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Cave Of Treasures
The CAVE OF TREASURES, sometimes referred to simply as THE TREASURE, is a book of the New Testament apocrypha . CONTENTS * 1 Origin * 2 History * 3 Contents * 4 References * 5 External links ORIGINThis text is attributed to Ephrem Syrus , who was born at Nisibis soon after AD 306 and died in 373, but it is now generally believed that its current form is 6th century or newer. The assertion that the Cave of Treasures was written in the 4th century is supported by the general contents of the work. These reproduce Ephrem's peculiar methods of exegesis and supply many examples of his methods in religious argument, with which we are familiar from his other writings. His pride in the antiquity of the Syriac language
Syriac language
also appears in this work
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Nestorian Church
The CHURCH OF THE EAST (Syriac : ܥܕܬܐ ܕܡܕܢܚܐ‎ Ēdṯāʾ d-Maḏenḥā), also known as the NESTORIAN CHURCH, was an Eastern Christian Church in the Persian Empire
Persian Empire
and other parts of Asia
Asia
during the late antiquity period and throughout the middle ages . It originated as an eastern branch of Syriac Christianity
Syriac Christianity
, and used the East Syrian Rite
East Syrian Rite
in liturgy . It developed distinctive theological and ecclesiological traditions, and played a major role in the history of Christianity in Asia
Asia
. At the beginning of the early modern period it suffered a series of internal divisions, and ultimately branched into the Chaldean Catholic Church
Chaldean Catholic Church
and the Assyrian Church of the East during the Schism of 1552
Schism of 1552

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Kings Of Israel
This article is an overview of the kings of the United Kingdom of Israel as well as those of its successor states . CONTENTS * 1 Family tree * 2 List of kings * 2.1 House of Gideon * 2.2 House of Saul * 2.3 House of David * 2.4 Kingdom of Israel (Samaria) * 2.5 Kingdom of Judah * 2.6 Hasmonean dynasty * 2.7 Herodian dynasty * 3 See also * 4 References * 5 External links FAMILY TREELIST OF KINGSHOUSE OF GIDEON * Abimelech – the son of Gideon , was the first man declared a king in Israel. HOUSE OF SAUL Saul and David by Rembrandt According to the Bible, the Tribes of Israel lived as a confederation under ad hoc charismatic leaders called judges . In around 1020 BCE, under extreme threat from foreign peoples, the tribes united to form the first United Kingdom of Israel . Samuel anointed Saul from the Tribe of Benjamin as the first king
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Book Of The Bee
The BOOK OF THE BEE is an historical theological compilation containing numerous Biblical legends . It was written by Solomon of Akhlat, a Syrian Nestorian Bishop
Bishop
of Bassora (Basrah) around 1222. It is written in Syriac . CONTENTS * 1 Book * 2 Author * 3 References * 4 External links BOOKThe Book of the Bee is a collection of theological and historical texts compiled by Solomon of Akhlat in the thirteenth century. The book consists of 55 chapters discussing various topics including the creation, heaven and earth, the angels, darkness, paradise, Old Testament patriarchs, New Testament events, lists of kings and patriarchs, and the final day of resurrection. The book was originally written in Syriac and has been translated into English and Arabic. AUTHORSolomon of Akhlat was a bishop of the Church of the East
Church of the East
during the thirteenth century
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Basra
BASRA, also AL-BAṣRAH (Arabic : البصرة‎‎), is an Iraqi city located on the Shatt al-Arab
Shatt al-Arab
between Kuwait
Kuwait
and Iran
Iran
. It had an estimated population of 1.5 million in 2012. Basra
Basra
