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Castle Of Racconigi
The ROYAL CASTLE OF RACCONIGI is a palace and landscape park in Racconigi
Racconigi
, province of Cuneo , Italy
Italy
. It was the official residence of the Carignano line of the House of Savoy
House of Savoy
, and is one of the Residences of the Royal House of Savoy
House of Savoy
included by UNESCO
UNESCO
in the World Heritage Sites list. CONTENTS* 1 History * 1.1 Architecture * 1.2 Landscape park * 2 See also * 3 External links HISTORYThe first records of the castle are from around the year 1000, when Bernardino of Susa rebuilt an ancient manor, leaving it to Cistercian monks. The castle was a possession of the margraves of Saluzzo and others starting in the 13th century, and in the 16th century was acquired by the House of Savoy
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Landscape Garden
The ENGLISH LANDSCAPE GARDEN, also called ENGLISH LANDSCAPE PARK or simply the ENGLISH GARDEN (French : Jardin à l'anglaise, Italian : Giardino all'inglese, German : Englischer Landschaftsgarten, Portuguese : Jardim inglês, Spanish : Jardín inglés), is a style of "landscape " garden which emerged in England
England
in the early 18th century, and spread across Europe
Europe
, replacing the more formal, symmetrical jardin à la française of the 17th century as the principal gardening style of Europe. The English garden presented an idealized view of nature. It drew inspiration from paintings of landscapes by Claude Lorrain
Claude Lorrain
and Nicolas Poussin
Nicolas Poussin
, and, in the Anglo-Chinese garden, from the classic Chinese gardens of the East, which had recently been described by European travellers
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Doric Order
The DORIC ORDER was one of the three orders of ancient Greek and later Roman architecture; the other two canonical orders were the Ionic and the Corinthian . The Doric is most easily recognised by the simple circular capitals at the top of columns . It was the earliest and in its essence the simplest of the orders, though still with complex details in the entablature above. The Greek Doric column was fluted or smooth-surfaced, and had no base, dropping straight into the stylobate or platform on which the temple or other building stood. The capital was a simple circular form, with some mouldings, under a square cushion that is very wide in early versions, but later more restrained. Above a plain architrave , the complexity comes in the frieze , where the two features originally unique to the Doric, the triglyph and guttae , are skeuomorphic memories of the beams and retaining pegs of the wooden constructions that preceded stone Doric temples. In stone they are purely ornamental
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Gothic Architecture
GOTHIC ARCHITECTURE is a style of architecture that flourished in Europe
Europe
during the High and Late Middle Ages
Late Middle Ages
. It evolved from Romanesque architecture
Romanesque architecture
and was succeeded by Renaissance
Renaissance
architecture . Originating in 12th century France
France
and lasting into the 16th century, Gothic architecture
Gothic architecture
was known during the period as Opus Francigenum ("French work") with the term Gothic first appearing during the later part of the Renaissance
Renaissance
. Its characteristics include the pointed arch , the ribbed vault (which evolved from the joint vaulting of Romanesque architecture) and the flying buttress . Gothic architecture is most familiar as the architecture of many of the great cathedrals , abbeys and churches of Europe
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Palace Of Versailles
The PALACE OF VERSAILLES, CHâTEAU DE VERSAILLES, or simply VERSAILLES (English: /vɛərˈsaɪ/ vair-SY or /vərˈsaɪ/ vər-SY ; French: ), is a royal château in Versailles in the Île-de-France region of France. It is now open as a museum, and a very popular tourist attraction. When the château was built, Versailles was a small village dating from the 11th century; today, however, it is a wealthy suburb of Paris , some 20 kilometres (12 miles) southwest of the centre of the French capital. Versailles was the seat of political power in the Kingdom of France
France
from 1682, when King Louis XIV moved the royal court from Paris, until the royal family was forced to return to the capital in October 1789, within three months after the beginning of the French Revolution . Versailles is therefore famous not only as a building, but as a symbol of the system of absolute monarchy of the Ancien Régime
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Gardens Of Versailles
The GARDENS OF VERSAILLES (French : Jardins du château de Versailles; French pronunciation: ​ ) occupy part of what was once the Domaine royal de Versailles, the royal demesne of the château of Versailles . Situated to the west of the palace , the gardens cover some 800 hectares of land, much of which is landscaped in the classic French Garden style perfected here by André Le Nôtre
André Le Nôtre
. Beyond the surrounding belt of woodland, the gardens are bordered by the urban areas of Versailles to the east and Le Chesnay to the north-east, by the National Arboretum de Chèvreloup to the north, the Versailles plain (a protected wildlife preserve) to the west, and by the Satory Forest to the south
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King Of Sardinia
The following is a LIST OF RULERS OF SARDINIA , in particular, of the monarchs of the Kingdom of Sardinia and Corsica from 1323 and then of the Kingdom of Sardinia
Kingdom of Sardinia
from 1479 to 1861
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King Of Italy
KING OF ITALY (Latin : Rex Italiae; Italian : Re d'Italia) was the title given to the ruler of the Kingdom of Italy
Kingdom of Italy
after the fall of the Western Roman Empire
