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Chang Wanquan
CHANG WANQUAN (Chinese : 常万全; born January 1949) is the Minister of Defense and State Councilor of the People\'s Republic of China and a general in the People\'s Liberation Army . He has been a member of the Central Military Commission of the People\'s Republic of China and helped to manage China's space program. LIFE AND CAREERBorn in Nanyang , Henan
Henan
Province , in 1949, Chang joined the PLA in March 1968 and the Communist Party of China
Communist Party of China
(CPC) in November of the same year. From January 2002 to December 2004, he was the chief of staff and a CPC committee member of the Lanzhou Military Region . From December 2004 to September 2007, he was the commander of the Shenyang Military Region . He was also director of the Equipment Development Department. In October 2007 he was elected as a member of the Central Military Commission
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Senior Colonel
SENIOR COLONEL is an army officer rank placed between a regular colonel and a major general . The rank typically exists in militaries that do not maintain a rank of brigadier general /brigadier . In Nazi Germany , a rank equivalent to senior colonel, Oberführer , was used by both the SA and SS . In the branches of the Allgemeine SS (General SS) and Waffen-SS (Armed SS) the rank of Oberführer was widely used. The rank did not exist in the army (Heer), although the Kriegsmarine (navy) maintained the equivalent rank of Kommodore . After World War II , armies in Asia, especially in the Communist sphere began establishing senior colonel ranks of their own. Today, the rank of senior colonel may be found in the militaries of China (Daxiao ( 大校)), North Korea (Taejwa (대좌)), Thailand ( Phan Ek Phiset (พันเอกพิเศษ)) and Vietnam ̣̣(Đại tá)
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Major General
MAJOR GENERAL (short MG or MAJ. GEN.) is a military rank used in many countries. It is derived from the older rank of sergeant major general . The disappearance of the "sergeant" in the title explains the apparently confusing phenomenon whereby a lieutenant general outranks a major general (although a major outranks a lieutenant, a lieutenant outranks a sergeant-major.) In the Commonwealth
Commonwealth
and the United States, it is a division commander's rank subordinate to the rank of lieutenant general and senior to the rank of brigadier or brigadier general . In the Commonwealth, major general is equivalent to the navy rank of rear admiral, and in air forces with a separate rank structure, it is equivalent to air vice-marshal . In some countries, including much of Eastern Europe
Eastern Europe
, major general is the lowest of the general officer ranks, with no brigadier-grade rank above colonel
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Lanzhou Military Region
The LANZHOU MILITARY REGION was one of seven military regions in the People\'s Republic of China
China
. It directed all military and armed police forces in Xinjiang
Xinjiang
, Qinghai
Qinghai
, Gansu
Gansu
, Ningxia
Ningxia
, and Shaanxi
Shaanxi
. The Ali area of northwest Tibet
Tibet
also falls under this Region. It is headquartered in Lanzhou
Lanzhou
in Gansu
Gansu
Province
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Henan Province
HENAN (Chinese : 河南) is a province of the People\'s Republic of China
China
, located in the central part of the country. Henan
Henan
is often referred to as ZHONGYUAN or ZHONGZHOU (中州) which literally means "central plain land" or "midland", although the name is also applied to the entirety of China proper
China proper
. Henan
Henan
is the birthplace of Chinese civilization with over 3,000 years of recorded history, and remained China's cultural, economical, and political center until approximately 1,000 years ago. HENAN PROVINCE is a home to a large number of heritage sites which have been left behind including the ruins of Shang Dynasty
Shang Dynasty
capital city Yin and the Shaolin Temple
Shaolin Temple

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Simplified Chinese Characters
SIMPLIFIED CHINESE CHARACTERS (简化字; jiǎnhuàzì) are standardized Chinese characters
Chinese characters
prescribed in the Table of General Standard Chinese
Standard Chinese
Characters for use in mainland China . Along with traditional Chinese characters
Chinese characters
, they are one of the two standard character sets of the contemporary Chinese written language . The government of the People\'s Republic of China
Republic of China
in mainland China has promoted them for use in printing since the 1950s and 1960s to encourage literacy. They are officially used in the People\'s Republic of China
Republic of China
and Singapore
Singapore

