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Channar Lahala
The CHANNAR LAHALA or CHANNAR REVOLT, also called MARU MARAKKAL SAMARAM, refers to the fight from 1813 to 1859 of Nadar climber
Nadar climber
women in Travancore
Travancore
kingdom for the right to wear upper-body clothes to cover their breasts. This right was previously reserved for Nair women, who were higher-class Hindu women. CONTENTS * 1 Background * 2 1813-1829 grants and withdrawals * 3 1859 proclamation * 4 Further emancipation * 5 Controversy * 6 See also * 7 References * 8 Sources BACKGROUNDIn 19th century Travancore
Travancore
lower-class women were not allowed to wear clothes that covered their breasts. Baring of chest to higher status was considered a sign of respect, by both males and females. Higher-class women covered both breasts and shoulders, whereas Nadar climber women were not allowed to cover their bosoms, as most of the non-Brahmin women, to punctuate their low status
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Chempakaraman Pillai
CHEMPAKARAMAN PILLAI, alias VENKAT, was an Indian-born political activist and revolutionary. Pillai lived in Germany
Germany
for most of his active years, and died in Berlin
Berlin
in 1934. CONTENTS * 1 Early life * 2 In Europe
Europe
* 3 War activities * 4 Foreign Minister of Provisional Government of India
India
* 5 Marriage and death * 6 References * 7 External links EARLY LIFEPillai was born into a Tamil family in Trivandrum
Trivandrum
, capital of the former kingdom of Travancore
Travancore
in the modern state of Kerala
Kerala
. Pillai had a sister named Paappaathi Ammal. She married a sculptor named Chatrapathi Pillai, whose sculpture, Kuravan Kurathi, is in the Trivandrum
Trivandrum
Museum. Paappaathi Ammal had four daughters, one of whom still resides in Trivandrum
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G. P. Pillai
GOVINDAN PARAMESWARAN PILLAI, OF PALLIPURAM (1864–1903), commonly known as BARRISTER G. P. PILLAI, was born in Pallippuram, Thiruvananthapuram , India
India
, in an aristocratic Nair
Nair
family. After gaining a B.A. at the Madras Presidency College he was admitted to the Middle Temple
Middle Temple
in London
London
in 1898, where he was called to the bar in 1902. He later established the first English language newspaper in South India
India
, The Madras Standard . He played a major role in the formation of Malayali Memorial in 1891. PARTICIPATION IN INDIAN FREEDOM STRUGGLEThe formation of the Indian National Congress
Indian National Congress
in 1885 led to increased agitation for Indian independence from British rule . G
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Saint Thomas Christians
Vernacular: Malayalam
Malayalam
Liturgical: Syriac ( Aramaic
Aramaic
) RELIGION Christian
Christian
Saint Thomas Christian
Christian
Churches * Malankara Mar Thoma Syrian Church * Malankara Orthodox Syrian Church * Malankara Jacobite Syrian Orthodox Church
Malankara Jacobite Syrian Orthodox Church
* Malabar Independent Syrian Church * Chaldean Syrian Church * Syro-Malabar Catholic Church * Syro-Malankara Catholic Church
Syro-Malankara Catholic Church
* St
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Swadeshabhimani Ramakrishna Pillai
K. RAMAKRISHNA PILLAI (1878–1916) was a nationalist writer, journalist, editor , and political activist . He edited Swadeshabhimani (The Patriot), the newspaper which became a potent weapon against the rule of the British and the erstwhile princely state of Travancore
Travancore
( Kerala
Kerala
, India) and a tool for social transformation. His criticism of the Diwan of Travancore, P. Rajagopalachari and the Maharajah led to the eventual confiscation of the newspaper. Ramakrishna Pillai was arrested and exiled from Travancore
Travancore
in 1910
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Sir Charles Trevelyan, 1st Baronet
SIR CHARLES EDWARD TREVELYAN, 1ST BARONET, KCB (2 April 1807 – 19 June 1886) was a British civil servant and colonial administrator. As a young man, he worked with the colonial government in Calcutta, India; in the late 1850s and 1860s he served there in senior-level appointments. A century and a half later, Trevelyan continues to divide opinion. It has been said that: Trevelyan's most enduring mark on history may be the quasi-genocidal anti-Irish racial sentiment he expressed during his term in the critical position of administrating relief for the millions of Irish peasants suffering under the Irish famine as Assistant Secretary to HM Treasury (1840–1859) under the Whig administration of Lord Russell . On the other side, the BBC's Historic Figures webpage states: His most lasting contribution, however, began in the 1850s with the publication of his and Sir Stafford Northcote 's report on 'The Organisation of the Permanent Civil Service'
