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Cellach II
CELLACH II is the fourth alleged Bishop of the Scots (fl. mid-10th century), the predecessor of the later St Andrews
St Andrews
bishopric (the bishopric may not actually have been fixed at St Andrews
St Andrews
at this period). He is mentioned in the bishop-lists of the 15th-century historians Walter Bower and Andrew of Wyntoun as the successor of Máel Ísu I , and it is claimed by both sources that he reigned as bishop for twenty-five years after his confirmation at Rome
Rome
. Bower calls Cellach's father "Ferdlag", and says that Cellach "was the first to go to Rome
Rome
for confirmation". If Cellach's predecessor's (i.e
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Chronicle Of The Kings Of Alba
The CHRONICLE OF THE KINGS OF ALBA, or SCOTTISH CHRONICLE, is a short written chronicle of the Kings of Alba
Alba
, covering the period from the time of Kenneth MacAlpin (Cináed mac Ailpín) (d. 858) until the reign of Kenneth II (Cináed mac Maíl Coluim) (r. 971–995). W.F. Skene called it the CHRONICLE OF THE KINGS OF SCOTS, and some have called it the OLDER SCOTTISH CHRONICLE, but Chronicle of the Kings of Alba
Alba
is emerging as the standard scholarly name. The sole surviving version of the text comes from the Poppleton Manuscript , now in the Bibliothèque Nationale
Bibliothèque Nationale
, Paris . It is the fourth of seven consecutive Scottish documents in the manuscript, the first six of which were probably put together in the early thirteenth century by the man who wrote de Situ Albanie
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Alan Orr Anderson
ALAN ORR ANDERSON (1879–1958) was a Scottish historian and compiler. He graduated from the University of Edinburgh
University of Edinburgh
. The son of Rev. John Anderson and Ann Masson, he was born in 1879. He was educated at Royal High School , Edinburgh
Edinburgh
, and the University of Edinburgh
Edinburgh
. In 1908, after five years of work sponsored by the Carnegie Trust
Carnegie Trust
, he published Scottish Annals
Annals
from English Chroniclers , a reasonably comprehensive compilation of sources about Scottish history before 1286 written either in England
England
or by chroniclers born in England. Fourteen years later, he was able to publish the 2-volume work entitled Early Sources of Scottish History, A.D
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William De Lamberton
LAMBERTON can refer to: PEOPLE * Judge Robert Lamberton , 1809 - 1885, Venango County Judge and founder of the Lamberton Savings Bank, Franklin, Pa. * Benjamin P. Lamberton , admiral * Charles Lamberton , fl
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Rome
ROME (/roʊm/ ROHM ; Italian : Roma ( listen ), Latin
Latin
: Rōma) is the capital of Italy
Italy
and a special comune (named Comune
Comune
di Roma Capitale). Rome
Rome
also serves as the capital of the Lazio region . With 2,876,051 residents in 1,285 km2 (496.1 sq mi), it is also the country's most populated comune. It is the fourth-most populous city in the European Union
European Union
by population within city limits. It is the centre of the Metropolitan City of Rome , which has a population of 4.3 million residents. Rome
Rome
is located in the central-western portion of the Italian Peninsula
Italian Peninsula
, within Lazio (Latium), along the shores of the Tiber
Tiber

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Culen Of Scotland
CUILéN (also Culén, Cuilean; died 971) was an early King of Alba (Scotland ). He was a son of Illulb mac Custantín, King of Alba , after whom he is known by the patronymic MAC ILLUILB (also mac Iduilb, mac Ilduilb etc. ) of Clann Áeda meic Cináeda, a branch of the Alpínid dynasty . During the 10th century, the Alpínids rotated the kingship of Alba between two main dynastic branches. Dub mac Maíl Choluim , a member of a rival branch of the kindred, seems to have succeeded after Illulb's death in 962. Cuilén soon after challenged him but was defeated in 965. Dub was eventually expelled and slain in 966/967. Whether Cuilén was responsible for his death is uncertain. Following Dub's fall, Cuilén appears to have ruled as undisputed king from 966–971. Little is known of Cuilén's short reign other than his own death in 971. According to various sources, he and his brother, Eochaid, were slain by Britons
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Walter Bower
ABBOT WALTER BOWER (or BOWMAKER; c. 1385 – 24 December 1449) was a Scottish canon regular of Inchcolm Abbey in the Firth of Forth
Firth of Forth
, who is noted as a chronicler of his era. He was born about 1385 at Haddington, East Lothian
Haddington, East Lothian
, in the Kingdom of Scotland
Scotland
. LIFEBower was trained at the University of St Andrews
University of St Andrews
and became the abbot of the Augustinian community on Inchcolm in 1417. He also acted as one of the commissioners for the collection of the ransom of King James I of Scotland
Scotland
in 1423 and 1424. Later, in 1433, he took part in a diplomatic mission to Paris
Paris
to discuss the possibility of marriage of the king's daughter to the Dauphin of France
Dauphin of France

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Roger De Beaumont (bishop)
ROGER (/ˈrɒdʒər/ , /ˈroʊdʒər/ ) is a masculine given name and a surname . The given name is derived from the Old French
Old French
personal names Roger
Roger
and Rogier. These names are of Germanic origin, derived from the elements *hrōd ("fame", "renown") and *gār, *gēr ("spear", "lance"). The name was introduced into England by the Normans
Normans
. In Normandy
Normandy
, the Frankish name had been reinforced by the Old Norse cognate Hróðgeirr. The name introduced into England replaced the Old English
Old English
cognate Hroðgar. Roger
Roger
became a very common given name during the Middle Ages
Middle Ages
. A variant form of the given name Roger
Roger