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Lieutenant General
LIEUTENANT GENERAL, LIEUTENANT-GENERAL and similar (abbrev LT. GEN, LTG and similar) is a three-star military rank (NATO code OF-8) used in many countries. The rank traces its origins to the Middle Ages
Middle Ages
, where the title of lieutenant general was held by the second in command on the battlefield, who was normally subordinate to a captain general . In modern armies, lieutenant general normally ranks immediately below general and above major general ; it is equivalent to the navy rank of vice admiral , and in air forces with a separate rank structure, it is equivalent to air marshal . A lieutenant general commands an army corps , made up of typically three army divisions , and consisting of around 60,000–70,000 soldiers (U.S.)
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Ministry (government Department)
A MINISTRY is a governmental organisation, headed by a minister , that is meant to manage a specific sector of public administration . Ministries have a bureaucratic structure. Different states have different numbers and names of ministries, but the Brockhaus and Efron Encyclopedic Dictionary
Brockhaus and Efron Encyclopedic Dictionary
notes that all states have (often under different names) a Ministry of Interior , a Ministry of Foreign Affairs , a Ministry of Defense (which may be divided into ministries for land forces and the navy), a Ministry of Justice and a Ministry of Finance . Ministries called the Ministry of Education or similar are also common
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Zhong Shan
Coordinates : 22°32′N 113°21′E / 22.533°N 113.350°E / 22.533; 113.350 Zhongshan 中山市 Prefecture-level city From top down, left to right: Sunwen West Road; Former residence of Dr
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Ministry Of Housing And Urban-Rural Development Of The People's Republic Of China
The MINISTRY OF HOUSING AND URBAN-RURAL DEVELOPMENT (MOHURD) is a ministry of the government of the People\'s Republic of China
China
which provides housing and regulates the state construction activities in the country. It was formerly known as the MINISTRY OF CONSTRUCTION (Chinese : 建设部; pinyin : Jiànshèbù). CONTENTS * 1 History * 2 List of Ministers * 3 See also * 4 References * 5 External links HISTORYAs part of US$586 billion economic stimulus package of November 2008, the government plans to : * Housing : increase the construction of more affordable and low-rent housing and the speeding up of slum demolition, to initiate a pilot program to rebuild rural homes, and a program to encourage nomads to move into permanent housing. * Rural infrastructure: improve roads and power grids in the countryside, and drinking water, including a huge project to divert water from the South to the North of China
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Ministry Of Commerce Of The People's Republic Of China
The MINISTRY OF COMMERCE (MOFCOM) of the Government of China
China
, formerly MINISTRY OF FOREIGN TRADE AND ECONOMIC CO-OPERATION (对外贸易经济合作部, MOFTEC) is an executive agency of the State Council of China
China
. It is responsible for formulating policy on foreign trade, export and import regulations, foreign direct investments, consumer protection, market competition and negotiating bilateral and multilateral trade agreements. The current Commerce minister is Gao Hucheng . CONTENTS * 1 History * 2 List of Commerce Ministers * 3 Departmental structure * 4 MOFCOM and the CEPA * 5 See also * 6 References * 7 External links HISTORYBefore October 1949, the Ministry of Economic Affairs was the governing agency of the Republic of China
China
on the mainland responsible for economic trade issues. The agency was created in 1931 and reorganized in 1937
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Ministry Of Civil Affairs Of The People's Republic Of China
The MINISTRY OF CIVIL AFFAIRS OF THE PEOPLE\'S REPUBLIC OF CHINA (MCA) is a ministry in the State Council of the People\'s Republic of China
China
, responsible for social and administrative affairs. It was founded in May 1978, and the current Minister is Li Liguo . Its precedent was the MINISTRY OF INTERNAL AFFAIRS
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Ministry Of Agriculture Of The People's Republic Of China
The MINISTRY OF AGRICULTURE (MOA) is an executive state agency within the government of the People\'s Republic of China
China
. Areas of responsibility includes agriculture and environmental issues relating to agriculture, fishery , consumer affairs , animal husbandry, horticulture , animal welfare , foodstuffs , hunting and game management as well as higher education and research in the field of agricultural sciences . The ministry is headquartered in Beijing
Beijing

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Chang (surname)
CHANG (/tʃɑːŋ/ ) is the pinyin romanization of the Chinese surname 常 (Cháng). It was listed 80th among the Song -era Hundred Family Surnames . "Chang" is also the Wade-Giles romanization of two Chinese surnames written ZHANG in pinyin : one extremely common and written 張 in traditional characters and 张 in simplified characters , and another quite rare and written as 章 in both systems. There is also a rare case of 鄭 in Hong Kong written as CHANG as well. For full details on them, see the "Zhang " 章 and "Zheng " 鄭 article. In Macao , this is the spelling of the surname "Zeng " 曾. "Chang" is also a common spelling of the surname 陈/陳 in Peru . "Chang" is also the McCune–Reischauer romanization of four surnames in Korean that are also romanized as JANG
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12th National People's Congress
Wu Bangguo Communist CHAIRMAN -ELECT Zhang Dejiang Communist 12th National People's Congress
National People's Congress
The 12TH NATIONAL PEOPLE\\'S CONGRESS was elected from October 2012 to February 2013 and will be in session from 2013 to 2018. It is scheduled to hold five plenary sessions in this period, occurring around early March every year. CONTENTS * 1 The 1st plenary session * 2 The 2nd plenary session * 3 Election results * 4 See also * 5 References * 6 External links THE 1ST PLENARY SESSION Main article: 2013 National People\'s Congress The first plenary session was held on March 2013. All top national posts were up for election and were filled. THE 2ND PLENARY SESSION Main article: 2014 National People\'s Congress The second plenary session was held on March 2014
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Chinese Surname
CHINESE SURNAMES are used by Han Chinese and Sinicized ethnic groups in Mainland China , Hong Kong
Hong Kong
, Macau
Macau
, Malaysia
Malaysia
, Brunei
Brunei
, Taiwan
Taiwan
, Korea
Korea
, Singapore
Singapore
, Indonesia
Indonesia
, Vietnam
Vietnam
and among overseas Chinese communities. In ancient times two types of surnames existed, namely xing (Chinese : 姓; pinyin : xìng) or CLAN NAMES, and shi (Chinese : 氏; pinyin : shì) or LINEAGE NAMES. Chinese family names are patrilineal , passed from father to children (in adoption, the adoptee usually also takes the same surname). Women do not normally change their surnames upon marriage, except in places with more Western influences such as Hong Kong. Traditionally Chinese surnames have been exogamous
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