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V. T. Bhattathiripad
VELLITHURUTHI THAZHATHU KARUTHA PATTERI RAMAN BHATTATHIRIPAD (1896-1982), popularly known as V. T. BHATTATHIRIPAD or simply V. T., was an Indian social critic, well-known dramatist and a prominent freedom fighter who was a key figure in removing casteism and conservatism that existed in the Namboothiri community. Bhattathiripad was born on March 26, 1896 to Thuppan Bhattathiripad and Sridevi Andarjanam in Kaippilly Mana at Mezhathur on the banks of river Nila in south Malabar . He belonged to the family of Agnihothri on his father's side and had the lineage of Adi Sankara on his mother's side. He encouraged widow marriage in the Brahmin society and tried to reform the conservative practices of the "Namboodiri community in particular and the society at large.". He conducted the first mixed-race marriage in the Brahmin society
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Travancore
The KINGDOM OF TRAVANCORE (/ˈtrævəŋkɔər/ ) was an Indian kingdom from 1729 until 1949. It was ruled by the Travancore
Travancore
Royal Family from Padmanabhapuram , and later Thiruvananthapuram . At its zenith, the kingdom covered most of modern-day central and southern Kerala
Kerala
with the Thachudaya Kaimal 's enclave of Irinjalakuda Koodalmanikkam temple in the neighbouring Kingdom of Cochin , as well as the district of Kanyakumari
Kanyakumari
, now in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu . The official flag of the state was red with a dextrally-coiled silver conch shell ( Turbinella pyrum ) at its center. In the early 19th century, the kingdom became a princely state of the British Empire
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Kumaran Asan
N. KUMARAN ASHAN (12 April 1873 – 16 January 1924), also known as Mahakavi Kumaran Ashan (the prefix Mahakavi, awarded by Madras University in 1922, means "great poet" and the suffix Ashan means "scholar" or "teacher"), was one of the triumvirate poets of Kerala , South India . He was also a philosopher, a social reformer and a disciple of Sree Narayana Guru . Kumaran Ashan initiated a revolution in Malayalam poetry in the first quarter of the 20th century, transforming it from the metaphysical to the lyrical. Deep moral and spiritual commitment is evident in Ashan's poetry. His works are an eloquent testimony of poetic concentration and dramatic contextualisation. CONTENTS * 1 Early life * 2 Early works * 3 Works * 4 See also * 5 References * 6 External links EARLY LIFEAsa was born in a merchant family belonging to the Ezhava community in April 1873 in Kayikkara village, Chirayinkeezhu taluk, north of Thiruvananthapuram district of Kerala , south India
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Nair Service Society
The NAIR SERVICE SOCIETY (NSS) is an organisation created for the social advancement and welfare of the Nair
Nair
community that is found primarily in the state of Kerala
Kerala
in South India. It was established under the leadership of Mannathu Padmanabha Pillai
Mannathu Padmanabha Pillai
. The NSS is a three-tier organisation with Karayogams at the base level, Taluk Unions at the intermediate level and a central headquarters operating from Perunna in Kerala. The Society owns and manages a large number of educational institutions and hospitals
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Nadar Climber
NADAR CLIMBERS (also known as PANNAYERI NADARS or PANNAYERI SHANARS ) constituted the major bulk of today’s Nadar community. They were considered as the largest sub sect of today's Nadar community. They were historically humble cultivators of palmyra trees and jaggery and a few also involved in toddy trade. Majority of Nadar climbers have given up their traditionally occupation, toddy tapping , and today they are widely into education, business and other important fields
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Sree Narayana Trust
