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Centime
CENTIME (from Latin : centesimus) is French for "cent ", and is used in English as the name of the fraction currency in several Francophone countries (including Switzerland
Switzerland
, Algeria
Algeria
, Belgium
Belgium
, Morocco
Morocco
and France
France
). In France
France
the usage of centime goes back to the introduction of the decimal monetary system under Napoleon
Napoleon
. This system aimed at replacing non-decimal fractions of older coins. A five-centime coin was known as a sou, i.e. a solidus or shilling . In Francophone Canada  1⁄100 of a Canadian dollar is officially known as a cent (pronounced /sɛnt/) in both English and French. However, in practice, the form of cenne (pronounced /sɛn/) has completely replaced the official cent
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Euro
The single currency local names * Евро (Bulgarian ) * Eυρώ (Greek ) * Euró (Hungarian ) * Eiro (Latvian ) * Euras (Lithuanian ) * Ewro (Maltese ) * Evro (Slovene ) BANKNOTES €5 , €10 , €20 , €50 , €100 , €200 , €500 (until the end of 2018) COINS 1c , 2c , 5c , 10c , 20c , 50c , €1 , €2 DEMOGRAPHICS OFFICIAL USER(S) Eurozone
Eurozone
(19) * Austria
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Journal Officiel
The JOURNAL OFFICIEL DE LA RéPUBLIQUE FRANçAISE (JORF or JO) is the official gazette of the French Republic . It publishes the major legal official information from the national Government of France . CONTENTS * 1 Publications * 2 Service * 3 See also * 4 References * 5 External links PUBLICATIONSThe journal consists of several publications: * The best known is the "Laws and Decrees" (Journal officiel lois et décrets). It publishes all statutes and decrees, as well as some other administrative decisions
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Francophone Canada
French is the mother tongue of about 7.2 million Canadians
Canadians
(20.6% of the Canadian population, second to English at 56%) according to Census Canada
Canada
2016. Most native speakers of the FRENCH LANGUAGE IN CANADA live in Quebec
Quebec
, where French is the majority official language. 77% of Quebec's population are native francophones , and 95% of the population speak French as their first or second language. Additionally, about one million native francophones live in other provinces, forming a sizable minority in New Brunswick
New Brunswick
, which is officially a bilingual province, where about one-third of the population are francophone
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Solidus (coin)
The SOLIDUS ( Latin
Latin
for "solid"; pl. SOLIDI), NOMISMA (Greek : νόμισμα, nómisma, lit. "coin"), or BEZANT was originally a relatively pure gold coin issued in the Late Roman Empire . Under Constantine , who introduced it on a wide scale, it had a weight of about 4.5 grams. It was largely replaced in Western Europe by Pepin the Short 's currency reform , which introduced the silver -based pound /shilling /penny system, under which the shilling ( Latin
Latin
: solidus) functioned as a unit of account equivalent to 12 pence , eventually developing into the French sou. In Eastern Europe, the nomisma was gradually debased by the Byzantine emperors until it was abolished by Alexius I
Alexius I
in 1092, who replaced it with the hyperpyron , which also came to be known as a "bezant". The Byzantine solidus also inspired the originally slightly less pure Arabian dinar
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Napoleon
NAPOLéON BONAPARTE (/nəˈpoʊliən ˈboʊnəpɑːrt/ ; French: ; 15 August 1769 – 5 May 1821) was a French military and political leader who rose to prominence during the French Revolution
French Revolution
and led several successful campaigns during the French Revolutionary Wars
French Revolutionary Wars
. As NAPOLEON I, he was Emperor of the French from 1804 until 1814, and again briefly in 1815 (during the Hundred Days ). Napoleon
Napoleon
dominated European and global affairs for more than a decade while leading France
France
against a series of coalitions in the Napoleonic Wars
Napoleonic Wars
. He won most of these wars and the vast majority of his battles, building a large empire that ruled over continental Europe before its final collapse in 1815
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Dirham
DIRHAM, DIRHEM or DIRHM (درهم) was and, in some cases, still is a unit of currency in several Berber states and Arab states . It was formerly the related unit of mass (the Ottoman dram ) in the Ottoman Empire and old Persian states. The name derives from the ancient Greek currency the drachma . CONTENTS * 1 Currency units * 2 Unit of mass * 3 History * 3.1 Dirham
Dirham
in Jewish
Jewish
orthodox law * 4 See also * 5 References CURRENCY UNITSPresent-day dirhams include: * The Moroccan dirham * The United Arab Emirates dirham *  1⁄100 of the Iraqi dinar *  1⁄1,000 of the Libyan dinar *  1⁄100 of the Qatari riyal * The diram is  1⁄100 of the Tajikistani somoni UNIT OF MASSThe dirham was a unit of weight used across North Africa, the Middle East, and Persia, with varying values
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Spanish Morocco
The SPANISH PROTECTORATE IN MOROCCO was established on 27 November 1912 by a treaty between France
France
and Spain
Spain
that converted the Spanish sphere of influence in Morocco
Morocco
into a formal protectorate . The Spanish protectorate consisted of a northern strip on the Mediterranean and the Strait of Gibraltar
Strait of Gibraltar
, and a southern part of the protectorate around Cape Juby
Cape Juby
, bordering the Spanish Sahara . The northern zone became part of independent Morocco
Morocco
on 7 April 1956, shortly after France
France
had ceded her protectorate (French Morocco
Morocco
). Spain
Spain
finally ceded her southern zone through the Treaty of Angra de Cintra around Cintra Bay on 1 April 1958, only after the short Ifni War
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French Guianan Franc
The FRANC was the currency of French Guiana
French Guiana
