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Chūzan
Chūzan
Chūzan
(中山) was one of three kingdoms which controlled Okinawa
Okinawa
in the 14th century
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Thailand
Coordinates: 15°24′N 101°18′E / 15.4°N 101.3°E / 15.4; 101.3Kingdom of Thailand ราชอาณาจักรไทย (Thai) Ratcha-anachak ThaiFlagEmblemAnthem: Phleng Chat Thai (English: "Thai National Anthem")Royal anthem: Sansoen Phra Barami (English: "Glorify His prestige")Location of  Thailand  (green) in ASEAN  (dark grey)  –  [Legend]Capital and largest city Bangkok 13°45′N 100°29′E / 13.750°N 100.483°E / 13.750; 100.483Official languages Thai[1]Spoken languagesIsan Kam Mueang Pak TaiEthnic groups (2009;[6] 2011[3]:95–99)Thai  ∟ 34.1% Central Thai  ∟ 24.9% Khon
Khon
Isan[2]  ∟ 9.9% Khon
Khon
Muang  ∟ 7.5% Southern Thai 14% Thai Chinese 12% Others (incl
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Shintō
Shinto
Shinto
(神道, Shintō) or kami-no-michi (among other names)[note 1] is the traditional religion of Japan
Japan
that focuses on ritual practices to be carried out diligently to establish a connection between present-day
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Kumemura
Coordinates: 26°13′03″N 127°40′33″E / 26.21744°N 127.675831°E / 26.21744; 127.675831 Kumemura (久米村; Okinawan: Kuninda; Middle Chinese: Kjú-méi ts'won)[1] was an Okinawan community of scholars, bureaucrats, and diplomats in the port city of Naha near the royal capital of Shuri, which was a center of culture and learning during the time of the Ryukyu Kingdom. The people of Kumemura, traditionally believed to all be descendants of the Chinese immigrants who first settled there in 1392, came to form an important and aristocratic class of scholar-bureaucrats, the yukatchu, who dominated the royal bureaucracy, and served as government officials at home, and as diplomats in relations with China, Japan, and others. The community's special function came to an end in 1879, with Okinawa's formal annexation to Japan, and it has since been geographically absorbed into the prefectural capital of Naha; the area is now known simply as Kume
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Tribute
A tribute (/ˈtrɪbjuːt/)[1] (from Latin
Latin
tributum, contribution) is wealth, often in kind, that a party gives to another as a sign of respect or, as was often the case in historical contexts, of submission or allegiance. Various ancient states exacted tribute from the rulers of land which the state conquered or otherwise threatened to conquer. In case of alliances, lesser parties may pay tribute to more powerful parties as a sign of allegiance and often in order to finance projects that benefited both parties
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Ming Dynasty
The Ming dynasty
Ming dynasty
(/mɪŋ/)[2] was the ruling dynasty of China
China
– then known as the Great Ming Empire
Empire
– for 276 years (1368–1644) following the collapse of the Mongol-led Yuan dynasty. The Ming, described by Edwin O. Reischauer, John K. Fairbank and Albert M. Craig as "one of the greatest eras of orderly government and social stability in human history",[3] was the last imperial dynasty in China ruled by ethnic Han Chinese
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Korea
Korea
Korea
(/kəˈriːə/) is a historical region in East Asia; since 1945, it has been divided into two distinct sovereign states: North Korea (officially the "Democratic People's Republic of Korea") and South Korea
Korea
(officially the "Republic of Korea"). Located on the Korean Peninsula, Korea
Korea
is bordered by China
China
to the northwest and Russia
Russia
to the northeast. It is separated from Japan
Japan
to the east by the Korea Strait and the Sea of Japan
Japan
(East Sea). Korea
Korea
emerged as a singular political entity in 676 AD, after centuries of conflict among the Three Kingdoms of Korea, which were unified as Unified Silla
Unified Silla
to the south and Balhae
Balhae
to the north
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Joseon Dynasty
The Joseon
Joseon
dynasty (also transcribed as Chosŏn or Chosun, Korean: 조선; also known as Joseon
Joseon
of the House of Yi, Korean: 리조조선; officially the Kingdom of Great Joseon, Korean: 대조선국) was a Korean dynastic kingdom that lasted for approximately five centuries. It was founded by Yi Seong-gye
Yi Seong-gye
in July 1392 and was replaced by the Korean Empire
Korean Empire
in October 1897.[5] It was founded following the aftermath of the overthrow of Goryeo
Goryeo
in what is today the city of Kaesong. Early on, Korea
Korea
was retitled and the capital was relocated to modern-day Seoul. The kingdom's northernmost borders were expanded to the natural boundaries at the rivers of Amnok and Tuman through the subjugation of the Jurchens
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Java
Java
Java
(Indonesian: Jawa; Javanese: ꦗꦮ; Sundanese: ᮏᮝ) is an island of Indonesia. At about 139,000 square kilometres (54,000 sq mi), the island is comparable in size to England, the U.S. State