is Rodger
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Andrew Of Wyntoun
ANDREW WYNTOUN, known as ANDREW OF WYNTOUN (c. 1350 – c. 1425), was a Scottish poet, a canon and prior of Loch Leven on St Serf\'s Inch and later, a canon of St. Andrews . Andrew Wyntoun is most famous for his completion of an eight-syllabled metre entitled, Orygynale Cronykil of Scotland
Scotland
, which contains an early mention of Robin Hood
Robin Hood
; it is also cited by the Oxford English Dictionary
Oxford English Dictionary
as the earliest work in English to use the word " Catholic
Catholic
": "He was a constant Catholic;/All Lollard he hated and heretic." Wyntoun wrote the 'Chronicle' at the request of his patron, Sir John of Wemyss , whose representative, Mr. Erskine Wemyss of Wemyss Castle
Wemyss Castle
, Fife , possessed the oldest extant manuscript of the work
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William Bell (bishop)
WILLIAM BELL (died 1343) was a 14th-century Bishop of St Andrews . His origins are not clear, but he was holding a canonry in the diocese of Glasgow by 20 January 1312. He was a commissary of Bishop William de Lamberton in a case between Dunfermline Abbey
Dunfermline Abbey
and one of the abbey's vicars in early 1312. He was part of William de Lamberton's close group of associates, his familia. In 1328, he was involved playing an administrative role in drawing up a treating at Holyrood Abbey between King Robert I of Scotland and the English crown. By this point in time he was holding the title "Master", and hence an academic qualification. In the following year he became Dean of Dunkeld Cathedral
Dunkeld Cathedral
. The latter position was still held in early 1341, but was probably resigned soon after as Bell moved to become a canon of St Andrews
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William Fraser (bishop Of St Andrews)
WILLIAM FRASER (died 1297) was a late 13th century Bishop of St Andrews and Guardian of the Kingdom of Scotland . Before election to the bishopric, he had been and Royal Chancellor of King Alexander III of Scotland and dean of Glasgow. He was elected to the bishopric on 4 August 1279, and confirmed in the position the following year by Pope Nicholas III In 1295, William was sent to France
France
as part of the king's attempt to gain an alliance with the French king, on 20 August 1297. William was one of the leading political figures in the kingdom during the crisis that emerged in the aftermath of King Alexander. In 1290, he was elected as one of the six Guardians of Scotland, the six oligarchs who ran Scotland until the accession of King John Balliol
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David De Bernham
DAVID DE BERNHAM (died 1253) was Chamberlain of King Alexander II of Scotland and subsequently, Bishop of St. Andrews
Bishop of St. Andrews
. He was elected to the see in June 1239, and finally consecrated, after some difficulties, in January, 1240. He died in 1253, and was buried at Nenthorn , near Kelso . One interesting feature of his life which has left a written record is the fact that as bishop of St Andrews he consecrated a long list of churches in his diocese. These churches are listed by name, together with the dates on which they were consecrated, in the 1240s, in a thirteenth-century Pontifical now in the Bibliotheque National, Paris (B.N. Latin 1218). REFERENCES * Dowden, John, The Bishops of Scotland, ed. J
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Gamelin (bishop)
GAMELIN (died 1271) was a 13th-century Bishop of St Andrews . He had previously been the chancellor to King Alexander III of Scotland
Alexander III of Scotland
, as well as Papal chaplain . He was postulated to the see in Lent , 1255, and confirmed by Pope
Pope
Alexander IV on 1 July 1255, who also agreed to overlook his apparent "defect of birth". Gamelin was a Comyn supporter, and was banished from the kingdom sometime in 1256, a year after the Comyns' rival Alan Durward had seized power. After the Durwards were overthrown, he was able to return, and was certainly back in Scotland by 1270. He died the following year at "Inchmurdauch" (Innse Muiredaich). REFERENCES * Dowden, John, The Bishops of Scotland, ed. J
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William De Landallis
WILLIAM DE LANDALLIS († 1385) was a 14th-century Bishop of St. Andrews . LIFELike his predecessor, James Bane , he was a native of Aberdeenshire , serving as rector of Kinkell before being appointed by Pope Benedict XII as the successor of James at St. Andrews . The prior and the chapter of the see had actually chosen a man called William Bell, dean of diocese of Dunkeld , but William Bell resigned all rights deriving from the election to the Pope, who did not seek to re-appoint him. According to Walter Bower (vi. 45), William was appointed to the bishopric on 18 February 1342, a date confirmed by a known papal letter. William's long rule as bishop was generally successful. In 1370, he crowned Robert II at Scone
Scone
. However, it was during William's episcopate that St. Andrews\' Cathedral was destroyed by fire
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Abel De Gullane
ABEL DE GULLANE was a 13th-century Bishop of St Andrews . He had been archdeacon of the diocese, and subsequently a Papal chaplain . In early 1254, after quashing the election of Robert de Stuteville , the Pope
Pope
provided Abel to the bishopric, a decision not universally popular in Scotland
Scotland
. His first appearance back at St Andrews
St Andrews
as bishop was on 29 June 1254, when he is recorded as celebrating the Papal mass . He died only a few months later, on 1 December. REFERENCES * Dowden, John, The Bishops of Scotland, ed. J. Maitland Thomson, (Glasgow, 1912) RELIGIOUS TITLES Preceded by Robert de Stuteville (unconsecrated) David de Bernham (consecrated) Bishop of St
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