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Centime
Centime
Centime
(from Latin: centesimus) is French for "cent", and is used in English as the name of the fraction currency in several Francophone countries (including Switzerland, Algeria, Belgium, Morocco
Morocco
and France). In France
France
the usage of centime goes back to the introduction of the decimal monetary system under Napoleon. This system aimed at replacing non-decimal fractions of older coins. A five-centime coin was known as a sou, i.e. a solidus or shilling. In Francophone Canada
Francophone Canada
​1⁄100 of a Canadian dollar is officially known as a cent (pronounced /sɛnt/) in both English and French. However, in practice, the form of cenne (pronounced /sɛn/) has completely replaced the official cent. Spoken and written use of the official form cent in Francophone Canada
Francophone Canada
is exceptionally uncommon
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Moroccan Dirham
The dirham (Arabic: درهم‎); plural: (Arabic: دراهم‎, pronounced darahim) is the currency of Morocco. It is issued by the Bank Al-Maghrib, the central bank of Morocco. It is subdivided into 100 santimat (singular: santim, Arabic singular: سنتيم, plural: سنتيمات).Contents1 History 2 Coins 3 Banknotes 4 Popular denominations and usage 5 See also 6 Notes 7 References 8 External linksHistory[edit]Coins and banknotes in Moroccan dirhams (MAD).Before the introduction of a modern coinage in 1882, Morocco
Morocco
issued copper coins denominated in falus, silver coins denominated in dirham & gold coins denominated in benduqi. From 1882, the dirham became a subdivision of the Moroccan rial, with 50 Mazunas = 10 dirham = 1 rial. When most of Morocco
Morocco
became a French protectorate in 1912 it switched to the Moroccan franc
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Napoleon
Napoléon Bonaparte (15 August 1769 – 5 May 1821) was a French statesman and military leader who rose to prominence during the French Revolution and led several successful campaigns during the French Revolutionary Wars. As Napoleon, he was Emperor of the French
Emperor of the French
from 1804 until 1814, and again briefly in 1815 during the Hundred Days. Napoleon
Napoleon
dominated European and global affairs for more than a decade while leading France
France
against a series of coalitions in the Napoleonic Wars. He won most of these wars and the vast majority of his battles, building a large empire that ruled over continental Europe before its final collapse in 1815. He is considered one of the greatest commanders in history, and his wars and campaigns are studied at military schools worldwide
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French Guianan Franc
The franc was the currency of French Guiana
French Guiana
until 2002. The French franc circulated alongside banknotes issued specifically for French Guyana between 1888 and 1961 and notes issued for French Guyana, Guadeloupe
Guadeloupe
and Martinique
Martinique
(collectively referred to as the French Antilles) between 1961 and 1975. As an integral part of France, French Guiana
French Guiana
is part of the European Union and the Eurozone, and starting in 2002, its currency is the euro.Contents1 Banknotes 2 See also 3 References 4 External linksBanknotes[edit] French Guiana
French Guiana
25 FrancsIn 1888 the Banque de la Guyane introduced 100 and 500 francs notes, followed by 25 francs in 1910. Emergency issues of 1 and 2 francs notes were made between 1917 and 1919 with regular-type 5 francs notes introduced in 1922
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CFA Franc
The CFA franc
CFA franc
(in French: franc CFA [fʁɑ̃ seɛfɑ], or colloquially franc) is the name of two currencies used in parts of West and Central African countries which are guaranteed by the French treasury. The two CFA franc
CFA franc
currencies are the West African CFA franc
West African CFA franc
and the Central African CFA franc. Although theoretically separate, the two CFA franc currencies are effectively interchangeable. The ISO currency codes are XAF for the Central African CFA franc, whereas XOF for the West African CFA franc. Both CFA francs have a fixed exchange rate to the euro: 100 CFA francs = 1 former French (nouveau) franc = 0.152449 euro; or 1 euro = 655.957 CFA francs exactly. Although Central African CFA francs and West African CFA francs have always been at parity and have therefore always had the same monetary value against other currencies, they are in principle separate currencies
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Spanish Peseta
The peseta (/pəˈseɪtə/, Spanish: [peˈseta])[a] was the currency of Spain
Spain
between 1869 and 2002. Along with the French franc, it was also a de facto currency used in Andorra
Andorra
(which had no national currency with legal tender).Contents1 Etymology 2 Symbol 3 Subdivision 4 History4.1 Precursors5 Coins5.1 Decimal coinage of the monarchy 5.2 The Second Republic and Civil War period 5.3 Coins of the Nationalist State and World War II periods 5.4 Postwar era coinage 5.5 Spanish euro coins6 Banknotes 7 Andorran peseta 8 Replacement by the euro 9 See also 10 Notes 11 References 12 Bibliography 13 External linksEtymology[edit]This section does not cite any sources. Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed
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Spanish Morocco
The Spanish protectorate in Morocco[a] was established on 27 November 1912 by a treaty between France
France
and Spain[1] that converted the Spanish sphere of influence in Morocco
Morocco
