he had close ties. He studied at the university at Pont-à-Mousson, but then spent several years at home recovering from an unidentified illness.[1] He often complained of poor health, but participated in military campaigns,[2] led a strenuous social life, and lived to be 86 years old. Saint-Lambert began writing poetry in his adolescence and belonged to the circle around Françoise de Graffigny in Lunéville
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Secretary Of State For War (France)
The Secretary of State for War (French: Secrétaire d'État de la Guerre) was one of the four or five specialized secretaries of state in France
France
during the Ancien Régime. The position was responsible for the Army and for overseeing French border provinces. In 1791, under the First French Republic, the Secretary of State for War became titled Minister of War. List of secretaries[edit] Main article: Minister of Defence (France) § Secretaries of State for War, 1643–1791 See also[edit]List of Defense Ministers of France Secretary of State (Ancien Régime) Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs (France) Secretary of State of the Navy (France) Secretary of State of the Maison du Roi Secretary of State for Protestant Affairs Ancien Régime in France Early Modern France   This French history–related article is a stub
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Reign Of Terror
The Reign of Terror, or The Terror (French: la Terreur), is the label given by some historians to a period during the French Revolution after the First French Republic
First French Republic
was established. Several historians consider the "reign of terror" to have begun in 1793, placing the starting date at either 5 September,[1] June [2] or March (birth of the Revolutionary Tribunal), while some consider it to have begun in September 1792 (September Massacres), or even July 1789 (when the first beheadings by guillotine took place),[3] but there is a consens
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Languedoc
Languedoc (/ˈlɒŋɡədɒk/; French: [lɑ̃ɡ(ə)dɔk]; Occitan: Lengadòc [leŋɡɔˈðɔ(k)]) is a former province of France. Its territory is now contained in the modern-day region of Occitanie in the south of France. Its capital city was Toulouse. It had an area of approximately 27,376 square kilometers (10,570 square miles).Contents1 Geographical extent 2 Area and location of Languedoc 3 Old administrative divisions 4 Capital 5 Modern administrative divisions 6 Population and cities 7 Economy7.1 Agriculture 7.2 Industry 7.3 Services and tourism8 Sports 9 Property 10 See also 11 Notes 12 External linksGeographical extent[edit]The gouvernement of Languedoc (including Gévaudan, Velay, and Vivarais) among the former gouvernements of France.The traditional provinces of the kingdom of France were not formally defined. A province was simply a territory of common traditions and customs, but it had no political organization
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Place Beauvau
The Place Beauvau is a public square in the 8th arrondissement of Paris, at the intersection of the Rue du Faubourg-Saint-Honoré, the Avenue de Marigny, the Rue des Saussaies, and the Rue de Miromesnil. It is in the quartier (district) known as La Madeleine.Contents1 The hôtel de Beauvau 2 Nearby places of interest 3 Metro station 4 External linksThe hôtel de Beauvau[edit] The Place Beauvau is best known for the hôtel de Beauvau, built by the architect Nicolas Le Camus de Mézières around 1770 for the prince, Charles Juste de Beauvau-Craon. In 1859, the French government purchased the building and installed the French governor-general of Algeria there
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Nicolas Le Camus De Mézières
Nicolas Le Camus de Mézières
Nicolas Le Camus de Mézières
(March 26, 1721 – July 27, 1789) was a French architect and theoretician. He was born and died in Paris. He published several works on architectural and related subjects, including Architecture of Expression, and The Theatre of Desire at the End of the Ancien Régime; Or, The Analogy of Fiction with Architectural Innovation.Halle aux blés (Corn Exchange)Le Camus designed the Halle aux blés (Corn Exchange) with a circular central courtyard and a double staircase. The layout of that building has been retained in the present Bourse de commerce.[1] Le Camus developed a theory of architecture in which the character of a building should express its destination or the social status of its client. Unlike previous character theories in architecture, Le Camus's theory was based on an explicit analogy between architecture and theatre
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Ministry Of The Interior (France)
The Minister of the Interior (French: Ministre de l'Intérieur; French pronunciation: ​[ministɛʁ də lɛ̃teˈʁjœʁ]) is one of the most important positions in the Government of France
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