Western Roman Empire
. The first to take the title was Odoacer
Odoacer
, a "barbarian" military leader, in the late 5th century, followed by the Ostrogothic kings up to the mid-6th century. With the Frankish conquest of Italy
Italy
in the 8th century, the Carolingians assumed the title, which was maintained by subsequent Holy Roman Emperors throughout the Middle Ages. The last Emperor to claim the title was Charles V in the 16th century. During this period, the holders of the title were crowned with the Iron Crown of Lombardy
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Landscape Designer
LANDSCAPE DESIGN is an independent profession and a design and art tradition, practised by landscape designers, combining nature and culture . In contemporary practice, landscape design bridges the space between landscape architecture and garden design. CONTENTS * 1 Design
Design
scope * 2 Design
Design
approach * 3 Training * 4 Gardening
Gardening
* 5 See also * 6 References DESIGN SCOPE Knot Garden at Little Moreton Hall
Little Moreton Hall
, Cheshire Landscape design focuses on both the integrated master landscape planning of a property and the specific garden design of landscape elements and plants within it. The practical, aesthetic , horticultural , and environmental sustainability are also components of landscape design. It is often divided into hardscape design and softscape design
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Dacha
A DACHA (Russian : да́ча; IPA: ( listen )) is a seasonal or year-round second home, often located in the exurbs of Russian and other post-Soviet cities. A cottage (коттедж, kottedzh) or shack serving as a family's main or only home, or an outbuilding, is not considered a dacha, although recently purpose-built dachas have been converted to year-round residences and vice versa. In some cases, owners occupy their dachas for part of the year and rent them out to urban residents as summer retreats. People in dachas are colloquially called dachniki (дачники); the term usually refers not only to dwellers in a dacha, but to a whole distinctive lifestyle. The Russian term is often said to have no exact counterpart in English. Dachas are common in Russia
Russia
, and are also widespread in most parts of the former Soviet Union
Soviet Union
and in some countries of the former Eastern Bloc
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Nicholas II Of Russia
NICHOLAS II (Russian : Николай II Алекса́ндрович, tr. Nikolay II Aleksandrovich; 18 May 1868 – 17 July 1918) was the last Emperor
Emperor
of Russia
Russia
, ruling from 1 November 1894 until his forced abdication on 15 March 1917. His reign saw the fall of the Russian Empire
Russian Empire
from being one of the foremost great powers of the world to economic and military collapse. Due to the Khodynka Tragedy , anti-Semitic pogroms , Bloody Sunday , the violent suppression of the 1905 Revolution , the execution of political opponents and his perceived responsibility for the Russo-Japanese War , he was given the nickname NICHOLAS THE BLOODY by his political adversaries. Soviet historiography portrayed Nicholas as a weak and incompetent leader, whose decisions led to military defeats and the deaths of millions of his subjects
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Grandi Giardini Italiani
The GRANDI GIARDINI ITALIANI is an association of major gardens in Italy and Malta . Its members include some of the most important gardens in Italy and Malta
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Turin
TURIN (/tjʊˈrɪn/ tyuu-RIN ; Italian : Torino, pronounced ( listen ); Piedmontese : Turin, pronounced ) is a city and an important business and cultural centre in northern Italy
Italy
. It is the capital city of the Metropolitan City of Turin (an administrative division of Italy) and of the Piedmont
Piedmont
region, and was the first capital city of Italy. The city is located mainly on the western bank of the Po River , in front of Susa Valley , and is surrounded by the western Alpine arch and Superga Hill. The population of the city proper is 886.837 (31-12-2016) while the population of the urban area is estimated by Eurostat to be 1.7 million inhabitants. The Turin metropolitan area is estimated by the OECD to have a population of 2.2 million
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Province Of Turin
The PROVINCE OF TURIN (Italian : Provincia di Torino; Piedmontese : Provincia ëd Turin; French : Province de Turin) was a province in the Piedmont
Piedmont
region of Italy
Italy
. Its capital is the city of Turin
Turin
. The province existed until 31 December 2014, when it was replaced by the Metropolitan City of Turin
Turin
. It has an area of 6,830 km2 (2,640 sq mi), and a total population of 2,306,676 (30 June 2011). There are 315 comuni in the province – the most of any province in Italy. The second highest comunis are in the Province of Cuneo which has 250. Torino, the regional capital of the province was the first Italian national capital in 1861. The most important export items from Turin
Turin
are cars, machinery, metal and metal products
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List Of Gardens In Italy
This article encompasses most of the gardens found in Italy. The gardens of Villa d\'Este . The gardens of Villa Cimbrone in Ravello . A little lake into Saima Avandero in Aprilia. The gardens of Isola Bella (Lago Maggiore) . The Boboli Gardens . Gardens in Veneto . The English landscape gardens of the Palace of Caserta
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Giardino All'italiana
The GIARDINO ALL\'ITALIANA (Italian pronunciation: ) or ITALIAN GARDEN is stylistically based on symmetry, axial geometry and on the principle of imposing order over nature. It influenced the history of gardening , especially French gardens and English gardens
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