into a formal protectorate. The Spanish protectorate consisted of a northern strip on the Mediterranean and the Strait of Gibraltar, and a southern part of the protectorate[2] around Cape Juby, bordering the Spanish Sahara
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Dirham
Dirham, dirhem or dirhm (درهم) was and, in some cases, still is a unit of currency in several Arab states. It was formerly the related unit of mass (the Ottoman dram) in the Ottoman Empire
Ottoman Empire
and old Persian states. The name derives from the ancient Greek currency the drachma.[1]Contents1 Unit of mass 2 History2.1 Dirham
Dirham
in Jewish
Jewish
orthodox law3 Modern-day currency 4 See also 5 ReferencesUnit of mass[edit] The dirham was a unit of weight used across North Africa, the Middle East, and Persia, with varying values. In the late Ottoman Empire
Ottoman Empire
(Ottoman Turkish درهم), the standard dirham was 3.207 g;[2] 400 dirhem equal one oka
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Journal Officiel
The Journal officiel de la République française
Journal officiel de la République française
(JORF or JO) is the government gazette of the French Republic. It publishes the major legal official information from the national Government of France.[1][2][3]Contents1 Publications 2 Service 3 See also 4 References 5 External linksPublications[edit] The journal consists of several publications:The best known is the "Laws and Decrees" (Journal officiel lois et décrets). It publishes all statutes and decrees, as well as some other administrative decisions
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Euro
The single currency[1]local namesЕвро (Bulgarian) Eυρώ (Greek) Euró (Hungarian) Eiro (Latvian) Euras (Lithuanian) Ewro (Maltese) Evro (Slovene)Banknotes €5, €10, €20, €50, €100, €200, €500 (until the end of 2018)Coins 1c, 2c, 5c, 10c, 20c, 50c, €1, €2DemographicsOfficial user(s) Eurozone
Eurozone
(19) Austria  Belgium  Cyprus[note 1]  Estonia  Finland  France[note 2]  Germany  Greece  Ireland  Italy[note 3]  Latvia  Lithuania  Luxembourg  Malta  Netherlands[note 4]  Portugal  Slova
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Shilling
The shilling is a unit of currency formerly used in Austria, the United Kingdom, Australia, New Zealand, United States, and other British Commonwealth
British Commonwealth
countries. Currently the shilling is used as a currency in four east African countries of Kenya
Kenya
(Kenyan shilling) Tanzania
Tanzania
(Tanzanian shilling) Uganda
Uganda
(Ugandan shilling) and Somalia (Somali shilling) (autonomous region of Somalia
Somalia
Somaliland
Somaliland
(Somaliland Shilling). It is also the proposed currency of the east African community plans to introduce (east African shilling). The word shilling comes from scilling, an accounting term that dates back to Anglo-Saxon times, and from there back to Old Norse, where it means "division". Slang terms for the old shilling coins include "bob" and "hog"
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Solidus (coin)
The solidus ( Latin
Latin
for "solid"; pl. solidi), nomisma (Greek: νόμισμα, nómisma, lit. "coin"), or bezant was originally a relatively pure gold coin issued in the Late Roman Empire. Under Constantine, who introduced it on a wide scale, it had a weight of about 4.5 grams. It was largely replaced in Western Europe by Pepin the Short's currency reform, which introduced the silver-based pound/shilling/penny system, under which the shilling (Latin: solidus) functioned as a unit of account equivalent to 12 pence, eventually developing into the French sou. In Eastern Europe, the nomisma was gradually debased by the Byzantine emperors until it was abolished by Alexius I
Alexius I
in 1092, who replaced it with the hyperpyron, which also came to be known as a "bezant"
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Francophone Canada
French is the mother tongue of about 7.2 million Canadians (20.6% of the Canadian population, second to English at 56%) according to Census Canada 2016.[1] Most native speakers of the French language in Canada live in Quebec, where French is the majority official language
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Decimal Currency
Decimalisation is the process of converting a currency from its previous non-decimal denominations to a decimal system (i.e., a system based on one basic unit of currency and one or more sub-units, such that the number of sub-units in one basic unit is a power of 10, most commonly 100). The only[citation needed] current non-decimal currencies are the Malagasy ariary (equal to five iraimbilanja) and the Mauritanian ouguiya (equal to five khoums), though in practice both just have one currency unit and no sub-unit because khoums and iraimbilanja are no longer minted.[citation needed]Contents1 Decimal currency 2 Europe2.1 £sd conversion3 Americas3.1 North America3.1.1 United States 3.1.2 Canada 3.1.3 Mexico and Bermuda3.2 Caribbean 3.3 Central America 3.4 South America4 Africa4.1 South Africa5 Oceania5.1 Australia and New Zealand 5.2 Rest of Oceania6 Asia6.1 Rupee-anna-paisa-pie conversion 6.2 Non-
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Morocco
Coordinates: 32°N 6°W / 32°N 6°W / 32; -6Kingdom of Moroccoالمملكة المغربية (Arabic) ⵜⴰⴳⵍⴷⵉⵜ ⵏ ⵍⵎⵖⵔⵉⴱ (Berber)FlagCoat of armsMotto:  لله، الوطن، الملك  (Arabic) Allah, Al Watan, Al Malik ⴰⴽⵓⵛ, ⴰⵎⵓⵔ, ⴰⴳⵍⵍⵉⴷ (Berber)"God, Homeland, King"Anthem:  النشيد الوطني المغربي  (Arabic) ⵉⵣⵍⵉ ⴰⵏⴰⵎⵓⵔ ⵏ ⵍⵎⵖⵔⵉⴱ  (Berber) Cherifian AnthemDark green: Internationally recognized territory of Morocco. Lighter green: Western Sahara, a territory claimed and mostly controlled by Morocco
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