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Canon Law
Canon law
Canon law
(from Greek kanon, a 'straight measuring rod, ruler') is a set of ordinances and regulations made by ecclesiastical authority (Church leadership), for the government of a Christian organization or church and its members. It is the internal ecclesiastical law, or operational policy, governing the Catholic Church
Catholic Church
(both the Latin Church and the Eastern Catholic Churches), the Eastern Orthodox and Oriental Orthodox churches, and the individual national churches within the Anglican Communion.[1] The way that such church law is legislated, interpreted and at times adjudicated varies widely among these three bodies of churches
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Greek Language
Greek (Modern Greek: ελληνικά elliniká) is an independent branch of the Indo-European family of languages, native to Greece, Cyprus
Cyprus
and other parts of the Eastern Mediterranean and the Black Sea. It has the longest documented history of any living Indo-European language, spanning more than 3000 years of written records.[3] Its writing system has been the
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Syriac Catholic Church
The Syriac Catholic Church
Catholic Church
(or Syrian Catholic Church) (Classical Syriac: ܥܕܬܐ ܣܘܪܝܝܬܐ ܩܬܘܠܝܩܝܬܐ‎, translit. ʿĪṯo Suryoyṯo Qaṯolīqayṯo), (also known as Syriac Catholic Patriarchate
Patriarchate
of Antioch
Antioch
or Aramean Catholic Church), is an Eastern Catholic
Eastern Catholic
Christian Church in the Levant
Levant
that uses the West Syriac Rite
West Syriac Rite
liturgy and has many practices and rites in common with the Syriac Orthodox Church
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Ruler
A ruler, sometimes called a rule or line gauge, is a straightedge with equally spaced markings along its length.[1] It is used in geometry, technical drawing, engineering and building to measure distances or to rule straight lines.Contents1 Types 2 Ruler
Ruler
applications in geometry 3 History 4 Curved and flexible rulers 5 Philosophy 6 See also 7 References 8 BibliographyTypes[edit]Gilded bronze ruler. 1 chi = 23.1 cm (9.1 in). Western Han (206 BCE – 8 CE). Hanzhong City, ChinaBronze ruler. Han dynasty, 206 BCE – 220 CE. Excavated in Zichang County, ChinaA flexible ruler unstretchedA flexible ruler stretchedRulers have long been made from different materials and in a wide range of sizes. Some are wooden. Plastics
Plastics
have also been used since they were invented; they can be molded with length markings instead of being scribed
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Roman Catholic (term)
Roman Catholic
Catholic
is a term sometimes used to differentiate members of the Catholic Church
Catholic Church
in full communion with the Pope
Pope
in Rome from other Christians, especially those who also self-identify as "Catholic", such as Anglo-Catholics
Anglo-Catholics
and Independent Catholics. The term is not an official title used by the Vatican or bishops in union with the Pope as a designation for their faith or institution
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Alexandrian Rite
The Alexandrian Rite is the liturgical rite used by the Coptic Orthodox Church of Alexandria, Eritrean Orthodox Tewahedo Church and Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo
Orthodox Tewahedo
Church, as well as by the three corresponding Eastern Catholic Churches. The Alexandrian rite's Divine Liturgy
Divine Liturgy
contains elements from the liturgies of Saints Mark the Evangelist
Mark the Evangelist
(who is traditionally regarded as the first bishop of Alexandria), Basil the Great, Cyril the Great, and Gregory Nazianzus. The Liturgy
Liturgy
of Saint Cyril is a Coptic language translation from Greek of the Liturgy
Liturgy
of Saint Mark. The Alexandrian Rite is sub-grouped into two rites: the Coptic Rite and the Ge'ez Rite
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Coptic Catholic Church
The Coptic Catholic Church
Catholic Church
is an Eastern Catholic particular church in full communion with the Catholic Church. The Coptic Catholic Church uses the Alexandrian Rite. Uniquely among Eastern Catholic Churches, it uses the Coptic language
Coptic language
(derived from Ancient Egyptian, hence the name) in its liturgy, whereas the Ethiopian Catholic Church
Catholic Church
and Eritrean Catholic Church
Catholic Church
use the Alexandrian Rite in the Ge'ez language. The current Coptic Catholic Patriarch of Alexandria is Ibrahim Isaac Sidrak, who replaced Antonios Naguib in 2013. The offices of the Patriarchate
Patriarchate
are located in Cairo
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Ethiopian Catholic Church
The Ethiopian Catholic Church
Catholic Church
is a Metropolitan sui iuris Eastern particular church within the Catholic Church. Established in 1930, its membership includes inhabitants of Ethiopia. Like the other Eastern Catholic Churches, the Ethiopian Catholic Church is in full communion with the Holy See. It holds the Christological doctrine of the Council of Chalcedon
Council of Chalcedon
and accepts the universal jurisdiction of the Pope. These points distinguish it from the Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church
Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church
and the Oriental Orthodox Church, which constitute most Christians in the country. Like the Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church, the Ethiopian Catholic Church follows the Alexandrian liturgical rite. Ge'ez, a Semitic language fallen out of daily use several centuries ago, is the liturgical language of the Ethiopian Catholic Church
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West Syrian Rite
West Syrian Rite
West Syrian Rite
or West Syriac Rite, also called Syro-Antiochian Rite, is an Eastern Christian
Eastern Christian