is also Iraq's main port, although it does not have deep water access, which is handled at the port of Umm Qasr . The city is part of the historic location of Sumer
Sumer
, one of the ports from which Sinbad the Sailor
Sinbad the Sailor
journeyed, and a proposed location of the Garden of Eden . It played an important role in early Islamic history and was built in 636 (14 AH ). Basra
Basra
is consistently one of the hottest cities in Iraq, with summer temperatures regularly exceeding 50 °C (122 °F)
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Herod Archelaus
HEROD ARCHELAUS (Greek : Ἡρώδης Ἀρχέλαος, Hērōdēs Archelaos; 23 BCE – c. 18 CE) was ethnarch of Samaria
Samaria
, Judea
Judea
, and Idumea (biblical Edom
Edom
), including the cities Caesarea and Jaffa
Jaffa
, for a period of nine years (circa 4 BCE to 6 CE). Archelaus was removed by Roman Emperor Augustus
Augustus
when Judaea province was formed under direct Roman rule, at the time of the Census of Quirinius
Census of Quirinius

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Herod The Great
HEROD (/ˈhɛrəd/ ; Hebrew : הוֹרְדוֹס‎, Hordos, Greek : Ἡρῴδης, Hērōdēs; 74/73 BCE – 4 BCE), also known as HEROD THE GREAT and HEROD I, was a Roman client king of Judea
Judea
, referred to as the Herodian kingdom
Herodian kingdom
. The history of his legacy has polarized opinion, as he is known for his colossal building projects throughout Judea, including his expansion of the Second Temple
Second Temple
in Jerusalem
Jerusalem
(Herod\'s Temple ), the construction of the port at Caesarea Maritima , the fortress at Masada and Herodium . Vital details of his life are recorded in the works of the 1st century CE Roman–Jewish historian Josephus
Josephus

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Kingdom Of Judah
The KINGDOM OF JUDAH ( Hebrew
Hebrew
: מַמְלֶכֶת יְהוּדָה‎‎, Mamlekhet Yehudāh) was an Iron Age
Iron Age
kingdom of the Southern Levant . The Hebrew
Hebrew
Bible
Bible
depicts it as the successor to a United Monarchy , but historians are divided about the veracity of this account. In the 10th and early 9th centuries BCE the territory of Judah appears to have been sparsely populated, limited to small rural settlements, most of them unfortified. Jerusalem
Jerusalem
, the kingdom's capital, likely did not emerge as a significant administrative centre until the end of the 8th century; prior to this archaeological evidence suggests its population was too small to sustain a viable kingdom
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Nebuchadnezzar
NEBUCHADNEZZAR II (from Akkadian 𒀭𒀝𒆪𒁺𒌨𒊑𒋀 Nabû-kudurri-uṣur), meaning "O god Nabu
Nabu
, preserve/defend my firstborn son") was king of Babylon
Babylon
c. 605 BC – c. 562 BC, the longest reign of any king of the Neo-Babylonian empire. CONTENTS * 1 Career * 2 Portrayal in the Bible
Bible
* 3 Portrayal in medieval Muslim
Muslim
sources * 4 See also * 5 References * 6 Bibliography * 7 External links CAREER Building Inscription of King Nebuchadnezar II at the Ishtar Gate . An abridged excerpt says: "I (Nebuchadnezzar) laid the foundation of the gates down to the ground water level and had them built out of pure blue stone
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Ham (son Of Noah)
HAM (Hebrew : חָם, Modern H̱am, Tiberian Ḥām; Greek Χαμ, Kham; Arabic
Arabic
: حام, Ḥām), according to the Table of Nations in the Book of Genesis
Book of Genesis
, was a son of Noah
Noah
and the father of Cush , Mizraim , Phut and Canaan . Ham's descendants are interpreted by Moses
Moses
, Flavius Josephus
Josephus
and others as having populated Africa and adjoining parts of Asia. The Bible refers to Egypt as "the land of Ham" in Psalms.78:51; 105:23,27; 106:22; 1 Chronicles 4:40
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E. A. Wallis Budge
SIR ERNEST ALFRED THOMPSON WALLIS BUDGE (27 July 1857 – 23 November 1934) was an English Egyptologist , Orientalist , and philologist who worked for the British Museum