U.S. State
of North Carolina, or Omsk Oblast. With a population of over 141 million (the island itself) or 145 million (the administrative region), Java
Java
is home to 56.7 percent of the Indonesian population and is the world's most populous island.[1] The Indonesian capital city, Jakarta, is located on western Java. Much of Indonesian history took place on Java. It was the center of powerful Hindu-Buddhist empires, the Islamic sultanates, and the core of the colonial Dutch East Indies. Java
Java
was also the center of the Indonesian struggle for independence during the 1930s and 1940s
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Ayutthaya Kingdom
Phitsanulok
Phitsanulok
(1463–1488) Ayutthaya (1488–1666) Lopburi
Lopburi
(1666–1688) Ayutthaya (1688–1767)Languages Ayutthayan ThaiReligion Majority:
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Sumatra
Sumatra
Sumatra
is a large island in western Indonesia
Indonesia
that is part of the Sunda Islands. It is the largest island that is located entirely in Indonesia
Indonesia
(after Borneo, which is shared between Indonesia
Indonesia
and other countries) and the sixth-largest island in the world at 473,481 km2 (not including adjacent islands such as the Riau Islands and Bangka Belitung Islands). Sumatra
Sumatra
is an elongated landmass spanning a diagonal northwest-southeast axis. The Indian Ocean
Indian Ocean
borders the west, northwest, and southwest coasts of Sumatra
Sumatra
with the island chain of Simeulue, Nias
Nias
and Mentawai off the western coast
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Ashikaga Shogunate
The Ashikaga shogunate
Ashikaga shogunate
(足利幕府, Ashikaga bakufu, 1336–1573), also known as the Muromachi shogunate (室町幕府, Muromachi bakufu),[1] was a dynasty originating from one of the plethora of Japanese daimyōs which governed Japan from 1338 to 1573, the year in which Oda Nobunaga
Oda Nobunaga
deposed Ashikaga Yoshiaki. The heads of government were the shōguns.[2] Each was a member of the Ashikaga clan.[3] This period is also known as the Muromachi period. It gets its name from the Muromachi district of Kyoto.[1] The third shōgun, Ashikaga Yoshimitsu, established his residence on Muromachi Street
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Nakijin, Okinawa
Nakijin (今帰仁村, Nakijin-son, Kunigami: Nachizin, Okinawan: Nachijin) is a village located in Kunigami District, Okinawa Prefecture, Japan. As of 2003, the village has an estimated population of 9,529 and a population density of 239.00 persons per km²
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Ozato, Okinawa
Ōzato (大里村, Ōzato-son) was a village located in Shimajiri District, Okinawa Prefecture, Japan. Ōzato Castle is located here. It is named for the royal family of Nanzan. As of 2003, the village had an estimated population of 11,648 and a density of 943.16 persons per km². The total area was 12.35 km². On January 1, 2006, Ōzato, along with the town of Sashiki, and the villages of Chinen and Tamagusuku (all from Shimajiri District), was merged to create the city of Nanjō.Authority controlNDL: 00383283This Okinawa Prefecture location article is a stub
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Aji (Ryūkyū)
An aji, anji, or azu (按司) was a ruler of a petty kingdom in the history of the Ryukyu Islands. The word later became a title and rank of nobility in the Ryukyu Kingdom. It has been theorized to be related to the Japanese aruji ("master"), and the pronunciation varied throughout the islands. It ranked next below a prince among nobility. The sons of princes and the eldest sons of aji became aji. An aji established a noble family equivalent to a miyake of Japan. The aji arose around the twelfth century as local leaders began to build gusuku (Ryukyuan castles). Shō Hashi was an aji who later unified Okinawa Island as king. The title aji variously designated sons of the king and regional leaders. During the Second Shō Dynasty, when the aji settled near Shuri Castle, the word came to denote an aristocrat in the castle town. A pattern for addressing a male aji began with the place he ruled and ended with the word aji, for example, "Nago Aji"
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Buddhism
Buddhism
Buddhism
(/ˈbʊdɪzəm, ˈbuː-/)[1][2] is a religion[3][4] and dharma that encompasses a variety of traditions, beliefs and spiritual practices largely based on original teachings attributed to the Buddha and resulting interpreted philosophies. Buddhism
Buddhism
originated in Ancient India
India
sometime between the 6th and 4th centuries BCE, from where it spread through much of Asia, whereafter it declined in India
India
during the Middle Ages. Two major extant branches of Buddhism
Buddhism
are generally recognized by scholars: Theravada
Theravada
(Pali: "The School of the Elders") and Mahayana
Mahayana
(Sanskrit: "The Great Vehicle")
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