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Carl Jung
Carl Gustav Jung
Carl Gustav Jung
(/jʊŋ/; German: [ˈkarl ˈɡʊstaf ˈjʊŋ]; 26 July 1875 – 6 June 1961) was a Swiss psychiatrist and psychoanalyst who founded analytical psychology. His work has been influential not only in psychiatry but also in anthropology, archaeology, literature, philosophy, and religious studies. As a notable research scientist based at the famous Burghölzli
Burghölzli
hospital, under Eugen Bleuler, he came to the attention of the Viennese founder of psychoanalysis, Sigmund Freud. The two men conducted a lengthy correspondence and collaborated on an initially joint vision of human psychology. Freud saw in the younger man the potential heir he had been seeking to carry on his "new science" of psychoanalysis. Jung's research and personal vision, however, made it impossible for him to bend to his older colleague's doctrine and a schism became inevitable
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Jung (other)
Carl Gustav Jung
Carl Gustav Jung
(1875–1961) was the founder of analytical psychology. Jung may also refer to: People[edit]Jung (surname) Jung (Korean given name) Xirong
Xirong
(Hsi-jung), or Rong (Jung), various ancient barbarian peo
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Consciousness
Consciousness
Consciousness
is the state or quality of awareness, or, of being aware of an external object or something within oneself.[1][2] It has been defined variously in terms of sentience, awareness, qualia, subjectivity, the ability to experience or to feel, wakefulness, having a sense of selfhood or soul, the fact that there is something "that it is like" to "have" or "be" it, and the executive control system of the mind.[3] In contemporary philosophy its definition is often hinted at via the logical possibility of its absence, the philosophical zombie, which is defined as a being
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Doctoral Advisor
A doctoral advisor (also dissertation director or dissertation advisor) is a member of a university faculty whose role is to guide graduate students who are candidates for a doctorate, helping them select coursework, as well as shaping, refining and directing the students' choice of sub-discipline in which they will be examined or on which they will write a dissertation.[1] Students generally choose advisors based on their areas of interest within their discipline, their desire to work closely with particular graduate faculty, and the willingness and availability of those faculty to work with them. In some countries, the student's advisor serves as the chair of the doctoral examination or dissertation committees. In some cases, though, the person who serves those roles may be different from the faculty member who has most closely advised the student
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World War I
Allied victory Central Powers
Central Powers
victory on the Eastern Front nullified by defeat on the Western Front Fall of all continental empires in Europe
Europe
(including Germany, Ru
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Commissioned Officer
An officer is a member of an armed force or uniformed service who holds a position of authority. In its broadest sense, the term "officer" includes non-commissioned officers and warrant officers. However, when used without further detail, the term "officer" almost always refers to commissioned officers, the more senior portion of a force who derive their authority from a commission from the head of state of a sovereign nation-state.Contents1 Numbers 2 Legal relevance 3 Terminological details in the U.S. 4 Commissioned officers4.1 United Kingdom 4.2 United States4.2.1 Other U.S. officer commissioning programs, active and discontinued4.3 Commonwealth of Nations5 Non-commissioned officers 6 Warrant officers 7 Officer ranks and accommodation 8 See also 9 References 10 External linksNumbers[edit]An Indonesian army
Indonesian army
officer serving as a ceremonial field commanderThe proportion of officers varies greatly
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Swiss Army
The Swiss Armed Forces
Swiss Armed Forces
(German: Schweizer Armee, French: Armée suisse, Italian: Esercito svizzero, Romanisch: Armada svizra) operates on land, in the air, and in international waters. Under the country's militia system, professional soldiers constitute about 5 percent[citation needed] of the military and the rest are conscripts or volunteers aged 19 to 34 (in some cases up to 50). Because of Switzerland's long history of neutrality, the armed forces do not take part in conflicts in other countries, but it does participate in international peacekeeping missions
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Burghölzli
Burghölzli
Burghölzli
is the common name given for the psychiatric hospital of the University of Zürich, Switzerland. The hospital is located on "Burghölzli", a wooded hill in the district of Riesbach of southeastern Zürich. The former convent buildings of Predigerkirche Zürich
Zürich
were also used after the abolition of the monastery by the hospital. After the construction of the new hospital in 1842, they became the so-called "Versorgungsanstalt" where chronically ill, old, incurable mental patients were housed; the contemporaries complained unsustainable states that were solved in 1870, when the Burghölzli
Burghölzli
sanatory was built The history of the hospital began in the early 1860s, when internist Wilhelm Griesinger