British Museum
and published numerous works on the ancient Near East . He made numerous trips to Egypt
Egypt
and the Sudan on behalf of the British Museum
British Museum
to buy antiquities, and helped it build its collection of cuneiform tablets, manuscripts, and papyri. He published many books on Egyptology, helping to bring the findings to larger audiences. In 1920 he was knighted for his service to Egyptology and the British Museum
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Mizraim
MIZRAIM (Hebrew : מִצְרַיִם‎ / מִצְרָיִם‎, Modern Mitzráyim Tiberian Miṣrāyim / Miṣráyim ; cf. Arabic مصر, Miṣr) (/mɪt͡srai:m/) is the Hebrew and Aramaic name for the land of Egypt
Egypt
, with the dual suffix -āyim, perhaps referring to the "two Egypts": Upper Egypt
Egypt
and Lower Egypt
Egypt
. Neo-Babylonian texts use the term Mizraim for Egypt. The name was for instance inscribed in the famous Ishtar Gate
Ishtar Gate
of Babylon. Ugaritic inscriptions refer to Egypt
Egypt
as Mṣrm, in the Amarna tablets
Amarna tablets
it is called Misri, and Assyrian records called Egypt
Egypt
Mu-ṣur
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Nubians
NUBIANS are an ethnolinguistic group indigenous to present-day Sudan and southern Egypt
Egypt
who originate from the early inhabitants of the central Nile
Nile
valley, believed to be one of the earliest cradles of civilisation . Nubian people have an ancient history predating dynastic Egypt
Egypt
. They speak the Nubian languages , which belong to the Nilo-Saharan language family
Nilo-Saharan language family

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Hagar
HAGAR (/heɪˈɡɑːr/ hay-GAR ; Hebrew : הָגָר, Modern Hagar, Tiberian Hāgār, of uncertain origin Arabic
Arabic
: هاجر‎‎ HāJAR ; Latin : Agar) is a biblical person in the Book of Genesis
Book of Genesis
. She was an Egyptian handmaid of Sarai (Sarah), who gave her to Abraham
Abraham
to bear a child. The product of the union was Abraham's firstborn, Ishmael
Ishmael
, the progenitor of the Ishmaelites . Various commentators have connected her to the Hagrites , perhaps as their eponymous ancestor. The name Hagar
Hagar
originates from the Book of Genesis, and is only alluded to in the Quran
Quran
. She is considered Abraham's second wife in the Islamic
Islamic
faith and acknowledged in all Abrahamic religions
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Ishmael
ISHMAEL ( Hebrew
Hebrew
: יִשְׁמָעֵאל‎, Modern Yishma'el, Tiberian Yišmāʻēl ( ISO 259-3 ), Yišmaˁel; " God
God
hears"; Greek : Ἰσμαήλ Ismaēl; Classical/Qur'anic Arabic
Arabic
: إِسْمَٰعِيْل; Modern Arabic: إِسْمَاعِيْل ʾIsmāʿīl; Latin : Ismael) is a figure in the Tanakh
Tanakh
and the Qur\'an and was Abraham
Abraham
's first son according to Jews
Jews
, Christians , and Muslims
Muslims
. Ishmael
Ishmael
was born to Abraham's and Sarah
Sarah
's handmaiden Hagar . (Genesis 16:3). According to the Genesis account, he died at the age of 137 (Genesis 25:17)
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Carl Bezold
CARL BEZOLD (18 May 1859, Donauwörth
Donauwörth
– 21 November 1922, Heidelberg
Heidelberg
) was a German orientalist . Primarily known for his Akkadian
Akkadian
(Babylonian -Assyrian ) research, he also worked with other Semitic languages
Semitic languages
—Syriac , Ge\'ez (Ethiopic) and Arabic . CONTENTS * 1 Biography * 2 Contributions * 3 References * 4 External links BIOGRAPHYHe was educated at the Universities of Munich and Leipzig , where he studied with Assyrologist Friedrich Delitzsch
Friedrich Delitzsch
. In 1883 he obtained his habilitation at Munich with a thesis titled Die Schatzhöhle; aus dem syrischen texte dreier unedirten Handschriften ("The Treasure Trove", second part issued in 1888)
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