until 2002. The French franc circulated alongside banknotes issued specifically for French Guyana between 1888 and 1961 and notes issued for French Guyana, Guadeloupe
Guadeloupe
and Martinique
Martinique
(collectively referred to as the French Antilles) between 1961 and 1975. As an integral part of France, French Guiana
French Guiana
is part of the European Union and the Eurozone
Eurozone
, and starting in 2002, its currency is the euro . CONTENTS * 1 Banknotes * 2 See also * 3 References * 4 External links BANKNOTES French Guiana
French Guiana
25 Francs In 1888 the Banque de la Guyane introduced 100 and 500 francs notes, followed by 25 francs in 1910
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Moroccan Dirham
The DIRHAM (Arabic : درهم‎‎), plural: (Arabic : دراهم‎‎), is the currency of Morocco
Morocco
. The plural form is pronounced darahim , although in French and English "dirhams" is commonly used. Its ISO 4217
ISO 4217
code is "MAD". It is subdivided into 100 santimat (singular: santim, Arabic singular: سنتيم, plural: سنتيمات). The dirham is issued by the Bank Al-Maghrib , the central bank of Morocco
Morocco
. CONTENTS * 1 History * 2 Coins * 3 Banknotes * 4 Popular denominations and usage * 5 See also * 6 Notes * 7 References * 8 External links HISTORY Coins and banknotes in Moroccan dirhams (MAD)
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Cfa Franc
The CFA FRANC (in French : franc CFA , or colloquially franc) is the name of two currencies used in Africa which are guaranteed by the French treasury. The two CFA franc
CFA franc
currencies are the West African CFA franc and the Central African CFA franc . Although theoretically separate, the two CFA franc
CFA franc
currencies are effectively interchangeable. Both CFA francs have a fixed exchange rate to the euro : 100 CFA francs = 1 former French (nouveau) franc = 0.152449 euro; or 1 euro = 655.957 CFA francs exactly. Although Central African CFA francs and West African CFA francs have always been at parity and have therefore always had the same monetary value against other currencies, they are in principle separate currencies. They could theoretically have different values from any moment if one of the two CFA monetary authorities, or France, decided it
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Luxembourgish Franc
100, 1000, 5000 fr.1  RARELY USED 20, 50 fr. COINS  FREQ. USED 1, 5, 20 "> RARELY USED 25 centimes DEMOGRAPHICS USER(S) None, previously: Belgium
Belgium
, Luxembourg
Luxembourg
ISSUANCE CENTRAL BANK Central Bank of Luxembourg
Luxembourg
3  WEBSITE www.bcl.lu PRINTER National Bank of Belgium
Belgium
4  WEBSITE www.nbb.be MINT National Bank of Belgium
Belgium
4  WEBSITE www.nbb.be VALUATION PEGGED WITH Belgian franc
Belgian franc
at par ERM  SINCE 13 March 1979  FIXED RATE SINCE 31 December 1998  REPLACED BY €, NON CASH 1 January 1999  REPLACED BY €, CASH 1 January 2002  € = 40.3399 francs This infobox shows the latest status before this currency was rendered obsolete
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Spanish Peseta
The PESETA (/pəˈseɪtə/ , Spanish: ) was the currency of Spain between 1869 and 2002. Along with the French franc , it was also a de facto currency used in Andorra (which had no national currency with legal tender). CONTENTS * 1 Etymology * 2 Symbol * 3 Subdivision * 4 History * 4.1 Precursors * 5 Coins * 5.1 Decimal coinage of the monarchy * 5.2 The Second Republic and Civil War period * 5.3 Coins of the Nationalist State and World War II periods * 5.4 Postwar era coinage * 5.5 Spanish euro coins * 6 Banknotes * 7 Andorran peseta * 8 Replacement by the euro * 9 See also * 10 Notes * 11 References * 12 Bibliography * 13 External links ETYMOLOGY This section DOES NOT CITE ANY SOURCES . Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources . Unsourced material may be challenged and removed
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Decimal Currency
DECIMALISATION is the process of converting a currency from its previous non-decimal denominations to a decimal system (i.e., a system based on one basic unit of currency and one or more sub-units, such that the number of sub-units in one basic unit is a power of 10 , most commonly 100). The only current non-decimal currencies are the Malagasy ariary (equal to five iraimbilanja ) and the Mauritanian ouguiya (equal to five khoums), though in practice both just have one currency unit and no sub-unit because khoums and iraimbilanja are no longer minted
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Shilling
The SHILLING is a unit of currency formerly used in the United Kingdom , Australia
Australia
, United States
United States
, and other British Commonwealth countries. The word shilling comes from scilling, an accounting term that dates back to Anglo-Saxon times, and from there back to Old Norse , where it means "division". Slang terms for the old shilling coins include "bob" and "hog". While the derivation of "bob" is uncertain, John Camden Hotten in his 1864 Slang Dictionary says the original version was "bobstick" and wonders if it is connected with Sir Robert Walpole . One abbreviation for shilling is S (for solidus, see £sd ). Often it was represented by a solidus symbol ("/"), which may have originally stood for a long S or ſ , thus 1/9 would be one shilling and ninepence (and equivalent to 21d ; the shilling itself was equal to 12d )
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France
FRANCE (French: ), officially the FRENCH REPUBLIC (French: République française, pronounced ), is a country whose territory consists of metropolitan France
France
in western Europe
Europe
, as well as several overseas regions and territories . The metropolitan area of France extends from the Mediterranean Sea
Mediterranean Sea
to the English Channel
English Channel
and the North Sea
North Sea
, and from the Rhine
Rhine
to the Atlantic Ocean
Atlantic Ocean
. The overseas territories include French Guiana in South America
South America
and several islands in the Atlantic, Pacific and Indian oceans
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