liturgical rite that uses West Syriac dialect as liturgical language. It is one of two main liturgical rites of Syriac Christianity.[1] It is chiefly practiced in the Syriac Orthodox Church and churches related to or descended from it. It is part of the liturgical family known as the Antiochian Rite, which originated in the ancient Patriarchate
Patriarchate
of Antioch. It has more anaphoras than any other rite. The rite is practiced in the Syriac Orthodox Church, an Oriental Orthodox body; the Syriac Catholic Church, an Eastern Catholic Church in full communion with the Holy See; and to a great extent in the Maronite Catholic Church, another Eastern Catholic body
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Maronite Church
Catholicism portal Eastern Christianity portalv t ePart of a series onParticular churches sui iuris of the Catholic Church Latin cross
Latin cross
and Byzantine Patriarchal crossParticular churches are grouped by rite.Latin RiteLatinAlexandrian RiteCoptic Ethiopian EritreanArmenian RiteArmenianByzantine RiteAlbanian Belarusian Bulgarian Croatian and Serbian Greek Hungarian Italo-Albanian Macedonian Melkite Romanian Russian Ruthenian Slovak UkrainianEast Syriac RiteChaldean Syro-MalabarWest Syriac RiteMaronite Syriac Syro-Malankara Catholicism portal Eastern Christianity portalv t eThe Maronite
Maronite
Church (Arabic: الكنيسة المارونية‎) is an Eastern Catholic
Eastern Catholic
sui iuris particular church in full communion with the Pope
Pope
and the Catholic Church, with self-governance under the Code of Canons of the Eastern Churches
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Syro-Malankara Church
The Syro-Malankara Catholic Church
Catholic Church
also known as the Malankara Syrian Catholic Church
Catholic Church
(Malayalam: മലങ്കര സുറിയാനി കത്തോലിക്കാ സഭ) is an Eastern Catholic
Eastern Catholic
Major Archiepiscopal Church
Major Archiepiscopal Church
in full communion with the Bishop
Bishop
of Rome, the Pope. It is one of the twenty-three sui iuris Eastern Catholic Churches
Eastern Catholic Churches
in the Catholic communion. The Church is headed by Major Archbishop
Major Archbishop
Cardinal Moran Mor Baselios Cleemis
Baselios Cleemis
of the Major Archdiocese of Trivandrum in Kerala, India
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Early Christian
Early Christianity
Christianity
is the period of Christianity
Christianity
preceding the First Council of Nicaea in 325. It is typically divided into the Apostolic Age and the Ante-Nicene Period
Ante-Nicene Period
(from the Apostolic Age
Apostolic Age
until Nicea). The first Christians, as described in the first chapters of the Acts of the Apostles, were all Jews
Jews
either by birth or conversion, for which the biblical term "proselyte" is used,[1] and referred to by historians as Jewish Christians
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Armenian Rite
The Armenian Rite
Armenian Rite
is an independent liturgy used by both the Armenian Apostolic and Armenian Catholic Churches. It is also the rite used by a significant number of Eastern Catholic Christians in the Republic of Georgia.Contents1 Liturgy 2 Celebration of the Eucharist 3 See also 4 References 5 External linksLiturgy[edit] The liturgy is patterned after the directives of Saint
Saint
Gregory the Illuminator, first official head and patron saint of The Armenian Church. Unlike the Byzantine Church, churches of the Armenian rite are usually devoid of icons and have a curtain concealing the priest and the altar from the people during parts of the liturgy, an influence from early apostolic times
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Byzantine Rite
The Byzantine Rite, also known as the Greek Rite or Constantinopolitan Rite, is the liturgical rite used by the Eastern Orthodox Church
Eastern Orthodox Church
as well as by certain Eastern Catholic Churches; also, parts of it are employed by, as detailed below, other denominations. Its development began during the fourth century in Constantinople
Constantinople
and it is now the second most-used ecclesiastical rite in Christendom
Christendom
after the Roman Rite. The Byzantine Rite
Byzantine Rite
was originally developed and used in Greek language and later, with introduction of Eastern Orthodoxy
Orthodoxy
to other ethnic groups it was translated into local languages and continued further development. Historically, most important non-Greek variants of Byzantine Rite
Byzantine Rite
are: Byzantine-Slavonic and Byzantine-Georgian
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Albanian Greek Catholic Church
The Albanian Greek Catholic Church
Catholic Church
is an autonomous (sui iuris in Latin) Byzantine Rite
Byzantine Rite
particular church in communion with Rome, whose members live in Albania
Albania
and which comprises the Apostolic Administration of Southern Albania. It is not to be confused with the Italo-Albanian Catholic Church.Contents1 History 2 See also 3 References 4 SourcesHistory[edit]Catholic church in Vlora.The conversion to Christianity
Christianity
of Albania
Albania
took place under Latin influence in the north, under Greek in the south, and Christianity
Christianity
was the first and the oldest monotheistic religion of Albanian people. After the fifteenth-century Turkish conquest, some two thirds of the population accepted Islam
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Belarusian Greek Catholic Church
The Belarusian Greek Catholic Church
Catholic Church
(Belarusian: Беларуская грэка-каталіцкая царква, BHKC), sometimes called, in reference to its Byzantine Rite, the Belarusian Byzantine Catholic Church, is the heir within Belarus
Belarus
of the Union of Brest. It is listed in the Annuario Pontificio
Annuario Pontificio
as a sui iuris Church, an Eastern rite particular Church in full union with the Catholic Church.Contents1 History 2 Present situation 3 See also 4 References 5 SourcesHistory[edit] The Christians who, through the Union of Brest (1595–96), entered full communion with the See of Rome while keeping their Byzantine liturgy in the Church Slavonic
Church Slavonic
language, were at first mainly Belarusian (Litvin)
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