SREE NARAYANA TRUST, also known as the SN TRUST , has been an educational organisation in the Indian state of Kerala
Kerala
since 1952. The headquarters of Sree Narayana Trust
Sree Narayana Trust
is in Kollam
Kollam
city. It is named after Narayana Guru
Narayana Guru
. The institutions operated by the Trust follow his footsteps, trying to create strength through organisation and to seek liberation through education. The Trust aims to realize the high ideals of its namesake, who professed the welfare of all without any discrimination on the basis of caste, creed or religion. It was formed by a former Chief Minister of Kerala, R. Sankar , in 1952 to manage the Sree Narayana College, Kollam. Later, educational institutions were started in other parts of Kerala
Kerala
for the upliftment of the socially and educationally backward sections of society
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E. M. S. Namboodiripad
ELAMKULAM MANAKKAL SANKARAN NAMBOODIRIPAD (13 June 1909 – 19 March 1998), popularly EMS, was an Indian communist politician and theorist, who served as the first Chief Minister of Kerala state in 1957–59 and then again in 1967–69. As a member of the Communist Party of India
India
(CPI), he became the first non- Indian National Congress
Indian National Congress
chief minister in the Indian republic. In 1964, he led a faction of the CPI that broke away to form the Communist Party of India (Marxist)
Communist Party of India (Marxist)
(CPM). As chief minister, EMS pioneered radical land and educational reforms in Kerala, which helped it become the country's leader in social indicators
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C. V. Kunhiraman
C.V. KUNHURAMAN (1871 – 1949) was a man of letters, social reformer, founder of Kerala Kaumudi
Kerala Kaumudi
, journalist and leader. He was a follower of Sree Narayana Guru . CONTENTS * 1 Career * 2 Founding Kerala Kaumudi
Kerala Kaumudi
* 3 Contribution to other publications and dailies * 4 References * 5 External links CAREERKunhiraman opened his journalistic career in Sujananadini,published by Paravoor Kesavanasan from Paravoor, Kollam. He began contributing poems and articles on Sujananandini. His early writings were more on social affairs. Later, he became the sub-editor. He started a school for low caste Hindus at Vellamanal, Mayyanad, Quilon and became its headmaster. An activist in the SNDP Yogam, he was elected its general secretary in 1928 and 1931. Valmiki Ramayanam, a prose rendering of the great epic, was his first work to come out in print, in 1901
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C. V. Raman Pillai
Historical Novels Marthandavarma , Dharmaraja, Ramarajabahadur Social Novels Premamritham Farces Kuṟupillākaḷari, Tentanāmkōţţu Hariscandran, Kaimaḷaśśanţe Kaţaśśikkai, Dōcţarku Kiţţiya Miccaṁ, Cerutēn Koḷambas, Panţatte Pāccan, Pāpi Cellaņaţaṁ Pātālaṁ, Kuṟuppinţe Tirippŭ, Buṭler Pappan CANNANKARA VELAYUDHAN RAMAN PILLAI (C.V.Raman Pillai) (Malayalam :സി. വി. രാമൻപിള്ള) (19 May 1858 – 21 March 1922) was one of the great Indian novelists and playwrights and pioneering playwright and journalist in Malayalam. He is often called and known as C.V. CONTENTS * 1 Early life * 2 Writing career * 3 Exegetic dictionary * 4 Personal life * 5 Works * 5.1 social Novels * 5.2 Plays * 5.3 Other works * 5.4 As editor in newspapers * 5.5 Translations * 6 Honors * 7 See also * 8 References * 9 External links EARLY LIFE This section DOES NOT CITE ANY SOURCES
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T. K. Madhavan
T. K. MADHAVAN (2 September 1885 – 27 April 1930) was an Indian social reformer , journalist and revolutionary who was involved with the Sree Narayana Dharma Paripalana (SNDP). He came from Kerala
Kerala
and led the struggle against untouchability which was known as Vaikom Satyagraha . CONTENTS * 1 Early life * 2 Career * 3 Meeting with Gandhi * 4 Death * 5 References EARLY LIFEMadhavan was born on 2 September 1885 at Karthikappally , son of Kesavan Channar of Alummoottil family and Ummini Amma of Komalezhathu family. Alummoottil family was one of the wealthiest in the state of Travancore
Travancore
that time. His maternal uncle was Komalezhathu Kunjupillai Chekavar , a member of the Sree Moolam Praja Sabha. CAREERIn 1917 he took over the daily newspaper, Desabhimani
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