Wilhelm Griesinger
at the University of Zurich made plans for the creation of a modern psychiatric clinic for humane treatment of the mentally ill
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Psychiatry
Psychiatry
Psychiatry
is the medical specialty devoted to the diagnosis, prevention, study, and treatment of mental disorders.[1][2] These include various maladaptations related to mood, behaviour, cognition, and perceptions. See glossary of psychiatry. Initial psychiatric assessment of a person typically begins with a case history and mental status examination. Physical examinations and psychological tests may be conducted. On occasion, neuroimaging or other neurophysiological techniques are used.[3] Mental disorders are often diagnosed in accordance with clinical concepts listed in diagnostic manuals such as the International Classification of Diseases (ICD), edited and used by the World Health Organization
World Health Organization
(WHO) and the widely used Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM), published by the American Psychiatric Association (APA)
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Immanuel Kant
Immanuel Kant
Immanuel Kant
(/kænt/;[8] German: [ɪˈmaːnu̯eːl kant]; 22 April 1724 – 12 February 1804) was a German philosopher who is a central figure in modern philosophy.[9] Kant argues that the human mind creates the structure of human experience, that reason is the source of morality, that aesthetics arises from a faculty of disinterested judgment, that space and time are forms of human sensibility, and that the world as it is "in-itself" is independent of humanity's concepts of it. Kant took himself to have effected a "Copernican revolution" in philosophy, akin to Copernicus' reversal of the age-old belief that the sun revolves around the earth
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Canton Of Zürich
The canton of Zürich
Zürich
(German: Kanton  Zürich (help·info)) has a population (as of 31 December 2016) of 1,487,969.[2] The canton is located in the northeast of Switzerland
Switzerland
and the city of Zürich
Zürich
is the capital of the canton. The official language is German. The local Swiss German
Swiss German
dialect called Züritüütsch
Züritüütsch
is commonly spoken
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Thurgau
The canton of Thurgau (German:  Thurgau (help·info), anglicized as Thurgovia) is a northeast canton of Switzerland. It is named for the river Thur, and the name Thurgovia was historically used for a larger area, including part of this river's basin upstream of the modern canton. The area of what is now Thurgau was acquired as subject territories by the cantons of the Old Swiss Confederacy from the mid 15th century
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University Of Basel
The University of Basel
Basel
(German: Universität Basel) is located in Basel, Switzerland. Founded on 4 April 1460, it is Switzerland’s oldest university and among the world's oldest surviving universities. The university is traditionally counted among the leading institutions of higher learning in the country.[4] The associated University Library of Basel
Basel
is the largest and among the most important libraries in the whole of the country. The university hosts the faculties of theology, law, medicine, humanities and social sciences, science, psychology, and business and economics, as well as numerous cross-disciplinary subjects and institutes, such as the Biozentrum for biomedical research and the Institute for European Global Studies
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Psychic Apparatus
The term psychic apparatus (also psychical apparatus, mental apparatus) denotes a central, theoretic construct of Freudian metapsychology, wherein:We assume that mental life is the function of an apparatus to which we ascribe the characteristics of being extended in space and of being made up of several portions [Id, ego and super-ego. — Freud, An Outline of Psychoanalysis
Psychoanalysis
(1940)As a psychologist,
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Defence Mechanisms
A defence mechanism is an unconscious psychological mechanism that reduces anxiety arising from unacceptable or potentially harmful stimuli.[1] Defence mechanisms
Defence mechanisms
may result in healthy or unhealthy consequences depending on the circumstances and frequency with which the mechanism is used.[2] In psychoanalytic theory, defence mechanisms (German: Abwehrmechanismen) are psychological strategies brought into play by the unconscious mind[3] to manipulate, deny, or distort reality in order to defend against feelings of anxiety and unacceptable
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Kesswil
Kesswil
Kesswil
is a municipality in the district of Arbon
Arbon
in the canton of Thurgau
Thurgau
in Switzerland. The village was the birthplace of the influential psychiatrist Carl Jung.Contents1 History 2 Geography 3 Demographics 4 Sights 5 Economy 6 Religion 7 Education 8 ReferencesHistory[edit] Kesswil
Kesswil
is first mentioned in 817 as Chezzinwillare.[3] In the 9th Century, the Abbey of St. Gall
Abbey of St. Gall
owned land in Kesswil. In the 13th Century, Münsterlingen Abbey acquired rights over the town. From the Late Middle Ages
Late Middle Ages
until 1798, Kesswil
Kesswil
was under the courts of the Abbot of St. Gall. In 1429 the monastery of Münsterlingen allowed the construction of a chapel
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